A warner from among themselves

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

A warner from among themselves.

وَعَجِبُواْ أَن جَآءَهُم مٌّنذِرٌ مِّنْهُمْ وَقَالَ الْكَـفِرُونَ هَـذَا سَـحِرٌ كَذَّابٌ

(4. And they wonder that a warner has come to them from among themselves. And the disbelievers say: “This is a sorcerer, a liar.”)

أَجَعَلَ الاٌّلِهَةَ إِلَـهاً وَحِداً إِنَّ هَـذَا لَشَىْءٌ عُجَابٌ

 (5. “Has he made the gods into One God. Verily, this is a curious thing!”)

وَانطَلَقَ الْمَلأُ مِنْهُمْ أَنِ امْشُواْ وَاْصْبِرُواْ عَلَى ءَالِهَتِكُمْ إِنَّ هَـذَا لَشَىْءٌ يُرَادُ

(6. And the leaders among them went about (saying): “Go on, and remain constant to your gods! Verily, this is a thing designed!”)

مَا سَمِعْنَا بِهَـذَا فِى الْمِلَّةِ الاٌّخِرَةِ إِنْ هَـذَا إِلاَّ اخْتِلاَقٌ

 (7. “We have not heard (the like) of this in the religion of these later days. This is nothing but an invention!”)

أَءَنزِلَ عَلَيْهِ الذِّكْرُ مِن بَيْنِنَا بْل هُمْ فَى شَكٍّ مِّن ذِكْرِى بَل لَّمَّا يَذُوقُواْ عَذَابِ

(8. “Has the Reminder been sent down to him (alone) from among us” Nay, but they are in doubt about My Reminder! Nay, but they have not tasted (My) torment!)

أَمْ عِندَهُمْ خَزَآئِنُ رَحْمَةِ رَبِّكَ الْعَزِيزِ الْوَهَّابِ

 (9. Or have they the treasures of the mercy of your Lord, the Almighty, the Real Bestower)

أَمْ لَهُم مٌّلْكُ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ وَمَا بَيَنَهُمَا فَلْيَرْتَقُواْ فِى الاٌّسْبَابِ

(10. Or is it that the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them is theirs If so, let them ascend up with means!)

جُندٌ مَّا هُنَالِكَ مَهْزُومٌ مِّن الاٌّحَزَابِ

 (11. They will be a defeated host like the Confederates of the old times)

Surah 38 Sad Verse 4-11

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah tells us that the idolators wondered at the sending of the Messenger of Allah as a bringer of glad tidings and a warner. This is like the Ayah:

(Is it a wonder for mankind that We have sent Our revelation to a man from among themselves (saying): “Warn mankind, and give good news to those who believe that they shall have with their Lord the rewards of their good deeds” (But) the disbelievers say: “This is indeed an evident sorcerer!”) (10:2). And Allah says here:

(And they wonder that a warner has come to them from among themselves.) meaning, a human being like themselves.

(And the disbelievers said: “This is a sorcerer, a liar. Has he made the gods into One God”) meaning, does he claim that the One Who is to worshipped is One and there is no god besides Him The idolators denounced that and were amazed at the idea of giving up Shirk, because they had learned from their forefathers to worship idols and their hearts were filled with love for that. When the Messenger called them to rid their hearts of that and to worship Allah Alone, this was too much for them and they were astounded by it. They said:

(“Has he made the gods into One God Verily, this is a curious thing!” And the leaders among them went about) meaning the chiefs and masters and nobles,

((saying): “Go on…”) meaning, `persist in your religion,’

(and remain constant to your gods!), meaning, `do not respond to Muhammad’s call to Tawhid.’

(Verily, this is a thing designed!) Ibn Jarir said, “The Tawhid to which Muhammad is calling you is something by which he wishes to gain power over you, and exalt his own position, so that he will have followers among you, but we will not respond

The Reason for the Revelation of These Ayat .

