The Prophet Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, is commanded to convey the message

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Prophet Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, is commanded to convey the message.

يَـأَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ وَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَهْدِى الْقَوْمَ الْكَـفِرِينَ

(67. O Messenger! Convey what has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message. Allah will protect you from mankind. Verily, Allah guides not the people who disbelieve.)

Surah 5 Al Maida Verse 67

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah addresses His servant and Messenger Muhammad by the title `Messenger’ and commands him to convey all that He has sent him, a command that the Prophet has fulfilled in the best manner. Al-Bukhari recorded that `A’ishah said, “Whoever says to you that Muhammad hid any part of what Allah revealed to him, then he is uttering a lie. Allah said,

(O Messenger! Convey what has been sent down to you from your Lord.)” Al-Bukhari collected the short form of this story here, but mentioned the full narration in another part of his book. Muslim in the Book of Iman, At-Tirmidhi, and An-Nasa’i in the Book of Tafsir of their Sunans also collected this Hadith. In is recorded in the Two Sahihs that `A’ishah said, “If Muhammad hid anything from the Qur’an, he would have hidden this Ayah,

(But you did hide in yourself that which Allah will make manifest, you did fear the people while Allah had a better right that you should fear Him.)” Al-Bukhari recorded that Az-Zuhri said, “From Allah comes the Message, for the Messenger is its deliverance and for us is submission to it.” The Ummah of Muhammad has testified that he has delivered the Message and fulfilled the trust, when he asked them during the biggest gathering in his speech during the Farewell Hajj. At that time, there were over forty thousand of his Companions. Muslim recorded that Jabir bin `Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah said in his speech on that day,

(O people! You shall be asked about me, so what are you going to reply) They said, “We bear witness that you have conveyed (the Message), fulfilled (the trust) and offered sincere advice.” The Prophet kept raising his finger towards the sky and then pointing at them, saying,

(O Allah! Did I convey O Allah! Did I convey) Allah’s statement,

(And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message.) meaning: If you do not convey to the people what I sent to you, then you have not conveyed My Message. Meaning, the Prophet knows the consequences of this failure. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas commented on the Ayah,

(And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message.) “It means, if you hide only one Ayah that was revealed to you from your Lord, then you have not conveyed His Message.” Allah’s statement,

(Allah will protect you from mankind.) means, you convey My Message and I will protect, aid and support you over your enemies and will grant you victory over them. Therefore, do not have any fear or sadness, for none of them will be able to touch you with harm. Before this Ayah was revealed, the Prophet was being guarded, as Imam Ahmad recorded that `A’ishah said that the Prophet was vigilant one night when she was next to him; she asked him, “What is the matter, O Allah’s Messenger” He said,

(Would that a pious man from my companions guard me tonight!) She said, “Suddenly we heard the clatter of arms. The Prophet said,

(Who is that”.) He (the new comer) replied, “I am Sa`d bin Malik (Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas).” The Prophet asked,

(What brought you here) He said, “I have come to guard you, Allah’s O Messenger.” `A’ishah said, “So, the Prophet slept (that night) and I heard the noise of sleep coming from him.)” This Hadith is recorded in Two Sahihs. Another narration for this Hadith reads, “The Messenger of Allah was vigilant one night, after he came to Al-Madinah…”, meaning, after the Hijrah and after the Prophet consummated his marriage to `A’ishah in the second year of Hijrah. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `A’ishah said, “The Prophet was being guarded until this Ayah,

(Allah will protect you from mankind) was revealed.” She added; “The Prophet raised his head from the room and said;

(O people! Go away, for Allah will protect me.)”’ At-Tirmidhi recorded it and said,”This Hadith is Gharib.” It was also recorded by Ibn Jarir, and Al-Hakim in his Mustadrak, where he said, “Its chain is Sahih, but they did not record it.” Allah’s statement,

(Verily, Allah guides not those who disbelieve.) means, O Muhammad, you convey, and Allah guides whom He wills, and misguides whom He wills. In other Ayat, Allah said,

(Not upon you is their guidance, but Allah guides whom He wills,) and,

(Your duty is only to convey and on Us is the reckoning.)

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The responsibility of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, is to deliver the message

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The responsibility of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, is to deliver the message.

