Success is for those who have Taqwa

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Success is for those who have Taqwa.

إِنَّ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ مَفَازاً

(31. Verily, for those who have Taqwa, there will be a success;)

حَدَآئِقَ وَأَعْنَـباً

(32. Hada’iq and vineyards,)

وَكَوَاعِبَ أَتْرَاباً

(33. And Kawa`ib Atrab,)

وَكَأْساً دِهَاقاً

(34. And a cup Dihaq.)

لاَّ يَسْمَعُونَ فِيهَا لَغْواً وَلاَ كِذَباً

(35. No Laghw shall they hear therein, nor lying;)

جَزَآءً مِّن رَّبِّكَ عَطَآءً حِسَا

(36. Rewarded from your Lord with a sufficient gift.)

Surah 78 An Naba Verse 31-36

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah informs about the happy people and what He has prepared for them of esteem, and eternal pleasure. Allah says,

(Verily, for those who have Taqwa, there will be a success;) Ibn `Abbas and Ad-Dahhak both said, “A place of enjoyable recreation.” Mujahid and Qatadah both said, “They are successful and thus, they are saved from the Hellfire.” The most obvious meaning here is the statement of Ibn `Abbas, because Allah says after this,

(Hada’iq) And Hada’iq are gardens of palm trees and other things.

(And vineyards, and Kawa`ib Atrab,) meaning, wide-eyed maidens with fully developed breasts. Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and others have said,

(Kawa`ib) “This means round breasts. They meant by this that the breasts of these girls will be fully rounded and not sagging, because they will be virgins, equal in age. This means that they will only have one age.” The explanation of this has already been mentioned in Surat Al-Waqi`ah. Concerning Allah’s statement,

(And a cup Dihaq.) Ibn `Abbas said, “Continuously filled.” `Ikrimah said, “Pure.” Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, and Ibn Zayd all said,

(Dihaq) “This means completely filled.” Then Allah says,

(No Laghw shall they hear therein, nor lying;) This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(Free from any Laghw, and free from sin.) (52:23) meaning, there will not be any vain, worthless speech therein, nor any sinful lying. Rather, it will be the abode of peace, and everything that is in it will be free of any shortcomings. Allah then says,

(Rewarded from your Lord with a sufficient gift.) meaning, `this that We have mentioned to you is what Allah will reward them with, and they will be given it by His favor and from Him. It will be a kindness, mercy, gift, and recompense from Him. It will be sufficient, suitable, comprehensive and abundant.’ The Arabs say, “He gave me and he sufficed me.” This means that he sufficiently provided for me.” From this comes the saying, “Allah is sufficient for me.”

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The Word that stands Firm in this World and the Hereafter

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Word that stands Firm in this World and the Hereafter.

يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِى الْحَيَوةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِى الاٌّخِرَةِ وَيُضِلُّ اللَّهُ الظَّـلِمِينَ وَيَفْعَلُ اللَّهُ مَا يَشَآءُ

(27. Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter. And Allah will cause the wrongdoers to go astray, and Allah does what He wills.)

Surah 14 Ibrahim Verse 27

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Al-Bukhari recorded that Al-Bara bin `Azib, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(When the Muslim is questioned in the grave, he will testify that, `La ilaha illallah’, and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger, hence Allah’s statement, (Allah will keep firm those who believe, with word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter.) Muslim and the rest of the Group recorded it. Imam Ahmad recorded that Al-Bara bin `Azib said, “We went with the Messenger of Allah to attend a funeral procession of an Ansari man. We reached the grave site when it had not yet been completed. The Messenger of Allah sat, and we sat all around him, as if there were birds hovering above our heads. The Prophet was holding a piece of wood in his hand, poking the ground with it. He next raised his head and said twice or thrice,

(Seek refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave.) He said next,