Abu Ja`far bin Jarir recorded that Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “When Abu Talib fell sick, some of the people of the Quraysh, including Abu Jahl, entered upon him and said, `Your brother’s son is insulting our gods; he does such and such and says such and such. Why don’t you send for him and tell him not to do that’ So he sent for the Prophet and he entered the house. There was space enough for one man to sit between them and Abu Talib, and Abu Jahl, may Allah curse him, was afraid that if (the Prophet ) were to sit beside Abu Talib he would be more lenient with him, so he jumped up and sat in that spot, and the Messenger of Allah could find nowhere to sit near his uncle, so he sat by the door. Abu Talib said to him, `O son of my brother, why are your people complaining about you and claiming that you insult their gods and say such and such’ They made so many complaints against him. Thereupon, he said,

(O uncle, all I want from them is one word which, if they say it, the Arabs will become their followers and the non-Arabs will pay Jizyah to them.) They were worried about what he said, so they said, `One word Yes, by your father, (we will say) ten words! What is it’ Abu Talib said, `What word is it, O son of my brother’ He said,

(La ilaha illallah.) They stood up in agitation, brushing down their clothes, saying,

(Has he made the gods into One God. Verily, this is a curious thing!) Then this passage was revealed, from this Ayah to the Ayah:

(Nay, but they have not tasted (My) torment!)” This is the wording of Abu Kurayb. Something similar was also recorded by Imam Ahmad and An-Nasa’i, and At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan.”

(We have not heard (the like) of this in the religion of these later days.) means, `we have not heard anything like this Tawhid to which Muhammad calls us in the religion of these later days.’ Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “`We have not heard of this from the religion of these later days (meaning Christianity); if this Qur’an were true, the Christians would have told us about it.”

(This is nothing but an invention!) Mujahid and Qatadah said, “A lie.” Ibn `Abbas said, “A fabrication.”

(Has the Reminder been sent down to him (alone) from among us) They thought it unlikely that he would be singled out from among them to receive the Qur’an. This is like the Ayat:

(And they say: “Why is not this Qur’an sent down to some great man of the two towns”) (43:31). Allah said:

(Is it they who would portion out the mercy of your Lord It is We Who portion out between them their livelihood in this world, and We raised some of them above others in ranks) (43:32). When they said this, it indicated their ignorance and lack of understanding since they thought it was unlikely that the Qur’an would be revealed to the Messenger and not to somebody else.

(Nay, but they have not tasted (My) torment!) means, they say this because they have not yet tasted the punishment and vengeance of Allah. But they will come to know the consequences of what they say and what they rejected on the Day when they are herded into the fire of Hell. Then Allah points out that He is the One Who is in control of His Creation and Who does whatever He wills, Who gives whatever He wants to whomever He wants, and honors whomever He wants and humiliates whomever He wants, and guides whomever He wants and misguides whomever He wants, and sends the Ruh (Jibril) by His command upon whomsoever He wants among His servants, and seals the hearts of whomever He wants, so no one can guide him apart from Allah. His servants do not possess any power and have no control over His dominion, not even a speck of dust’s weight; they do not possess even a thin membrane over a date stone. Allah says, denouncing them:

(Or have they the treasures of the mercy of your Lord, the Almighty, the Real Bestower) meaning, the Almighty Whose might cannot be overcome, the Bestower Who gives whatever He wills to whomsoever He wills. This Ayah is like the Ayah:

(Or have they a share in the dominion Then in that case they would not give mankind even a speck on the back of a date stone. Or do they envy men for what Allah has given them of His bounty Then, We had already given the family of Ibrahim the Book and Al-Hikmah, and conferred upon them a great kingdom. Of them were (some) who believed in him, and of them were (some) who averted their faces from him; and enough is Hell for burning (them).) (4:53-55).

(Say: “If you possessed the treasure of the mercy of my Lord (wealth), then you would surely hold back for fear of (being exhausted), and man is ever miserly!”) (17:100). This is after Allah tells us the story of how the disbeliever denied the sending of a human Messenger, as He tells us that the people of Salih, peace be upon him, said:

(“Is it that the Reminder is sent to him alone from among us Nay, he is an insolent liar!” Tomorrow they will come to know who is the liar, the insolent one!) (54:25, 26)

(Or is it that the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them is theirs If so, let them ascend up with means.) means, if they have that, then let them ascend up with means. Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Qatadah and others said, “The ways to the heaven.” Ad-Dahhak, said, “Then let them ascend into the seventh heaven.” Then Allah says,

(they will be a defeated host like the Confederates of the old times.) meaning, these hosts of disbelievers who are in false pride and opposition will be defeated and overwhelmed and disgraced, just as the Confederates of the old times were disgraced before them. This Ayah is like the Ayah:

(Or say they: “We are a great multitude, victorious” Their multitude will be put to flight, and they will show their backs.) (54:44-45) — which is what happened on the day of Badr —

(Nay, but the Hour is their appointed time, and the Hour will be more grievous and more bitter.) (54:46)

www.tafsir.com

Every messenger was sent with the language of his people

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Every messenger was sent with the language of his people.

وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلاَّ بِلِسَانِ قَوْمِهِ لِيُبَيِّنَ لَهُمْ فَيُضِلُّ اللَّهُ مَن يَشَآءُ وَيَهْدِى مَن يَشَآءُ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

(4. And We sent not a Messenger except with the language of his people, in order that he might make (the Message) clear for them. Then Allah misleads whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.)

Surah 14 Ibahim Verse 4

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah is Kind and Compassionate with His creation, sending Messengers to them from among them and speaking their language, so that they are able to understand the Message that the Messengers were sent with. Allah said next,

(Then Allah misleads whom He wills and guides whom He wills.) after the proof and evidence have been established for the people, Allah misguides whom He wills from the path of guidance and guides whom He wills to the truth,

(And He is the All-Mighty,) whatever He wills occurs and whatever He does not will never occurs,

(the All-Wise.) in His decisions, misleading those who deserve to be misled and guiding those who deserve guidance. This is from Allah’s wisdom with His creation, every Prophet He sent to a people spoke their language and everyone of these Prophets were only sent to their people. Muhammad bin `Abdullah, Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, was sent to all people. It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that Jabir said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(I have been given five things which were not given to Anyone else before me. Allah made me victorious by awe, (by His frightening my enemies) for a distance of one month’s journey. The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for worship and a purifier. The war booty has been made lawful for me and it was not lawful for anyone else before me. I have been given the right of Intercession (on the Day of Resurrection). Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only, but I have been sent to all mankind.) Allah said,

(Say: “O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah…) (7:158)

www.tafsir.com

The Quran: a book leading from from darkness to light

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Quran: a book leading from from darkness to light.

الر كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَـهُ إِلَيْكَ لِتُخْرِجَ النَّاسَ مِنَ الظُّلُمَـتِ إِلَى النُّورِ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ إِلَى صِرَاطِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَمِيدِ

(1. Alif-Lam-Ra. (This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness into light by their Lord’s leave to the path of the Almighty, the Praised.)

اللَّهِ الَّذِى لَهُ مَا فِى السَّمَـوَتِ وَمَا فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَوَيْلٌ لِّلْكَـفِرِينَ مِنْ عَذَابٍ شَدِيدٍ

 (2. Allah to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth! And woe unto the disbelievers from a severe torment.)

الَّذِينَ يَسْتَحِبُّونَ الْحَيَوةَ الدُّنْيَا عَلَى الاٌّخِرَةِ وَيَصُدُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَيَبْغُونَهَا عِوَجًا أُوْلَـئِكَ فِى ضَلَـلٍ بَعِيدٍ

 (3. Those who prefer the life of this world to the Hereafter, and hinder (men) from the path of Allah and seek crookedness therein – they are far astray.)

Surah 14 Ibrahim Verse 1-3

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Previously we discussed the meaning of the separate letters that appear in the beginnings of some Surahs.

((This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you…) Allah says, `This is a Book that We have revealed to you, O Muhammad. This `Book’, is the Glorious Qur’an, the most honored Book, that Allah sent down from heaven to the most honored Messenger of Allah sent to all the people of the earth, Arabs and non-Arabs alike,

(in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness into light) We sent you, O Muhammad, with this Book in order that you might lead mankind away from misguidance and crookedness to guidance and the right way,’

(Allah is the Wali (Protector or Guardian) of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into light. But as for those who disbelieve, their Awliya (supporters and helpers) are Taghut (false deities), they bring them out from light into darkness.) (2:257), and,

(It is He Who sends down manifest Ayat to His servant that He may bring you out from darkness into light. ) (57:9) Allah said next,

(by their Lord’s leave), He guides those whom He destined to be guided by the hand of His Messenger , whom He sent to guide them by His command,

(to the path of the All-Mighty,) Who can never be resisted or overpowered. Rather, Allah is Irresistible above everything and everyone else,

