The Quran is an Admonition

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Quran is an Admonition.

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْقُرْءَانَ تَنزِيلاً

(23. Verily, it is We Who have sent down the Qur’an to you by stages.)

فَاصْبِرْ لِحُكْمِ رَبِّكَ وَلاَ تُطِعْ مِنْهُمْ ءَاثِماً أَوْ كَفُوراً

(24. Therefore be patient with constancy to the command of your Lord, and obey neither a sinner nor a disbeliever among them.)

وَاذْكُرِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيلاً

(25. And remember the Name of your Lord every morning and afternoon.)

وَمِنَ الَّيْلِ فَاسْجُدْ لَهُ وَسَبِّحْهُ لَيْلاً طَوِيلاً

(26. And during the night, prostrate yourself to Him, and glorify Him a long night through.)

إِنَّ هَـؤُلاَءِ يُحِبُّونَ الْعَاجِلَةَ وَيَذَرُونَ وَرَآءَهُمْ يَوْماً ثَقِيلاً

(27. Verily, these love the present life of this world, and put behind them a heavy Day.)

نَّحْنُ خَلَقْنَـهُمْ وَشَدَدْنَآ أَسْرَهُمْ وَإِذَا شِئْنَا بَدَّلْنَآ أَمْثَـلَهُمْ تَبْدِيلاً

(28. It is We Who created them, and We have made them of strong build. And when We will, We can replace them with others like them with a complete replacement.)

إِنَّ هَـذِهِ تَذْكِرَةٌ فَمَن شَآءَ اتَّخَذَ إِلَى رَبِّهِ سَبِيلاً

(29. Verily, this is an admonition, so whosoever wills, let him take a path to his Lord.)

وَمَا تَشَآءُونَ إِلاَّ أَن يَشَآءَ اللَّهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيماً حَكِيماً

(30. But you cannot will, unless Allah wills. Verily, Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.)

يُدْخِلُ مَن يَشَآءُ فِى رَحْمَتِهِ وَالظَّـلِمِينَ أَعَدَّ لَهُمْ عَذَاباً أَلِيماً

(31. He will admit to His mercy whom He wills and as for the wrongdoers — He has prepared a painful torment.)

Surah 76 Al-Insan Verse 23-31

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah reminds His Messenger of how He blessed him by revealing the Magnificent Qur’an to him.

(Therefore be patient with constancy to the command of your Lord.,) meaning, `just as you have been honored by what has been revealed to you, then be patient with His decree and decision and know that He will handle your affairs in a good manner.’

(And obey neither a sinner (Athim) nor a disbeliever (Kafur) among them.) meaning, `do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites if they wish to deter you from what has been revealed to you. Rather convey that which has been revealed to you from your Lord and put your trust in Allah, for verily, Allah will protect you from the people.’ The Athim is the sinner in his deeds and the Kafur is the disbeliever in his heart.

(And remember the Name of your Lord every morning and afternoon.) meaning, at the beginning of the day and at its end.

(And during the night, prostrate yourself to Him, and glorify Him a long night through.) This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(And in some parts of the night offer the Salah with it (the Qur’an), as an additional prayer (Tajhajjud) for you. It may be that you Lord will raise you to Maqam Mahmud.) (17:79) Similarly, Allah also says,

(O you wrapped! Stand all night, except a little. Half of it or a little less than that, or a little more. And recite the Qur’an Tartil.) (73:1-4)

The Censure of Love for the World and informing about the Day of the Final Return.

Allah reprimands the disbelievers and those similar to them who love the world and are devoted and dedicated to it, who put the abode of the Hereafter behind them in disregard. He says;

(Verily, these love the present life of this world, and put behind them a heavy Day.) meaning, the Day of Judgement. Then Allah says,

(It is We Who created them, and We have made them of strong build.) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and others have said, “This means their creation.”

(And when We will, We can replace them with others like them with a complete replacement.) meaning, `when We wish, We will resurrect them on the Day of Judgement and change them, repeating their creation in a new form.’ Here the beginning of their creation is a proof for the repetition of their creation. Ibn Zayd and Ibn Jarir both said,

(And when We will, We can replace them with others like them with a complete replacement.) “This means, if We wish We can bring another group of people besides them (in their place).” This is like Allah’s statement,

(If He wills, He can take you away, O people, and bring others. And Allah is capable over that.) (4:133) This is also like His statement,

(If He wills, He can remove you and bring a new creation! And for Allah that is not hard or difficult.) (14:19-20)

The Qur’an is a Reminder, and Guidance comes from the Help of Allah.

Allah then says,

(Verily, this is an admonition,) meaning, this Surah is a reminder.

(so whosoever wills, let him take a path to his Lord.) meaning, a path and a way. This means, whoever wishes to be guided by the Qur’an. This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(And what loss have they if they had believed in Allah and in the Last Day.) (4:39) Then Allah says,

(But you cannot will, unless Allah wills.) meaning, no one is able to guide himself, enter into faith or bring about any benefit for himself,

(Unless Allah wills. Verily, Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.) meaning, He is Most Knowledgeable of who deserves to be guided. So, He makes guidance easy for him and He predestines for him that which will be a cause for it. However, whoever deserves misguidance, He averts guidance from him. Unto Him belongs the most excellent wisdom and the most irrefutable argument. Thus, He says,

(Verily, Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.) Then He says,

(He will admit to His mercy whom He wills and as for the wrongdoers — He has prepared a painful torment.) meaning, He guides whomever He wishes and He leads astray whomever He wishes. Whoever He guides, there is no one who can lead him astray; and whoever He leads astray, there is no one who can guide him. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Insan. And all praise and thanks are due to Allah.

www.tafsir.com

The Reward of Paradise

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Reward of Paradise.

مُّتَّكِئِينَ فِيهَا عَلَى الاٌّرَائِكِ لاَ يَرَوْنَ فِيهَا شَمْساً وَلاَ زَمْهَرِيراً

(13. Reclining therein on raised couches, they will see there neither the excessive heat, nor the excessive cold.)

وَدَانِيَةً عَلَيْهِمْ ظِلَـلُهَا وَذُلِّلَتْ قُطُوفُهَا تَذْلِيلاً

(14. And the shade thereof is close upon them, and the bunches of fruit thereof will hang low within their reach.)

وَيُطَافُ عَلَيْهِمْ بِـَانِيَةٍ مِّن فِضَّةٍ وَأَكْوابٍ كَانَتْ قَوَارِيرَاْ

(15. And among them will be passed round vessels of silver and cups of crystal )

قَوَارِيرَاْ مِن فِضَّةٍ قَدَّرُوهَا تَقْدِيراً

(16. (Qawarir) Crystal-clear, made of silver. They will determine the measure thereof.)

وَيُسْقَوْنَ فِيهَا كَأْساً كَانَ مِزَاجُهَا زَنجَبِيلاً

(17. And they will be given to drink there of a cup (of wine) mixed with Zanjabil (ginger),)

عَيْناً فِيهَا تُسَمَّى سَلْسَبِيلاً

(18. A spring there, called Salsabil.)

وَيَطُوفُ عَلَيْهِمْ وِلْدَنٌ مُّخَلَّدُونَ إِذَا رَأَيْتَهُمْ حَسِبْتَهُمْ لُؤْلُؤاً مَّنثُوراً

(19. And round about them will (serve) boys of everlasting youth. If you see them, you would think them scattered pearls.)

وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ ثَمَّ رَأَيْتَ نَعِيماً وَمُلْكاً كَبِيراً

(20. And when you look there (in Paradise), you will see a delight (that cannot be imagined), and a great dominion.)

