None shall carry the burden of any other on the Day of Resurrection

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

None shall carry the burden of any other on the Day of Resurrection.

أَفَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِى تَوَلَّى

(33. Did you observe him who turned away (from Islam).)

وَأَعْطَى قَلِيلاً وَأَكْدَى

(34. And gave a little, then stopped)

فأَعِندَهُ عِلْمُ الْغَيْبِ فَهُوَ يَرَى

(35. Is with him the knowledge of the Unseen so that he sees)

أَمْ لَمْ يُنَبَّأْ بِمَا فِى صُحُفِ مُوسَى

(36. Or is he not informed with what is in the Suhuf of Musa,)

وَإِبْرَهِيمَ الَّذِى وَفَّى

(37. And of Ibrahim who fulfilled all that:)

– أَلاَّ تَزِرُ وَزِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى

(38. That no burdened person (with sins) shall bear the burden (sins) of another.)

وَأَن لَّيْسَ لِلإِنسَـنِ إِلاَّ مَا سَعَى

(39. And that man can have nothing but what he does.)

وَأَنَّ سَعْيَهُ سَوْفَ يُرَى

(40. And that his deeds will be seen.)

ثُمَّ يُجْزَاهُ الْجَزَآءَ الأَوْفَى

(41. Then he will be recompensed with a full and the best recompense.)

Surah 53 An Najm Verse 33-41

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah the Exalted chastises those who turn away from His obedience,

(So he (the disbeliever) neither believed nor prayed! But on the contrary, he belied and turned away!)(75:31-32),

(And gave a little, then stopped) Ibn `Abbas said, “Gave a little, then stopped giving.” Similar was said by Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Ikrimah, Qatadah and several others. `Ikrimah and Sa`id said: “Like the case of a people who dig a well, during the course of which they find a rock preventing them from completing their work. So they say, `We are finished’ and they abandon the work.” Allah’s statement,

(Is with him the knowledge of the Unseen so that he sees) means, does this person, who stopped giving for fear of poverty and ended his acts of charity have knowledge of the Unseen and thus knows that if he does not stop giving, his wealth will go away No. Such a person has stopped giving in charity for righteous causes and did not keep relations with kith and kin because of his miserliness, being stingy and out of fear of poverty. The Prophet said in a Hadith,

(O Bilal, spend and fear not less provisions from the Owner of the Thone.) Allah the Exalted and Most honored said,

(And whatsoever you spend of anything (in Allah’s cause), He will replace it. And He is the Best of providers.)(34:39)

The Meaning of `fulfilled.

Allah the Exalted said,

(Or is he not informed with what is in the Suhuf of Musa. And of Ibrahim who fulfilled), Sa`id bin Jubayr and Ath-Thawri said it means: “Conveyed all that he was ordered to convey.” Ibn `Abbas said about:

(fulfilled) “He delivered all that Allah ordered him to deliver.” Sa`id bin Jubayr said about:

(fulfilled), “What he was ordered.” Qatadah said about:

(fulfilled), “He obeyed Allah and delivered His Message to His creatures.” This is the view preferred by Ibn Jarir because it includes the statement before it and supports it. Allah said,

(And (remember) when the Lord of Ibrahim tried him with (certain) commands, which he fulfilled. He said: “Verily, I am going to make you an Imam (a leader) for mankind.”)(2:124) Therefore, Ibrahim fulfilled all the commands of his Lord, stayed away from all the prohibitions, and conveyed Allah’s Message in its entirety. Therefore, he is worthy of being made a leader for mankind in all of his affairs, statements and actions. Allah the Exalted said,

(Then, We have sent the revelation to you (saying): “Follow the religion of Ibrahim, a Hanif, and he was not of the idolators.”)(16:123)

None shall carry the Burden of Any Other on the Day of Resurrection.

Allah the Exalted explained what He has revealed in the Scripture of Ibrahim and Musa,

(That no burdened person shall bear the burden of another.) Meaning, every soul shall carry its own injustices, whether disbelief or sin, and none else shall carry its burden of sin, as Allah states

(And if one heavily laden calls another to (bear) his load, nothing of it will be lifted even though he be near of kin.)(35:18) Allah said,

(And that man can have nothing but what he does.) So just as no soul shall carry the burden of any other, the soul shall only benefit from the good that one earns for himself. As for the Hadith recorded by Muslim in the Sahih, that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(When a person dies, his deeds will cease except in three cases: from a righteous son who invokes Allah for him, or an ongoing charity after his death, or knowledge that people benefit from.) These three things are, in reality, a result of one’s own deeds, efforts and actions. For example, a Hadith states,

