The response of the people of Nuh, peace be upon him, to the demands of his people

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The response of the people of Nuh, peace be upon him, to the demands of his people.

قَالُواْ أَنُؤْمِنُ لَكَ وَاتَّبَعَكَ الاٌّرْذَلُونَ

(111. They said: “Shall we believe in you, when the inferior follow you”)

قَالَ وَمَا عِلْمِى بِمَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ

(112. He said: “And what knowledge have I of what they used to do”)

إِنْ حِسَابُهُمْ إِلاَّ عَلَى رَبِّى لَوْ تَشْعُرُونَ

 (113. “Their account is only with my Lord, if you could (but) know.”)

وَمَآ أَنَاْ بِطَارِدِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

(114. “And I am not going to drive away the believers.”)

 إِنْ أَنَا إِلاَّ نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ

 (115. “I am only a plain warner.”)

Surah 26 Ash Shuara Verse 111-115

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

They said: “We do not believe in you, and we will not follow you and become equal to the meanest of the people, who follow you and believe in you, and they are the lowest among us.”

(They said: “Shall we believe in you, when the inferior follow you” He said: “And what knowledge have I of what they used to do”) meaning, `what does it have to do with me if they follow me No matter what they used to do before, I do not have to check on them and examine their background; all I have to do is accept it if they believe in me; whatever is in their hearts is for Allah to know.’

(Their account is only with my Lord, if you could (but) know. And I am not going to drive away the believers.) It seems that they asked him to drive these people away, then they would follow him, but he refused to do that, and said:

(And I am not going to drive away the believers. I am only a plain warner.) meaning, `I have been sent as a warner, and whoever obeys me and follows me and believes in me, then he belongs to me and I to him, whether he is noble or common, upper-class or lower-class.’

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The disbelievers boast of the best dwellings and the finest gatherings

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The disbelievers boast of the best dwellings and the finest gatherings.

وَإِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِمْ ءَايَـتُنَا بِيِّنَـتٍ قَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لِلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ أَىُّ الْفَرِيقَيْنِ خَيْرٌ مَّقَاماً وَأَحْسَنُ نَدِيّاً

(73. And when Our clear Ayat are recited to them, those who disbelieve say to those who believe: “Which of the two groups has the best dwellings and the finest Nadiyyan”)

 وَكَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُمْ مِّن قَرْنٍ هُمْ أَحْسَنُ أَثَاثاً وَرِءْياً

 (74. And how many a generation have We destroyed before them, who were better in wealth, goods and outward appearance)

Surah 19 Maryam Verse 73-74

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah, the Exalted, informs that when the clear, evident Ayat of Allah are recited to the disbelievers, they reject them and turn away. They say about those who believe, while boasting to them and arguing that their false religion is correct,

(best dwellings and the finest Nadiyyan.) This means the best houses, with the loftiest levels and the finest Nadiyyan, which are meeting rooms for men to gather and discuss matters. Thus, this means that their meeting rooms are full of more people who come to attend. In this they were saying, “How can we be upon falsehood while we are in this manner of successful living” These people were actually those who were concealed in the house of Al-Arqam bin Abi Al-Arqam and its likes from the other houses. This is as Allah says about them,

(And those who disbelieve say of those who believe: “Had it been a good thing, they (the weak and the poor) would not have preceded us thereto!”) [46:11] Nuh’s people said,

(“Shall we believe in you, when the weakest (of the people) follow you”) [26:111] And Allah says,

(Thus We have tried some of them with others, that they might say: “Is it these (poor believers) whom Allah has favored among us” Does not Allah know best those who are grateful) [6:53] This is why Allah refuted their doubts:

(And how many a generations have We destroyed before them) This means, “How many nations and generations did We destroy of those who denied (this message) due to their disbelief”

(who were better in wealth, goods and outward appearance) This means that they were better than these present people in wealth, possessions, looks and appearance. Al-A`mash reported from Abu Zibyan, who reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said concerning the Ayah,

(best dwellings and finest Nadiyyan.) “Position [Maqam] means home, Nadi means place of gathering, wealth refers to material possessions and outward appearance is how they look physically.” Al-`Awfi said that Ibn `Abbas said, “Position [Maqam] means dwelling, Nadi means place of gathering and the blessing and happiness that they were living in. This is as Allah says about the people of Fir`awn when He destroyed them and related the story of their situation in the Qur’an,

(How many gardens and springs that they [Fir`awn’s people] left behind, and green crops and honored places [Maqam].) [44:25-26] Therefore, position [Maqam] refers to their dwellings and splendid bounties, and Nadi is the places of gathering and meeting where they used to congregate. Allah said while relating the story to His Messenger of what happened with the people of Lut,

(And practice Al-Munkar (evil deeds) in your meeting places [Nadiyakum].) [29:29] The Arabs call a place of gathering a Nadi.”

قُلْ مَن كَانَ فِى الضَّلَـلَةِ فَلْيَمْدُدْ لَهُ الرَّحْمَـنُ مَدّاً حَتَّى إِذَا رَأَوْاْ مَا يُوعَدُونَ إِمَّا العَذَابَ وَإِمَّا السَّاعَةَ فَسَيَعْلَمُونَ مَنْ هُوَ شَرٌّ مَّكَاناً وَأَضْعَفُ جُنداً

(75. Say: whoever is in error, the Most Gracious will extend [circumstances] for him, until, when they see that which they were promised, either the torment or the Hour, they will come to know who is worst in position, and who is weaker in forces.)

Surah 19 Maryam Verse 75

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah, the Exalted, says,

(Say) This means, “O Muhammad, say to these people who are associating partners with their Lord, while claiming to follow the truth, that they are really following falsehood.”

(whoever is in error) This means, `be they from us or from you.’

(the Most Gracious will extend [circumstances] for him.) This means that the Most Beneficent will give him respite in that which he is in, until he meets his Lord and his appointed time will have arrived.