عَـلِيَهُمْ ثِيَابُ سُندُسٍ خُضْرٌ وَإِسْتَبْرَقٌ وَحُلُّواْ أَسَاوِرَ مِن فِضَّةٍ وَسَقَـهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ شَرَاباً طَهُوراً

(21. Their garments will be of fine green silk, and Istabraq. They will be adorned with bracelets of silver, and their Lord will give them a purifying drink.)

إِنَّ هَـذَا كَانَ لَكُمْ جَزَآءً وَكَانَ سَعْيُكُم مَّشْكُوراً

(22. (And it will be said to them): “Verily, this is a reward for you, and your endeavor has been accepted.”)

Surah 76 Al-Insan Verse 13-22

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

The raised Couches and the lack of Heat and Cold.

Allah tells us about the people of Paradise and the eternal delights they will experience, as well as the comprehensive favors that they will be given. Allah says,

(Reclining therein on raised couches.) This has already been discussed in Surat As-Saffat and the difference of opinion about the meaning of reclining. Is it lying down, reclining on the elbows, sitting down cross-legged, or being firmly seated We have also mentioned that the Al-Ara’ik are couches beneath curtained canopies. Concerning Allah’s statement,

(they will see there neither the excessive heat, nor the excessive bitter cold.) meaning, there will be no disturbing heat with them, nor any painful cold, rather there will only be one climate that will be always and eternal and they will not want it to be changed.

The Shade and Fruit Clusters will be near.

(And the shade thereof is close upon them.) meaning, the branches will be close to them.

(And the bunches of fruit thereof will hang low within their reach.) meaning, whenever he attempts to get any fruit, it will come nearer to him and come down from its highest branch as if it hears and obeys. This is as Allah says in another Ayah,

(And fruits of the two gardens will be near at hand.) (55:54) Allah also says,

(The fruits in bunches whereof will be low and near at hand.) (69:23) Mujahid said,

(And the bunches of fruit thereof will hang low within their reach.) “If he stands it will rise with him an equal amount, if he sits it will lower itself for him so that he can reach it and if he lies down it will lower itself for him more so that he can reach it. So this is Allah’s statement,

(will hang low within their reach). ” Qatadah said, “No thorn or distance will repel their hands away from it (the fruit).”

Vessels of Silver and Drinking Cups.

Allah says,

(And among them will be passed round vessels of silver and cups of crystal) meaning, servants will go around them with containers of food made of silver and cups of drink. These are drinking vessels that do not have handles or spouts. Then Allah says,

((Qawarir) Crystal-clear, made of silver.) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Al-Hasan Al-Basri and others have all said, “It (Qawarir) is the whiteness of silver in the transparency of glass.” Qawarir is only made of glass. So these cups are made of silver, but due to their fine thinness, what is inside of them will be visible from outside of them (as if they are glass). This is among the things of which there is nothing like in this world. Allah said,

(They will determine the measure thereof.) meaning, according to the amount that will quench their thirst. It will not be more than that nor less than it, rather it will be prepared in an amount that is suitable for quenching the thirst of their drinkers. This is the meaning of the statement of Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu Salih, Qatadah, Ibn Abza, `Abdullah bin `Ubayd bin `Umayr, Ash-Sha`bi and Ibn Zayd. This was stated by Ibn Jarir and others. This is the most excellent provision, distinction and honor.

The Ginger Drink and the Drink of Salsabil.

Allah says,

(And they will be given to drink there of a cup mixed with Zanjabil (ginger),) meaning, they — the righteous — will also be given a drink from these cups.

(a cup) meaning, a drink of wine.

(mixed with Zanjabil (ginger),) So on one occasion they will be given a drink that is mixed with camphor, and it is cool. Then on another occasion they will be given a drink mixed with ginger, and it is hot. This is so that their affair will be balanced. However, those who are nearest to Allah, they will drink from all of it however they wish, as Qatadah and others have said. The statement of Allah has already preceded which says,

(A spring wherefrom the servants of Allah will drink.) (76:6) And here Allah says,

(A spring there, called Salsabil.) `Ikrimah said, “It (Salsabil) is the name of a spring in Paradise.” Mujahid said, “It is called this due to its continuous flowing and the severity of its current.”

The Boys and Servants.

Allah says,

(And round about them will (serve) boys of everlasting youth. If you see them, you would think them scattered pearls.) meaning, young boys from the boys of Paradise will go around serving the people of Paradise.

(everlasting youth.) meaning, in one state forever which they will be never changing from, they will not increase in age. Those who have described them as wearing earings in their ears have only interpreted the meaning in such a way because a child is befitting of this description and not an adult man. Concerning Allah’s statement,

(If you see them, you would think them scattered pearls.) meaning, when you see them dispersing to fulfill the needs of their masters, their great number, their beautiful faces, handsome colors, fine clothing and ornaments, you would think that they were scattered pearls. There is no better quality than this, nor is there anything nicer to look at than scattered pearls in a beautiful place. Allah says,

(And when you look) meaning, `when you see it, O Muhammad.’

(there) meaning, there. This refers to Paradise and its beauty, its vastness, its loftiness and the joy and happiness it contains.

(You will see a delight, and a great dominion.) meaning, there will be a great kingdom that belongs to Allah and a dazzling, splendid dominion. It has been confirmed in the Sahih that Allah will say to the last of the people of the Fire to be taken out of it, and the last of the people to enter into Paradise,

(verily, you will have similar to the world and ten worlds like it (in addition to it).”) If this is what He will give to the least of those who will be in Paradise, then what do you think about the one who will have a higher status and will be favored even more by Allah , nor any painful cold, rather there will only be one climate that will be always and eternal and they will not want it to be changed. This refers to Paradise and its beauty, its vastness, its loftiness and the joy and happiness it contains.

(You will see a delight, and a great dominion.) meaning, there will be a great kingdom that belongs to Allah and a dazzling, splendid dominion. It has been confirmed in the Sahih that Allah will say to the last of the people of the Fire to be taken out of it, and the last of the people to enter into Paradise,

(verily, you will have similar to the world and ten worlds like it (in addition to it).”) If this is what He will give to the least of those who will be in Paradise, then what do you think about the one who will have a higher status and will be favored even more by Allah,

The Garments and Ornaments.

Allah says,

(Their garments will be of fine green silk, and Istabraq.) meaning, among the garments of the people of Paradise is silk and Sundus, which is a high quality silk. These garments will be shirts and similar clothing from the undergarments. Concerning Istabraq (velvet), from it there is that which has a glitter and shimmer to it, and it is that which is worn as outer clothes, just as is well-known in clothing.

(They will be adorned with bracelets of silver,) This is a description of the righteous. In reference to those who will be near to Allah, then their description is as Allah says,

(Wherein they will be adorned with bracelets of gold and pearls and their garments therein will be of silk.) (22:23) After Allah mentions the outward beautification with silk and ornaments, He then says,

(and their Lord will give them a purifying drink.) meaning, it will purify their insides of envy, despise, hatred, harm and the other reprehensible character traits. This is just as we have recorded from the Commander of the believers, `Ali bin Abi Talib, that he said, “When the people of Paradise come to the Gate of Paradise, they will find two springs there. Then it will be as if they were inspired with what to do, so they will drink from one of them and Allah will remove whatever harmfulness there may be within them. Then they will bathe in the other spring and a glow of delight will run all over them. Thus, Allah informs of their outward condition and their inner beauty.” Allah then says,

(Verily, this is a reward for you, and your endeavor has been accepted.) meaning, this will be said to them in honor of them and as a goodness towards them. This is as Allah says,

(Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent forth before you in days past!) (69:24) Allah also says,

(And it will be cried out to them: “This is the Paradise which you have inherited for what you used to do.”) (7:43) Then Allah says,

(and your endeavor has been accepted) meaning, `Allah the Exalted will reward you for a small amount (of deeds) with a large amount (of reward).’

