The disbelievers wonder at a human being sent as a messenger

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The disbelievers wonder at a human being sent as a messenger.

الر تِلْكَ ءايَـتُ الْكِتَـبِ الْحَكِيمِ

(1. Alif-Lam-Ra. These are the verses of the Book (the Qur’an) Al-Hakim.)

أَكَانَ لِلنَّاسِ عَجَبًا أَنْ أَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَى رَجُلٍ مِّنْهُمْ أَنْ أَنذِرِ النَّاسَ وَبَشِّرِ الَّذِينَ ءامَنُواْ أَنَّ لَهُمْ قَدَمَ صِدْقٍ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ قَالَ الْكَـفِرُونَ إِنَّ هَـذَا لَسَـحِرٌ مُّبِينٌ 

 (2. Is it a wonder for mankind that We have sent Our revelation to a man from among themselves (saying): “Warn mankind, and give good news to those who believe that they shall have with their Lord the rewards of their good deeds” (But) the disbelievers say: “This is indeed an evident sorcerer!”)

Surah 10 Yunus Verse 1-2

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

The isolated letters in the beginning of this Surah, as well as in others, have been previously discussed at the beginning of Surat Al-Baqarah. Allah said:

(These are the verses of the Book (the Qur’an) Al-Hakim.) This indicates that these are verses of the Qur’an, in which the wisdom of judgment is clear.

Allah rebukes the attitude of the disbelievers with the words,

(Is it a wonder for mankind…) They have always found it strange that Allah would send Messengers to them from among mankind. Allah also tells us about other people from previous nations who said,

(Shall mere men guide us) (64:6) Hud and Salih said to their people:

(Do you wonder that there has come to you a reminder from your Lord through a man from among you.) (7:63) Allah also told us what the disbelievers from Quraysh said:

(Has he made the gods into one God Verily, this is a curious thing!) (38:5) Ad-Dahhak reported Ibn `Abbas that he said: “When Allah sent Muhammad as a Messenger, most of the Arabs denied him and his message and said: Allah is greater than sending a human Messenger like Muhammad. ” Ibn `Abbas said, “So Allah revealed:

(Is it a wonder for mankind…)” Allah’s statement;

(that they shall have with their Lord the rewards of their good deeds) Scholars have differed over the meaning of the reward for the good deeds in this Ayah:

(and give good news to those who believe that they shall have with their Lord the rewards of their good deeds.) `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said about this Ayah, “Eternal happiness has been written for them.” Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said: “It is the good reward for what they have done.” Mujahid said: “It is their good deeds — their prayers, fasting, charity, and glorification.” He then said, “And Muhammad will intercede for them.” Allah said:

((But) the disbelievers say: “This is indeed an evident sorcerer!”) This means that the disbelievers said this although Allah has sent a Messenger from among themselves to them, a man of their own race as a bearer of good news and as a warner. But they are the liars in saying that.

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Every soul has a protector over it

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Every soul has a protector over it.

وَالسَّمَآء وَالطَّارِقِ

(1. By the heaven, and At-Tariq;)

وَمَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ

 (2. And what will make you to know what At-Tariq is)

النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ

 (3. The star, Ath-Thaqib.)

– إِن كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَّمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ

(4. There is no human being but has a protector over him.)

فَلْيَنظُرِ الإِنسَـنُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ

 (5. So, let man see from what he is created!)

خُلِقَ مِن مَّآء دَافِقٍ

(6. He is created from a water gushing forth,)

يَخْرُجُ مِن بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَآئِبِ

 (7. Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs.)

– إِنَّهُ عَلَى رَجْعِهِ لَقَادِرٌ

 (8. Verily, He is Able to bring him back!)

يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَآئِرُ

 (9. The Day when all the secrets will be examined.)

فَمَا لَهُ مِن قُوَّةٍ وَلاَ نَاصِرٍ

(10. Then he will have no power, nor any helper.)

Surah 86 Al Tariq Verse 1-10

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah swears by the heaven and what He has placed in it of radiant stars. Thus, He says,

(By the heaven, and At-Tariq;) Then He says,

(And what will make you to know what At-Tariq is) Then He explains it by His saying,

(The star of Ath-Thaqib.) Qatadah and others have said, “The star has been named Tariq because it is only seen at night and it is hidden during the day.” His view is supported by what has been mentioned in the authentic Hadith that prohibits a man to come to his family Taruq. This means that he comes to them unexpectedly at nighttime. Concerning Allah’s statement,

(Ath-Thaqib.) Ibn `Abbas said, “The illuminating.” `Ikrimah said, “It is illuminating and it burns the Shaytan” Then Allah says,

(There is no human being but has a protector over him.) meaning, every soul has a guardian over it from Allah that protects it from the calamities. This is as Allah says,

(For Him, there are angels in succession, before and behind him. They guard him by the command of Allah.) (13:11)