(until, when they see that which they were promised, either the torment) that will strike him,

(or the Hour) that will come suddenly,

(they will come to know) at that time,

(who is worst in position, and who is weaker in forces.) This is in refutation of thier argument about their nice dwellings and splendid places of gathering. This is a challenge against the idolators who claim that they were following guidance in what they were doing. This is similar to the challenge that Allah mentions about the Jews when He says,

(O you Jews! If you pretend that you are friends of Allah, to the exclusion of (all) other people, then long for death if you are truthful.) [62:6] Meaning, `Supplicate for death to come to those who are following falsehood among us if you truly claim to be upon the truth. If you are true, then this supplication will not harm you.’ But they refused to do so. An extensive discussion of this has already preceded in Surat Al-Baqarah, and to Allah is the praise. Likewise, Allah mentioned the challenge that was given to the Christians in Surah Al `Imran, when they were persistent in their disbelief and continued in their transgression. They refused to give up their exaggerating claim that `Isa was the son of Allah. Therefore, Allah mentioned His arguments and proofs against the worship of `Isa, and that he was merely a creature like Adam. After this, Allah said,

(Then whoever disputes with you about him after (all this) knowledge that has come to you, say: “Come, let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves – then we pray and invoke (sincerely) the curse of Allah upon those who lie.”) [3:61] However, they (the Christians) also retreated from this challenge.

وَيَزِيدُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَواْ هُدًى وَالْبَـِّقِيَـتُ الصَّـلِحَـتُ خَيْرٌ عِندَ رَبِّكَ ثَوَاباً وَخَيْرٌ مَّرَدّاً

(76. And Allah increases in guidance those who walk aright. And the righteous good deeds that last are better with your Lord for reward and better for resort.)

Surah 19 Maryam Verse 76

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

After Allah mentions the extended time and respite that is allowed to those who are in misguidance, increasing them in misguidance, He informs of the increase in guidance of those who are rightly guided. Similarly He says,

(And whenever there comes down a Surah, some of them say: “Which of you has had his faith increased by it”) [9:124] And the following Ayah also shows this. Concerning Allah’s statement,

(And the righteous good deeds that last) Its explanation has already preceded in Surat Al-Kahf, along with a lengthy discussion concerning it and the related Hadiths.

((they) are better with your Lord for reward.) meaning the recompense and reward.

(and better for resort.) meaning in the final outcome, the result for its doer.

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Everyone will be gathered before their Lord, the Exalted the Magnificent

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Everyone will be gathered before their Lord, the Exalted the Magnificent.

قُل لاَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ عِندِى خَزَآئِنُ اللَّهِ وَلا أَعْلَمُ الْغَيْبَ وَلا أَقُولُ لَكُمْ إِنِّى مَلَكٌ إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلاَّ مَا يُوحَى إِلَىَّ قُلْ هَلْ يَسْتَوِى الاٌّعْمَى وَالْبَصِيرُ أَفَلاَ تَتَفَكَّرُونَ

(50. Say: “I don’t tell you that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor (that) I know the Unseen; nor do I tell you that I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me.” Say: “Are the blind and the one who sees equal Will you not then consider”)

وَأَنذِرْ بِهِ الَّذِينَ يَخَافُونَ أَن يُحْشَرُواْ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ مِّن دُونِهِ وَلِىٌّ وَلاَ شَفِيعٌ لَّعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ

 (51. And warn therewith those who fear that they will be gathered before their Lord, when there will be neither a protector nor an intercessor for them besides Him, so that they may have Taqwa.)

وَلاَ تَطْرُدِ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ بِالْغَدَاةِ وَالْعَشِىِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَهُ مَا عَلَيْكَ مِنْ حِسَابِهِم مِّن شَىْءٍ وَمَا مِنْ حِسَابِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ مِّن شَىْءٍ فَتَطْرُدَهُمْ فَتَكُونَ مِنَ الظَّـلِمِينَ

(52. And turn not away those who invoke their Lord, morning and evening seeking His Face. You are accountable for them in nothing, and they are accountable for you in nothing, that you may turn them away, and thus become of the wrongdoers.)

وَكَذلِكَ فَتَنَّا بَعْضَهُمْ بِبَعْضٍ لِّيَقُولواْ أَهَـؤُلاءِ مَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّن بَيْنِنَآ أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَعْلَمَ بِالشَّـكِرِينَ

 (53. Thus We have tried some of them with others, that they might say: “Is it these (poor believers) that Allah has favored from amongst us” Does not Allah know best those who are grateful)

وَإِذَا جَآءَكَ الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِـَايَـتِنَا فَقُلْ سَلَـمٌ عَلَيْكُمْ كَتَبَ رَبُّكُمْ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ الرَّحْمَةَ أَنَّهُ مَن عَمِلَ مِنكُمْ سُوءًا بِجَهَالَةٍ ثُمَّ تَابَ مِن بَعْدِهِ وَأَصْلَحَ فَأَنَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

 (54. When those who believe in Our Ayat come to you, say: “Salamun `Alaykum” (peace be on you); your Lord has written mercy for Himself, so that, if any of you does evil in ignorance, and thereafter repents and does righteous good deeds, then surely, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.)

Surah 6 Al Anaam Verse 50-54

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah said to His Messenger ,

(Say: “I don’t tell you that with me are the treasures of Allah.”) meaning, I do not own Allah’s treasures or have any power over them,

 (nor (that) I know the Unseen,) and I do not say that I know the Unseen, because its knowledge is with Allah and I only know what He conveys of it to me.

(nor I tell you that I am an angel.) meaning, I do not claim that I am an angel. I am only a human to whom Allah sends revelation, and He honored me with this duty and favored me with it.

(I but follow what is revealed to me.) and I never disobey the revelation in the least.

(Say: “Are the blind and the one who sees equal”) meaning, `Is the one who is guided, following the truth, equal to the one misled’

(Will you not then consider) In another Ayah, Allah said;

(Shall he then who knows that what has been revealed to you from your Lord is the truth, be like him who is blind But it is only the men of understanding that pay heed.) [13:19] Allah’s statement,

(And warn therewith those who fear that they will be gathered before their Lord, when there will be neither a protector nor an intercessor for them besides Him,) means, warn with this Qur’an, O Muhammad ,

(Those who live in awe for fear of their Lord) [23:57], who,

(Fear their Lord, and dread the terrible reckoning.) [13:21],

(those who fear that they will be gathered before their Lord,) on the Day of Resurrection,

(when there will be neither a protector nor an intercessor for them besides Him, ) for on that Day, they will have no relative or intercessor who can prevent His torment if He decides to punish them with it,

(so that they may have Taqwa.) Therefore, warn of the Day when there will be no judge except Allah,

(so that they may have Taqwa.) and thus work good deeds in this life, so that their good deeds may save them on the Day of Resurrection from Allah’s torment, and so that He will grant them multiple rewards.