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The recompense of the disbelievers and the believers

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The recompense of the disbelievers and the believers.

إِنَّآ أَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَـفِرِينَ سَلَـسِلَ وَأَغْلَـلاً وَسَعِيراً

(4. Verily, We have prepared for the disbelievers iron chains, iron collars, and Sa`ir.)

إِنَّ الاٌّبْرَارَ يَشْرَبُونَ مِن كَأْسٍ كَانَ مِزَاجُهَا كَـفُوراً

(5. Verily, the Abrar (righteous believers) shall drink of a cup mixed with Kafur.)

عَيْناً يَشْرَبُ بِهَا عِبَادُ اللَّهِ يُفَجِّرُونَهَا تَفْجِيراً

(6. A spring wherefrom the servants of Allah will drink, causing it to gush forth abundantly.)

يُوفُونَ بِالنَّذْرِ وَيَخَـفُونَ يَوْماً كَانَ شَرُّهُ مُسْتَطِيراً

(7. They fulfill (their) vows, and they fear a Day whose evil will be wide-spreading.)

وَيُطْعِمُونَ الطَّعَامَ عَلَى حُبِّهِ مِسْكِيناً وَيَتِيماً وَأَسِيراً

(8. And they give food, inspite of their love for it, to the poor, the orphan and the captive,)

إِنَّمَا نُطْعِمُكُمْ لِوَجْهِ اللَّهِ لاَ نُرِيدُ مِنكُمْ جَزَآءً وَلاَ شُكُوراً

(9. (Saying): “We feed you seeking Allah’s Face only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you.”)

إِنَّا نَخَافُ مِن رَّبِّنَا يَوْماً عَبُوساً قَمْطَرِيراً

(10. “Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day that is `Abus and Qamtarir.”)

فَوَقَـهُمُ اللَّهُ شَرَّ ذَلِكَ الْيَومِ وَلَقَّـهُمْ نَضْرَةً وَسُرُوراً

(11. So, Allah saved them from the evil of that Day, and gave them Nadrah (a light of beauty) and joy.)

وَجَزَاهُمْ بِمَا صَبَرُواْ جَنَّةً وَحَرِيراً

(12. And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, because they were patient.)

Surah 76 Al Insan Verse 4-12

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah informs of what he has waiting for those who disbelieve in Him from His creatures of chains, iron collars and Sa`ir. Sa`ir is the flame and fire of the Hell. This is as Allah says,

(When iron collars will be rounded over their necks, and the chains, they shall be dragged along, in the boiling water, then they will be burned in the Fire.) (40:71,72) After mentioning the blazing Fire He has prepared for these wretched people, Allah goes on to say,

(Verily, the Abrar (righteous believers) shall drink of a cup mixed with Kafur.) The properties of the Kafur (camphor) are well known; cooling, having a nice fragrance and in addition to this its taste will be delicious in Paradise. Al-Hasan said, “The coolness of the camphor will be in the pleasantness of ginger.” Thus Allah said,

(A spring wherefrom the servants of Allah will drink, causing it to gush forth abundantly.) meaning, this (drink) that will be mixed for these righteous people will be taken from Kafur, which is a spring that Allah’s close servants will drink directly from, without it being mixed with anything, and they will drink to their fill from it. The word Yashrabu (to drink) includes the meaning of Yarwa (to quench one’s thirst). Allah then says,

(causing it to gush forth abundantly (Tafjir).) meaning, they will have control of it however and wherever they wish. They will have access to it from their castles, their homes, their sitting rooms and their residences. At-Tafjir means to cause to gush forth or flow out. This is as Allah says,

(And they say: “We shall not believe in you until you cause a spring to gush forth from the earth for us.) (17:90) And Allah says,

(We caused a river to gush forth in the midst of them.) (18:33) Mujahid said,

(causing it to gush forth abundantly.) “This means that they will divert it to wherever they wish.” `Ikrimah and Qatadah both made similar statements. Ath-Thawri said, “They will cause it to flow wherever they wish.”

The Deeds of these Righteous People.

Allah says,

(They fulfill vows, and they fear a Day whose evil will be wide-spreading.) meaning, they devote to worship Allah using that which He made obligatory upon them from actions of obligatory obedience that is based on Islamic legislation. They also worship Him by fulfilling their vows. Imam Malik reported from Talhah bin `Abdul-Malik Al-Ayli, who reported from Al-Qasim bin Malik, from `A’ishah that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Whoever makes a vow to obey Allah, then he should obey Him. And whoever makes a vow to disobey Allah, then he should not disobey Him.) Al-Bukhari also recorded this Hadith from Malik. These people also abandon those forbidden things which He (Allah) has prohibited for them, due to their fear of having an evil reckoning on the Day of Return. This is the Day when the evil will spread out among all people except for those upon whom Allah has had mercy. Ibn `Abbas said, “Spreading.” Qatadah said, “By Allah! The evil of that Day will spread until it fills the heavens and the earth.” Concerning Allah’s statement,

(And they give food, inspite of their love for it,) It has been said that this means the love of Allah, the Most High. In their view the pronoun refers to Allah. However, the most apparent meaning is that the pronoun refers to the food. This would mean, they give food while they themselves love it and desire it. This was stated by Mujahid and Muqatil, and it was the preferred opinion of Ibn Jarir. This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(And gives his wealth, in spite of love for it.) (2:177) Allah also says,

(By no means shall you attain Al-Birr unless you spend of that which you love.) (3:92) In the Sahih, there is a Hadith which states,

(The best charity is that which you give while you are healthy, covetous, hoping for wealth and fearing poverty.) This means in the condition of your love for wealth, your eagerness for it and your need for it. Thus, Allah says,

(And they give food, inspite of their love for it, to the poor, the orphan and the captive,) Concerning the poor person and the orphan, an explanation of them and their characteristics has already preceded. In reference to the captive, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Al-Hasan and Ad-Dahhak all said, “He is the captive among the people of the Qiblah (i.e., the Muslims).” Ibn `Abbas said, “At that time (when this Ayah was revealed) their (the Muslims’) captives were idolators.” Proof for this is that on the day of Badr the Messenger of Allah commanded his Companions to treat the captives respectfully. They (the Companions) would give them preference over themselves when eating their meals. `Ikrimah said, “They (captives) are the slaves.” Ibn Jarir preferred this opinion since the Ayah generally refers to both the Muslim and the idolators. Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Ata’, Al-Hasan and Qatadah all made similar statements. The Messenger of Allah advised treating servants well in more than one Hadith. This held such importance with him that the last statement of advice that he gave (before dying) was his saying,

(The prayer (As-Salah) and what your right hand possesses (slaves).) Mujahid said, “He (the captive) is the prisoner.” This means that these (righteous) people give food to others even though they themselves desire it and love it, saying at the same time,

(We feed you seeking Allah’s Face only.) meaning, hoping for the reward of Allah and His pleasure.

(We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you.) meaning, `we do not seek any reward from you in return for it. We also are not seeking for you to thank us in front of the people.’ Mujahid and Sa`id bin Jubayr both said, “By Allah! They do not say this with their tongues, but rather, Allah knows it in their hearts and He commends them for it. Every seeker should seek after this.”

(Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day that is `Abus and Qamtarir.) meaning, `we only do this so that perhaps Allah may have mercy on us and treat us with gentleness on the Day that is `Abus and Qamtarir.’ `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas, “`Abus means difficult and Qamtarir means long.” `Ikrimah and others said from Ibn Abbas,

(a Day that is `Abus and Qamtarir (hard and distressful, that will make the faces look horrible from extreme dislike to it.)) “The disbeliever will frown on that day until sweat will flow between his eyes like tar.” Mujahid said, “Abus `Abis means (frowning with) the two lips and Qamtarir means drawing up the face in a scowl.” Sa`id bin Jubayr and Qatadah said, “Faces will be made to frown due to dismay. Qamtarir is the contraction of the forehead and what is between the two eyes due to dismay.” Ibn Zayd said, ” `Abus is the evil and Qamtarir is the severity.”

Some Details concerning the Reward of the Righteous in Paradise and what it contains of Delights.

Allah says,

(So, Allah saved them from the evil of that Day, and gave them Nadrah (a light of beauty) and joy.) This is used as a way of eloquence in stating similarity (i.e., two similar things).

(So, Allah saved them from the evil of that Day,) meaning, He protects them from that which they fear of it.

(and gave them Nadrah (a light of beauty)) meaning, in their faces.

(And joy) in their hearts. Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Qatadah, Abu `Aliyah and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas all stated this. This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(Some faces that Day will be bright, laughing, rejoicing at good news.) This is because if the heart is happy, then the face will be enlightened. As Ka`b bin Malik said in his lengthy Hadith about Allah’s Messenger , whenever he was happy, then his face will be radiant until it will be as if it is a piece of the moon. `A’ishah said, “The Messenger of Allah entered into my home happy and his facial expression was glowing.” And the Hadith continues. Allah then says,

(And their recompense because they were patient) meaning, due to their patience He will give them, bestow upon them and accommodate them with Paradise and silken garments. This means a home that is spacious, a delightful life and fine clothing. Al-Hafiz Ibn `Asakir said in his biography of Hisham bin Sulayman Ad-Darani, “Surat Al-Insan was recited to Abu Sulayman Ad-Darani, and when the reciter reached the Ayah where Allah says,

(And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, because they were patient.) he (Abu Sulayman) said, `Because they were patient in leaving off their desires in the world.”’

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On the Day of Judgement no one shall speak except whom Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He, allows

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

On the Day of Judgement no one shall speak except whom Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He, allows.

رَّبِّ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا الرَّحْمَـنِ لاَ يَمْلِكُونَ مِنْهُ خِطَاباً

(37. The Lord of the heavens and the earth, and whatsoever is in between them, the Most Gracious, with Whom they cannot dare to speak.)

يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الرُّوحُ وَالْمَلَـئِكَةُ صَفّاً لاَّ يَتَكَلَّمُونَ إِلاَّ مَنْ أَذِنَ لَهُ الرَّحْمَـنُ وَقَالَ صَوَاباً

(38. The Day that Ar-Ruh and the angels will stand forth in rows, they will not speak except him whom Ar-Rahman allows, and he will speak what is right.)

ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمُ الْحَقُّ فَمَن شَآءَ اتَّخَذَ إِلَى رَبِّهِ مَـَاباً

(39. That is the True Day. So, whosoever wills, let him seek a place with His Lord!)

إِنَّآ أَنذَرْنَـكُمْ عَذَاباً قَرِيباً يَوْمَ يَنظُرُ الْمَرْءُ مَا قَدَّمَتْ يَدَاهُ وَيَقُولُ الْكَافِرُ يَـلَيْتَنِى كُنتُ تُرَباً

(40. Verily, We have warned you of a near torment — the Day when man will see that which his hands have sent forth, and the disbeliever will say: “Woe to me! Would that I were dust!”)

Surah 78 An Naba Verse 37 -40

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah informs of His magnificence and His majesty, and that He is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, and whatever is in them and between them. He explains that He is the Most Gracious, Whose mercy covers all things. Then He says,

(With Whom they cannot dare to speak.) meaning, no one is able to begin addressing Him except by His permission. This is as Allah says,

(Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His permission) (2:255) It is also similar to His statement,

(On the Day when it comes, no person shall speak except by His leave.) (11:105)

(The Day that Ar-Ruh and the angels will stand forth in rows, they will not speak) (78:38) The word Ruh here is referring to the angel Jibril. This has been said by Ash-Sha`bi, Sa`id bin Jubayr and Ad-Dahhak. This is as Allah says,

(Which the trustworthy Ruh has brought down. Upon your heart that you may be of the warners.) (26:193-194) Muqatil bin Hayyan said, “The Ruh is the noblest of the angels, the closest of them to the Lord, and the one who delivers the revelation.” Allah said;

(except him whom Ar-Rahman allows,) This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(On the Day when it comes, no person shall speak except by His leave.) (11:105) This is similar to what has been confirmed in the Sahih, that the Prophet said,

(And none will speak on that Day except the Messengers.)” Allah said,

(and he will speak what is right.) meaning, the truth. And from the truth is the fact that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah. This is as Abu Salih and `Ikrimah both said. In reference to Allah’s statement,

(That is the True Day.) meaning, it will come to pass and there is no avoiding it.

(So, whosoever wills, let him seek a place with His Lord!) meaning, a place of return, a path that leads to Him, and a way that he may pass by to get to Him.

The Day of Judgement is Near.

Allah said,

(Verily, We have warned you of a near torment) meaning, the Day of Judgement. It is mentioned here to emphasize the fact that its occurrence has become close, because everything that is coming will certainly come to pass.

(the Day when man will see that which his hands have sent forth,) meaning, all of his deeds will be presented to him — the good and bad, and the old and new. This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(And they will find all that they did, placed before them.) (18:49) t It is also similar to His statement,

(On that Day man will be informed of what he sent forward, and what he left behind.) (75:13) Then Allah says,

(and the disbeliever will say: “Woe to me! Would that I were dust!”) meaning, the disbeliever on that Day will wish that he had only been dust in the worldly life.

He will wish that he had not been created and that he had never come into existence. This will be when he sees the torment of Allah and he looks at his wicked deeds that will be written down against him by the noble righteous scribes among angels. It has been said that he will only wish for that when Allah passes judgement between all of the animals that were in the worldly life. He will rectify matters between them with His just wisdom that does not wrong anyone. Even the hornless sheep will be allowed to avenge itself against the sheep with horns.

Then, when the judgement between them is finished, He (Allah) will say to them (the animals), “Be dust.” So they will all become dust. Upon witnessing this the disbeliever will say,

(Would that I were dust!) meaning, `I wish I was an animal so that I would be returned to dust.’ Something of similar meaning to this has been reported in the well-known Hadith about the Sur. There are also narrations recorded from Abu Hurayrah, `Abdullah bin `Amr, and others concerning this. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat An-Naba’. And all praise and thanks are due to Allah. He is the Giver of success and protection from error.

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The Day of Decision

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Day of Decision.

إِنَّ يَوْمَ الْفَصْلِ كَانَ مِيقَـتاً

(17. Verily, the Day of Decision is a fixed time,)

يَوْمَ يُنفَخُ فِى الصُّورِ فَتَأْتُونَ أَفْوَاجاً

(18. The Day when the Trumpet will be blown, and you shall come forth in crowds.)

وَفُتِحَتِ السَّمَآءُ فَكَانَتْ أَبْوَباً

(19. And the heaven shall be opened, and it will become as gates.)

وَسُيِّرَتِ الْجِبَالُ فَكَانَتْ سَرَاباً

(20. And the mountains shall be moved away from their places and they will be as if they were a mirage.)

إِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ كَانَتْ مِرْصَاداً

(21. Truly, Hell is a place of ambush)

لِّلطَّـغِينَ مَـَاباً

(22. A dwelling place for the Taghun,)

لَّـبِثِينَ فِيهَآ أَحْقَاباً

(23. They will abide therein Ahqab.)

لاَّ يَذُوقُونَ فِيهَا بَرْداً وَلاَ شَرَاباً

(24. Nothing cool shall they taste therein, nor any drink.)

إِلاَّ حَمِيماً وَغَسَّاقاً

(25. Except Hamim, and Ghassaq)

جَزَآءً وِفَـقاً

(26. An exact recompense (according to their evil crimes).)

إِنَّهُمْ كَانُواْ لاَ يَرْجُونَ حِسَاباً

(27. For verily, they used not to look for a reckoning.)

وَكَذَّبُواْ بِـَايَـتِنَا كِذَّاباً وَكُلَّ شَىْءٍ أَحْصَيْنَـهُ كِتَـباً

(28. But they denied Our Ayat Kidhdhaba.)

فَذُوقُواْ فَلَن نَّزِيدَكُمْ إِلاَّ عَذَاباً

(29. And all things We have recorded in a Book.)

فَذُوقُواْ فَلَن نَّزِيدَكُمْ إِلاَّ عَذَاباً

(30. So taste you. No increase shall We give you, except in torment.)

Surah 78 An Naba Verse 17-30

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Explaining the Day of Decision and what occurs during it.

Allah says about the Day of Decision — and it is the Day of Judgement — that it is at a fixed time, with a set appointment. Its time cannot be added to or decreased. No one knows its exact time except Allah. This is as Allah says,

(And We delay it only for a term fixed.) (11:104)

(The Day when the Trumpet will be blown, and you shall come forth in crowds.) Mujahid said, “Groups after groups.” Ibn Jarir said, “This means that each nation will come with its Messenger. It is similar to Allah’s statement,

(The Day when We shall call together all human beings with their Imam.) (17:71)” Al-Bukhari reported concerning the explanation of Allah’s statement,

(The Day when the Trumpet will be blown, and you shall come forth in crowds.) Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(That which is between the two blowings is forty.) Someone asked, “Is it forty days, O Abu Hurayrah” But he (Abu Hurayrah) refused to reply, saying “no comment.” They then asked, “Is it forty months” But he (Abu Hurayrah) refused to reply, saying “no comment.” They asked again, “Is it forty years” But he (Abu Hurayrah) refused to reply, saying “no comment.” (Abu Hurayrah added:) “Then the Prophet went on to say,

(Then Allah will send down a rain from the sky and the dead body will sprout just as a green plant sprouts. Every part of the last person will deteriorate except for one bone, and it is the coccyx bone (tailbone). From it the creation will be assembled on the Day of Judgement.)”

(And the heaven shall be opened, and it will become as gates.) meaning, paths, and routes for the descending of the angels.

(And the mountains shall be moved away from their places and they will be as if they were a mirage.) This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(And you will see the mountains and think them solid, but they shall pass away as the passing away of the clouds.) (27:88) He also says,

(And the mountain will be like carded wool.) (101:5) And Allah says here,

(As if they were a mirage.) meaning, they appear to the one who looks at them as if they are something, but they are actually nothing. After this they will be completely removed. Nothing will be seen of them, and there will be neither base nor trace of them. This is as Allah says,

(And they ask you concerning the mountains, say: “My Lord will blast them and scatter them as particles of dust. Then He shall leave them as a level smooth plain. You will see therein nothing crooked or curved.”) (20:105-107) And He says,

(And the Day We shall cause the mountains to pass away, and you will see the earth as a leveled plain.) (18:47) Allah then says,

(Truly, Hell is a place of ambush) meaning, it is waiting in preparation.

(for the Taghun) These are the disobedient rejectors who oppose the Messengers.

(A dwelling place) meaning, a place of return, final destination, final outcome, and residence. Allah said,

(They will abide therein Ahqab.) meaning, they will remain in it for Ahqab, which is the plural of Huqb. Huqb means a period of time. Khalid bin Ma`dan said, “This Ayah, and the Ayah,

except your Lord wills. (11:107) both refer to the people of Tawhid. Ibn Jar0r recorded this statement. Ibn Jar0r also recorded from Salim that he heard Al-Hasan being asked about Allah s statement,

(They will abide therein Ahqab) “In reference to Ahqab, it has no specific amount of time other than its general meaning of eternity in the Hellfire. However, they have mentioned that the Huqb is seventy years, and every day of it is like one thousand years according to your reckoning (in this life).” Sa`id reported from Qatadah that he said, “Allah says,

(They will abide therein Ahqab.) (78:23) And it is that which has no end to it. Whenever one era comes to an end, a new era follows it. It has been mentioned to us that the Huqb is eighty years.” Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said,

(They will abide therein Ahqab) “No one knows how much time this Ahqab is, except for Allah, the Mighty and Sublime. It has been mentioned to us that one Huqb is eighty years, and the year is three hundred and sixty days, and each day is equivalent to one thousand years according to your reckoning (in this life).” Ibn Jarir has recorded both of these statements. Allah’s statement:

(Nothing cool shall they taste therein, nor any drink.) meaning, they will not find any coolness in Hell for their hearts, nor any good drink for them to partake of. Thus, Allah says,

(Except Hamim, and Ghassaq) Abu Al-`Aliyah said, “The Hamim has been made an exception to the coolness, and Ghassaq is the exception to the drink.” This has also been said by Ar-Rabi` bin Anas. In reference to the Hamim, it is the heat that has reached its maximum temperature and point of boiling. The Ghassaq is gathered from the pus, sweat, tears, and wounds of the people of Hellfire. It is unbearably cold with an intolerable stench. May Allah save us from that by His beneficence and grace. Then He continues,

(An exact recompense.) meaning, that which will happen to them of this punishment is in accordance with their wicked deeds, which they were doing in this life. Mujahid, Qatadah, and others have said this. Then Allah said,

(For verily, they used not to look for a reckoning.) (78:27) meaning, they did not believe that there would be an abode in which they would be taken to account.

(But they denied Our Ayat Kidhdhaba.) meaning, they used to deny the evidences of Allah and His proofs for His creation, which He revealed to His Messengers. So they met these proofs with rejection and obstinance. His statement,

(Kidhdhaba) it means rejection, and it is considered a verbal noun that does not come from a verb. Allah said;

And all things We have recorded in a Book.) meaning, `surely We know the deeds of all of the creatures, and We have written these deeds for them. We will reward them based upon this.’ If their deeds were good then their reward will be good, and if their deeds were evil their reward will be evil. Allah then says,

(So taste you. No increase shall We give you, except in torment.) This means that it will be said to the people of the Hellfire, “Taste that which you were in. We will never increase you in anything except torment according to its type (of sin), and something else similar to it.” Qatadah reported from Abu Ayyub Al-Azdi, who reported from `Abdullah bin `Amr that he said, “Allah did not reveal any Ayah against the people of the Hellfire worse than this Ayah,

(So taste you. No increase shall We give you, except in torment.)” Then he said, “They will continue increasing in torment forever.”

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What are they asking about?

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

What are they asking about?

عَمَّ يَتَسَآءَلُونَ

(1. What are they asking about)

عَنِ النَّبَإِ الْعَظِيمِ

(2. About the great news,)

الَّذِى هُمْ فِيهِ مُخْتَلِفُونَ

(3. About which they are in disagreement.)

كَلاَّ سَيَعْلَمُونَ

(4. Nay, they will come to know!)

ثُمَّ كَلاَّ سَيَعْلَمُونَ

(5. Nay, again, they will come to know!)

