Allah, the Exalted, put stars in the heavens.

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

 Allah, the Exalted, put stars in the heavens.

وَلَقَدْ جَعَلْنَا فِى السَّمَاءِ بُرُوجًا وَزَيَّنَّـهَا لِلنَّـظِرِينَ

(16. And indeed, We have put the big stars in the heaven and We beautified it for the beholders. )

وَحَفِظْنَـهَا مِن كُلِّ شَيْطَـنٍ رَّجِيمٍ

(17. And We have guarded it (near heaven) from every outcast Shaytan (devil).)

 إِلاَّ مَنِ اسْتَرَقَ السَّمْعَ فَأَتْبَعَهُ شِهَابٌ مُّبِينٌ

 (18. Except him (devil) who steals the hearing, then he is pursued by a clear flaming fire.)

وَالاٌّرْضَ مَدَدْنَـهَا وَأَلْقَيْنَا فِيهَا رَوَسِيَ وَأَنْبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ شَىْءٍ مَّوْزُونٍ

 (19. And We have spread out the earth, and have placed firm mountains in it, and caused all kinds of things to grow in it, in due proportion.)

وَجَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ فِيهَا مَعَـيِشَ وَمَن لَّسْتُمْ لَهُ بِرَزِقِينَ

 (20. And in it We have provided means of living, for you and for those whom you provide not.)

Surah 15 Al Hijr Verse 16-20

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

The Power of Allah and His Signs in the Heavens and on Earth.

To those who ponder, and look repeatedly at the dazzling signs and wonders that are to be seen in the creation, Allah mentions His creation of the heavens, with their immense height, and both the fixed and moving heavenly bodies with which He has adorned it. Here, Mujahid and Qatadah said that Buruj (big stars) refers to the heavenly bodies. (I say): This is like the Ayah :

(Blessed be He Who has placed the big stars in the heavens.) (25:61)`Atiyah Al-`Awfi said: “Buruj here refers to sentinel fortresses.” He made the “shooting stars” to guard it against the evil devils who try to listen to information conveyed at the highest heights. If any devil breaches it and advances hoping to listen, a clear “shooting star” comes to him and destroys him. He may already have passed on whatever he heard before the fire hit him, to another devil below him; the latter will then take it to his friends (among humans), as is stated in the Sahih. Explaining this Ayah, Al-Bukhari reported from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said:

(When Allah decrees any matter in heaven, the angels beat their wings in submission to His Word, ﴿ with a sound like ﴾ a chain ﴿ beating ﴾ on a smooth rock.”) (`Ali and other subnarrators said, “The sound reaches them.”) “When the fright leaves their (angels’) hearts, they (angels) are asked: `What did your Lord say’ They respond: “The truth. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.’ So those who hope to hear something listen, and they are standing one above the other.” Sufyan (the narrator) described them with a gesture, spreading the fingers of his right hand and holding it in such a way that the fingers were above one another. “Sometimes the flaming fire hits one of these listeners before he is able to convey what he has heard to the one who is beneath him, and he is burned up, or sometimes the fire does not hit him until he has put on to the one beneath him, so he brings it to the earth.” Perhaps Sufyan said: “…until it reaches the earth and he puts it into the mouth of the sorcerer or fortune-teller, so that after telling a hundred lies he gets something right, and the people say, `Did he not tell us that on such and such a day such and such would happen, and we found it to be the truth among the statements which were heard from heaven.”’ Then Allah mentions His creation of the earth and how He spread it out, and the firm mountains, valleys, lands and sands that he has placed in it, and the plants and fruits that He causes to grow in their appropriate locations.

(all kinds of things in due proportion.) Ibn `Abbas said that this means with their predetermined proportions. This was also the opinion of Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Ikrimah, Abu Malik, Mujahid, Al-Hakim bin `Utaybah, Al-Hasan bin Muhammad, Abu Salih and Qatadah.

(And We have provided therein means of living, for you) Here Allah mentions that He created the earth with different means of provisions and livelihood of all kinds.

(and for those whom you provide not.) Mujahid said, “This refers to the riding animals and the cattle.” Ibn Jarir said, “They are slaves, men and women, as well as the animals and the cattle. The meaning is that Allah, may He be exalted, is reminding them of the ways of earning provision that He has made easy for them, and of the animals that He has subjugated for them to ride and to eat, and the slaves from whom they benefit, but the provision of all of these comes from Allah alone.”