Allah said,

(And turn not away those who invoke their Lord, morning and evening seeking His Face.) meaning, do not turn away those who have these qualities, instead make them your companions and associates. In another Ayah, Allah said;

(And keep yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His Face, and let not your eyes overlook them, desiring the pomp and glitter of the life of the world; and obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance, one who follows his own lusts and whose affair (deeds) has been lost.)[18:28] Allah’s statement,

(invoke their Lord…) refers to those who worship Him and supplicate to Him,

(morning and evening.) referring to the obligatory prayers, according to Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib, Mujahid, Al-Hasan and Qatadah. In another Ayah, Allah said;

(And your Lord said, “Invoke Me, I will respond (to your invocation).”) [40:60], I will accept your supplication. Allah said next,

(seeking His Face.) meaning, they seek Allah’s Most Generous Face, by sincerity for Him in the acts of worship and obedience they perform. Allah said;

(You are accountable for them in nothing, and they are accountable for you in nothing,) This is similar to the answer Nuh gave to his people when they said,

(Shall we believe in you, when the meekest (of the people) follow you”) [26:111]. Nuh answered them,

(And what knowledge have I of what they used to do Their account is only with my Lord, if you could (but) know.) [26:112-113], meaning, their reckoning is for Allah not me, just as my reckoning is not up to them. Allah said here,

(that you may turn them away, and thus become of the wrongdoers.) meaning, you will be unjust if you turn them away. Allah’s statement,

(Thus We have tried some of them with others) means, We tested, tried and checked them with each other,

(That they might say: “Is it these (poor believers) that Allah has favored from amongst us”) This is because at first, most of those who followed the Messenger of Allah were the weak among the people, men, women, slaves, and only a few chiefs or noted men followed him. Nuh, was also addressed by his people

(Nor do we see any follow you but the meekest among us and they (too) followed you without thinking.) [11:27] KHeraclius, emperor of Rome, asked Abu Sufyan, “Do the noblemen or the weak among people follow him (Muhammad )” Abu Sufyan replied, “Rather the weak among them.” Heraclius commented, “Such is the case with followers of the Messengers.” The idolators of Quraysh used to mock the weak among them who believed in the Prophet and they even tortured some of them. They used to say, “Are these the ones whom Allah favored above us,” meaning, Allah would not guide these people, instead of us, to all that is good, if indeed what they embraced is good. Allah mentioned similar statements in the Qur’an from the disbelievers,

(Had it been a good thing, they (weak and poor) would not have preceded us to it!) [46:11], and,

(And when Our clear verses are recited to them, those who disbelieve say to those who believe: “Which of the two groups is best in position and station.”) [19:73] Allah said in reply,

(And how many a generation (past nations) have We destroyed before them, who were better in wealth, goods and outward appearance) [19:74]. Here, Allah answered the disbelievers when they said,

(“Is it these (poor believers) that Allah has favored from amongst us” Does not Allah know best those who are grateful) Meaning is not Allah more knowledgeable of those who thank and appreciate Him in statement, action and heart Thus Allah directs these believers to the ways of peace, transfers them from darkness to light by His leave, and guides them to the straight path. In another Ayah, Allah said;

(As for those who strive hard for Us (Our cause), We will surely guide them to Our paths (i.e. Allah’s religion). And verily, Allah is with the doers of good”) [29:69]. An authentic Hadith states,

(Allah does not look at your shapes or colors, but He looks at your heart and actions.) Allah’s statement,

(When those who believe in Our Ayat come to you, say: “Salamun `Alaykum” (peace be on you);) means, honor them by returning the Salam and give them the good news of Allah’s exclusive, encompassing mercy for them. So Allah said;

(your Lord has written Mercy for Himself,) meaning, He has obliged His Most Honored Self to grant mercy, as a favor, out of His compassion and beneficence,

(So that, if any of you does evil in ignorance…) as every person who disobeys Allah does it in ignorance,

(and thereafter repents and does righteous good deeds,) by repenting from the sins that he committed, intending not to repeat the sin in the future, but to perform righteous deeds,

(then surely, He is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.) Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(When Allah finished with the creation, He wrote in a Book that He has with Him above the Throne, `My mercy prevails over My anger’.) This Hadith was also recorded in the The Two Sahihs.

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Those who believe and act righteously shall not fear and grieve

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Those who believe and act righteously shall not fear and grieve.

قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِنْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ سَمْعَكُمْ وَأَبْصَـرَكُمْ وَخَتَمَ عَلَى قُلُوبِكُمْ مَّنْ إِلَـهٌ غَيْرُ اللَّهِ يَأْتِيكُمْ بِهِ انْظُرْ كَيْفَ نُصَرِّفُ الاٌّيَـتِ ثُمَّ هُمْ يَصْدِفُونَ

(46. Say: “Tell me, if Allah took away your hearing and your sight, and sealed up your hearts, is there a god other than Allah who could restore them to you” See how variously We explain the Ayat, yet they turn aside.)

قُلْ أَرَأَيْتَكُمْ إِنْ أَتَـكُمْ عَذَابُ اللَّهِ بَغْتَةً أَوْ جَهْرَةً هَلْ يُهْلَكُ إِلاَّ الْقَوْمُ الظَّـلِمُونَ

 (47. Say: “Tell me, if the punishment of Allah comes to you suddenly, or openly, will any be destroyed except the wrongdoing people”)

وَمَا نُرْسِلُ الْمُرْسَلِينَ إِلاَّ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ فَمَنْ ءَامَنَ وَأَصْلَحَ فَلاَ خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ

(48. And We send not the Messengers but as givers of glad tidings and as warners. So whosoever believes and does righteous good deeds, upon such shall come no fear, nor shall they grieve.)