(When a believing slave is reaching the end of his term in the life of this world and the beginning of his term in the Hereafter, a group of angels, whose faces are white and as radiant as the sun, will descend onto him from heaven. They will carry with them white shroud from Paradise, and fragrance for enshrouding from Paradise. They will sit as far from him as the sight goes. Then, the angel of death, will come until he sits right next to his head, saying, “O, good and pure soul! Depart (your body) to Allah’s forgiveness and pleasure.” So the soul flows (out of its body), just as the drop flows out from the tip of the jug, and the angel of death captures it. When he captures the soul, they (the group of angels) will not leave it with him for more than an instance, and they will seize it and wrap it in that shroud, and in that fragrance. A most pleasant musk scent ever found on the earth, will flow out of the soul, and the angels will ascend it (to heaven). They will not pass by, but they will say, “Whose is this Tayyib (good) soul” They (the angels who are ascending the soul) will reply, “Such person, the son of such and such person,” — calling him by the best names that he used to be called in the world. They will reach the lower heaven and will ask that its door be opened for him, and it will be opened for them. The best residents of every heaven will then see him to the next heaven, until he is brought to the seventh heaven. Allah, the Exalted and Ever High, will say, “List my servants record in `Illiyyin and send him back to earth, for I have created them from it, and into it I shall return them, and from it I shall bring them out once again.” The soul will be joined with its body, and two angels will come to him, sit him up and ask him, “Who is your Lord” He will say, “Allah is my Lord.” They will ask him, “What is your religion” He will say, “My religion is Islam.” They will say to him, “What do you say about this man (Prophet Muhammad) who was sent to you” He will say, “He is the Messenger of Allah.” They will ask him, “And what proof do you have about it” He will say, “I read the Book of Allah (the Qur’an), and had faith and belief in him.” Then, a caller (Allah) will herald from heaven, “My servant has said the truth. Therefore, furnish him from Paradise, and let him wear from (the clothes of) Paradise, and open a door for him to Paradise.” So he is given from Paradise’s tranquillity and good scent, and his grave will be expanded for him as far as his sight can reach. Then, a man, with a handsome face and handsome clothes and whose scent is pleasant, will come to him, saying, “Receive the glad tidings with that which pleases you. This is the Day which you were promised.” He will ask him, “Who are you; for yours is the face that carries the good news” He will reply, “I am your good works.” He will say, “O Lord! Hurry up with the commencement of the Hour, hurry up with the commencement of the Hour, so I can return to my family and my wealth.”)

(And when the disbelieving person is reaching the end of his term in the world and the beginning of his term in the Hereafter, there will descend onto him from heaven angels with dark faces. They will bring with them Musuh, and will sit as far from him as the sight reaches. Then the angel of death will come forward and sit right next to his head, saying, “O impure, evil soul! Depart (your body) to the anger of Allah and a wrath from Him.” The soul will scatter throughout his body, and the angel of death will seize it as when the thorny branch is removed from wet wool. The angel of death will seize the soul, and when he does, they (the group of angels) will not let it stay in his hand for more than an instance, and they will wrap it in the Musuh. The most putrid smell a dead corpse can ever have on earth will emit from the soul, and the angels will ascend with it. Whenever they pass by a group of angels, they will ask, “Whose is this evil soul” The angels will respond, “He is such person son of such person,” — calling him by the worst names he was known by in the world. When they reach the lowest heaven, they will request that its door be opened for him, and their request will be denied. “For them the gates of heaven will not be opened, and they will not enter Paradise until the camel goes through the eye of the needle.” (7:40) Allah will declare, “List his record in Sijjin in the lowest earth.” The wicked soul will then be thrown (from heaven). “And whoever assigns partners to Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place.”(22:31) His soul will be returned to his body, and two angels will come to him, sit him up and ask him, “Who is your Lord” He will say, “Oh, oh! I do not know.” They will ask him, “What is your religion”, and he will say, “Oh, oh! I do not know.” They will ask him, “What do you say about this man (Prophet Muhammad) who was sent to you” He will say, “Oh, oh, I do not know!” A caller (Allah) will herald from heaven, “My servant has lied, so furnish him with the Fire and open a door for him to the Fire.” He will find its heat and fierce hot wind. And his grave will be reduced in size, until his bones crush each other. Then, a man with a dreadful face, wearing dreadful clothes and with a disgusting smell emitting from him will come to him, saying, “Receive the glad tidings with that which will displease you! This is the Day that you have been promised.” He will ask that man, “And who are you, for yours is the face that brings about evil” He will say, “I am your evil work.” He will therefore cry, “O, my Lord! Do not commence the Hour!”) Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah collected this Hadith. In his Musnad, Imam `Abd bin Humayd recorded that Anas bin Malik said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Verily, when the servant is placed in his grave and his friends (or family) depart, as he hears the sound of their shoes, two angels will come to him. They will sit him up and ask him, `What do you say about this man (Muhammad)’ As for the believer, he will say, `I bear witness that He is Allah’s servant and Messenger.’ He will be told, `Look at your seat in the Fire, Allah has replaced it for you with a seat in Paradise.’) The Prophet said next,