(the Praised.) Who is glorified and praised in all His actions, statements, legislation, commandments and prohibitions and Who only says the truth in the information He conveys. Allah’s statement,

(Allah to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth!), is similar to,

(Say: “O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah – to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth.) (7:158) Allah’s statement,

(And woe unto the disbelievers from a severe torment. ) means, `woe to them on the Day of Judgment because they defied you, O Muhammad, and rejected you.’ Allah described the disbelievers as preferring the life of the present world to the Hereafter, coveting the former life and working hard for its sake. They have forgotten the Hereafter and abandoned it behind their backs,

(and hinder (men) from the path of Allah), from following the Messengers,

(and seek crookedness therein) they seek to make Allah’s path crooked, even though it is straight itself and does not deviate on account of those who defy or betray it. When the disbelievers do this, they become engulfed in ignorance and misguidance far away from truth, and therefore, there is no hope that they will gain guidance and correctness while on this state.

www.tafsir.com

The Quran is a message for mankind

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Quran is a message for mankind.

هَـذَا بَلَـغٌ لِّلنَّاسِ وَلِيُنذَرُواْ بِهِ وَلِيَعْلَمُواْ أَنَّمَا هُوَ إِلَـهٌ وَاحِدٌ وَلِيَذَّكَّرَ أُوْلُواْ الأَلْبَـبِ

(52. This (Qur’an) is a Message for mankind (and a clear proof against them), in order that they may be warned thereby, and that they may know that He is the only One God and that men of understanding may take heed.)

 Surah 14 Ibrahim Verse 52

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

((So) that I may therewith warn you and whomsoever it may reach.) (6:19) This Qur’an is for all mankind and the Jinns, just as Allah said in the beginning of this Surah,

(Alif-Lam-Ra. (This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness into light.) (14:1) Allah said next,

(in order that they may be warned thereby), or to receive and draw lessons from it,

(and that they may know that He is the only One God) using its proofs and evidences that testify that there is no true deity except Allah,

(and that men of understanding may take heed.) meaning those who have good minds. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surah Ibrahim, and all praise is due to Allah.

www.tafsir.com

Allah, the Exalted, will requite each person according to what he/she has earned

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Allah, the Exalted, will requite each person according to what he/she has earned.

وَتَرَى الْمُجْرِمِينَ يَوْمَئِذٍ مُّقَرَّنِينَ فِى الاٌّصْفَادِ

(49. And you will see the criminals that Day, Muqarranun (bound together) in fetters.)

سَرَابِيلُهُم مِّن قَطِرَانٍ وَتَغْشَى وُجُوهَهُمْ النَّارُ

 (50. Their garments will be of Qatiran (tar), and fire will cover their faces.)

لِيَجْزِىَ اللَّهُ كُلَّ نَفْسٍ مَّا كَسَبَتْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَرِيعُ الْحِسَابِ

 (51. That Allah may requite each person according to what he has earned. Truly, Allah is swift at reckoning.)

Surah 14 Ibrahim Verse 49-51

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah said,

(On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens) `and the creations will be brought before their Lord, and you, O Muhammad, will witness the criminals who committed the crimes of Kufr and mischief,’

(Muqarranin) bound together, each with his or her like, just as Allah said,

(Assemble those who did wrong, together with their companions.) (37:22)

(And when the souls are joined with their bodies.)(81:7),

(And when they shall be thrown into a narrow place thereof, chained together, they will exclaim therein for destruction.) (25:13) and,

(And also the Shayatin from the Jinn (including) every kind of builder and diver, and also others bound in fetters.)(38:37-38) Allah said next,

(Their garments will be of Qatiran (pitch),) that is used to coat camels. Qatadah commented that Qatiran (tar) is one of the fastest objects to catch fire. Ibn `Abbas used to say that the Qatiran, mentioned in the Ayah, is dissolved lead. It is possible that this Ayah reads as: (سَرَابِيلُهُمْ مِنْ قَطِرٍآنٍ) refering to heated lead that has reached tremendous heat, according to Mujahid, Ikrimah, Sa’id bin Jubayr Al-Hasan and Qatadah. Allah said next,

(and fire will cover their faces), which is similar to His other statement,

(The Fire will burn their faces, and therein they will grin, with displaced lips.)(23:104) Imam Ahmad recorded that Yahya bin Abi Ishaq said that Aban bin Yazid said that Yahya bin Abi Kathir said that Zayd bin Abi Salam said that Abu Malik Al-Ash`ari said that the Messenger of Allah said,