وَالَّذِينَ كَذَّبُواْ بِـَايَـتِنَا يَمَسُّهُمُ الْعَذَابُ بِمَا كَانُواْ يَفْسُقُونَ

(49. But those who reject Our Ayat, the torment will strike them for their rebelling.)

Surah 6 Al Anaam Verse 46-49

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah said to His Messenger, say, O Muhammad , to those rebellious liars,

 (Tell me, if Allah took away your hearing and your sight.) just as He gave these senses to you. In another Ayah, Allah said;

(It is He Who has created you, and endowed you with hearing, seeing.) [67:23]. The Ayah above might also mean that Allah will not allow the disbelievers to benefit from these senses in religious terms. This is why He said next,

(and sealed up your hearts,.) He also said in other Ayat,

(Or who owns hearing and sight) [10:31], and,

(And know that Allah comes in between a person and his heart.) Allah said;

(Is there a god other than Allah who could restore them to you) Meaning, is there anyone except Allah who is able to give you back these senses if Allah took them from you Only Allah is able to do so, and this is why He said here,

(See how variously We explain the Ayat,) and make them plain and clear, testifying to Allah’s Oneness in lordship and that those worshipped besides Him are all false and unworthy.

(yet they turn aside.) After this explanation, they still turn away from the truth and hinder people from following it. Allah’s statement,

(Say: “Tell me, if the punishment of Allah comes to you suddenly…”) means, while you are unaware — or during the night — striking you all of a sudden,

(or openly) during the day, or publicly,

(will any be destroyed except the wrongdoing people) This torment only strikes those who commit injustice against themselves by associating others with Allah, while those who worship Allah alone without partners will be saved from it, and they will have no fear or sorrow. In another Ayah, Allah said;

(It is those who believe and confuse not their belief with Zulm, (wrong or Shirk).) [6:82] Allah’s statement,

(And We send not the Messengers but as bearers of glad tidings and as warners.) means, the Messengers bring good news to Allah’s servants, as well as, command all that is good and righteous. They also warn those who disbelieve in Allah of His anger and of all types of torment. Allah said,

(So whosoever believes and does righteous good deeds.) meaning, whoever believes in his heart with what the Messengers were sent with and makes his works righteous by imitating them;

(upon such shall come no fear,) concerning the future,

(nor shall they grieve.) about what they missed in the past and left behind them in this world. Certainly, Allah will be the Wali and Protector over what they left behind. Allah said next,

(But those who reject Our Ayat, the torment will strike them for their rebelling.) The torment will strike them because of disbelieving in the Message of the Messengers, defying Allah’s commands, committing what He prohibited and transgressing His set limits.

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Those who join partners with Allah, the Exalted, turn to Him alone in torment and distress.

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Those who join partners with Allah, the Exalted, turn to Him alone in torment and distress.

قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُكُم إِنْ أَتَـكُمْ عَذَابُ اللَّهِ أَوْ أَتَتْكُمْ السَّاعَةُ أَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ تَدْعُونَ إِن كُنتُمْ صَـدِقِينَ

(40. Say: “Tell me if Allah’s torment comes upon you, or the Hour comes upon you, would you then call upon any one other than Allah (Reply) if you are truthful!”)

بَلْ إِيَّـهُ تَدْعُونَ فَيَكْشِفُ مَا تَدْعُونَ إِلَيْهِ إِنْ شَآءَ وَتَنسَوْنَ مَا تُشْرِكُونَ

(41. Nay! To Him alone you call, and, if He willed, He would remove that (distress) for which you call upon Him, and you forget at that time whatever partners you joined with Him (in worship)!)

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلنَآ إِلَى أُمَمٍ مِّن قَبْلِكَ فَأَخَذْنَـهُمْ بِالْبَأْسَآءِ وَالضَّرَّآءِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَضَرَّعُونَ

(42. Verily, We sent (Messengers) to many nations before you. And We seized them with extreme poverty and loss of health so that they might believe with humility.)

 فَلَوْلا إِذْ جَآءَهُمْ بَأْسُنَا تَضَرَّعُواْ وَلَـكِن قَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَـنُ مَا كَانُواّ يَعْمَلُونَ

 (43. When Our torment reached them, why then did they not believe with humility But their hearts became hardened, and Shaytan made fair-seeming to them that which they used to do.)

 فَلَمَّا نَسُواْ مَا ذُكِّرُواْ بِهِ فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَبْوَابَ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى إِذَا فَرِحُواْ بِمَآ أُوتُواْ أَخَذْنَـهُمْ بَغْتَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ مُّبْلِسُونَ

 (44. So, when they forgot (the warning) with which they had been reminded, We opened to them the gates of every (pleasant) thing, until in the midst of their enjoyment in that which they were given, all of a sudden, We took them to punishment, and lo! They were plunged into destruction with deep regrets and sorrows.)

فَقُطِعَ دَابِرُ الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ وَالْحَمْدُ للَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ

 (45. So the roots of the people who did wrong were cut off. And all the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the all that exists.)

Surah 6 Al Anaam Verse 40-45

Allah states that He does what He wills with His creatures and none can resist His decision or avert what He decrees for them. He is the One Who has no partners, Who accepts the supplication from whomever He wills. Allah said,

(Say: “Tell me if Allah’s torment comes upon you, or the Hour comes upon you, would you then call upon any one other than Allah (Reply) if you are truthful!”) This means, you — disbelievers — will not call other than Allah in this case, because you know that none except He is able to remove the affliction. Allah said,

(if you are truthful) by taking gods besides Him.

(Nay! To Him alone you call, and, if He willed, He would remove that (distress) for which you call upon Him, and you forget at that time whatever partners you joined with Him (in worship)!) for in times of necessity, you only call on Allah and forget your idols and false deities. In another Ayah, Allah said;

(And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon besides Him vanish from you except Him (Allah)) [17:67]. Allah said;

(Verily, We sent (Messengers) to many nations before you. And We seized them with extreme poverty…) That is, loss of wealth and diminished provisions,

(and loss of health) various illnesses, diseases and pain,

(so that they might believe with humility) and call Allah and supplicate to Him with humbleness and humility. Allah said;

(When Our torment reached them, why then did they not believe with humility) Meaning: Why do they not believe and humble themselves before Us when We test them with disaster’

(But their hearts became hardened,) for their hearts are not soft or humble,

(and Shaytan made fair-seeming to them that which they used to do. ) That is, Shirk, defiance and rebellion.