(So he will see both seats. ) Qatadah added, “We were told that his grave will be enlarged up to seventy forearms length and will be filled with greenery for him until the Day of Judgement.” Muslim collected this Hadith also from `Abd bin Humayd, while An-Nasa’i collected it from Yunus bin Muhammad bin Al-Mu’addah. Al-Hafiz Abu `Isa At-Tirmidhi, may Allah grant him mercy, recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(When the dead – or one of you – is buried, two dark and blue angels will come to him; one is called `Munkir’ and the other is called `Nakir’. They will ask him, `What did you say about this man (Muhammad)’ He will reply, `What he used to say, that he is Allah’s servant and Messenger. I bear witness that there is no true deity except Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.’ They will say, `We know that you used to say that,’ and his grave will be made larger for him to seventy forearms length by seventy forearms length and will be filled with light for him. He will be told, `Sleep,’ but he will reply, `Let me go back to my family in order that I tell them.’ They will say, `Sleep, just like the bridegroom who is awakened by the dearest of his family, until Allah resurrects him from that sleep.’ If he was a hypocrite, his answer will be, `I do not know! I heard people say something, so I used to repeat what they were saying.’ They will say, `We know that you used to say that.’ The earth will be commanded, `Come closer all around him,’ and it will come closer to him until his ribs cross each other. He will remain in this torment, until Allah resurrects him from his sleep.) At-Tirmidhi said, “This Hadith is Hasan, Gharib.” Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter.)

(When he will be asked in the grave, `Who is your Lord What is your religion Who is your Prophet’ He will reply, `Allah is my Lord, Islam is my religion and Muhammad is my Prophet who brought the clear proofs from Allah. I believed in him and had faith in him.’ He will be told, `You have said the truth; you have lived on this, died on it and will be resurrected on it.’) Ibn Jarir At-Tabari recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet said,

(By He Who owns my life! The dead person hears the sound of your slippers (or shoes) when you depart and leave him. If he is a believer, the prayer will stand by his head, Zakah to his right and the fast by his left; the righteous deeds, such as charity, keeping relations with kith and kin and acts of kindness to people will stand by his feet. He will be approached from his head, and the prayer will declare, `No entrance from my side.’ He will be approached from his right, and Zakah will declare, `There is no entrance from my side.’ He will be approached from his left, and the fast will declare, `There is no entrance from my side.’ He will be approached from his feet, and the acts of righteousness will declare, `There is no entrance from our side.’ He will be commanded to sit up, and he will sit up while the sun appears to him just like when it is about to set. He will be told, `Tell us about what we are going to ask you.’ He will say, `Leave me until I pray.’ He will be told, `You will pray, but first tell us what we want to know.’ He will ask, `What are your questions’ He will be told, `This man who was sent among you, what do you say about him and what is your testimony about him’ He will ask, `Muhammad’ He will be answered in the positive and he will reply, `I bear witness that he is the Messenger of Allah and that he has brought us the proofs from our Lord. We believed in him.’ He will be told, `This is the way you lived and died and Allah willing, you will be resurrected on it.’ His grave will be made wider for him seventy forearms length, and it will be filled with light. A door will also be opened for him to Paradise. He will be told, `Look at what Allah has prepared for you in it.’ He will increase in joy and delight and then his soul will be placed with the pure souls, inside green birds eating from the trees of Paradise. The body will be returned to its origin, dust. So Allah said,

(Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter.) Ibn Hibban collected this Hadith, and his narration added the disbeliever’s answer and his torment. `Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Tawus said,

(Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world,) is in reference to La ilaha ilallah, while,

(and in the Hereafter) is in reference to the questioning in the grave. Qatadah commented, “As for this life, Allah will make them firm on the way of righteousness and good deeds,

(and in the Hereafter.) in the grave.” Several others among the Salaf said the same.

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A parable for the deeds of those who disbelieved in their Lord

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

A parable for the deeds of those who disbelieved in their Lord.

مَّثَلُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِرَبِّهِمْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ كَرَمَادٍ اشْتَدَّتْ بِهِ الرِّيحُ فِي يَوْمٍ عَاصِفٍ لاَّ يَقْدِرُونَ مِمَّا كَسَبُواْ عَلَى شَىْءٍ ذلِكَ هُوَ الضَّلاَلُ الْبَعِيدُ

(18. The parable of those who disbelieved in their Lord is that their works are as ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a stormy day; they shall not be able to get aught of what they have earned. That is the straying, far away (from the right path).)