 (Four characteristics from the time of Jahiliyyah will remain in my Ummah, since they will not abandon them: boasting about their family lineage, discrediting family ties, seeking rain through the stars, and wailing for their dead. Verily, if she who wails, dies before she repents from her behavior, she will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection while wearing a dress of Qatiran and a cloak of mange.) Muslim collected this Hadith. Allah said next,

(That Allah may requite each person according to what he has earned.) meaning, on the Day of Resurrection. Allah said in another Ayah,

(That He may requite those who do evil with that which they have done.) (53:31) Allah said here,

(Truly, Allah is swift at reckoning.) when He wills to reckon a servants of His, for He knows everything and nothing ever escapes His observation. Verily, His power over all of His creation is the same as His power over one creature,

(The creation of you all and the resurrection of you all are only as a single person. )(31:28) And this is why Mujahid said,

(swift at reckoning), means “keeping count.”

www.tafsir.com

Everyone will appear before Allah, The Mighty, the Exalted

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Everyone will appear before Allah, The Mighty, the Exalted.

فَلاَ تَحْسَبَنَّ اللَّهَ مُخْلِفَ وَعْدِهِ رُسُلَهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ ذُو انتِقَامٍ

(47. So think not that Allah will fail to keep His promise to His Messengers. Certainly, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Able of Retribution.)

 يَوْمَ تُبَدَّلُ الاٌّرْضُ غَيْرَ الاٌّرْضِ وَالسَّمَـوَتُ وَبَرَزُواْ للَّهِ الْوَاحِدِ الْقَهَّارِ

 (48. On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens, and they (all creatures) will appear before Allah, the One, the Irresistible.)

Surah 14 Ibrahim Verse 47-48

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

(So think not that Allah will fail to keep His promise to His Messengers.) His promise to grant them victory in this life and on the Day when the Witnesses shall come forth. Allah affirms that He is All-Able and that nothing He wills escapes His power and none can resist Him. Allah affirms that He is Able to exact retribution from those who disbelieve in Him and deny Him,

(Woe that Day to the deniers!)(77:15) Allah said here,

(On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens,) meaning, His promise shall come to pass on the Day when the earth will be changed to an earth other than this earth that we know and recognize. It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that Sahl bin Sa`d said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(On the Day of Resurrection, the people will be gathered on a white (barren), flat earth just like the wheat bread, it has no recognizable features for anyone.) Imam Ahmad recorded that `A’ishah said, “I was the first among all people who asked the Messenger of Allah about this Ayah,

(On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens,) saying, `O Allah’s Messenger! Where will the people be then’ He said,

(On the Sirat.)” Muslim, but not Al-Bukhari, collected this Hadith. At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah also recorded it, and At-Tirmidhi said “Hasan Sahih”. Imam Muslim bin Al-Hajjaj recorded in his Sahih that Thawban the servant of the Messenger of Allah said, “I was standing next to the Messenger of Allah when a Jewish rabbi came to him and said, `Peace be to you, O Muhammad.’ I pushed him with such a force that almost caused him to fall down and he asked me why I did that. I said, `Why did you not say, `O Messenger of Allah’ The Jew said, `We call him by the name which his family gave him.’ The Messenger of Allah said,

(Muhammad is indeed the name which my family gave me.) The Jew said, `I came to ask you about something.’ The Messenger of Allah replied

(Would it benefit you if I replied to your question) He said, `I will hear it with my ear.’ The Messenger of Allah poked the ground with a staff he had and said,

(Ask.) The Jew said, `Where will the people be when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will the heavens’ The Messenger of Allah said,

(In the darkness before the Bridge (Jasr).)

 He asked, `Who will be the first to pass it’ He said, (The poor emigrants (Muhajirin).)

 He asked, `What will their (refreshment) be when they enter Paradise’

He said, (The caul of fish liver.)

He asked, `What will they have after that’ He said, (A bull of Paradise which grazed through its pathways will be slaughtered for them.)

 He asked, `From what will they drink’ He said, (From a fountain whose name is Salsabil. )

He said, `You have said the truth. I have come to ask you something about which none of the inhabitants of the earth knows, with the exception of a Prophet or one or two other men.’