Allah says,

(So, let man see from what he is created!) This is alerting man to the weakness of his origin from which he was created. The intent of it is to guide man to accept (the reality of) the Hereafter, because whoever is able to begin the creation then he is also able to repeat it in the same way. This is as Allah says,

(And He it is Who originates the creation, then He will repeat it; and this is easier for Him.) (30:27) Then Allah says,

(He is created from a water gushing forth.) meaning, the sexual fluid that comes out bursting forth from the man and the woman. Thus, the child is produced from both of them by the permission of Allah. Due to this Allah says,

(Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs.) meaning, the backbone (or loins) of the man and the ribs of the woman, which is referring to her chest. Shabib bin Bishr reported from `Ikrimah who narrated from Ibn `Abbas that he said,

(Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs.) “The backbone of the man and the ribs of the woman. It (the fluid) is yellow and fine in texture. The child will not be born except from both of them (i.e., their sexual fluids).” Concerning Allah’s statement,

On the Day of Judgement, Man will have no Power or Assistance .

In this regard Allah says,

(The Day when all the secrets will be examined.) meaning, on the Day of Judgement the secrets will be tested. This means that they will be exposed and made manifest. Thus, the secret will be made open and that which is concealed will be well known. It is confirmed in the Two Sahihs on the authority of Ibn `Umar that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Every betrayer will have a flag raised for him behind his back, and it will be said, `This is the betrayal of so-and-so, the son of so-and-so.’) Concerning Allah’s statement,

(Then he will have no) meaning, man on the Day of Judgement.

(any power) meaning, within himself.

(nor any helper.) meaning, from other than himself. This statement means that he will not be able to save himself from the torment of Allah, and nor will anyone else be able to save him.

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The return of all human beings is to Allah, the Controller of all things

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The return of all human beings is to Allah, the Controller of all things.

وَهُوَ الَّذِى يَتَوَفَّـكُم بِالَّيْلِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا جَرَحْتُم بِالنَّهَارِ ثُمَّ يَبْعَثُكُمْ فِيهِ لِيُقْضَى أَجَلٌ مّسَمًّى ثُمَّ إِلَيْهِ مَرْجِعُكُمْ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

(60. It is He, Who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep), and has knowledge of all that you have done by day, then he raises (wakes) you up again, that a term appointed be fulfilled, then (in the end), unto Him will be your return. Then He will inform you of what you used to do.)

 وَهُوَ الْقَاهِرُ فَوْقَ عِبَادِهِ وَيُرْسِلُ عَلَيْكُم حَفَظَةً حَتَّى إِذَا جَآءَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ تَوَفَّتْهُ رُسُلُنَا وَهُمْ لاَ يُفَرِّطُونَ

(61. He is the Qahir over His servants, and He sends guardians over you, until when death approaches one of you, Our messengers take his soul, and they never neglect their duty.)

 ثُمَّ رُدُّواْ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَوْلَـهُمُ الْحَقِّ أَلاَ لَهُ الْحُكْمُ وَهُوَ أَسْرَعُ الْحَـسِبِينَ

(62. Then they are returned to Allah, their Master, the Just Lord. Surely, His is the judgment and He is the swiftest in taking account.)

Surah 6 Al Anaam Verse 60-62

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah states that He brings death to His servants in their sleep at night, for sleep is minor death. Allah said in other Ayat,

(And (remember) when Allah said: “O `Isa! I will take you and raise you to Myself…”) [3:55], and,

(It is Allah Who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed.)[39:42], ,thus mentioning both minor and major death. Allah says,

(It is He, Who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep), and has knowledge of all that you have done by day,) meaning, He knows the deeds and actions that you perform during the day. This Ayah demonstrates Allah’s perfect knowledge of His creation, by day and night, and in their movements and idleness. Allah said in other Ayat,

(It is the same (to Him) whether any of you conceal his speech or declare it openly, whether he be hid by night or go forth freely by day.) [13:10], and

(It is out of His mercy that He made night and day, so that you may rest therein), by night,

(and that you may seek of His bounty) by day. Allah said,

(And (We) have made the night as a covering. And (We) have made the day for livelihood.) [78:10-11]. Allah said here,

It is He, Who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep), and has knowledge of all that you have done by day,) [6:60], Then said,

(then he raises (wakes) you up again,) by day, according to Mujahid, Qatadah and As-Suddi. Allah’s statement,

(that a term appointed be fulfilled) refers to the life span of every person,

(then (in the end), unto Him will be your return.) on the Day of Resurrection,

(Then He will inform you of what you used to do.) He will reward you, good for good, and evil for evil. Allah’s statement,

(He is the Qahir over His servants.) The Qahir means, the one who controls everything, all are subservient to His supreme grace, greatness and majesty,

(and He sends guardians over you,) angels who guard mankind. In another Ayah, Allah said;

(For each (person), there are angels in succession, before and behind him. They guard him by the command of Allah.) [13:11], watching his deeds and recording them. Allah said,