Surah 14 Ibrahim Verse 18

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

This is a parable that Allah has given for the deeds and actions of the disbelievers who worshipped others besides Him and rejected His Messengers, thus building their acts on groundless basis. Their actions vanished from them when they were most in need of their rewards. Allah said,

(The parable of those who disbelieved in their Lord is that their works) on the Day of Judgment, when they will seek their rewards from Allah the Exalted. They used to think that they had something, but they will find nothing, except what remains of ashes when a strong wind blows on it,

(on a stormy day;) They will not earn rewards for any of the good works they performed during this life, except what they can preserve of ashes during a day of strong wind. Allah said in other Ayat,

(And We shall turn to whatever deeds they did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of dust.)(25:23),

(The parable of what they spend in this world is that of a wind which is extremely cold; it struck the harvest of a people who did wrong against themselves and destroyed it. Allah wronged them not, but they wronged themselves.)(3:117),and,

(O you who believe! Do not render in vain your Sadaqah (charity) by reminders of your generosity or by injury, like him who spends his wealth to be seen of men, and he does not believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day. His parable is that of a smooth rock on which is a little dust; on it falls heavy rain which leaves it bare. They are not able to do anything with what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.)(2:264) Allah said in this Ayah,

(That is the straying, far away from the right path) meaning, their work and deeds were not based on firm, correct grounds, and thus, they lost their rewards when they needed them the most,

(That is the straying, far away from the right path.)

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Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He, bestows His grace to whomever He wills of His servants

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He, bestows His grace to whomever He wills of His servants.

قَالَتْ رُسُلُهُمْ أَفِى اللَّهِ شَكٌّ فَاطِرِ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ يَدْعُوكُمْ لِيَغْفِرَ لَكُمْ مِّن ذُنُوبِكُمْ وَيُؤَخِّرَكُمْ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُّسَـمًّـى قَالُواْ إِنْ أَنتُمْ إِلاَّ بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُنَا تُرِيدُونَ أَن تَصُدُّونَا عَمَّا كَانَ يَعْبُدُ ءَابَآؤُنَا فَأْتُونَا بِسُلْطَـنٍ مُّبِينٍ

(10. Their Messengers said: “(What!) Can there be a doubt about Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth He calls you that He may forgive you of your sins and give you respite for a term appointed.” They said: “You are no more than human beings like us! You wish to turn us away from what our fathers used to worship. Then bring us a clear authority.”)

قَالَتْ لَهُمْ رُسُلُهُمْ إِن نَّحْنُ إِلاَّ بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ وَلَـكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَمُنُّ عَلَى مَن يَشَآءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ وَمَا كَانَ لَنَآ أَن نَّأْتِيَكُمْ بِسُلْطَـنٍ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَعلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

(11. Their Messengers said to them: “We are no more than human beings like you, but Allah bestows His grace to whom He wills of His servants. It is not ours to bring you an authority (proof) except by the permission of Allah. And in Allah (alone) let the believers put their trust.”)

وَمَا لَنَآ أَلاَّ نَتَوَكَّلَ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَقَدْ هَدَانَا سُبُلَنَا وَلَنَصْبِرَنَّ عَلَى مَآ آذَيْتُمُونَا وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُتَوَكِّلُونَ

(12. “And why should we not put our trust in Allah while He indeed has guided us in our ways And we shall certainly bear with patience all the hurt you may cause us, and in Allah (alone) let those who trust, put their trust.”)

Surah 14 Ibrahim Verse 10-12

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah narrates to us the arguments that ensued between the disbelievers and their Messengers. When their nations doubted the Message of worshipping Allah alone without partners, the Messengers said,

((What!) Can there be a doubt about Allah…) about His Lordship and having the exclusive right to be worshipped alone, being the only Creator of all creatures Verily, none besides Allah is worthy of worship, alone without partners with Him. Most nations were, and still are, affirming the existence of the Creator, but they call upon intermediaries besides Him whom they think will benefit them or bring them closer to Allah. Their Messengers said to them,

(He calls you that He may forgive you of your sins) in the Hereafter,

(and give you respite for a term appointed.), in this worldly life. Allah said in other Ayat,

(Seek the forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance, that He may grant you good enjoyment, for a term appointed, and bestow His abounding grace to every owner of grace.) [10:3] However, their nations went on arguing against their prophethood, after they had to submit to the first evidence (that Allah Alone created everything).

Their nations said,

(You are no more than human beings like us!) so why should we follow you just because you say so, even though we did not witness a miracle by your hands,

(Then bring us a clear authority.), a miracle of our choice.

(Their Messengers said to them: “We are no more than human beings like you…”) affirming that truly, they were only human being like their nations,

(but Allah bestows His grace to whom He wills of His servants.), with prophethood and messengership which is His choice,

(It is not ours to bring you an authority) according to your choice,

((except by the permission of Allah. ), after we beg Him and He provides us with a miracle,

(And in Allah (alone) let the believers put their trust.) in all their affairs. Their Messengers said to them next,

(And why should we not put our trust in Allah), after He had guided us to the best, most clear and plain way,

(And we shall certainly bear with patience all the hurt you may cause us), such as foolish actions and abusive statements,

(and in Allah (alone) let those who trust, put their trust.)