أَفَلاَ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَى الإِبِلِ كَيْفَ خُلِقَتْ

(17. Do they not look at the camels, how they are created)

وَإِلَى السَّمَآءِ كَيْفَ رُفِعَتْ

 (18. And at the heaven, how it is raised)

وَإِلَى الْجِبَالِ كَيْفَ نُصِبَتْ

 (19. And at the mountains, how they are rooted)

وَإِلَى الاٌّرْضِ كَيْفَ سُطِحَتْ

(20. And at the earth, how it is outspread)

فَذَكِّرْ إِنَّمَآ أَنتَ مُذَكِّرٌ

 (21. So remind them — you are only one who reminds.)

لَّسْتَ عَلَيْهِم بِمُسَيْطِرٍ

 (22. You are not a Musaytir over them.)

إِلاَّ مَن تَوَلَّى وَكَفَرَ

 (23. Save the one who turns away and disbelieves.)

فَيْعَذِّبُهُ اللَّهُ الْعَذَابَ الاٌّكْبَرَ

 (24. Then Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment.)

إِنَّ إِلَيْنَآ إِيَابَهُمْ

 (25. Verily, to Us will be their return;)

ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا حِسَابَهُمْ

(26. Then verily, for Us will be their reckoning.)

Surah 88 Al-Ghashiya Verse 17-25

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah commands His servants to look at His creations that prove His power and greatness. He says,

(Do they not look at the camels, how they are created) Indeed it is an amazing creation, and the way it has been fashioned is strange. For it is extremely powerful and strong, yet gentle, carrying heavy loads. It allows itself to be guided by a weak rider. It is eaten, benefit is derived from its hair, and its milk is drunk. They are reminded of this because the most common domestic animal of the Arabs was the camel. Shurayh Al-Qadi used to say, “Come out with us so that we may look at the camels and how they were created, and at the sky and how it has been raised.” Meaning, how Allah raised it in such magnificence above the ground. This is as Allah says,

(Have they not looked at the heaven above them, how we have made it and adorned it and there are no rifts on it) (50:6) Then Allah says,

(And at the mountains, how they are rooted) meaning, how they have been erected. For indeed they are firmly affixed so that the earth does not sway with its dwellers. And He made them with the benefits and minerals they contain.

(And at the earth, how it is outspread) meaning, how it has been spread out, extended and made smooth. Thus, He directs the bedouin to consider what he himself witnesses. His camel that he rides upon, the sky that is above his head, the mountain that faces him, and the earth that is under him, all of this is proof of the power of the Creator and Maker of these things. These things should lead him to see that He is the Lord, the Most Great, the Creator, the Owner, and the Controller of everything. Therefore, He is the God other than Whom none deserves to be worshipped.

The Story of Dimam bin Tha`labah.

These are the things Dimam swore by after questioning the Messenger of Allah . This can be seen in what Imam Ahmad recorded from Thabit, who reported that Anas said, “We were prohibited from asking the Messenger of Allah anything. Thus, it used to amaze us when an intelligent man from the people of the desert (bedouin Arabs) would come and ask him about something while we were listening. So a man from the people of the desert came and said, `O Muhammad! Verily, your messenger has come to us and he claims that you claim that Allah sent you.’ He (the Prophet) said,

(He told the truth.) The man said, Who created the heaven؟ He (the Prophet ) replied,

(Allah.) The man said, Who created the earth؟ He (the Prophet ) replied,

(Allah). The man said, `Who erected these mountains and placed in them whatever is in them’ He (the Prophet ) replied, (Allah). Then the man said, `By the One Who created the heaven, the earth, and erected these mountains, did Allah send you’,  He (the Prophet ) said,

(Yes.) The man then said, `Your messenger claims that we are obligated to pray five prayers during our day and night.’ He (the Prophet ) said,

(He told the truth.) The man then said, `By He Who has sent you, did Allah command you with this’ He (the Prophet ) replied,

(Yes.) The man then said, `Your messenger also claims that we are obligated to give charity from our wealth.’ He (the Prophet ) said,

(He told the truth.) Then the man said, `By He Who has sent you, did Allah command you with this’ He (the Prophet ) replied,

(Yes.) The man then said, `Your messenger claims that we are obligated to perform pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (the Ka`bah), for whoever is able to find a way there.’ He (the Prophet ) said

(He told the truth.) Then the man turned away to leave while saying, `By He Who has sent you with the truth, I will not add anything to these things and I will not decrease anything from them.’ The Prophet then said,

(If he has spoken truthfully, he will certainly enter Paradise.) This Hadith was recorded by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah.