(Verily, the best type of provision that one consumes is from what he himself has earned, and one’s offspring are among what he has earned.) The ongoing charity that one leaves behind, like an endowment, for example, are among the traces of his own actions and deeds. Allah the Exalted said,

(Verily, We give life to the dead, and We record that which they send before (them) and their traces.)(36:12) The knowledge that one spreads among people which they are guided by is among his actions and deeds. A Hadith collected in the Sahih states,

(Whoever invites to guidance, he will earn as much reward as those who follow him, without decreasing anything out of their own rewards.) Allah said,

(And that his deeds will be seen.) meaning, on the Day of Resurrection,

(And say: “Do deeds! Allah will see your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger and the believers. And you will be brought back to the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. Then He will inform you of what you used to do.”)(9:105), Then Allah will remind you of your actions and recompense you for them in the best manner, good for good and evil for evil. Allah’s statement here,

(Then he will be recompensed with a full and the best recompense.)

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There are no helpers for the wrongdoers on the Day of Reckoning

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

There are no helpers for the wrongdoers on the Day of Reckoning.

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لَهُمْ نَارُ جَهَنَّمَ لاَ يُقْضَى عَلَيْهِمْ فَيَمُوتُواْ وَلاَ يُخَفَّفُ عَنْهُمْ مِّنْ عَذَابِهَا كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِى كُلَّ كَفُورٍ

(36. But those who disbelieve, for them will be the fire of Hell. Neither will it have a complete killing effect on them so that they die nor shall its torment be lightened for them. Thus do We requite every disbeliever !)

وَهُمْ يَصْطَرِخُونَ فِيهَا رَبَّنَآ أَخْرِجْنَا نَعْمَلْ صَـلِحاً غَيْرَ الَّذِى كُـنَّا نَعْمَلُ أَوَلَمْ نُعَمِّرْكُمْ مَّا يَتَذَكَّرُ فِيهِ مَن تَذَكَّرَ وَجَآءَكُمُ النَّذِيرُ فَذُوقُواْ فَمَا لِلظَّـلِمِينَ مِن نَّصِيرٍ

 (37. Therein they will cry: “Our Lord! Bring us out, we shall do righteous good deeds, not that we used to do.” (Allah will reply:) “Did We not give you lives long enough, so that whosoever would receive admonition could receive it And the warner came to you. So taste you. For the wrongdoers there is no helper.”)

Surah 35 Fatir verse 36-37

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Having told us how the blessed will be (in Paradise), Allah now starts to tell us what the state of doomed will be. He says:

(But those who disbelieve, for them will be the fire of Hell. Neither will it have a complete killing effect on them so that they die) This is like the Ayah:

(Wherein he will neither die nor live) (20:74). It was reported in Sahih Muslim that the Messenger of Allah said:

(As for the people of Hell who will dwell therein, they will neither live nor die there. ) And Allah says:

(And they will cry (to the keeper of Hell): “O Malik! Let your Lord make an end of us.” He will say: “Verily, you shall abide forever.”) (43:77). When they are in this state, they will think that if only they could die, it would be a time of rest for them, but that can never happen to them. Allah says:

(Neither will it have a complete killing effect on them so that they die nor shall its torment be lightened for them. ) This is like the Ayat:

(Verily, the criminals will be in the torment of Hell to abide therein forever. (That) will not be lightened for them, and they will be plunged into destruction with deep regrets, sorrows and in despair therein.) (43:74-75).

(whenever it abates, We shall increase for them the fierceness of the Fire) (17:97), and

(So taste you. No increase shall We give you, except in torment.) (78:30). Then Allah says:

(Thus do We requite every disbeliever!) meaning, this is the recompense of everyone who disbelieved in his Lord and denied the truth.

(Therein they will cry) means, they will call out in the Fire, beseeching Allah with their voices:

(“Our Lord! Bring us out, we shall do righteous good deeds, not that we used to do.”) which means, they will ask to go back to the worldly life so that they can do something different to the first deeds they did. But Allah, may He be glorified, knows that if He sent them back to this world, they would go back to what they had been forbidden to do, and He knows that they are lying, so He will not respond to their plea. This is like the Ayah where Allah tells us that they will say:

(Then is there any way to get out (of the Fire). (It will be said): “This is because, when Allah Alone was invoked you disbelieved (denied), but when partners were joined to Him, you believed!) (40:11,12) i.e., `there will be no response for you because you were like that; if you were to return to this world, you would just go back to that which you had been forbidden to do.’ Allah says here:

(Did We not give you lives long enough, so that whosoever would receive admonition could receive it And the warner came to you.) meaning, `did you not live for long enough in the world that if you were to be among those who would benefit from the truth, you would have benefited from it during your lifetimes’ Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Prophet said:

(Allah has left no excuse for the person who lives to be sixty or seventy years old; Allah has left no excuse for him; Allah has left no excuse for him.) Imam Al-Bukhari also recorded, in the Book of Riqaq in his Sahih, that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah said:

Allah has left no excuse for the person who lives to be sixty or seventy years old; Allah has left no excuse for him; Allah has left no excuse for him.) Imam Al-Bukhari also recorded, in the Book of Riqaq in his Sahih, that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah said:

Whoever is granted a long life until the age of sixty, Allah has left no excuse for him.)” This was also recorded by Imam Ahmad and An-Nasa’i in Ar-Riqaq. Because this is the age at which Allah removes any excuse from His servants, this is the usual age of people in this Ummah, as was reported in the Hadith of Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, who said, “The Messenger of Allah said:

(The usual life span in my Ummah is between sixty and seventy years, and only a few pass this age.)” This was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah in the Book of Zuhd ﴿of his Sunan).

(And the warner came to you. ) It was reported that Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, `Ikrimah, Abu Ja`far Al-Baqir, may Allah be pleased with him, Qatadah and Sufyan bin `Uyaynah said, “This means grey hair.” As-Suddi and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said, “This means the Messenger of Allah ” and Ibn Zayd recited,

(This is a warner of the (series of) warners of old.) (53:56). This is the correct view according to Shayban who narrated that Qatadah said, “Proof will be established against them by the fact that they lived long enough and that Messengers came to them.” This is also the view favored by Ibn Jarir, and it is the apparent meaning of the Ayah:

(And they will cry (to the keeper of Hell): “O Malik! Let your Lord make an end of us.” He will say: “Verily, you shall abide forever.” Indeed We have brought the truth to you, but most of you have a hatred for the truth.)(43:77-78) meaning: `We showed you the truth clearly through the Messengers, but you rejected it and opposed it.’ And Allah says:

(And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger) (17:15).

(Every time a group is cast therein, its keepers will ask: “Did no warner come to you” They will say: “Yes, indeed a warner did come to us, but we denied him and said: `Allah never sent down anything; you are only in great error’.”) (67:8-9).

(So taste you. For the wrongdoers there is no helper.) means, `taste the punishment of the Fire, as a recompense for your going against the Prophets in all your deeds, for today you will have no helper to save you from your fate of punishment and chains.’

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Recompense on the Day of Resurrection

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

 Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Recompense on the Day of Resurrection.

إِذَا السَّمَآء انشَقَّتْ

(1. When the heaven is split asunder,)

وَأَذِنَتْ لِرَبّهَا وَحُقَّتْ

 (2. And listens to and obeys its Lord — and it must do so.)

 وَإِذَا الاْرْضُ مُدَّتْ

 (3. And when the earth is stretched forth,)

 وَأَلْقَتْ مَا فِيهَا وَتَخَلَّتْ

(4. And has cast out all that was in it and became empty.)

 وَأَذِنَتْ لِرَبّهَا وَحُقَّتْ

(5. And listens to and obeys its Lord — and it must do so.)

 يأَيُّهَا الإِنسَـنُ إِنَّكَ كَادِحٌ إِلَى رَبّكَ كَدْحاً فَمُلَـقِيهِ

 (6. O man! Verily, you are returning towards your Lord with your deeds and actions, a sure returning, and you will meet.)

 فَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِىَ كِتَـبَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ

 (7. Then as for him who will be given his Record in his right hand,)

فَسَوْفَ يُحَاسَبُ حِسَاباً يَسِيراً

(8. He surely will receive an easy reckoning,)

وَيَنقَلِبُ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ مَسْرُوراً

 (9. And will return to his family Masrur (in joy)!)

وَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِىَ كِتَـبَهُ وَرَآء ظَهْرِهِ

(10. But whosoever is given his Record behind his back,)

 فَسَوْفَ يَدْعُو ثُبُوراً

 (11. He will invoke destruction,)

وَيَصْلَى سَعِيراً

 (12. And he shall enter a blazing Fire, and made to taste its burning.)

 إِنَّهُ كَانَ فِى أَهْلِهِ مَسْرُوراً

 (13. Verily, he was among his people in joy!)

 إِنَّهُ ظَنَّ أَن لَّن يَحُورَ

(14. Verily, he thought that he would never return!)