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From darkness into light

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

From darkness into light.

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا مُوسَى بِـَايَـتِنَآ أَنْ أَخْرِجْ قَوْمَكَ مِنَ الظُّلُمَـتِ إِلَى النُّورِ وَذَكِّرْهُمْ بِأَيَّامِ اللَّهِ إِنَّ فِى ذلِكَ لآيَـتٍ لِّكُلِّ صَبَّارٍ شَكُورٍ

(5. And indeed We sent Musa with Our Ayat (saying): “Bring out your people from darkness into light, and remind them of the annals (or days) of Allah. Truly, therein are Ayat for every patient, thankful (person).”)

Surah 14 Ibrahim Verse 5

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah says here, `Just as We sent you (O, Muhammad) and sent down to you the Book, in order that you might guide and call all people out of darkness into the light, We also sent Musa to the Children of Israel with Our Ayat (signs, or miracles).’ Mujahid said that this part of the Ayah refers to the nine miracles.

(Bring out your people) he is being commanded;

(Bring out your people from darkness into light,) call them to all that is good and righteous, in order that they might turn away from the darkness of ignorance and misguidance they indulged in, to the light of guidance and the enlightenment of faith,

(and remind them of the annals (or days) of Allah) remind them (O Musa) of Allah’s days, meaning, favors and bounties which He bestowed on them when He delivered them from the grip of Fir`awn and his injustice, tyranny and brutality. This is when Allah delivered them from their enemy, made a passage for them through the sea, shaded them with clouds, sent down manna and quails for them, and other favors and bounties. Mujahid, Qatadah and several others said this. Allah said next,

(Truly, therein are Ayat for every patient, thankful (person).) Allah says, `Our delivering of Our loyal supporters among the Children of Israel from the grasp of Fir`awn and saving them from the disgraceful torment, provides a lesson to draw from for those who are patient in the face of affliction, and thankful in times of prosperity. Qatadah said, “Excellent is the servant who if he is tested, he observes patience, and if he is granted prosperity, he is thankful for it.” It is recorded in the Sahih that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Verily, all of the matter of the believer is amazing, for every decision that Allah decrees for him is good for him. If an affliction strikes him, he is patient and this is good for him; if a bounty is give to him, he is thankful and this is good for him.)

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Allah, Glorified and Praised Be He, guides the hearts of those who believe in Him

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Allah, Glorified and Praised Be He, guides the hearts of those who believe in Him.

مَآ أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَمَن يُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ يَهْدِ قَلْبَهُ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

(11. No calamity occurs, but by the permission of Allah, and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart. And Allah is the All-Knower of everything.)

وَأَطِيعُواْ اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ الرَّسُولَ فَإِن تَولَّيْتُمْ فَإِنَّمَا عَلَى رَسُولِنَا الْبَلَـغُ الْمُبِينُ

(12. Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger; but if you turn away, then the duty of Our Messenger is only to convey clearly.)

اللَّهُ لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

(13. Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa. And in Allah therefore let the believers put their trust.)

Surah 64 Al Taghabun Verse 11-13

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah informs us as He did in Surat Al-Hadid,

(No calamity occurs on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in a record before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah.) (57:22) Allah said here,

(No calamity occurs, but by the permission of Allah,) Ibn `Abbas said; “By the command of Allah,” meaning from His decree and will.

(and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart. And Allah is the All-Knower of everything.) meaning, whoever suffered an affliction and he knew that it occurred by Allah’s judgement and decree, and he patiently abides, awaiting Allah’s reward, then Allah guides his heart, and will compensate him for his loss in this life by granting guidance to his heart and certainty in faith. Allah will replace whatever he lost for Him with the same or what is better. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas,

(and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart.) “Allah will guide his heart to certainty. Therefore, he will know that what reached him would not have missed him and what has missed him would not have reached him.” There is an agreed upon Hadith (that Al-Bukhari and Muslim collected and) which states,

(Amazing is the believer: There is no decree that Allah writes for him, but is better for him. If an affliction strikes him, he is patient and this is better for him. If a bounty is granted to him, he is thankful and this is better for him. This trait is only for the faithful believer.)

The Order to obey Allah and His Messenger.

Allah said,

(Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger;) Allah commands obedience to Him and to His Messenger in all that His legislates and in implementing His orders. Allah also forbids one from all that His Messenger forbids and prohibits. Allah the Exalted said,

(but if you turn away, then the duty of Our Messenger is only to convey clearly.) meaning, `if you refrain from abiding by the faith, then the Messenger’s mission is to convey and your mission is to hear and obey. ‘Az-Zuhri said, “From Allah comes the Message, its deliverance is up to the Messenger, and the adherence is up to us.”