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What happens to the heavens, the stars, the seas, and the graves, on the Day of Judgement

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

 Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

What happens to the heavens, the stars, the seas and the graves on the Day of Judgement.

إِذَا السَّمَآء انفَطَرَتْ

(1. When the heaven is cleft asunder (Infatarat).)

وَإِذَا الْكَوَاكِبُ انتَثَرَتْ

 (2. And when the stars Intatharat.)

 وَإِذَا الْبِحَارُ فُجّرَتْ

 (3. And when the seas Fujjirat.)

وَإِذَا الْقُبُورُ بُعْثِرَتْ

(4. And when the graves Bu`thirat.)

عَلِمَتْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ وَأَخَّرَتْ

(5. A person will know what he has sent forward and left behind.)

يأَيُّهَا الإِنسَـنُ مَا غَرَّكَ بِرَبّكَ الْكَرِيمِ

 (6. O man! What has made you careless about your Lord, the Most Generous)

 الَّذِى خَلَقَكَ فَسَوَّاكَ فَعَدَلَكَ

(7. Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion.)

 فِى أَىّ صُورَةٍ مَّا شَآء رَكَّبَكَ

(8. In whatever form He willed, He put you together.)

كَلاَّ بَلْ تُكَذّبُونَ بِالدّينِ

 (9. Nay! But you deny (the Day of) Ad-Din.)

وَإِنَّ عَلَيْكُمْ لَحَـفِظِينَ

 (10. But verily, over you to watch you)

كِرَاماً كَـتِبِينَ

 (11. Kiraman Katibin,)

 يَعْلَمُونَ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ

 (12. They know all that you do.)

Surah 82 Al Infitar Verse 1-12

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

What will happen on the Day of Judgement Allah says,

(When the heaven is cleft asunder (Infatarat).) meaning, it splits. This is as Allah says,

(Whereon the heaven will be cleft asunder (Munfatir)) (73:18) Then Allah says,

(And when the stars Intatharat.) meaning, fallen.

(And when the seas Fujjirat.) `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said, “Allah will cause some of it to burst forth over other parts of it.” Al-Hasan said, “Allah will cause some parts of it to burst forth over other parts of it, and its water will go away.” Qatadah said, “Its fresh water will mix with its salt water.”

(And when the graves Bu`thirat.) Ibn `Abbas said, “searched.” As-Suddi said, “Tub`athiru means that they will be moved and those who are in them will come out.”

(A person will know what he has sent forward and left behind.) meaning, when this happens then this will occur. Mankind should not forget about Allah Allah says,

(O man! What has made you careless about your Lord, the Most Generous) This is a threat. It is not an attempt to get a reply as some people mistakenly think. They consider it as if the Most Generous is asking them so that they will say, “His honor deceived him (or made him careless of his Lord).” rather the meaning of this Ayah is, “O Son of Adam! What has deceived you from your Lord, the Most Generous — meaning the Most Great — so that you went forth disobeying Him, and you met Him with that which was unbefitting.” This is similar to what has been reported in the Hadith,

(Allah will say on the Day of Judgement: “O Son of Adam! What has deceived you concerning Me O Son of Adam What was your response to the Messengers”) Al-Baghawi mentioned that Al-Kalbi and Muqatil said, “This Ayah was revealed about Al-Aswad bin Shariq who struck the Prophet and he was not punished in retaliation. So Allah revealed,

(What has made you careless about your Lord, the Most Generous)” Then Allah said,

(Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion.) meaning, `what has deceived you concerning the Most Generous Lord’

(Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion.) meaning, `He made you complete, straight, and perfectly balanced and proportioned in stature. He fashioned you in the best of forms and shapes.’ Imam Ahmad recorded from Busr bin Jahhash Al-Qurashi that one day the Messenger of Allah spat in his palm and placed his finger on it. Then he said,

(Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion.) meaning, `He made you complete, straight, and perfectly balanced and proportioned in stature. He fashioned you in the best of forms and shapes.’ Imam Ahmad recorded from Busr bin Jahhash Al-Qurashi that one day the Messenger of Allah spat in his palm and placed his finger on it. Then he said,

(In whatever form He willed, He put you together.) Mujahid said, “In which resemblance: the father, the mother, the paternal uncle, or the maternal uncle.” In the Two Sahihs it is recorded from Abu Hurayrah that a man said, “O Messenger of Allah! Verily, my wife has given birth to a black boy.” The Prophet said,

(Do you have any camels) The man said, “Yes.” The Prophet then said,

(What color are they) The man said, “Red.” The Prophet said,

(Do any of them have patches of gray) The man said, “Yes.” The Prophet asked him,

(How did this happen to them) The man replied, “It is probably an inherited genetical strain.” The Prophet then said,

(Likewise, this (with your son) is probably an inherited genetical strain.)