The Messenger is only charged with delivering the Message.

Allah says,

(So remind them — you are only one who reminds. You are not a Musaytir over them) meaning, “O Muhammad! Remind the people with what you have been sent with to them.”

(your duty is only to convey (the Message) and on Us is the reckoning.) (13:40) Then Allah says,

(You are not a Musaytir over them.) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and others said, “You are not a dictator over them.” This means that you cannot create faith in their hearts. Ibn Zayd said, “You are not the one who can force them to have faith.” Imam Ahmad recorded from Jabir that the Messenger of Allah said,

(I have been commanded to fight the people until they say La ilaha illallah (none has the right to be worshipped except Allah). So if they say that, they have safeguarded their blood and wealth from me – except for what is rightfully due from it – and their reckoning is with Allah, the Mighty and Majestic.)” Then he recited,

(So remind them – you are only one who reminds. You are not a dictator over them -) This is how Muslim recorded this Hadith in his Book of Faith, and At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i also recorded it in their Sunans in the Books of Tafsir. This Hadith can be found in both of the Two Sahihs.

The Threat for Whoever turns away from the Truth.

Concerning Allah’s statement,

(Save the one who turns away and disbelieves.) meaning, he turns away from acting upon its pillars, and he disbelieves in the truth with his heart and his tongue. This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(So he neither believed nor prayed! But on the contrary, he belied and turn away!) (75:31-32) Thus, Allah says,

(Then Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment.) Allah then says,

(Verily, to Us will be their return;) meaning, their place of return and their resort.

(Then verily, for Us will be their reckoning.) meaning, `We will reckon their deeds for them and requite them for those deeds.’ If they did good, they will receive good, and if they did evil, they will receive evil. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Ghashiyah

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On conveying the message of Islam to the People of the Book

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

  Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

  May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

On conveying the message of Islam to the People of the Book.

وَلاَ تُجَـدِلُواْ أَهْلَ الْكِتَـبِ إِلاَّ بِالَّتِى هِىَ أَحْسَنُ إِلاَّ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مِنْهُمْ وَقُولُواْ ءَامَنَّا بِالَّذِى أُنزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَأُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ وَإِلَـهُنَا وَإِلَـهُكُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ

(46. And argue not with the People of the Scripture, except with that which is better — except with such of them as do wrong; and say (to them): “We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you; our God and your God is One, and to Him we have submitted.”)

Surah 29 Al Ankaboot Verse 46

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

What is meant here is that anyone who wants to find out about religion from them should argue with them in a manner that is better, as this will be more effective. Allah says:

(Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and fair preaching…) (16:125) And Allah said to Musa and Harun when he sent them to Fir`awn:

(And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear.) (20:44) Allah says here:

(except with such of them as do wrong;) meaning, those who turn away from the truth, turning a blind eye to clear evidence, being stubborn and arrogant. In this case you should progress from debate to combat, fighting them in such a way as to deter them from committing aggression against you. Allah says:

(Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance that mankind may keep up justice. And We brought forth iron wherein is mighty power) until:

(Verily, Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty) (57:25). Jabir said: “We were commanded to strike with the sword whoever opposes the Book of Allah.” And His saying:

(and say (to them): “We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you;) means, `if they tell you something which you do not know to be true or false, say to them: We do not hasten to say it is a lie, because it may be true, and we do not hasten to say it is true because it may be false. We believe in it in general, under the condition that it has been revealed and has not been altered or deliberately misinterpreted.’ Imam Al-Bukhari, may Allah have mercy on him, recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The People of the Book used to read the Tawrah in Hebrew and explain it in Arabic to the Muslims. The Messenger of Allah said:

(Do not believe the People of the Book and do not deny them. Say: “We believe in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to you. Our God and your God is One, and to Him we have submitted.”)” This Hadith was narrated only by Al-Bukhari. Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn `Abbas said: “How can you ask the People of the Book about anything, when your Book that was revealed to the Messenger of Allah is more recent, you read it pure and uncontaminated, it tells you that the People of the Book altered and changed the Book, that they write the Book with their own hands and then say, `This is from Allah,’ to purchace with it a small price Should not the knowledge that you have, prevent you from asking them No, by Allah, we have never seen any of them asking you about what was sent down to you.” Al-Bukhari recorded that Humayd bin `Abdur-Rahman heard Mu`awiyah talking to a group of Quraysh in Al-Madinah. He mentioned Ka`b Al-Ahbar, and said: “He was one of the most truthful of those who narrated from the People of the Book, even though we found that some of what he said might be lies.” I say, this means that some of what he said could be classified linguistically as lies, but he did not intend to lie, because he was narrating from manuscripts which he thought were good, but they contained fabricated material, because they did not have people who were so conscientious in memorizing the Scriptures by heart as the people of this great Ummah.

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Allah, Blessed and Exalted, and those who have knowledge of the scriptures are sufficient as witnesses to the message of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

  Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

  May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Allah, Blessed and Exalted, and those who have knowledge of the scriptures are sufficient as witnesses to the message of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him.

وَيَقُولُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لَسْتَ مُرْسَلاً قُلْ كَفَى بِاللَّهِ شَهِيداً بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكُمْ وَمَنْ عِندَهُ عِلْمُ الْكِتَـبِ

(43. And those who disbelieved, say: “You are not a Messenger.” Say: “Sufficient as a witness between me and you is Allah and those too who have knowledge of the Scripture.”)

Surah 13 Ar Rad Verse 43

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah says, the disbelievers reject you and say,

(You are not a Messenger.) from Allah,

(Say: “Sufficient as a witness between me and you is Allah…”) meaning, say, `Allah is sufficient for me and He is the witness over me and you. He is witness that I (Muhammad) have conveyed the Message from Him and over you, O rejecters, to the falsehood that you invent.’ Allah said,

(and those too who have knowledge of the Scripture.) This refers to `Abdullah bin Salam, according to Mujahid. However, this opinion is not plausible, since this Ayah was revealed in Makkah and `Abdullah bin Salam embraced Islam soon after the Prophet emigrated to Al-Madinah. A more suitable explanation is that narrated by Al-`Awfi from Ibn `Abbas that this Ayah refers to Jews and Christians. Qatadah said that among them are, `Abdullah bin Salam, Salman (Al-Farisi) and Tamim Ad-Dari. The correct view is that this Ayah,

(and those too who have. ..), refers to the scholars of the People of the Scriptures who find the description of Muhammad in their Books and the good news of his advent that were conveyed to them by their Prophets. Allah said in other Ayat,

(And My mercy embraces all things. That (mercy) I shall ordain for those who have Taqwa, and give Zakah; and those who believe in Our Ayat; Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write whom they find written with them in the Tawrah and the Injil.) [7:156-157] and,

(It is not a sign to them that the learned scholars of the Children of Israel knew it (as true))[26:197] There are similar Ayat that affirm that the scholars of the Children of Israel know this fact from their divinely revealed Books.)

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The duty of the Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, is to convey the message

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

  Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

  May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The duty of the Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, is to convey the message.

وَإِن مَّا نُرِيَنَّكَ بَعْضَ الَّذِى نَعِدُهُمْ أَوْ نَتَوَفَّيَنَّكَ فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيْكَ الْبَلَـغُ وَعَلَيْنَا الْحِسَابُ

(40. Whether We show you part of what We have promised them or cause you to die, your duty is only to convey (the Message) and on Us is the reckoning.)

Surah 13 Ar Rad Verse 40

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah said to His Messenger ,

(Whether We show you) O Muhammad, part of the disgrace and humiliation We have promised your enemies in this life,

(or cause you to die) before that,

your duty is only to convey We have only sent you to convey to them Allah’s Message, and by doing so, you will have fulfilled the mission that was ordained on you,

(and on Us is the reckoning), their reckoning and recompense is on Us.’ Allah said in similar Ayat,

(So remind them – you are only one who reminds. You are not a dictator over them – Save the one who turns away and disbelieves. Then Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment. Verily, to Us will be their return, Then verily, for Us will be their reckoning.)[88:21-26]

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The Prophet Muhammed, peace and blessings be upon him, was sent to deliver the message of Allah, Blessed and Exalted

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

  Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

  May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Prophet Muhammed, peace and blessings be upon him, was sent to deliver the message of Allah, Blessed and Exalted.