أَلَمْ نَجْعَلِ الاٌّرْضَ مِهَـداً

(6. Have We not made the earth as a bed,)

وَالْجِبَالَ أَوْتَاداً

(7. And the mountains as pegs)

وَخَلَقْنَـكُمْ أَزْوَجاً

(8. And We have created you in pairs.)

وَجَعَلْنَا نَوْمَكُمْ سُبَاتاً

(9. And We have made your sleep as a thing for rest.)

وَجَعَلْنَا الَّيْلَ لِبَاساً

(10. And We have made the night as a covering,)

وَجَعَلْنَا النَّهَارَ مَعَاشاً

(11. And We have made the day for livelihood.)

وَبَنَيْنَا فَوْقَكُمْ سَبْعاً شِدَاداً

(12. And We have built above you seven strong,)

وَجَعَلْنَا سِرَاجاً وَهَّاجاً

(13. And We have made (therein) a shining lamp.)

وَأَنزَلْنَا مِنَ الْمُعْصِرَاتِ مَآءً ثَجَّاجاً

(14. And We have sent down from the Mu`sirat water Thajjaj.)

لِّنُخْرِجَ بِهِ حَبّاً وَنَبَاتاً

(15. That We may produce therewith grains and vegetations,)

وَجَنَّـتٍ أَلْفَافاً

(16. And gardens that are Alfaf.)

Surah 78 An Naba Verse 1-16

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

In rejection of the idolators’ questioning about the Day of Judgement, due to their denial of its occurrence, Allah says,

(What are they asking about About the great news,) meaning, what are they asking about They are asking about the matter of the Day of Judgement, and it is the great news. Meaning the dreadful, horrifying, overwhelming information.

(About which they are in disagreement.) meaning, the people are divided into two ideas about it. There are those who believe in it and those who disbelieve in it. Then Allah threatens those who deny the Day of Judgement by saying,

(Nay, they will come to know! Nay, again, they will come to know!) This is a severe threat and a direct warning.

Mentioning Allah’s Power, and the Proof of His Ability to resurrect the Dead.

Then, Allah begins to explain His great ability to create strange things and amazing matters. He brings this as a proof of His ability to do whatever He wishes concerning the matter of the Hereafter and other matters as well. He says,

(Have We not made the earth as a bed,) meaning, an established, firm and peaceful resting place that is subservient to them.

(And the mountains as pegs) meaning, He made them as pegs for the earth to hold it in place, make it stable and firm. This is so that it may be suitable for dwelling and not quake with those who are in it. Then Allah says,

(And We have created you in pairs.) meaning, male and female, both of them enjoying each other, and by this means procreation is achieved. This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(And among His signs is this that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy.) (30:21)

(And We have made your sleep as a thing for rest.) meaning, a cessation of movement in order to attain rest from the frequent repetition and going about in search of livelihood during the day. A similar Ayah has been mentioned previously in Surat Al-Furqan.

(And We have made the night as a covering,) meaning, its shade and darkness covers the people. This is as Allah says,

(By the night as it conceals it.) (91:4) Qatadah commented;

(And We have made the night as a covering,) meaning, a tranquil residence. Concerning Allah’s statement,

(And We have made the day for livelihood.) meaning, `We made it radiant, luminous, and shining so that the people would be able to move about in it.’ By it they are able to come and go for their livelihood, earning, business dealings and other than that as well. In reference to Allah’s statement,

(And We have built above you seven strong,) meaning, the seven heavens in their vastness, loftiness, perfection, precision, and adornment with both stable and moving stars. Thus, Allah says,

(And We have made (therein) a shining lamp.) meaning, the radiant sun that gives light to all of the world. Its light glows for all of the people of the earth. Allah then says,

(And We have sent down from the Mu`sirat water Thajjaj.) `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said, “From the Mu`sirat means from the clouds.” This was also stated by `Ikrimah, Abu Al-`Aliyah, Ad-Dahhak, Al-Hasan, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, Ath-Thawri, and it is preferred by Ibn Jarir. Al-Farra’ said, “They are the clouds that are filled with rain, but they do not bring rain. This is like the woman being called Mu`sir when (the time of) her menstrual cycle approaches, yet she does not menstruate.” This is as Allah says,

(Allah is He Who sends the winds, so that they raise clouds, and spread them along the sky as He wills, and then break them into fragments, until you see rain drops come forth from their midst!) (30:48) meaning, from its midst. Concerning Allah’s statement,

(water Thajjaj) Mujahid, Qatadah, and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas all said, “Thajjaj means poured out.” At-Thawri said, “Continuous.” Ibn Zayd said, “Abundant.” In the Hadith of the woman with prolonged menstrual bleeding, when the Messenger of Allah said to her,

(I suggest you to make an absorbent cloth for yourself.)” Meaning, `dress the area with cotton.’ The woman replied, “O Messenger of Allah! It (the bleeding) is too much for that. Verily, it flows in profusely (Thajja).” This contains an evidence for using the word Thajj to mean abundant, continuous and flowing. And Allah knows best. Allah said,

(That We may produce therewith corn and vegetation, and gardens that are Alfaf.) meaning, `so that We may bring out great abundance, goodness, benefit, and blessing through this water.’

(grains) This refers to that which is preserved for (the usage) of humans and cattle.

(and vegetations) meaning, vegetables that are eaten fresh.

(And gardens) meaning, gardens of various fruits, differing colors, and a wide variety of tastes and fragrances, even if it is ingathered at one location of the earth. This is why Allah says

(And gardens that are Alfaf.) Ibn `Abbas and other said, “Alfaf means gathered.” This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(And in the earth are neighboring tracts, and gardens of vines, and green crops, and date palms, growing into two or three from a single stem root, or otherwise, watered with the same water; yet some of them We make more excellent than others to eat. Verily, in these things there are Ayat for the people who understand.) (13:4)

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A blissful abode for those who had Taqwa

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

A blissful abode for those who had Taqwa.

إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ فِى ظِلَـلٍ وَعُيُونٍ

(41. Verily, those who had Taqwa, shall be amidst shades and springs.)

وَفَوَكِهَ مِمَّا يَشْتَهُونَ

(42. And fruits, such as they desire.)

كُلُواْ وَاشْرَبُواْ هَنِيئَاً بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

(43. “Eat and drink comfortably for that which you used to do.”)

إِنَّا كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِى الْمُحْسِنِينَ

(44. Verily, thus We reward the Muhsinin.)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(45. Woe that Day to the deniers!)

كُلُواْ وَتَمَتَّعُواْ قَلِيلاً إِنَّكُمْ مُّجْرِمُونَ

(46. Eat and enjoy yourselves for a little while. Verily, you are criminals.)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(47. Woe that Day to the deniers!)

وَإذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ ارْكَعُواْ لاَ يَرْكَعُونَ

(48. And when it is said to them: “Bow down yourself!” They bow not down.)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(49. Woe that Day to the deniers!)

فَبِأَىِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ

(50. Then in what statement after this will they believe)

Surah 77 Al-Mursalat Verse 41-50

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah informs that His servants who have Taqwa and worship Him by performing the obligations and abandoning the forbidden things, will be in gardens and springs on the Day of Judgement. This means they will be in the opposite condition of the wretched people, who will be in shades of Al-Yahmum, which is purtrid, black smoke. Allah says,

(And fruits, such as they desire.) meaning, and from other types of fruits, they will have whatever they request.

(Eat and drink comfortably for that which you used to do.) meaning, this will be said to them out of kindness for them. Reestablishing what He has previously mentioned, Allah says;

(Verily, thus We reward the Muhsinin.) meaning, `this is Our reward for whoever does good deeds.’