بَلَى إِنَّ رَبَّهُ كَانَ بِهِ بَصِيراً

(15. Yes! Verily, his Lord has been ever beholding him!)

Surah 84 Al Inshiqaq Verse 1-15

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah says,

(When the heaven is split asunder,) This refers to the Day of Judgement.

(And listens to and obeys its Lord) meaning, it listens to its Lord and obeys His command to split apart. This will occur on the Day of Judgement.

(and it must do so.) meaning, it is right for it to obey the command of its Lord, because it is great and cannot be rejected, nor overcome. Rather it overpowers everything and everything is submissive to it. Then Allah says,

(And when the earth is stretched forth,) meaning, when the earth is expanded, spread out and extended. Then He says,

(And has cast out all that was in it and became empty.) meaning, it throws out the dead inside of it, and it empties itself of them. This was said by Mujahid, Sa`id, and Qatadah.

(And listens to and obeys its Lord, and it must do so.) The explanation of this is the same as what has preceded.

Allah says,

(O man! Verily, you are returning towards your Lord with your deeds and actions, a sure returning,) meaning, `verily you are hastening to your Lord and working deeds.’

(and you will meet.) `Then you will meet that which you did of good or evil.’ A proof for this is what Abu Dawud At-Tayalisi recorded from Jabir, that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Jibril said, “O Muhammad! Live how you wish, for verily you will die; love what you wish, for verily you will part with it; and do what you wish, for verily you will meet it (your deed).) There are some people who refer the pronoun back to the statement “your Lord.” Thus, they hold the Ayah to mean, “and you will meet your Lord.” This means that He will reward you for your work, and pay you for your efforts. Therefore, both of these two views are connected. Al-`Awfi recorded from Ibn `Abbas that he said explaining,

(O man! Verily, you are returning towards your Lord with your deeds and actions, a sure returning,) “Whatever deed you do, you will meet Allah with it, whether it is good or bad.”

Then Allah says,

(Then as for him who will be given his Record in his right hand, he surely, will receive an easy reckoning,) (84:7-8) meaning, easy without any difficulty. This means that he will not be investigated for all the minute details of his deeds. For verily, whoever is reckoned like that, he will certainly be destroyed. Imam Ahmad recorded from `A’ishah that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Whoever is interrogated during the reckoning, then he will be punished.) `A’ishah then said, “But didn’t Allah say,

(He surely will receive an easy reckoning,)” The Prophet replied,

(That is not during to the Reckoning, rather it is referring to the presentation. Whoever is interrogated during the Reckoning on the Day of Judgement, then he will be punished.) This Hadith has also been recorded by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Jarir. In reference to Allah’s statement,

(And will return to his family Masrur!) This means that he will return to his family in Paradise. This was said by Qatadah and Ad-Dahhak. They also said, “Masrur means happy and delighted by what Allah has given him.” Allah said;

(But whosoever is given his Record behind his back,) meaning, he will be given his Book in his left hand, behind his back, while his hand is bent behind him.

(He will invoke destruction,) meaning, loss and destruction.

(And he shall enter a blazing Fire, and made to taste its burning. Verily, he was among his people in joy!) meaning, happy. He did not think about the consequences, nor feared what (future) was in front of him. His light happiness will be followed by long grief.

(Verily, he thought that he would never return!) meaning, he used to believe that he would not return to Allah, nor would Allah bring him back (to life) after his death. This was said by Ibn `Abbas, Qatadah and others. Allah then says,

(Yes! Verily, his Lord has been ever beholding him!) meaning, certainly Allah will repeat his creation just as he began his creation, and He will reward him based upon his deeds, whether they were good or bad. He was ever watchful of him, meaning All-Knowing and All-Aware.

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The Claim of the Disbelievers About the Day of Judgement

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

 Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Claim of the Disbelievers About the Day of Judgement.

زَعَمَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ أَن لَّن يُبْعَثُواْ قُلْ بَلَى وَرَبِّى لَتُبْعَثُنَّ ثُمَّ لَتُنَبَّؤُنَّ بِمَا عَمِلْتُمْ وَذَلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ

(7. The disbelievers pretend that they will never be resurrected. Say: “Yes! By my Lord, you will certainly be resurrected, then you will be informed of what you did; and that is easy for Allah.”)

 فَـَامِنُواْ بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَالنّورِ الَّذِى أَنزَلْنَا وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ

 (8. Therefore, believe in Allah and His Messenger and in the Light which We have sent down. And Allah is All-Aware of what you do.)

يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُكُمْ لِيَوْمِ الْجَمْعِ ذَلِكَ يَوْمُ التَّغَابُنِ وَمَن يُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ وَيَعْمَلْ صَـلِحاً يُكَفِّرْ عَنْهُ سَيِّئَـتِهِ وَيُدْخِلْهُ جَنَّـتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الاٌّنْهَـرُ خَـلِدِينَ فِيهَآ أَبَداً ذَلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

 (9. The Day when He will gather you on the Day of Gathering, that will be the Day of At-Taghabun. And whosoever believes in Allah and performs righteous deeds, He will expiate from him his sins, and will admit him to Gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein forever; that will be the great success.)

 وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَكَذَّبُواْ بِـَايَـتِنَآ أُوْلَـئِكَ أَصْحَـبُ النَّارِ خَـلِدِينَ فِيهَا وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ

(10. But those who disbelieved and denied Our Ayat, they will be the dwellers of the Fire, to dwell therein forever. And worst indeed is that destination.)

Surah 64 At-Taghabun, Verse 7-10

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah the Exalted informs about the disbelievers, idolators and the atheists that they claim that they will not be resurrected,

(Say: “Yes! By my Lord, you will certainly be resurrected, then you will be informed of what you did…”) meaning, `you will be informed of all of your actions, whether major or minor, big or small,’

(and that is easy for Allah.) `resurrecting and recompensing you is easy for Allah.’ This is the third Ayah in which Allah orders His Messenger to swear by His Lord, the Exalted and Most Honored, that Resurrection occurs. The first is in Surah Yunus,

(And they ask you to inform them: “Is it true” Say: “Yes! By my Lord! It is the very truth! and you can not escape it!”) (10:53), The second is in Surah Saba’,

(Those who disbelieve say: “The hour will not come to us.” Say: “Yes, by my Lord, it will come to you…”) (34:3), and the third is this Ayah,

(The disbelievers pretend that they will never be resurrected. Say: “Yes! By my Lord, you will certainly be resurrected, then you will be informed of what you did; and that is easy for Allah.”) Allah the Exalted said,

(Therefore, believe in Allah and in His Messenger and in the Light which We have sent down.) that is, the Qur’an,

(And Allah is All-Aware of what you do.) none of your deeds ever escapes His knowledge.

Allah said,

(The Day when He will gather you on the Day of Gathering,) meaning the Day of Resurrection. This is the Day when the earlier and later generations will all be gathered in one area, a caller would be heard by them all, and one’s vision would easily see them all. Allah said,

(That is the Day whereon mankind will be gathered together, that is a Day when all will be present.) (11:103), and,

(Say: “(Yes) verily, those of old, and those of later times. All will surely be gathered together for appointed meeting of a known Day.”) (56:49-50) Allah’s statement,

(that will be the Day of At-Taghabun) Ibn `Abbas said, “It is one of the names of the Day of Judgement, and that is because the people of Paradise will have gained over the people of the Fire.” Qatadah and Mujahid said similarly. Muqatil bin Hayyan said, “There is no mutual loss and gain greater than these entering Paradise and those being taken to the Fire.” Allah explained His statement saying;

(And whosoever believes in Allah and performs righteous deeds, He will expiate from him his sins, and will admit him to Gardens beneath which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever; that will be the great success. But those who disbelieved and denied Our Ayat, they will be the dwellers of the Fire, to dwell therein forever. And worst indeed is that destination.) We explained these meanings several times before.

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Swearing by Five Characteristics that the Day of Judgement will occur

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

 Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Swearing by Five Characteristics that the Day of Judgement will occur.

وَالنَّـزِعَـتِ غَرْقاً

(1. By those who pull out, drowning.)

وَالنَّـشِطَـتِ نَشْطاً

 (2. By those who free briskly.)

وَالسَّـبِحَـتِ سَبْحاً

(3. And by the swimmers, swimming.)

فَالسَّـبِقَـتِ سَبْقاً

 (4. And by the racers, racing.)

 فَالْمُدَبِّرَتِ أَمْراً

 (5. And by those who arrange affairs.)

 يَوْمَ تَرْجُفُ الرَّاجِفَةُ

 (6. On the Day the Rajifah shakes,)

 تَتْبَعُهَا الرَّادِفَةُ

 (7. Followed by the Radifah.)

قُلُوبٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَاجِفَةٌ

 (8. Hearts that Day will tremble.)

أَبْصَـرُهَا خَـشِعَةٌ

(9. Their vision humiliated.)