كَذَلِكَ أَرْسَلْنَاكَ فِى أُمَّةٍ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِن قَبْلِهَآ أُمَمٌ لِّتَتْلُوَ عَلَيْهِمُ الَّذِى أَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَيْكَ وَهُمْ يَكْفُرُونَ بِالرَّحْمَـنِ قُلْ هُوَ رَبِّى لا إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَإِلَيْهِ مَتَابِ

(30. Thus have We sent you to a community before whom other communities have passed away, in order that you might recite unto them what We have revealed to you, while they disbelieve in the Most Gracious (Allah). Say: “He is my Lord! None has the right to be worshipped but He! In Him is my trust, and to Him I turn.”)

Surah 13 Ar Rad Verse 30

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah says, `Just as We sent you, O Muhammad, to your Ummah,

(..in order that you might recite unto them what We have revealed to you,) so that you deliver to them Allah’s Message. Likewise, We sent others to earlier nations that disbelieved in Allah. The Messengers whom We sent before you, were also denied and rejected, so you have an example in what they faced. And since We sent Our torment and revenge on those people, then let these people fear what will strike them, for their denial of you is harsher than the denial that the previous Messengers faced,’

(By Allah, We indeed sent (Messengers) to the nations before you.)[16-63] Allah said in another Ayah,

(Verily, many Messengers were denied before you, with patience they bore the denial and suffering until; till Our help reached them, and none can alter the Words (decree) of Allah. Surely, there has reached you the information (news) about the Messengers (before you).)[6-34], meaning, `How We gave them victory and granted the best end for them and their followers in this life and the Hereafter. ‘ Allah said next,

(while they disbelieve in the Most Gracious (Allah).) Allah says, `These people, that We sent you to, disbelieve in the Most Gracious and deny Him, because they dislike describing Allah by Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim [the Most Gracious, Most Merciful].’ This is why on the day of Al-Hudaybiyyah, as Al-Bukhari narrated, they refused to write, “In the Name of Allah, Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim,” saying, “We do not know Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim!” Qatadah narrated this words. Allah the Exalted said,

(Say: “Invoke Allah or invoke the Most Gracious (Allah), by whatever name you invoke Him, for to Him belong the Best Names.) [17:110] In his Sahih, Imam Muslim recorded that `Abdullah bin `Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,

The most beloved names to Allah the Exalted are: `Abdullah and `Abdur-Rahman.)Allah said next,

(Say: “He is my Lord! None has the right to be worshipped but He!”) meaning: for I believe in Allah in Whom you disbelieve and affirm His Divinity and Lordship. He is my Lord, there is no deity worthy of worship except Him,

(In Him is my trust,) in all of my affairs,

(and to Him I turn.) meaning: to Him I return and repent, for He alone is worthy of all this and none else besides Him.

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Prophet Shuaib, peace be upon him, delivers his message

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

 Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

 May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Prophet Shuaib Alaihi Salaam Delivers His Message.

كَذَّبَ أَصْحَـبُ لْـَيْكَةِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

(176. The companions of Al-Aykah denied the Messengers.)

 إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ شُعَيْبٌ أَلاَ تَتَّقُونَ

 (177. When Shu`ayb said to them: “Will you not have Taqwa”)

إِنِّى لَكُمْ رَسُولٌ أَمِينٌ

(178. “I am a trustworthy Messenger to you.”)

فَاتَّقُواْ اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ

 (179. “So, have Taqwa of Allah, and obey me.”)

 وَمَآ أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ إِنْ أَجْرِىَ إِلاَّ عَلَى رَبّ الْعَـلَمِينَ

(180. “No reward do I ask of you for it; my reward is only from the Lord of Al-`Alamin.”)