Tawhid.

Allah states that He is the One, Whom all creations need and seek, the One other than Whom there is no (true) God.

(Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa. And in Allah therefore let the believers put their trust.) So, He first informs about Tawhid and its meaning. The implied meaning is to single Him out for deification, being purely devoted to Him, and relying upon Him, as He said;

(The Lord of the east and the west; La ilaha illa Huwa. So take Him alone as Trustee.) (73:9)

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Those who mislead mankind from the path of Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He, will have a humiliating torment

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Those who mislead mankind from the path of Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He, will have a humiliating torment.

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْتَرِى لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُواً أُوْلَـئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ

(6. And of mankind is he who purchases idle talk (Lahw Al-Hadith) to mislead from the path of Allah without knowledge, and takes it by way of mockery. For such there will be a humiliating torment.)

وَإِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِ ءَايَـتُنَا وَلَّى مُسْتَكْبِراً كَأَن لَّمْ يَسْمَعْهَا كَأَنَّ فِى أُذُنَيْهِ وَقْراً فَبَشِّرْهُ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ

(7. And when Our Ayat are recited to such a one, he turns away in pride, as if he heard them not — as if there were deafness in his ear. So announce to him a painful torment.)

Surah 31 Luqman Verse 6-7

Tafsir ibn Kathir

When Allah mentions the blessed — who are those who are guided by the Book of Allah and benefit from hearing it, as He says:

(Allah has sent down the Best Statement, a Book, its parts resembling each other (and) oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it. Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah) (39:23). He connect that with mention of the doomed, those who turn away from the Qur’an and do not benefit from hearing the Words of Allah. Instead, they turn to listening to flutes and singing accompanied by musical instruments. As Ibn Mas`ud commented about the Ayah:

(And of mankind is he who purchases Lahu Al-Hadith to mislead (men) from the path of Allah), he said, “This — by Allah — refers to singing.”

(And of mankind is he who purchases Lahw Al-Hadith to mislead (men) from the path of Allah without knowledge, ) Qatadah said: “By Allah, he may not spend money on it, but his purchasing it means he likes it, and the more misguided he is, the more he likes it and the more he prefers falsehood to the truth and harmful things over beneficial things.” It was said that what is meant by the words,

(purchases idle talks) is buying singing servant girls. Ibn Jarir said that it means all speech that hinders people from seeing the signs of Allah and following His path. His saying:

(to mislead (men) from the path of Allah) means, he does this to oppose Islam and its followers.

(and takes it by way of mockery.) Mujahid said, “This means mocking the path of Allah and making fun of it.”

(For such there will be a humiliating torment.) Just as they showed no respect to the signs and path of Allah, so they will be shown no respect on the Day of Resurrection, and they will be subjected to a painful, ongoing torment. Then Allah says:

(And when Our Ayat are recited to such a one, he turns away in pride, as if he heard them not — as if there were deafness in his ear.) means, when these Qur’anic verses are recited to one who is fond of idleness and play, he turns away from them and does not want to hear them. He turns a deaf ear to them as if he can hear nothing, because it annoys him to hear them since he gains no benefit from them and has no interest in them.

(So announce to him a painful torment.) i.e., on the Day of Resurrection, which will hurt him just as much as listening to the Book of Allah and its verses hurt him.

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The successful people

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The successful people.

الم

(1. Alif Lam Mim.)

تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْحَكِيمِ

(2. These are Ayat of the Wise Book.)

هُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّلْمُحْسِنِينَ

(3. A guide and a mercy for the Muhsinin.)

الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُم بِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ

(4. Those who perform the Salah and give Zakah and they have faith in the Hereafter with certainty.)

أُولَـٰئِكَ عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ ۖ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

(5. Such are on guidance from their Lord, and such are the successful.)

Surah 31 Luqman Verse 1-5

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

At the beginning of Surat Al-Baqarah we discussed the letters such as those that appear at the beginning of this Surah. Allah has made the Qur’an a guidance and healing and a mercy for the Muhsinin, who are those who do good deeds in accordance with the Shari`ah. They establish the obligatory prayers in the proper manner and at the correct times, and follow that with regular, optional and supererogatory prayers; they pay the Zakah to those who deserve it; they uphold the ties of kinship with their relatives; they have certain faith that there will be rewards and punishments in the Hereafter, and they seek the reward with Allah; they do not show off or seek a reward or thanks from other people. Whoever does this is one of those of whom Allah says:

(Such are on guidance from their Lord,) meaning, they follow His guidance with clear understanding

(and such are the successful.) in this world and in the Hereafter.