 He said, (Would you benefit by me informing you about it) He replied, `I would listen. I have come to ask you about the child.’ He said, (The fluid of the man is white, and the woman’s is yellow. When they meet, if the discharge of the man is greater than that of the woman, then it becomes a male, by Allah’s permission. When the womans discharge is greater than the man’s, it becomes a female by Allah’s permission.)

 The Jew said, `You have told the truth and are indeed a Prophet.’ Then he left. So Allah’s Messenger said; (He asked me such things that I had no knowledge of it until Allah gave it to me.) Allah said next,

(and they will appear before Allah), describing when the creatures will be resurrected before Allah from their graves,

(the One, the Irresistible.) Who has full power and control over all things and to Whom the necks and minds are subservient.

www.tafsir.com

Allah, the Exalted, knows best those who are rightly guided.

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Allah, the Exalted, knows best those who are rightly guided.

وَإِن تُطِعْ أَكْثَرَ مَن فِى الاٌّرْضِ يُضِلُّوكَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلاَّ الظَّنَّ وَإِنْ هُمْ إِلاَّ يَخْرُصُونَ

(116. And if you obey most of those on the earth, they will mislead you far away from Allah’s path. They follow nothing but conjecture, and they do nothing but lie.)

– إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مَن يَضِلُّ عَن سَبِيلِهِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ

 (117. Verily, your Lord! It is He Who knows best who strays from His way, and He knows best the rightly guided.)

Surah 6 Al Anaam Verse 116-117

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah states that most of the people of the earth, are misguided. Allah said in other Ayat,

(And indeed most of the men of old went astray before them.) (37:71) and,

(And most of mankind will not believe even if you eagerly desire it.)(12:103) They are misguided, yet they have doubts about their way, and they rely on wishful thinking and delusions.

 (They follow nothing but conjecture, and they do nothing but lie.) Thus, they fulfill Allah’s decree and decision concerning them,

(It is He Who knows best who strays from His way.) and facilitates that for him,

(And He knows best the rightly guided.) He facilitates that for them, all of them are facilitated for what He created them.

www.tafsir.com

The Power of the Quran

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Power of the Quran.

وَلَوْ أَنَّ قُرْآنًا سُيِّرَتْ بِهِ الْجِبَالُ أَوْ قُطِّعَتْ بِهِ الاٌّرْضُ أَوْ كُلِّمَ بِهِ الْمَوْتَى بَل للَّهِ الاٌّمْرُ جَمِيعًا أَفَلَمْ يَاْيْـَسِ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ أَن لَّوْ يَشَآءُ اللَّهُ لَهَدَى النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَلاَ يَزَالُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ تُصِيبُهُم بِمَا صَنَعُواْ قَارِعَةٌ أَوْ تَحُلُّ قَرِيبًا مِّن دَارِهِمْ حَتَّى يَأْتِىَ وَعْدُ اللَّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُخْلِفُ الْمِيعَادَ

(31. And if there had been a Qur’an with which mountains could be moved (from their places), or the earth could be cloven asunder, or the dead could be made to speak (it would not have been other than this Qur’an). But the decision of all things is certainly with Allah. Have not then those who believed yet known that had Allah willed, He could have guided all mankind And a disaster will not cease to strike those who disbelieved because of their (evil) deeds or it (i.e. the disaster) settles close to their homes, until the promise of Allah comes to pass. Certainly, Allah breaks not His promise.)

Surah 13 Ar Rad Verse 31

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah praises the Qur’an which He has revealed to Muhammad, peace be upon him, and prefers it to all other divinely revealed Books before it,

(And if there had been a Qur’an with which mountains could be moved,) Allah says, `If there were a Book among the previous Divine Books with which the mountains could be moved from their places, or the earth could be cleaved asunder, or the dead speak in their graves, it would have been this Qur’an and none else.’ Or, this Qur’an is more worthy to cause all this, because of its marvelous eloquence that defies the ability of mankind and the Jinns, even if all of them gather their forces together to invent something like it or even a Surah like it. Yet, these idolators disbelieve in the Qur’an and reject it. Allah said,