(So, when they forgot (the warning) with which they had been reminded,) by ignoring and turning away from it,

(We opened to them the gates of everything,) Meaning: `We opened the gates of provisions for them from wherever they wished, so that We deceive them.’ We seek refuge with Allah from such an end. This is why Allah said,

(until in the midst of their enjoyment in that which they were given,) such as wealth, children and provisions,

(all of a sudden, We took them to punishment and lo! They were plunged into destruction with deep regrets and sorrows.) They have no hope for any type of good thing. Al-Hasan Al-Basri said, “Whomever Allah gives provision and he thinks that Allah is not testing him, has no wisdom. Whomever has little provision and thinks that Allah will not look at (provide for) him, has no wisdom.” He then recited the Ayah,

(So, when they forgot (the warning) with which they had been reminded, We opened to them the gates of every (pleasant) thing, until in the midst of their enjoyment in that which they were given, all of a sudden, We took them to punishment, and lo! They were plunged into destruction with deep regrets and sorrows.) He added, “By the Lord of the Ka`bah! Allah deceived these people, when He gave them what they wished, and then they were punished.” Ibn Abi Hatim recorded this statement.

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Allah, the Exalted, guides whom He wills

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Allah, the Exalted, guides whom He wills.

وَقَالُواْ لَوْلاَ نُزِّلَ عَلَيْهِ ءَايَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِ قُلْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَادِرٌ عَلَى أَن يُنَزِّلٍ ءايَةً وَلَـكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

(37. And they said: “Why is not a sign sent down to him from his Lord” Say: “Allah is certainly able to send down a sign, but most of them know not.”)

 وَمَا مِن دَآبَّةٍ فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَلاَ طَائِرٍ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ إِلاَّ أُمَمٌ أَمْثَـلُكُمْ مَّا فَرَّطْنَا فِى الكِتَـبِ مِن شَىْءٍ ثُمَّ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ

(38. There is not a moving creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its two wings, but are Umam like you. We have neglected nothing in the Book, then unto their Lord they (all) shall be gathered.)

وَالَّذِينَ كَذَّبُواْ بِـْايَـتِنَا صُمٌّ وَبُكْمٌ فِى الظُّلُمَـتِ مَن يَشَإِ اللَّهُ يُضْلِلْهُ وَمَن يَشَأْ يَجْعَلْهُ عَلَى صِرَطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

 (39. Those who reject Our Ayat are deaf and dumb in darkness. Allah sends astray whom He wills and He guides on the straight path whom He wills.)

Surah 6 Al Anaam Verse 37-39

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah states that the idolators used to proclaim, “Why does not (Muhammad) bring an Ayah from his Lord,” meaning, a miracle of their choice! They would sometimes say,

(“We shall not believe in you, until you cause a spring to gush forth from the ground for us.”) [17:90].

(Say: “Allah is certainly able to send down a sign, but most of them know not.”) Certainly, Allah is able to send an Ayah (sign). But, He decided out of His wisdom to delay that, because if He sends an Ayah of their liking and they still do not believe, this will hasten their punishment as with the previous nations. Allah said in other Ayat,

(And nothing stops Us from sending the Ayat but that the people of old denied them. And We sent the she-camel to Thamud as a clear sign, but they did her wrong. And We sent not the signs except to warn, and to make them afraid (of destruction).) [17:59], and,

(If We will, We could send down to them from the heaven a sign, to which they would bend their necks in humility) [26:4].

Allah said,

(There is not a moving (living) creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its two wings, but are Umam like you.) Mujahid commented, “Meaning, various species that have distinct names.” Qatadah said, “Birds are an Ummah, humans are an Ummah and the Jinns are an Ummah.” As-Suddi said that,

(but are Umam like you.) means, creations (or species). Allah’s statement,

(We have neglected nothing in the Book,) means, the knowledge about all things is with Allah, and He never forgets any of His creatures, nor their sustenance, nor their affairs, whether these creatures live in the sea or on land. In another Ayah, Allah said;

(And no moving creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah. And He knows its dwelling place and its deposit (in the uterus, grave, etc.). All is in a Clear Book.) [11:6], there is a record of their names, numbers, movements, and lack of movement. In another Ayah, Allah said;

(And so many a moving creature there is, that carries not its own provision! Allah provides for it and for you. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.) [29:60] Ibn Abi Hatim reported that Ibn `Abbas said about the Ayah,

(then unto their Lord they (all) shall be gathered.) “Death gathers them.” It was also said that the Day of Resurrection gathers them, for in another Ayah, Allah said;

(And when the wild beasts shall be gathered together.) [81:5] `Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Abu Hurayrah said about Allah’s statement,

(but are Umam like you. We have neglected nothing in the Book, then unto their Lord they (all) shall be gathered.) “All creatures will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection, the beasts, birds and all others. Allah’s justice will be so perfect, that the un-horned sheep will receive retribution from the horned sheep. Allah will then command them, `Be dust!’ This is when the disbeliever will say,

(“Woe to me! Would that I were dust!”)”[78: 40]. And this was reported from the Prophet in the Hadith about the Trumpet.

Allah said,

(Those who reject Our Ayat are deaf and dumb in darkness.) due to their ignorance, little knowledge and minute comprehension. Their example is that of the deaf-mute who cannot hear nor speak, as well as being blinded by darkness. Therefore, how can such a person find guidance to the path or change the condition he is in Allah said in other Ayat,

(Their parable is that of one who kindled a fire; then, when it illuminated all around him, Allah took away their light and left them in darkness. (So) they could not see. They are deaf, dumb, and blind, so they return not (to the right path)) [2:17-18], and,

(Or like the darkness in a vast deep sea, overwhelmed with a great wave topped by a great wave, topped by dark clouds, darkness, one above another, if a man stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it! And he for whom Allah has not appointed light, for him there is no light. ) [24:40] This is why Allah said here,

(Allah sends astray whom He wills and He guides on the straight path whom He wills.) for He does what He wills with His creatures.