(Woe that Day to the deniers!)

A Threat for Whoever denies the Day of Judgement.

Allah says,

(Eat and enjoy yourselves for a little while. Verily, you are criminals.) This is an address to the deniers of the Day of Judgement. It is commanding them with a command of threat and intimidation. Allah says,

(Eat and enjoy yourselves for a little while.) meaning, for a period of time that is short, small and brief.

(Verily, you are criminals.) meaning, then you all will be driven to the fire of Hell which has already been mentioned.

(Woe that Day to the deniers!) This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(We let them enjoy for a little while, then in the end We shall oblige them to a great torment.) (31:24) Allah also says,

(Verily, those who invent a lie against Allah, will never be successsful. (A brief) enjoyment in this world! And then unto Us will be their return, then We shall make them taste the severest torment because they used to disbelieve.) (10:69,70) Then Allah says,

(And when it is said to them: “Bow down yourself!” They bow not down.) meaning, when these ignorant disbelievers are ordered to pray with the congregation (of believers), they refuse and turn away from it arrogantly. Thus, Allah says,

(Woe that Day to the deniers!) Then Allah says,

(Then in what statement after this will they believe) meaning, if they do not believe in this Qur’an, then what talk will they believe in This is as Allah says,

(Then in which speech after Allah and His Ayat will they believe) (45: 6) This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Mursalat, and all praise and thanks are due to Allah. He is the Giver of success and security.

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The Day of Sorting

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Day of Sorting.

انطَلِقُواْ إِلَى مَا كُنتُمْ بِهِ تُكَذِّبُونَ

(29. (It will be said to the disbelievers): “Depart you to that which you used to deny!”)

انطَلِقُواْ إِلَى ظِلٍّ ذِى ثَلَـثِ شُعَبٍ

(30. “Depart you to a shadow in three columns,”)

لاَّ ظَلِيلٍ وَلاَ يُغْنِى مِنَ اللَّهَبِ

(31. “Neither shady nor of any use against the fierce flame of the Fire.”)

إِنَّهَا تَرْمِى بِشَرَرٍ كَالْقَصْرِ

(32. Verily, it (Hell) throws sparks (huge) as Al-Qasr,)

كَأَنَّهُ جِمَـلَةٌ صُفْرٌ

(33. As if they were Sufr camels.)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(34. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)!)

هَـذَا يَوْمُ لاَ يَنطِقُونَ

(35. That will be a Day when they shall not speak (during some part of it),)

وَلاَ يُؤْذَنُ لَهُمْ فَيَعْتَذِرُونَ

(36. And they will not be permitted to put forth any excuse.)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(37. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)!)

هَـذَا يَوْمُ الْفَصْلِ جَمَعْنَـكُمْ وَالاٌّوَّلِينَ

(38. That will be a Day of Decision! We have brought you and the men of old together!)

فَإِن كَانَ لَكمُ كَيْدٌ فَكِيدُونِ

(39. So, if you have a plot, use it against Me (Allah)!)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(40. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)!)

Surah 77 Al-Mursalat Verse  29-40

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah informs about the disbelievers who deny the final abode, the recompense, Paradise, and the Hellfire. On the Day of Judgement it will be said to them:

(Depart you to that which you used to deny! Depart you to a shadow in three columns,) meaning, a flame of fire when it rises and ascends with smoke. So due to its severity and strength, it will have three columns.

(Neither shady nor of any use against the fierce flame of the Fire.) meaning, shade of the smoke that comes from the flame — which itself will not have a shade, nor will it benefit against the flame. This means it will not protect them from the heat of the flame. Allah said,

(Verily, it throws sparks as Al-Qasr,) meaning, its sparks will shoot out from its flame like huge castles. Ibn Mas`ud said, “Like forts.” Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah and Malik who reported from Zayd bin Aslam and others said, “This means the trunk of trees.”

(As if they were Sufr camels.) means, black camels. This is the view of Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, and Ad-Dahhak, and Ibn Jarir favored this view. Ibn `Abbas Mujahid, and Sa`id bin Jubayr said about,

(Sufr camels.) “Meaning ropes of ships.”

(Verily, it (Hell) throws sparks as Al-Qasr.) Imam Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn `Abbas that he said: “We were directed to the timber a length of three cubits or more in order to use it for construction of buildings. We used to call it Al-Qasr.

(As if they were Sufr camels.) These (Jimalat) are ropes of ships that are bundled until they resemble the intestines of men.”

(Woe that Day to the deniers!)

The inability of the criminals to speak, make excuses, or step forward on the Day of Judgement.

(That will be a Day when they shall not speak,) meaning, they will not speak.

(And they will not be permitted to put forth any excuse.) meaning, they will not be able to speak, nor will they be granted permission to speak so that they can make excuses. Rather, the proof will be established against them, and they will be called upon to speak about the wrong that they did, but they will not be able to say anything. The courts of the Day of Judgement will occur in stages. Sometimes the Lord informs of this stage and sometimes He informs of that stage. This is to show the terrors and calamities of that Day. Thus, after all the details of this discussion, He says:

(Woe that Day to the deniers!) Then Allah says,

(That will be a Day of Decision! We have brought you and the men of old together! So if you have a plot, use it against Me!) This is an address from the Creator to His servants. He says to them,

(That will be a Day of Decision! We have brought you and the men of old together!) meaning, He will gather all of them by His power on one common plane, He will make them hear the caller and He will cause them to see. Then He says,

(So, if you have a plot, use it against Me!) This is a serious threat and a harsh warning. It means, `if you are able to save yourselves from being seized by Me, and rescue yourselves from My ruling, then do so. But you are certainly not able to do so.’ This is as Allah says,

(O assembly of Jinn and men! If you have power to pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, then pass beyond (them)! But you will never be able to pass them, except with authority (from Allah)!) (55:33) Allah also says,

(And you will not harm Him in the least.) (11:57) It is narrated in a Hadith (that Allah said),

(“O My servants! You all can never attain My benefit and thereby benefit Me, and you all can never attain My harm and thereby harm Me.”)

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The call to contemplate the Power of Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The call to contemplate the Power of Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He.

أَلَمْ نُهْلِكِ الاٌّوَّلِينَ

(16. Did We not destroy the ancients)

ثُمَّ نُتْبِعُهُمُ الاٌّخِرِينَ

(17. So shall We make later generations to follow them.)

كَذَلِكَ نَفْعَلُ بِالْمُجْرِمِينَ

(18. Thus do We deal with the criminals.)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(19. Woe that Day to the deniers!)

أَلَمْ نَخْلُقكُّم مِّن مَّآءٍ مَّهِينٍ

(20. Did We not create you from a despised water)

فَجَعَلْنَـهُ فِى قَرَارٍ مَّكِينٍ

(21. Then We placed it in a place of safety,)

إِلَى قَدَرٍ مَّعْلُومٍ

(22. For a known period)

فَقَدَرْنَا فَنِعْمَ الْقَـدِرُونَ

(23. So We did measure; and We are the best to measure.)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(24. Woe that Day to the deniers!)

أَلَمْ نَجْعَلِ الاٌّرْضَ كِفَاتاً

(25. Have We not made the earth Kifat (a receptacle))

أَحْيَآءً وَأَمْوتاً

(26. For the living and the dead)

وَجَعَلْنَا فِيهَا رَوَاسِىَ شَـمِخَـتٍ وَأَسْقَيْنَـكُم مَّآءً فُرَاتاً

(27. And have placed therein fixed towers, and have given you Furat water)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(28. Woe that Day to the deniers!)