(And if there had been a Qur’an with which mountains could be moved,) Allah says, `If there were a Book among the previous Divine Books with which the mountains could be moved from their places, or the earth could be cleaved asunder, or the dead speak in their graves, it would have been this Qur’an and none else.’ Or, this Qur’an is more worthy to cause all this, because of its marvelous eloquence that defies the ability of mankind and the Jinns, even if all of them gather their forces together to invent something like it or even a Surah like it. Yet, these idolators disbelieve in the Qur’an and reject it. Allah said,

(Reciting was made easy for (Prophet) Dawud (David) in that he used to order that his animal be prepared for him to ride and in the meantime he would read the entire Qur’an. He used to eat only from what his hand made.) Al-Bukhari collected this Hadith. The Qur’an mentioned here is refers to the Zabur. Allah said next,

(Have not then those who believed yet known) that not all people would believe and understand and that,

(had Allah willed, He could have guided all mankind) Surely, there is not a miracle or evidence more eloquent or effective on the heart and mind than this Qur’an. Had Allah revealed it to a mountain, you would see the mountain shake and humbled from fear of Allah. The Sahih recorded that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Every Prophet was given (a miracle) the type of which would make (some) people believe. What I was given, however, is a revelation from Allah to me, and I hope that I will have the most following among them (Prophets) on the Day of Resurrection.) This Hadith indicates that every Prophet’s miracle disappeared upon his death, but this Qur’an will remain as evidence for all times. Verily, the miracle of the Qur’an will never end, nor will it become old the more it is read, nor will scholars ever have enough of it. The Qur’an is serious and is not meant for jest; any tyrant that abandons it, Allah will destroy him; he who seeks guidance in other than the Qur’an, then Allah will misguide him. Allah said next,

(But the decision of all things is certainly with Allah.) Ibn `Abbas commented, “He will only do what He wills and He decided that He will not do that.” Ibn Ishaq reported a chain for this, and Ibn Jarir At-Tabari agreed with it. Allah said next,

(And a disaster will not cease to strike those who disbelieved because of their (evil) deeds or it settles close to their homes,) because of their denial, disasters will still strike them in this life or strike those all around them, as a lesson and example for them. Allah said in other Ayat,

(And indeed We have destroyed towns round about you, and We have shown (them) the Ayat in various ways that they might return (to the truth).)(46-27), and,

(See they not that We gradually reduce the land (in their control) from its outlying borders Is it then they who will overcome) (21:44) Qatadah narrated that Al-Hasan commented on Allah’s statement,

(or it settles close to their homes,) “It is in reference to the disaster.” This is the apparent meaning here. Al-`Awfi reported that bin `Abbas said about,

(And a Qari`ah (disaster) strikes them because of their (evil) deeds) “A torment that descends on them from heaven,

(or it settles close to their homes,) when the Messenger of Allah camps near their area and fights them.” Similar was reported from Mujahid and Qatadah. `Ikrimah said in another narration he reported from Ibn `Abbas that,

(Qari’ah) means affliction. These scholars also said that,

(until the promise of Allah comes to pass.) refers to the conquering of Makkah. Al-Hasan Al-Basri said that it refers to the Day of Resurrection. Allah said next,

(Certainly, Allah breaks not His promise.) to His Messengers to aid them and their followers in this life and the Hereafter,

(So think not that Allah will fail to keep His promise to His Messengers. Certainly, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Able of Retribution.)(14:47)

www.tafsir.com

The Quran is no less than a reminder to all the Worlds

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Quran is no less than a reminder to all the Worlds.

ذَلِكَ مِنْ أَنبَآءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوحِيهِ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا كُنتَ لَدَيْهِمْ إِذْ أَجْمَعُواْ أَمْرَهُمْ وَهُمْ يَمْكُرُونَ

(102. That is of the news of the Ghayb (Unseen) which We reveal to you. You were not (present) with them when they arranged their plan together, and (while) they were plotting.)

وَمَآ أَكْثَرُ النَّاسِ وَلَوْ حَرَصْتَ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ

 (103. And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly.)

 وَمَا تَسْأَلُهُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ إِنْ هُوَ إِلاَّ ذِكْرٌ لِّلْعَـلَمِينَ

 (104. And no reward you ask of them for it; it (the Qur’an) is no less than a Reminder unto the `Alamin (men and Jinn).)