The Cause of Deception and alerting to the Fact that Angels record the Deeds of the Children of Adam Concerning Allah’s statement,

(Nay! But you deny (the Day of) Ad-Din.) meaning, `you are only compelled to oppose the Most Generous and meet Him with disobedience, by your rejection in your hearts of the Hereafter, the recompense and the reckoning.’ Concerning Allah’s statement,

(But verily, over you to watch you (are) Kiraman Katibin, they know all that you do.) (82:10-12) meaning, `indeed there are noble guardian angels over you, so do not meet them with evil deeds, because they write down all that you do.’

إِنَّ الاٌّبْرَارَ لَفِى نَعِيمٍ

(13. Verily, the Abrar (the righteous believers) will be in Delight;)

 وَإِنَّ الْفُجَّارَ لَفِى جَحِيمٍ

 (14. And verily, the wicked will be in the blazing Fire (Hell),)

 يَصْلَوْنَهَا يَوْمَ الدِّينِ

 (15. Therein they will enter, and taste its burning flame on the Day of Recompense,)

 وَمَا هُمَ عَنْهَا بِغَآئِبِينَ

(16. And they will not be absent therefrom.)

 وَمَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا يَوْمُ الدِّينِ

(17.And what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is)

 ثُمَّ مَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا يَوْمُ الدِّينِ

(18. Again, what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is)

يَوْمَ لاَ تَمْلِكُ نَفْسٌ لِنَفْسٍ شَيْئاً وَالاٌّمْرُ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِلَّهِ

(19. (It will be) the Day when no person shall have power for another, and the Decision, that Day, will be with Allah.)

Surah 82 Al Infitar Verse 13-19

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

They are those who obeyed Allah and did not meet Him with disobedience (sins). Then He mentions that the evildoers will be in Hell and eternal torment. Due to this He says,

(Therein they will enter, and taste its burning flame on the Day of Recompense,) meaning, the Day of Reckoning, Recompense, and Judgement.

(And they will not be absent therefrom.) meaning, they will not be absent for even one hour from the torment. The torment will not be lightened from them, nor will they be granted the death that they will be requesting, or any rest — not even for a single day. Allah then says,

(And what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is) This is a magnification of the affair of the Day of Judgement. Then Allah affirms it by saying,

(Again, what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is) Then He explains this by saying,

((It will be) the Day when no person shall have power for another, ) meaning, no one will be able to benefit anyone else, or help him out of that which he will be in, unless Allah gives permission to whomever He wishes and is pleased with. We will mention here a Hadith (where the Prophet said),

(O children of Hashim! Save yourselves from the Fire, for I have no power to cause you any benefit from Allah.) This has been mentioned previously at the end of the Tafsir of Surat Ash-Shu`ara’ (see 26:214). Thus, Allah says,

(and the Decision, that Day, will be with Allah.) “By Allah, the Decision is for Allah today (now), but on that Day no one will try to dispute with Him about it.” This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Infitar. All praise and blessings are due to Allah, and He is the Giver of success and freedom from error.

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The Quranic verses are explained in detail

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Quran in which the Verses are Explained in Detail.

إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَالِقُ الْحَبِّ وَالنَّوَى يُخْرِجُ الْحَىَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَمُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتِ مِنَ الْحَىِّ ذلِكُمُ اللَّهُ فَأَنَّى تُؤْفَكُونَ

(95. Verily! It is Allah Who causes the seed grain and the fruit stone to split and sprout. He brings forth the living from the dead, and it is He Who brings forth the dead from the living. Such is Allah, then how are you deluded away from the truth)

 فَالِقُ الإِصْبَاحِ وَجَعَلَ الَّيْلَ سَكَناً وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ حُسْبَاناً ذَلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ

(96. (He is the) Cleaver of the daybreak. He has appointed the night for resting, and the sun and the moon for reckoning. Such is the measuring of the Almighty, the All-Knowing.)