Surah 77 Al Mursalat Verse 16-28

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah says,

(Did We not destroy the ancients) meaning, those who rejected the Messengers and opposed what they came to them with.

(So shall We make later generations to follow them.) meaning, from those who are similar to them. Thus, Allah says,

(Thus do We deal with the criminals. Woe that Day to the deniers!) Ibn Jarir said this. Then Allah reminding His creatures of His favor, and using the beginning of creation to support the idea of repeating it, He says:

(Did We not create you from a despised water) meaning, weak and despised in comparison to the power of the Creator. This is similar to what has been reported in the Hadith of Busr bin Jahhash (that Allah says),

(“(O) Son of Adam ! How can you think that I am unable, and yet I created you from something like this (i.e., semen)”)

(Then We placed it in a place of safety,) meaning, `We gathered him in the womb, where the fluid of the man and the woman settles. The womb has been prepared for this, as a protector of the fluid deposited in it. Allah said:

(For a known period) meaning, for a fixed period of time, which is from six months to nine months. Thus, Allah says,

(So We did measure; and We are the best to measure. Woe that Day to the deniers!) Then Allah says,

(Have We not made the earth Kifat for the living and the dead) Ibn `Abbas said, “Kifat means a place of shelter.” Mujahid said, “It holds the dead so that nothing is seen of it.” Ash-Sha`bi said, “Its interior is for your dead and its surface is for your living.” Mujahid and Qatadah also said this.

(And have placed therein fixed towers,) meaning, the mountains. The earth is held in place with them so that it does not shake and sway.

(and have given you Furat water) meaning, cold and delicious water from the clouds or from what He causes to gush forth from the springs of the earth.

(Woe that Day to the deniers!) meaning, woe to whoever reflects upon these created things which demonstrate the greatness of their Creator, then after that continues to reject Him and disbelieve in Him.

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Those on the left and their recompense

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Those on the left and their recompense.

وَأَصْحَـبُ الشِّمَالِ مَآ أَصْحَـبُ الشِّمَالِ

(41. And those on the left How will be those on the left)

فِى سَمُومٍ وَحَمِيمٍ

(42. In Samum, and Hamim.)

وَظِلٍّ مِّن يَحْمُومٍ

(43. And a shadow from Yahmum,)

لاَّ بَارِدٍ وَلاَ كَرِيمٍ

(44. Neither Barid nor Karim,)

إِنَّهُمْ كَانُواْ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ مُتْرَفِينَ

(45. Verily, before that, they indulged in luxury,)

وَكَانُواْ يُصِرُّونَ عَلَى الْحِنثِ الْعَظِيمِ

(46. And were persisting in great sin.)

وَكَانُواْ يِقُولُونَ أَءِذَا مِتْنَا وَكُنَّا تُرَاباً وَعِظَـماً أَءِنَّا لَمَبْعُوثُونَ

(47. And they used to say: “When we die and become dust and bones, shall we then indeed be resurrected”)

أَوَ ءَابَآؤُنَا الاٌّوَّلُونَ

(48. “And also our forefathers”)

قُلْ إِنَّ الاٌّوَّلِينَ وَالاٌّخِرِينَ

(49. Say: “(Yes) verily, those of old, and those of later times.”)

لَمَجْمُوعُونَ إِلَى مِيقَـتِ يَوْمٍ مَّعْلُومٍ

(50. “All will surely be gathered together for appointed meeting of a known Day.”)

ثُمَّ إِنَّكُمْ أَيُّهَا الضَّآلُّونَ الْمُكَذِّبُونَ

(51. “Then verily, — you the erring — ones, the deniers!”)

لاّكِلُونَ مِن شَجَرٍ مِّن زَقُّومٍ

(52. “You verily, will eat of the trees of Zaqqum.”)

فَمَالِـُونَ مِنْهَا الْبُطُونَ

(53. “Then you will fill your bellies therewith,”)

فَشَـرِبُونَ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْحَمِيمِ

(54. “And drink the Hamim on top of it.”)

فَشَـرِبُونَ شُرْبَ الْهِيمِ

(55. “And you will drink (that) like Al-Him!”)

هَـذَا نُزُلُهُمْ يَوْمَ الدِّينِ

(56. That will be their entertainment on the Day of Recompense!)

Surah 56 Al Waqiah Verse 41-56

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

After Allah mentioned the condition of those on the right hand, He then mentioned the condition of those on the left hand,

(And those on the left How will be those on the left) meaning, `What is the condition of those on the left,’ then explains His statement, by saying,

(in Samum,) means, a fierce hot wind,

(and Hamim.) i.e., boiling water,

(And a shadow from Yahmum,) the shadow of smoke, according to Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Abu Salih, Qatadah, As-Suddi and others. In a similar statement, Allah said,

(“Depart you to that which you used to deny! Depart you to a shadow in three columns, neither shady nor of any use against the fierce flame of the Fire. ” Verily, it throws sparks like fortresses, as if they were yellow camels or bundles of ropes. Woe that Day to the deniers.)(77:29-34). Allah said in this Ayah,

(And a shadow from Yahmum,) meaning, black smoke,

(Neither Barid nor Karim,) means, it neither brings soft, cool breeze nor appears clear. Al-Hasan and Qatadah commented on Allah’s statement

(Neither Barid nor Karim,) means, it neither brings soft, cool breeze nor appears clear. Al-Hasan and Qatadah commented on Allah’s statement,

(Verily, before that, they indulged in luxury,) meaning, in the life of the world, they were enjoying life’s pleasures and satisfying their lusts, all the while ignoring what the Messengers brought to them,

(And were persisting), means, they persisted and did not intend to repent,

(in great sin.) in disbelief in Allah and claiming that the idols and rivals were gods besides Allah. It means idolatry, according to Ibn `Abbas. This is also the meaning reported from Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, As-Suddi and others. Allah said,

(And they used to say: “When we die and become dust and bones, shall we then indeed be resurrected And also our forefathers”) They said this while denying and rejecting the idea that resurrection will ever occur. Allah the Exalted said,

(Say: “(Yes) verily, those of old, and those of later times. All will surely be gathered together for appointed meeting of a known Day.”) meaning, `Say, O Muhammad, that the earlier and latter generations of the Children of Adam will be gathered for the Day of Resurrection and none of them will be left out. Allah the Exalted said:

(That is a Day whereon mankind will be gathered together, and that is a Day when all will be present. And We delay it only for a term fixed. On the Day when it comes, no person shall speak except by His leave. Some among them will be wretched and (others) blessed.)(11:103-105) He also said here,

(All will surely be gathered together for appointed meeting of a known Day.) because that time is precisely designated and will not come late, early, nor increase or decrease. Allah said,

(Then verily, — you the erring-ones, the deniers! You verily, will eat of the trees of Zaqqum. Then you will fill your bellies therewith.) indicating that they will be seized and made to eat from the Zaqqum tree until their stomachs become full,

(And drink the Hamim on top of it. And you will drink (that) like Al-Him!) Hamim is boiling water, while Al-Him means thirsty camels, according to Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr and `Ikrimah. As-Suddi said “Al-Him is a disease that strikes camels, causing them to feel thirst, and they drink until they die.” Therefore, he said, the people of Hell, will never quench their thirst from drinking Hamim. Allah, the Exalted, said,

(That will be their entertainment on the Day of Recompense!) `this, what We have described, is their entertainment with their Lord on the Day of their Reckoning.’ Allah the Exalted said in the case of the believers,

(Verily, those who believe and do righteous good deeds, shall have the Gardens of Al-Firdaws (Paradise) for their entertainment.)(18:107), i.e., hospitality and honor.

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