Surah 26 Ash Shuara Verse 176-180

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

The companions of Al-Aykah were the people of Madyan, according to the most correct view. The Prophet of Allah Shu`ayb was one of them, but it does not say here, their brother Shu`ayb, because they called themselves by a name denoting their deification of Al-Aykah, which was a tree which they used to worship; it was said that it was a group of trees which were tangled, like trees in a thicket. For this reason, when Allah said that the companions of Al-Aykah denied the Messengers, He did not say, “When their brother Shu`ayb said to them.” Rather, He said:

(When Shu`ayb said to them) He is not described as belonging to them because of the meaning that was inherent in the name given to them even though he was their brother by blood. Some people did not notice this point, so they thought that the dwellers of Al-Aykah were different from the people of Madyan, and claimed that Shu`ayb was sent to two nations; some said that he was sent to three.

(The companions of Al-Aykah) were the people of Shu`ayb. This was the view of Ishaq bin Bishr. Someone besides Juwaybir said, “The dwellers of Al-Aykah and the people of Madyan are one and the same.” And Allah knows best. Although there is another opinion that they were different nations with two identities, the correct view is that they were one nation, but they are described differently in different places. Shu`ayb preached to them and commanded them to be fair in their weights and measures, the same as is mentioned in the story of Madyan, which also indicates that they were the same nation.

أَوْفُواْ الْكَيْلَ وَلاَ تَكُونُواْ مِنَ الْمُخْسِرِينَ

(181. “Give full measure, and cause no loss (to others).”)

 وَزِنُواْ بِالْقِسْطَاسِ الْمُسْتَقِيمِ

(182. “And weigh with the true and straight balance.”)

وَلاَ تَبْخَسُواْ النَّاسَ أَشْيَآءهُمْ وَلاَ تَعْثَوْاْ فِى الاْرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ

(183. “And defraud not people by reducing their things, nor do evil, making corruption and mischief in the land.”)

وَاتَّقُواْ الَّذِى خَلَقَكُمْ وَالْجِبِلَّةَ الاْوَّلِينَ

(184. “And have Taqwa of Him Who created you and the generations of the men of old.”)

Surah 26 Ash Shuara Verse 181-184

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah commanded them to give full measure, and forbade them to give short measure. He said:

(Give full measure, and cause no loss.) meaning, `when you give to people, give them full measure, and do not cause loss to them by giving them short measure, while taking full measure when you are the ones who are taking. Give as you take, and take as you give.’

(And weigh with the true and straight balance.) The balance is the scales.

(And defraud not people by reducing their things,) means, do not shortchange them.

(nor do evil, making corruption and mischief in the land.) means, by engaging in banditry. This is like the Ayah,

(And sit not on every road, threatening) (7:86).

(And have Taqwa of Him Who created you and the generations of the men of old. ) Here he is frightening them with the punishment of Allah Who created them and created their forefathers. This is like when Musa, peace be upon him, said:

(Your Lord and the Lord of your ancient fathers!) (26:26). Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, As-Suddi, Sufyan bin `Uyaynah and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said:

(the generations of the men of old.) means, He created the early generations. And Ibn Zayd recited:

(And indeed he (Shaytan) did lead astray a great multitude of you) (36:62).

قَالُواْ إِنَّمَآ أَنتَ مِنَ الْمُسَحَّرِينَ

(185. They said: “You are only one of those bewitched!”)

وَمَآ أَنتَ إِلاَّ بَشَرٌ مّثْلُنَا وَإِن نَّظُنُّكَ لَمِنَ الْكَـذِبِينَ

(186. “You are but a human being like us and verily, we think that you are one of the liars!”)

فَأَسْقِطْ عَلَيْنَا كِسَفاً مّنَ السَّمَآء إِن كُنتَ مِنَ الصَّـدِقِينَ

 (187. “So, cause a piece of the heaven to fall on us, if you are of the truthful!”)

قَالَ رَبّى أَعْلَمُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ

 (188. He said: “My Lord is the Best Knower of what you do.”)

فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَأَخَذَهُمْ عَذَابُ يَوْمِ الظُّلَّةِ إِنَّهُ كَانَ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ

(189. But they denied him, so the torment of the Day of Shadow (a gloomy cloud) seized them. Indeed that was the torment of a Great Day.)

إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لاَيَةً وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ

(190. Verily, in this is indeed a sign, yet most of them are not believers.)

وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ

(191. And verily your Lord, He is indeed the All-Mighty, the Most Merciful.)

Surah 26 Ash Shuara Verse 185-191

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah tells us how his people responded, and how it was like the response of Thamud to their Messenger — for they were of like mind — when they said:

(You are only one of those bewitched!) meaning, `you are one of those who are affected by witchcraft.’

(You are but a human being like us and verily, we think that you are one of the liars!) means, `we think you are deliberately lying to us in what you say, and Allah has not sent you to us.’

(So cause a piece of the heaven to fall on us,) Ad-Dahhak said: “One side of the heavens.” Qatadah said: “A piece of the heaven.” As-Suddi said: “A punishment from heaven.” This is like what the Quraysh said, as Allah tells us:

(And they say: “We shall not believe in you, until you cause a spring to gush forth from the earth for us) until:

(Or you cause the heaven to fall upon us in pieces, as you have pretended, or you bring Allah and the angels before (us) face to face.”) (17:90-92)

(And (remember) when they said: “O Allah! If this is indeed the truth from You, then rain down stones on us from the sky….”) (8:32). Similarly, these ignorant disbelievers said:

(So, cause a piece of the heaven to fall on us, if you are of the truthful!)

(He said: “My Lord is the Best Knower of what you do.”) means, `Allah knows best about you, and if you deserve that, He will punish you therewith, and He will not treat you unjustly.’ So this is what happened to them — as they asked for — an exact recompense. Allah says:

(But they denied him, so the torment of the Day of Shadow seized them. Indeed that was the torment of a Great Day.) This is what they asked for, when they asked for a part of the heaven to fall upon them. Allah made their punishment in the form of intense heat which overwhelmed them for seven days, and nothing could protect them from it. Then He sent a cloud to shade them, so they ran towards it to seek its shade from the heat. When all of them had gathered underneath it, Allah sent sparks of fire and flames and intense heat upon them, and caused the earth to convulse beneath them, and He sent against them a mighty Sayhah which destroyed their souls. Allah says:

(Indeed that was the torment of a Great Day.) Allah has mentioned how they were destroyed in three places in the Qur’an, in each of which it is described in a manner which fits the context. In Surat Al-A`raf He says that the earthquake seized them, and they lay (dead), prostrate in their homes. This was because they said:

(“We shall certainly drive you out, O Shu`ayb, and those who have believed with you from our town, or else you (all) shall return to our religion.”) (7:88). They had sought to scare the Prophet of Allah and those who followed him, so they were seized by the earthquake. In Surah Hud, Allah says:

(And As-Sayhah seized the wrongdoers) (11:94). This was because they mocked the Allah’s Prophet when they said:

(“Does your Salah command that we give up what our fathers used to worship, or that we give up doing what we like with our property Verily, you are the forbearer, right-minded!”) (11:87). They had said this in a mocking, sarcastic tone, so it was befitting that the Sayhah should come and silence them, as Allah says:

(So As-Saihah overtook them) (15:73).

(And As-Saihah seized the wrongdoers) (11:94). And here, they said:

(So, cause a piece of the heaven to fall on us,) in a stubborn and obstinate manner. So, it was fitting that something they never thought would happen should befall them:

(so the torment of the Day of Shadow seized them. Indeed that was the torment of a Great Day.) Muhammad bin Jarir narrated from Yazid Al-Bahili: “I asked Ibn `Abbas about this Ayah:

(so the torment of the Day of Shadow seized them. ) He said: `Allah sent upon them thunder and intense heat, and it terrified them [so they entered their houses and it pursued them to the innermost parts of their houses and terrified them further], and they ran fleeing from their houses into the fields. Then Allah sent upon them clouds which shaded them from the sun, and they found it cool and pleasant, so they called out to one another until they had all gathered beneath the cloud, then Allah sent fire upon them.’ Ibn `Abbas said, `That was the torment of the Day of Shadow, indeed that was the torment of a Great Day.”’

(Verily, in this is an Ayah, yet most of them are not believers. And verily, your Lord, He is truly, the All-Mighty, the Most Merciful.) (26:8-9) meaning, He is All-Mighty in His punishment of the disbelievers, and Most Merciful towards His believing servants.

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