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The losers are those who deny the meeting with Allah, the Creator of all things

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The losers are those who deny the meeting with the Allah, Creator of all things.

قَدْ خَسِرَ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُواْ بِلِقَآءِ اللَّهِ حَتَّى إِذَا جَآءَتْهُمُ السَّاعَةُ بَغْتَةً قَالُواْ يحَسْرَتَنَا عَلَى مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِيهَا وَهُمْ يَحْمِلُونَ أَوْزَارَهُمْ عَلَى ظُهُورِهِمْ أَلاَ سَآءَ مَا يَزِرُونَ

(31. They indeed are losers who denied their meeting with Allah, until all of a sudden, the Hour (signs of death) is upon them, and they say: “Alas for us that we gave no thought to it,” while they will bear their burdens on their backs; and evil indeed are the burdens that they will bear!)

وَمَا الْحَيَوةُ الدُّنْيَآ إِلاَّ لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ وَلَلدَّارُ الاٌّخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِّلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ أَفَلاَ تَعْقِلُونَ

(32. And the life of this world is nothing but play and amusement. But far better is the abode of the Hereafter for those have Taqwa. Will you not then understand)

Surah 6 Al Anaam Verse 31-32

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

This is why Allah said,

(until all of a sudden, the Hour (signs of death) is upon them, and they say: “Alas for us that we gave no thought to it.”) `It’ here refers to either the life of this world, or the affairs of the Hereafter. Allah’s statement,

(while they will bear their burdens on their backs; and evil indeed are the burdens that they will bear!) Asbat said that As-Suddi said, “Upon entering his grave, every unjust person will meet a man with an ugly face, dark skin, awful odor, wearing dirty clothes, who will enter his grave with him. When the unjust person sees him, he will say, `How ugly is your face!’ He will reply, `So was your work, it was ugly.’ The unjust person will say, `How foul is the odor coming from you!’ He will reply, `Such was the case with your work, it stunk.’ The unjust person will say, `How dirty are your clothes!’ He will reply, `And your work too was dirty.’ The unjust person will ask, `Who are you’ He will reply, `I am your deeds.’ So he will remain with the unjust person in his grave, and when he is resurrected on the Day of Resurrection, his companion will say to him, `In the life of the world, I used to carry you because you followed desire and lust. Today, you carry me.’ So he will ride on the unjust person’s back and lead him until he enters the Fire. So Allah said,

(while they will bear their burdens on their backs; and evil indeed are the burdens that they will bear!) [6:31]” Allah’s statement,

(And the life of this world is nothing but play and amusement.) means, most of it is play and amusement,

(But far better is the abode of the Hereafter for those who have Taqwa. Will you not then understand)

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Wisdom and hopes do not help when the torment is brought close

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Wisdom and hopes do not help when the torment is brought close.

وَلَوْ تَرَى إِذْ وُقِفُواْ عَلَى النَّارِ فَقَالُواْ يلَيْتَنَا نُرَدُّ وَلاَ نُكَذِّبَ بِـَايَـتِ رَبِّنَا وَنَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

(27. If you could but see when they will be held over the (Hell) Fire! They will say: “Would that we were but sent back (to the world)! Then we would not deny the Ayat of our Lord, and we would be of the believers!”)

 بَلْ بَدَا لَهُمْ مَّا كَانُواْ يُخْفُونَ مِن قَبْلُ وَلَوْ رُدُّواْ لَعَـدُواْ لِمَا نُهُواْ عَنْهُ وَإِنَّهُمْ لَكَـذِبُونَ

 (28. Nay, what they had been concealing before has become manifest to them. But if they were returned (to the world), they would certainly revert to that which they were forbidden. And indeed they are liars.)

وَقَالُواْ إِنْ هِىَ إِلاَّ حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمَبْعُوثِينَ

(29. And they said: “There is no (other life) but our (present) life of this world, and never shall we be resurrected.”)

 وَلَوْ تَرَى إِذْ وُقِفُواْ عَلَى رَبِّهِمْ قَالَ أَلَيْسَ هَـذَا بِالْحَقِّ قَالُواْ بَلَى وَرَبِّنَا قَالَ فَذُوقُواْ العَذَابَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ

 (30. If you could but see when they will stand before their Lord! He will say: “Is not this the truth” They will say: “Yes, by our Lord!” He will then say: “So taste you the torment because you used not to believe.”)

Surah 6 Al Anaam Verse 27-30

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah mentions the condition of the disbelievers when they are made to stand before the Fire on the Day of Resurrection and witness its chains and restraints, along with seeing the horrible, momentous conditions in the Fire with their own eyes. This is when the disbelievers will say,

(“Would that we were but sent back (to the world)! Then we would not deny the Ayat of our Lord, and we would be of the believers!”) They wish that they would be sent back to the life of the world so that they could perform righteous deeds, refrain from disbelieving in the Ayat of their Lord and be among the believers. Allah said,

(Nay, what they had been concealing before has become manifest to them.) meaning, the disbelief, denial and rebellion that they used to hide in their hearts will then be uncovered, even though they will try to hide this fact in this life and the Hereafter. Earlier, Allah said,

(There will then be (left) no trial for them but to say: “By Allah, our Lord, we were not those who joined others in worship with Allah.” Look! How they lie against themselves! But the (lie) which they invented will disappear from them. ) It is also possible that the meaning here is that the disbelievers will realize the truth that they knew all along in their hearts, that is, that what the Messengers brought them in this life is true, although they used to deny his Message before their followers. Allah said that Musa said to Fir`awn,

(“Verily, you know that these signs have clearly been sent down by none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth as eye-opening evidence.”) [17:102] Allah said about Fir`awn and his people,

(And they belied them (those Ayat) wrongfully and arrogantly, though they were themselves convinced thereof.) [27:14]

(Nay, it has become manifest to them what they had been concealing before.) [6:28] When this occurs, and the disbelievers ask to be returned to this life, they will not do so because they truly wish to embrace the faith. Rather, they ask to be returned to this life for fear of the torment that they are witnessing before them, as punishment for the disbelief they committed, and to try and avoid the Fire that they see before their eyes.