 يَقُولُونَ أَءِنَّا لَمَرْدُودُونَ فِى الْحَـفِرَةِ

(10. They say: “Shall we indeed be brought back from Al-Hafirah”)

أَءِذَا كُنَّا عِظَـماً نَّخِرَةً

(11. “Even after we are bones Nakhirah”)

قَالُواْ تِلْكَ إِذاً كَرَّةٌ خَـسِرَةٌ

(12. They say: “It would in that case, be a return with loss!”)

فَإِنَّمَا هِىَ زَجْرَةٌ وَحِدَةٌ

 (13. But it will be only a single Zajrah.)

 فَإِذَا هُم بِالسَّاهِرَةِ

 (14. When behold, they are at As-Sahirah.)

Surah 17 An Naziat Verse 1-14

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Ibn Mas`ud, Ibn `Abbas, Masruq, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu Salih, Abu Ad-Duha and As-Suddi all said,

(By those who pull out, drowning.) “These are the angels who remove the souls from the Children of Adam.” Among them are those whose souls are removed by the angels with difficulty, as if he is being drowned during its removal. There are those people whose souls the angels remove with ease, as if they were unraveling him (i.e., his soul from him) due to their briskness. This is the meaning of Allah’s statement,

(By those who free briskly.) This has been mentioned by Ibn `Abbas. In reference to Allah’s statement,

(And by the swimmers, swimming.) Ibn Mas`ud said, “They are the angels.” Similar statements have been reported from `Ali, Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, and Abu Salih. Concerning Allah’s statement,

(And by the racers, racing.) It has been narrated from `Ali, Masruq, Mujahid, Abu Salih, and Al-Hasan Al-Basri that this means the angels. Then Allah says,

(And by those who arrange affairs.) `Ali, Mujahid, `Ata’, Abu Salih, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, and As-Suddi all said, “They are the angels.” Al-Hasan added, “They control the affairs from the heaven to the earth, meaning by the command of their Lord, the Mighty and Majestic.”

Then Allah says,

(On the Day the Rajifah shakes, followed by the Radifah.) Ibn `Abbas said, “These are the two blasts (of the Trumpet) — the first and the second.” Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak and others have made similar statements. It has been reported from Mujahid that he said, “In reference to the first, it is the statement of Allah,

(On the Day the Rajifah shakes,) This is similar to Allah’s statement,

(On the Day the earth and the mountains shake.) (73:14) The second is Ar-Radifah, and it is like the Allah’s statement,

(And the earth and mountains shall be removed from their places, and crushed with a single crushing.) (69:14)” Concerning Allah’s statement,

(Hearts that Day will tremble.) Ibn `Abbas said, “This means afraid.” Mujahid and Qatadah also said this.

(Their vision humiliated.) meaning, the eyes of the people. It means that the eyes will be lowly and disgraced from what they will witness of terrors. Allah then says,

(They say: “Shall we indeed be brought back from Al-Hafirah”) meaning, the idolators of the Quraysh and whoever rejects the Hereafter as they did. They consider the occurrence of the resurrection after being placed in Al-Hafirah — which are the graves — as something farfetched. This has been said by Mujahid. They feel that this is something impossible after the destruction of their physical bodies and the disintegration of their bones and their decaying. Thus, Allah says,

(Even after we are bones Nakhirah) It has also been recited: (نَاخِرَةً) (Nakhirah) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and Qatadah, all said, “This means decayed.” Ibn `Abbas said, “It is the bone when it has decayed and air enters into it.” Concerning their saying,

(It would in that case be a return with loss.) (79:12) Muhammad bin Ka`b said that the Quraysh said, “If Allah brings us back to life after we die, then surely we will be losers.” Allah then says,

(But it will be only a single Zajrah. When behold, they are at As-Sahirah.) meaning, this is a matter that is from Allah that will not occur twice, nor will there be any opportunity to affirm it or verify it. The people will be standing and looking. This will be when Allah commands the angel Israfil to blow into the Sur, which will be the blowing of the resurrection. At that time the first people and the last people will all be standing before their Lord looking. This is as Allah says,

(On the Day when He will call you, and you will answer with His praise and obedience, and you will think that you have stayed but a little while!) (17:52) Allah has also said,

(And our commandment is but one as the twinkling of an eye.) (54:50) Allah also says,

(And the matter of the Hour is not but as a twinkling of the eye, or even nearer.) (16:77) Allah then says,