(But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you.) [82:10], and,

((Remember!) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive, one sitting on the right and one on the left. Not a word does he utter, but there is a watcher by him, ready.) [50:17-18]. Allah’s statement,

(until when death approaches one of you…) refers to, when one’s life span comes to an end and he is dying,

(Our messengers take his soul…) meaning, there are angels who are responsible for this job. Ibn `Abbas and several others said that the Angel of Death has angels who pull the soul from its body and when it reaches the throat, the Angel of Death captures it. Allah said;

(and they never neglect their duty.) They guard the soul of the dead person and take it to wherever Allah wills, to `Illiyyin if he was among the righteous, and to Sijjin if he was among the wicked (disbelievers, sinners, etc.), we seek refuge with Allah from this end. Allah said next,

(Then they are returned to Allah, their Master, the Just Lord.) Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet said,

(The angels attend the dying person. If he is a righteous person, the angels will say, `O pure soul from a pure body! Come out with honor and receive the good news of rest, satisfaction and a Lord Who is not angry.’ The angels will keep saying this until the soul leaves its body, and they will then raise it up to heaven and will ask that the door be opened for the soul and it will be asked, `Who is this’ It will be said, `(The soul of) so-and-so.’ It will be said, `Welcome, to the pure soul that inhabited the pure body. Enter with honor and receive the good news of rest, satisfaction and a Lord Who is not angry.’ This statement will be repeated until the soul reaches the heaven above which there is Allah. If the dying person is evil, the angels will say, `Get out (of your body), O wicked soul from a wicked body! Get out in disgrace and receive the news of boiling fluid, a fluid dark, murky, intensely cold and other (torments) of similar kind – all together – to match them.’ This statement will be said repeatedly until the evil soul leaves its body. The soul will be raised up to heaven and a request will be made that the door be opened for it. It will be asked, `Who is this’ It will be said, `(The soul of) so and so.’ It will be said, `No welcome to the wicked soul from the wicked body. Return with disgrace, for the doors of heaven will not be opened for you.’ So it will be thrown from heaven until it returns to the grave. So the righteous person sits and similar is said to him as before. And the evil person sits and similar is said to him as before.) It is also possible that the meaning of,

(Then they are returned…) refers to the return of all creation to Allah on the Day of Resurrection, when He will subject them to His just decision. Allah said in other Ayat,

(Say: “(Yes) verily, those of old, and those of later times. All will surely be gathered together for an appointed meeting of a known Day.”) [56:49-50] and,

(And We shall gather them all together so as to leave not one of them behind…) [18:47] until,

(And your Lord treats no one with injustice.) [18:49] Allah said here,

(their Master, the Just Lord. Surely, His is the judgement and He is the swiftest in taking account.) [6:62]

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Prophet Muhammed, peace and blessings be upon him, is a human being like us: His message

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

  Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

  May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Prophet Muhammed, peace and blessings be upon him, is a human being like us: His message.

قُلْ إِنَّمَآ أَنَاْ بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ يُوحَى إِلَىَّ أَنَّمَآ إِلَـهُكُمْ إِلَـهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَمَن كَانَ يَرْجُو لِقَآءَ رَبِّهِ فَلْيَعْمَلْ عَمَلاً صَـلِحاً وَلاَ يُشْرِكْ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِ أَحَدَا

(110. Say: “I am only a man like you. It has been revealed to me that your God is One God. So whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.”)

Surah 18 Al Kahf Verse 110

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah says to His Messenger Muhammad ,

(Say) to these idolators who reject your message to them,

(`I am only a man like you.) Whoever claims that I am lying, let him bring something like this that I have brought. For I did not know the Unseen, the matters of the past which you asked me about and I told you about, the story of the people of the Cave and of Dhul-Qarnayn, stories which are true — I did not know any of this except for what Allah made known to me. And I tell you,

(that your God), Who calls you to worship Him,

(is One God), with no partner or associate.’

(So whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord,) i.e., hopes for a good reward and recompense,

(let him work righteousness) meaning, in accordance with the prescribed laws of Allah,

(and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.) This is what is meant by seeking the pleasure of Allah alone with no associate or partner. These are the two basic features of acceptable deeds: their intent is for the sake of Allah alone, and are done in accordance with the way of the Messenger of Allah . Imam Ahmad recorded that Mahmud bin Labid said that the Messenger of Allah said:

(What I fear the most for you is the small Shirk.) “They said: What is the small Shirk, O Messenger of Allah” He said,

(Showing off (Ar-Riya’). Allah will say on the Day of Resurrection, when the people are rewarded or punished for their deeds, “Go to the one for whom you were showing off in the world and see if you will find any reward with him.”) Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa`id bin Abi Fadalah Al-Ansari, who was one of the Companions, said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah say,

(Allah will gather the first and the last on the Day of Resurrection, the Day concerning which there is no doubt. A voice will call out, “Whoever used to associate anyone with Allah in the deeds which he did, let him seek his reward from someone other than Allah, for Allah is the least in need of any partner or associate.) It was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Kahf. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.

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