 وَهُوَ الَّذِى جَعَلَ لَكُمُ النُّجُومَ لِتَهْتَدُواْ بِهَا فِى ظُلُمَـتِ الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ قَدْ فَصَّلْنَا الاٌّيَـتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ

(97. It is He Who has set the stars for you, so that you may guide your course with their help through the darkness of the land and the sea. We have (indeed) explained in detail Our Ayat for people who know.)

Surah 6 Al-Anaam, Verse 95-97

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah states that He causes the seed grain and the fruit stone to split and sprout in the ground, producing various types, colors, shapes, and tastes of grains and produce. The Ayah,

(Who causes the seed grain and the fruit stone to split and sprout.) is explained by the next statement,

(He brings forth the living from the dead, and it is He Who brings forth the deed from the living.) meaning, He brings the living plant from the seed grain and the fruit stone, which is a lifless and inanimate object. Allah said,

(And a sign for them is the dead land. We gave it life, and We brought forth from it grains, so that they eat thereof.) [36:33] until,

(as well as of their own (human) kind (male and female), and of that which they know not.) [36:36] Allah’s statement

(and it is He Who brings forth the dead from the living. ) There are similar expressions in meaning such as, He brings the egg from the chicken, and the opposite. Others said that it means, He brings the wicked offspring from the righteous parent and the opposite, and there are other possible meanings for the Ayah. Allah said,

(Such is Allah,) meaning, He Who does all this, is Allah, the One and Only without partners,

(then how are you deluded away from the truth) meaning, look how you are deluded from Truth to the falsehood of worshipping others besides Allah. Allah’s statement,

((He is the) Cleaver of the daybreak. He has appointed the night for resting,) means, He is the Creator of light and darkness. Allah said in the beginning of the Surah,

(And originated the darkness and the light.) Indeed, Allah causes the darkness of the night to disappear and brings forth the day, thus bringing brighteness to the world and light to the horizon, while dissipating darkness and ending the night with its depth of darkness and starting the day with its brightness and light. Allah said,

(He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly.) [7:54] In this Ayah, Allah reminds of His ability to create diversified things in opposites, testifying to His perfect greatness and supreme power. Allah states that He is the Cleaver of the daybreak and mentioned its opposite, when He said,

(He has appointed the night for resting,) meaning, created darkness, in order for the creation to become halt and rest during it. Allah said in other Ayat,

(By the forenoon. And by the night when it is still.) [93:1-2],

(By the night as it envelops. And by the day as it appears in brightness.) [92:1,2] and,

(And by the day as it shows up (the sun’s) brightness. And by the night as it conceals it.) [91:3-4] Allah’s statement,

(…And the sun and the moon for reckoning.) means, the sun and the moon have specific orbits, according to a term appointed with magnificent precision that never changes or alters. Both the sun and the moon have distinct positions that they assume in summer and winter, effecting changes in the length of night and day. Allah said in other Ayat,

(It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the Moon as a light and measured out stages for it.) [10:5],

(It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.) [36:40], And,

(The sun and the moon; and the stars are subjected by His command.) [16:12] Allah’s statement,

(Such is the measuring of the Almighty, the All-Knowing.) means, all of this occurs according to the decree and due measurement of the Almighty Who is never resisted or contradicted. He is the Knower of all things and nothing ever escapes His knowledge, not even the weight of an atom on earth or in heavens. Allah often mentions the creation of the night, the day, the sun and the moon and then ends His Speech by mentioning His attributes of power and knowledge, as in this Ayah above [6:96], and in His statement,

(And a sign for them is the night, We withdraw therefrom the day, and behold, they are in darkness. And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term. That is the decree of the Almighty, the All-Knowing.) [36:37-38] In the beginning of Surat Ha-Mim As-Sajdah, after mentioning the creation of the heavens and earth and all that is in them, Allah said:

(And We adorned the nearest (lowest) heaven with lamps (stars) to be an adornment as well as to guard. Such is the decree of Him, the Almighty, the All-Knower.) [41:12] Allah said next,

(It is He Who has set the stars for you, so that you may guide your course with their help through the darkness of the land and the sea.) Some of the Salaf said; Whoever believes in other than three things about these stars, then he has made a mistake, and lied against Allah. Indeed Allah made them as decorations for the heavens, and to shoot at the Shayatin, and for directions in the dark recesses of the land and sea. Then, Allah said,

(We have explained in detail Our Ayat.) meaning, We made them clear and plain,

(for people who know. ) who have sound minds and are able to recognize the truth and avoid falsehood.

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All Praise be to Allah, Glorified and Praised, the Creator of All Things.