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The Quran is Exalted, Full of Wisdom

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Quran is Exalted, Full of Wisdom.

حـم

(1. Ha Mim.)

وَالْكِتَـبِ الْمُبِينِ

(2. By the manifest Book.)

إِنَّا جَعَلْنَـهُ قُرْءاناً عَرَبِيّاً لَّعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ

(3. Verily, We have made it a Qur’an in Arabic that you may be able to understand.)

وَإِنَّهُ فِى أُمّ الْكِتَـبِ لَدَيْنَا لَعَلِىٌّ حَكِيمٌ

(4. And verily, it is in the Mother of the Book with Us, indeed exalted, full of wisdom.)

أَفَنَضْرِبُ عَنكُمُ الذّكْرَ صَفْحاً أَن كُنتُمْ قَوْماً مُّسْرِفِينَ

(5. Shall We then take away the Reminder from you, because you are a people excessive.)

وَكَمْ أَرْسَلْنَا مِن نَّبِيّ فِى الاْوَّلِينَ

(6. And how many a Prophet have We sent amongst the men of old.)

وَمَا يَأْتِيهِم مّنْ نَّبِىّ إِلاَّ كَانُواْ بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِءونَ

(7. And never came there a Prophet to them but they used to mock at him.)

فَأَهْلَكْنَآ أَشَدَّ مِنْهُم بَطْشاً وَمَضَى مَثَلُ الاْوَّلِين

(8. Then We destroyed men stronger (in power) than these and the example of the ancients has passed away.)

Surah 43 Az Zukhruf Verse 1-8

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

(Ha-Mim. By the manifest Book.) means, plain and clear in both wording and meaning, because it was revealed in the language of the Arabs, which is the most eloquent language for communication among people. Allah says:

(Verily, We have made it) meaning, revealed it,

(a Qur’an in Arabic) meaning, in the language of the Arabs, eloquent and clear;

(that you may be able to understand.) means, that you may understand it and ponder its meanings. This is like the Ayah:

(In the plain Arabic language.) (26:195)

(And verily, it is in the Mother of the Book with Us, indeed exalted, full of wisdom.) This explains the high status of the Qur’an among the hosts on high (the angels), so that the people of earth will respect it, venerate it and obey it.

(And verily, it) means, the Qur’an,

(is in the Mother of the Book) meaning, Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz (the Preserved Tablet). This was the view of Ibn `Abbas and Mujahid.

(with Us,) means, in Our presence. This was the view of Qatadah and others.

(indeed exalted) means, occupying a position of honor and virtue. This was the view of Qatadah.

(full of wisdom.) means, clear, with no confusion or deviation. All of this indicates its noble status and virtue, as Allah says elsewhere:

(That (this) is indeed an honorable recitation. In a Book well-guarded. Which none can touch but the pure. A revelation from the Lord of the all that exists.) (56:77-80)

(Nay, indeed it is an admonition. So whoever wills, let him pay attention to it. (It is) in Records held (greatly) in honor, exalted, purified, in the hands of scribes (angels), honorable and obedient.) (80:11-16)

(Shall We then take away the Reminder (this Qur’an) from you, because you are a people excessive.) means, `do you think that We will forgive you and not punish you, when you do not do as you have been commanded’ This was the view of Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, Abu Salih, Mujahid and As-Suddi, and was the view favored by Ibn Jarir.

(Shall We then take away the Reminder (this Qur’an) from you,) Qatadah said, “By Allah, if this Qur’an had been taken away when the first generations of this Ummah rejected it, they would have been doomed, but Allah by His mercy persisted in sending it and calling them to it for twenty years, or for as long as He willed.” What Qatadah said is very good, and his point is that Allah, by His grace and mercy towards His creation, did not stop calling them to the truth and to the wise Reminder, i.e., the Qur’an, even though they were heedless and turned away from it. Indeed, He sent it so that those who were decreed to be guided might be guided by it, and so that proof might be established against those who were decreed to be.

Consolation to the Prophet for the Disbelief of Quraysh.

Then Allah consoles His Prophet for the disbelief of his people, and commands him to bear it with patience.

(And how many a Prophet have We sent amongst the men of old.) meaning, among the sects (communities) of old.

(And never came there a Prophet to them but they used to mock at him.) means, they disbelieved him and mock at him.

(Then We destroyed men stronger than these) means, `We destroyed those who disbelieved in the Messengers, and they were stronger in power than these who disbelieve in you, O Muhammad.’ This is like the Ayah:

(Have they not traveled through the earth and seen what was the end of those before them They were more in number than them and mightier in strength) (40:82). And there are many similar Ayat.