(But if they were returned, they would certainly revert to that which they were forbidden. And indeed they are liars.) meaning, they lie when they say they wish to go back to this life so that they can embrace the faith. Allah states that even if they were sent back to the life of this world, they will again commit the disbelief and defiance that they were prohibited.

(And indeed they are liars.) in their statement that,

(“Would that we were but sent back! Then we would not deny the Ayat of our Lord, and we would be of the believers!” Nay, what they had been concealing before has become manifest to them. But if they were returned, they would certainly revert to that which they were forbidden. And indeed they are liars. And they said: “There is no (other life) but our (present) life of this world, and never shall we be resurrected.”) Therefore, they will revert to their old behavior and say,

(There is no life but our life of this world) and there is no Hereafter,

(and never shall we be resurrected. ) Allah said,

(If you could but see when they will stand before their Lord!) in front of Him,

(“Is not this the truth”) meaning, is not Resurrection true, contarary to what you thought,

(They will say: “Yes, by our Lord!” He will then say: “So taste you the torment because you used not to believe.”) and because you today denied Resurrection. Therefore, taste the torment,

(“Is this magic, or do you not see”) [52:15]

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The polytheists shall be questioned about associating partners with Allah, the One and the Mighty

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The polytheists shall be questioned about associating partners with Allah, the One and the Mighty.

وَيَوْمَ نَحْشُرُهُمْ جَمِيعاً ثُمَّ نَقُولُ لِلَّذِينَ أَشْرَكُواْ أَيْنَ شُرَكَآؤُكُمُ الَّذِينَ كُنتُمْ تَزْعُمُونَ

(22. And on the Day when We shall gather them all together, We shall say to those who joined partners in worship (with Us): “Where are your partners (false deities) whom you used to assert (as partners in worship with Allah)”)

 ثُمَّ لَمْ تَكُنْ فِتْنَتُهُمْ إِلاَّ أَن قَالُواْ وَاللَّهِ رَبِّنَا مَا كُنَّا مُشْرِكِينَ

 (23. There will then be (left) no Fitnah for them but to say: “By Allah, our Lord, we were not those who joined others (in worship with Allah).”)

انظُرْ كَيْفَ كَذَبُواْ عَلَى أَنفُسِهِمْ وَضَلَّ عَنْهُمْ مَّا كَانُواْ يَفْتَرُونَ

(24. Look! How they lie against themselves! But the (lie) which they invented will disappear from them.)

وَمِنْهُمْ مَّن يَسْتَمِعُ إِلَيْكَ وَجَعَلْنَا عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ أَكِنَّةً أَن يَفْقَهُوهُ وَفِى ءَاذَانِهِمْ وَقْراً وَإِن يَرَوْاْ كُلَّ ءَايَةٍ لاَّ يُؤْمِنُواْ بِهَا حَتَّى إِذَا جَآءُوكَ يُجَـدِلُونَكَ يَقُولُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ إِنْ هَـذَآ إِلاَّ أَسَـطِيرُ الاٌّوَّلِينَ

(25. And of them there are some who listen to you; but We have set veils on their hearts, so they understand it not, and deafness in their ears; if they see every one of the Ayat they will not believe therein; to the point that when they come to you to argue with you, those who disbelieve say: “These are nothing but tales of the men of old.”)

وَهُمْ يَنْهَوْنَ عَنْهُ وَيَنْأَوْنَ عَنْهُ وَإِن يُهْلِكُونَ إِلاَّ أَنفُسَهُمْ وَمَا يَشْعُرُونَ

(26. And they prevent others from him and they themselves keep away from him, and (by doing so) they destroy none but themselves, yet they perceive (it) not.)

Surah 6 Al Anaam Verse 22-26

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

About the polytheists, Allah said:

(And on the Day when We shall gather them all together,) This is on the Day of Resurrection, when He will ask them about the idols and rivals that they worshipped instead of Him. Allah will say to them,

(Where are your partners (false deities) whom you used to assert (as partners in worship with Allah)) Allah said in Surat Al-Qasas,

(And (remember) the Day when He will call to them, and say, “Where are My (so-called) partners whom you used to assert”) [28:62]. Allah’s statement,

(There will then be (left) no Fitnah for them) means, argument. `Ata’ Al-Khurasani said that,

(There will then be (left) no Fitnah for them) in the face of the affliction that will be placed on them,

(but to say: “By Allah, our Lord, we were not those who joined others (in worship with Allah).”) Allah said next,

(Look! How they lie against themselves! But the (lie) which they invented will disappear from them.) which is similar to His other statement,

(Then it will be said to them: “Where are (all) those whom you used to join in worship as partners. Besides Allah” They will say, “They have vanished from us: Nay, we did not invoke (worship) anything before.” Thus Allah leads astray the disbelievers.) [40:73-74]

Allah’s statement,

(And of them there are some who listen to you; but We have set veils on their hearts, so they understand it not, and deafness in their ears; if they see every one of the Ayat they will not believe therein;) means, they come to you, (O Muhammad ), so that they hear you recite the Qur’an, but its recitation does not benefit them, because Allah has set veils on their hearts, and so they do not understand the Qur’an,

(and (set) deafness in their ears;) that prevents them from hearing what benefits them. In another Ayah, Allah said;

(And the example of those who disbelieve, is as that of him who shouts at one who hears nothing but calls and cries.) [2:171] Allah said next,

(if they see every one of the Ayat they will not believe therein;) meaning, they will not believe in any of the Ayat, proofs, clear evidences and signs they witness because they do not have sound comprehension or fair judgment. In another Ayah, Allah said,

(Had Allah known of any good in them, He would indeed have made them listen.) [8:23] Allah said,

(to the point that when they come to you to argue with you…) using falsehood against truth,

(those who disbelieve say: “These are nothing but tales of the men of old.”) The disbelievers say, what you (O Muhammad ) brought us was taken from the books of those who were before us, meaning plagiarized,

(And they prevent others from him and they themselves keep away from him,) They discourage people from following the truth, believing in Muhammad and obeying the Qur’an,

(and they themselves keep away from him,) They thus combine both evil acts, for they neither benefit themselves, nor let others benefit from the Prophet . `Ali bin Abi Talhah said that Ibn `Abbas said that the Ayah,

(And they prevent others from him.) means, they hinder people from believing in Muhammad . Muhammad bin Al-Hanafiyyah said, “The disbelievers of Quraysh used to refrain from meeting Muhammad and they discouraged people from coming to him.” Similar was reported from Qatadah, Mujahid and Ad-Dahhak and several others.