Surah 12 Yusuf Verse 102-104

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah narrated to Muhammad, peace be upon him, the story of Yusuf and his brothers and how Allah raised him over them, giving him the better end, triumph, the sovereignty and wisdom (i.e., prophethood), even though they tried to harm and kill him. Allah said, `This and similar stories are part of the unseen incidents of the past, O Muhammad,

(which We reveal to you.) and inform you of, O Muhammad, because it carries a lesson, for you to draw from and a reminder to those who defy you.’ Allah said next,

`(You were not (present) with them), you did not witness their conference nor saw them,

(when they arranged their plan together,) to throw Yusuf into the well,

(and (while) they were plotting) against him. We taught you all this through Our Revelation which We sent down to you.’ Allah said in other Ayat,

(You were not with them, when they cast lots with their pens..) and,

(And you were not on the western side, when We made clear to Musa the commandment…) (28:44) until,

(And you were not at the side of the Tur when We did call.)(28:46) Allah also said,

(And you were not a dweller among the people of Madyan, reciting Our verses to them.) (28:45) Allah states that Muhammad is His Messenger and that He has taught him the news of what occurred in the past, which carry lessons for people to draw from, so that they acquire their safety in their religious affairs as well as their worldly affairs. Yet, most people did not and will not believe, so Allah said,

(And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly.) Allah said in similar Ayat,

(And if you obey most of those on the earth, they will mislead you far away from Allah’s path) (6:116), and,

(Verily, in this is an Ayah, yet most of them are not believers.) (26:8) Allah said next,

(And no reward you ask of them for it;) Allah says, `You, O Muhammad, do not ask them in return for this advice and your call to all that is good and righteous, for any price or compensation for delivering it. Rather, you do so seeking Allah’s Face and to deliver good and sincere advice to His creatures,

(it (the Qur’an) is no less than a Reminder unto the `Alamin (men and Jinn)) with which they remember, receive guidance and save themselves in this life and the Hereafter.’

www.tafsir.com

Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He, guides whom He wills

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He, guides whom He wills.

وَلَوْ شَآءَ رَبُّكَ لآمَنَ مَن فِى الاٌّرْضِ كُلُّهُمْ جَمِيعًا أَفَأَنتَ تُكْرِهُ النَّاسَ حَتَّى يَكُونُواْ مُؤْمِنِينَ

(99. And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed, all of them together. So, will you then compel mankind, until they become believers.)

 وَمَا كَانَ لِنَفْسٍ أَن تُؤْمِنَ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَيَجْعَلُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لاَ يَعْقِلُونَ

 (100. It is not for any person to believe, except by the leave of Allah, and He will put the Rijs on those who do not reason.)

Surah 10 Yunus Verse 99-100

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah said:

(And had your Lord willed) meaning `O Muhammad, if it had been the will of your Lord, He would make all the people of the earth believe in what you have brought to them. But Allah has wisdom in what He does.’ Similarly, Allah said:

(And if your Lord had so willed, He could surely have made mankind one Ummah, but they will not cease to disagree. Except him on whom your Lord has bestowed His mercy and for that did He create them. And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled (His saying): “Surely, I shall fill Hell with Jinn and men all together.”) (11:118-119) He also said,

(Have not then those who believed yet known that had Allah willed, He could have guided all mankind) (13:31) Therefore, Allah said:

(So, will you then compel mankind) and force them to believe.

(until they become believers.) meaning, it is not for you to do that. You are not commanded to do that either. It is Allah Who

(sends astray whom He wills, and guides whom He wills.)(35:8).

(So do not destroy yourself in sorrow for them.)

(It is not up to you to guide them, but Allah guides whom He wills.)(2:272).

(It may be that you would kill yourself with grief because they are not believers.) (26:3)

(you guide not who you like..) (28:56)

(Your duty is only to convey, and it is up to Us to reckon. ) (13:40)

(So remind, you are only one who reminds. You are not a dictator over them.) (88:21-22) There are other Ayat besides these which prove that Allah is the doer of what He wants, guiding whom He wills, leading whom He wills to stray, all out of His knowledge, wisdom, and justice. Similarly, He said,

(It is not for any person to believe, except by the leave of Allah, and He will put the Rijs) That is, disorder and misguidance

(upon those who do not reason) meaning, Allah’s proofs and evidences, and He is the Just in all matters, guiding whom He wills to guide, and leading whom He wills astray.

www.tafsir.com

« Older entries