(and the example of the ancients has passed away. ) Mujahid said, “The way of their life.” Qatadah said, “Their punishment.” Others said, “Their lesson,” i.e., `We made them a lesson for those disbelievers who came after them, that they would suffer the same end as them,’ as in the Ayah at the end of this Surah:

(And We made them a precedent, and an example to later generations.) (43:56);

(this has been the way of Allah in dealing with His servants) (40:85).

(and you will not find any change in the way of Allah.) (33:62)

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Allah, Glorified and Praised Be He, has promised a painful torment for those that disbelieve in the Ayat of the Quran

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Allah, Glorified and Praised Be He, has promised a painful torment for those that disbelieve in the Ayat of the Quran.

تَلْكَ ءَايَـ.تُ اللَّهِ نَتْلُوهَا عَلَيْكَ بِالْحَقِّ فَبِأَىِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَ اللَّهِ وَءايَـتِهِ يُؤْمِنُونَ

(6. These are the Ayat of Allah, which We recite to you with truth. Then in which speech after Allah and His Ayat will they believe)

وَيْلٌ لِّكُلِّ أَفَّاكٍ أَثِيم

(7. Woe to every sinful liar.)

يَسْمَعُ ءَايَـتِ اللَّهِ تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ يُصِرُّ مُسْتَكْبِراً كَأَن لَّمْ يَسْمَعْهَا فَبَشِّرْهُ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ

(8. Who hears the Ayat of Allah Tutla (recited) to him, yet persists with pride as if he heard them not. So announce to him a painful torment!)

وَإِذَا عَلِمَ مِنْ ءَايَـتِنَا شَيْئاً اتَّخَذَهَا هُزُواً أُوْلَـئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ

(9. And when he learns something of Our Ayat, he makes them a jest. For such there will be a humiliating torment.)

– مِّن وَرَآئِهِمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَلاَ يُغْنِى عَنْهُم مَّا كَسَبُواْ شَيْئاً وَلاَ مَا اتَّخَذُواْ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ أَوْلِيَآءَ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

(10. In front of them there is Hell. And that which they have earned will be of no profit to them, nor those whom they have taken as protective friends besides Allah. And theirs will be a great torment.)

هَـذَا هُدًى وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِـَايَـتِ رَبِّهِمْ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مِّن رِّجْزٍ أَلِيم

(11. This is guidance. And those who disbelieve in the Ayat of their Lord, for them there is a painful torment of Rijz.)

Surah 45 Al Jathiya Verse 6-11

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah the Exalted says,

(These are the Ayat of Allah) — in reference to the Qur’an with the proofs and evidences that it contains,

(which We recite to you with truth.) for they contain the truth from the Truth (i.e., Allah). Therefore, if they do not believe in Allah’s Ayat nor abide by them, what speech after Allah and His Ayat will they then believe in Allah said next,

(Woe to every sinful liar.) who lies in his speech, often swears, who is worthless, commits and utters sinful acts and statements, and disbelieves in Allah’s Ayat,

(Who hears the Ayat of Allah Tutla (recited) to him,) meaning, being recited to him,

(yet persists) in his disbelief, denial, pride and rebellion,

(as if he heard them not. ) as if he did not hear them being recited to him,

(So announce to him a painful torment!) convey the news to him that on the Day of Resurrection, he will have a painful, severe torment from Allah. Allah said,(And when he learns something of Our Ayat, he makes them a jest.) if he learns anything from the Qur’an, he disbelieves in it and takes it as the subject of jest and ridicule,

(And when he learns something of Our Ayat, he makes them a jest.) if he learns anything from the Qur’an, he disbelieves in it and takes it as the subject of jest and ridicule,

(For such there will be a humiliating torment.) as recompense for ridiculing the Qur’an and jesting about it. In the Sahih, Muslim recorded from `Abdullah bin `Umar that the Messenger of Allah prohibited traveling with the Qur’an to enemy lands for fear that the Qur’an might be desecrated by the enemy. Allah explained the type of torment that these people earn on the Day of Return;

(In front of them there is Hell.) meaning, all those who have these evil characteristics will end up in Hellfire on the Day of Resurrection,

(And that which they have earned will be of no profit to them, ) their wealth and children will not avail them,

(nor those whom they have taken as protecting friends besides Allah.) nor will the false gods that they worshipped besides Allah benefit them in the least,

(And theirs will be a great torment.) Allah the Exalted said,

(This is Huda (guidance).) in reference to the Qur’an,

(And those who disbelieve in the Ayat of their Lord, for them there is a painful torment of Rijz.) that is agonizing and severe. Allah knows best.

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