(and (by doing so) they destroy not but themselves, yet they perceive (it) not.) They destroy themselves by committing this evil action, and its harm will only touch them. Yet, they do not perceive this fact!

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The People of the Book recognize the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, as they recognize their own children

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The People of the Book recognize the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, as they recognize their own children.

وَإِن يَمْسَسْكَ اللَّهُ بِضُرٍّ فَلاَ كَـشِفَ لَهُ إِلاَّ هُوَ وَإِن يَمْسَسْكَ بِخَيْرٍ فَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدُيرٌ

(17. And if Allah touches you with harm, none can remove it but He, and if He touches you with good, then He is able to do all things.)

وَهُوَ الْقَاهِرُ فَوْقَ عِبَادِهِ وَهُوَ الْحَكِيمُ الْخَبِيرُ

 (18. And He is the Irresistible, above His servants, and He is the All-Wise, Well-Acquainted with all things.)

قُلْ أَىُّ شَىْءٍ أَكْبَرُ شَهَـدةً قُلِ اللَّهِ شَهِيدٌ بِيْنِى وَبَيْنَكُمْ وَأُوحِىَ إِلَىَّ هَـذَا الْقُرْءَانُ لاٌّنذِرَكُمْ بِهِ وَمَن بَلَغَ أَئِنَّكُمْ لَتَشْهَدُونَ أَنَّ مَعَ اللَّهِ ءَالِهَةً أُخْرَى قُل لاَّ أَشْهَدُ قُلْ إِنَّمَا هُوَ إِلَـهٌ وَحِدٌ وَإِنَّنِى بَرِىءٌ مِّمَّا تُشْرِكُونَ

 (19. Say: “What thing is the most great in witness” Say: “Allah is Witness between you and I; this Qur’an has been revealed to me that I may therewith warn you and whomsoever it may reach. Can you verily bear witness that besides Allah there are other gods” Say “I bear no (such) witness!” Say: “Only He is God, alone, and truly I am innocent of what you join in worship with Him.”)

الَّذِينَ ءَاتَيْنَـهُمُ الْكِتَـبَ يَعْرِفُونَهُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَآءَهُمُ الَّذِينَ خَسِرُواْ أَنفُسَهُمْ فَهُمْ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ

 (20. Those to whom We have given the Scripture recognize him, as they recognize their own children. Those who have lost (destroyed) themselves will not believe.)

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَى عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِباً أَوْ كَذَّبَ بِـَايَـتِهِ إِنَّهُ لاَ يُفْلِحُ الظَّـلِمُونَ

 (21. And who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against Allah or rejects His Ayat Verily, the wrongdoers shall never be successful.)

Surah 6 Al Anaam Verse 17-21

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah states that He Alone brings benefit or harm, and that He does what He wills with His creatures, none can resist His judgment or prevent what He decrees,

(And if Allah touches you with harm, none can remove it but He, and if He touches you with good, then He is able to do all things.) Similarly, Allah said,

(Whatever mercy, Allah may grant to mankind, none can withhold it, and whatever He may withhold, none can grant it thereafter) [35:2]. It is recorded in the Sahih that the Messenger of Allah used to supplicate,

(O Allah, there is none Who can avert what You grant or give what You deprive, and no fortune ever helps the fortunate against You.) This is why Allah said,

(And He is the Irresistible, above His servants,) meaning, to Him the necks are subservient, the tyrants humble before Him and He has complete control over all things. The creatures have all bowed to Allah and are humbled before His grace, honor, pride, greatness, highness and ability over all things. The creatures are insignificant before Him, for they are all under His irresistible decision and power,

(and He is the All-Wise,) in all His actions,

(Well-Acquainted with all things.) Who places everything in its rightful place, grants and favors whomever deserves His favor. Allah said next,

(Say: “What thing is the most great in witness”) or what is the greatest witness,

(Say: “Allah (the Most Great!) is Witness between you and I”) for He knows what I brought you and what you will answer me with,

(this Qur’an has been revealed to me that I may therewith warn you and whomsoever it may reach.) Therefore, this Qur’an is a warner for all those who hear of it. In another Ayah, Allah said,

(But those of the sects that reject it, the Fire will be their promised meeting place.) [11:17] Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said, “Those who follow the Messenger of Allah ought to call to what the Messenger of Allah called to and warn against what he warned against.” Allah said next,

(“Can you verily bear witness…”) O idolators,

(“that besides Allah there are other gods” Say, “I bear no (such) witness!”) Similarly, in another Ayah, Allah said;

(Then if they testify, testify not you with them.) [6:150] Allah said next,

(Say: “Only He is God, alone, and truly I am innocent of what you join in worship with Him.”)

Allah says, the People of the Book know what you brought them, O Muhammad , as they know their own children. This is because they received good news from the previous Messengers and Prophets about the coming of Muhammad , his attributes, homeland, his migration, and the description of his Ummah. Allah said next,

(Those who have lost (destroyed) themselves) and thus incurred the ultimate loss,

(will not believe.) in this clear matter. A matter about which the previous Prophets gave good news, and a matter extolled about in ancient and modern times. Allah said next,

(And who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against Allah or rejects His Ayat) meaning, there is no person more unjust than he who lies about Allah and claims that Allah has sent him, while Allah did not send him. There is no person more unjust than he who denies Allah’s proofs, signs and evidences,

(Verily, the wrongdoers shall never be successful.) Surely, both of these people will never acquire success, whoever falsely [claims that Allah sent him] and whoever refuses [Allah’s Ayat].

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