(When behold, they are at As-Sahirah.) Ibn `Abbas said, “As-Sahirah means the entire earth.” Sa`id bin Jubayr, Qatadah and Abu Salih have all said this as well. `Ikrimah, Al-Hasan, Ad-Dahhak, and Ibn Zayd have all said, “As-Sahirah means the face of the earth.” Mujahid said, “They will be at its (the earth’s) lowest part, and they will be brought out to highest part.” Then he said, “As-Sahirah is a level place.” Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said,

(When behold, they are at As-Sahirah.) “Allah says,

(On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens, and they will appear before Allah, the One, the Irresistible.) (14:48) and He says,

(And they ask you concerning the mountains: say, “My Lord will blast them and scatter them as particles of dust. Then He shall leave them as a level smooth plain.You will see therein nothing crooked or curved.) (20:105-107) and Allah says,

(And the Day We shall cause the mountains to pass away, and you will see the earth as a leveled plain.) (18:47) and the earth will be brought forth which will have mountains upon it, and it will not be considered from this earth (of this life). It will be an earth that no sin will be performed on it, nor will any blood be shed upon it.”

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The Day of Judgement is a Certainty

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

 Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Day of Judgement is a Certainty.

لَخَلْقُ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ أَكْـبَرُ مِنْ خَلْقِ النَّاسِ وَلَـكِنَّ أَكْـثَرَ النَّاسِ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

(57. The creation of the heavens and the earth is indeed greater than the creation of mankind; yet, most of the people do not know.)

وَمَا يَسْتَوِى الاٌّعْـمَى وَالْبَصِيرُ وَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَـتِ وَلاَ الْمُسِىءُ قَلِيـلاً مَّا تَتَذَكَّرُونَ

(58. And not equal are the blind and those who see; nor those who believe, and do righteous good deeds, and those who do evil. Little do you remember!)

إِنَّ السَّاعَةَ لاّتِيَـةٌ لاَّ رَيْبَ فِيهَا وَلَـكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ

(59. Verily, the Hour is surely coming, there is no doubt about it, yet most men believe not.)

Surah 40 Al Ghafir Verse 57-59

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah tells us that He will bring back His creation on the Day of Resurrection. That is very easy for Him, because He created the heavens and the earth, and creating them is greater than creating mankind, the first time and when He creates them again. The One Who is able to do that is able to do anything that is less than that. As Allah says:

(Do they not see that Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, and was not wearied by their creation, is able to give life to the dead Yes, He surely is able to do all things.) (46:33) And Allah says here:

(The creation of the heavens and the earth is indeed greater than the creation of mankind; yet, most of mankind know not.) hence they do not think about or ponder this proof. Similarly, many of the Arabs recognized that Allah had created the heavens and the earth, but they denied and rejected the idea of the resurrection; they acknowledged something which was greater than that which they denied. Then Allah says:

(And not equal are the blind and those who see; nor are those who believe, and do righteous good deeds, and those who do evil. Little do you remember!) The blind man who cannot see anything is not the same as the sighted man who can see everything as far as his eyesight reaches — there is a huge difference between them. By the same token, the righteous believers and the immoral disbelievers are not equal.

(Little do you remember!) means, most of the people remember little.

(Verily, the Hour (Day of Judgement) is surely coming,) means, it will indeed come to pass.

(there is no doubt about it, yet most men believe not.) means, they do not believe in it, and in fact they doubt its existence altogether.

وَقَالَ رَبُّكُـمْ ادْعُونِى أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِى سَيَدْخُلُونَ جَهَنَّمَ دَخِرِينَ

(60. And your Lord said: “Call upon Me, I will answer you. Verily, those who scorn My worship they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!”)

Surah 40 Al Ghafir Verse 60

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah encourages His servants to call upon Him, and He guarantees to respond. Sufyan Ath-Thawri used to say: “O You Who love most those who ask of You, and O You Who hate most those who do not ask of You, and there is no one like that apart from You, O Lord.” This was recorded by Ibn Abi Hatim. Similarly; the poet said: “Allah hates not to be asked, and the son of Adam hates to be asked.” Qatadah said that Ka`b Al-Ahbar said, “This Ummah has been given three things which were not given to any nation before, only to Prophets. When Allah sent a Prophet, He said to him, `You are a witness over your nation.’ But you have been made witnesses over mankind; it was said to the Prophets individually, `Allah has not laid upon you any hardship in religion,’ but He said to this entire Ummah:

(and [Allah] has not laid upon you in religion any hardship) (22:78) and it was said to the Prophets individually; `Call upon Me, I will answer you,’ but it was said to this Ummah,

(Call upon Me, I will answer you).” This was recorded by Ibn Abi Hatim. Imam Ahmad recorded that Al-Nu`man bin Bashir, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah said:

(Indeed the supplication is the worship. )” Then he recited,

(And your Lord said: “Call upon Me, I will answer you. Verily, those who scorn My worship they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!”). This was also recorded by the Sunan compilers; At-Tirmdhi, An-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, and Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Jarir. At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.” It was also recorded by Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i, and Ibn Jarir with a different chain of narration. Allah’s saying:

(Verily, those who scorn My worship) means, `those who are too proud to call on Me and single Me out,’

(they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!) means, in disgrace and insignificance. Imam Ahmad recorded from `Amr bin Shu`ayb from his father, from his grandfather that the Prophet said:

(The proud will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection like ants in the image of people, and everything will be stepping on them, humiliating them, until they enter a prison in Hell called Bulas. They will be fed flames of fire, and given for drink a paste of insanity dripping from the people the Fire.)”

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The Blast of the Trumpet and the Day of Gathering

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

 Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Blast of the Trumpet and the Day of Gathering.

كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ وَأَصْحَـبُ الرَّسِّ وَثَمُودُ

(12. Denied before them the people of Nuh, and the Dwellers of Rass, and Thamud,)

وَعَادٌ وَفِرْعَوْنُ وَإِخْوَنُ لُوطٍ

(13. And `Ad, and Fir`awn, and the brethren of Lut,)

 وَأَصْحَـبُ الاٌّيْكَةِ وَقَوْمُ تُّبَّعٍ كُلٌّ كَذَّبَ الرُّسُلَ فَحَقَّ وَعِيدِ

(14. And the Dwellers of Al-Aykah, and the people of Tubba`. Everyone of them denied (their) Messengers, so My threat took effect.)

أَفَعَيِينَا بِالْخَلْقِ الاٌّوَّلِ بَلْ هُمْ فِى لَبْسٍ مِّنْ خَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ

 (15. Were We then tired with the first creation Nay, they are in confused doubt about a new creation.)

Surah 50 Qaf Verse 12-15

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah the Exalted warns the disbelievers of Quraysh and reminds them of the punishment and painful torment that He sent in this life on their likes, who disbelieved before them. For instance, Allah the Exalted punished the people of Nuh by drowning them in the encompassing flood that touched all the people of earth. There is also the end that struck the people of Ar-Rass, and we mentioned their story before in Surat Al-Furqan,

(…and Thamud, and `Ad, and Fir`awn, and the brethren of Lut,) the people of Sadum (Sodom) and the surrounding areas, to whom Lut was sent. Allah the Exalted shook the earth beneath them and turned their area into a reeking lake, as stinking as the disbelief, tyranny and defiance of the Truth that they had,

(And the Dwellers of Al-Aykah), they are the nation of Shu`ayb, peace be upon him,

(and the people of Tubba`), King of Yemen; we explained his story in the Tafsir of Surat Ad-Dukhan, and therefore, we do not need to repeat it here. All praise is due to Allah.

(Everyone of them denied (their) Messengers,) means, all of these nations and their generations belied their respective Messenger, and whoever denies even one Messenger, is as if he has denied all Messengers. Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said,

(The people of Nuh denied the Messengers.)(26:105) even though only one Messenger was sent to them, and indeed, if all the Messengers were sent to them, they would have disbelieved in them as well. Allah said,

(so My threat took effect.) meaning, the promise of torment and punishment that Allah delivered to them on account of their denial took effect. Therefore, all those who fear suffering the same end should be warned, especially since the latter have denied their Messenger, just as the former denied their Messenger.

Allah the Exalted said,

(Were We then tired with the first creation) meaning, `did starting the creation bring fatigue to Us, so as to cause doubt in them that repeating the creation was not possible’

(Nay, they are in confused doubt about a new creation.) meaning, `starting the creation did not tire Us, and repeating it is even easier.’ Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said,

(And He it is Who originates the creation, then He will repeat it; and this is easier for Him.)(30:27), and,

(And he puts forth for Us a parable, and forgets his own creation. He says: “Who will give life to these bones after they are rotten and have become dust” Say: “He will give life to them Who created them for the first time! And He is the All-Knower of every creation!”)(36:78-79) aWe mentioned earlier a Hadith collected in the Sahih,

(Allah the Exalted said, “Son of `Adam insults Me when he says, `He will not resurrect me as He created me before!’ But surely, originating creation is not easier for Me than reproducing it again.”)

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الإِنسَـنَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ

(16. And indeed We have created man, and We know what his self whispers to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein.)

إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ

(17. (Remember) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being), one sitting on the right and one on the left.)

 مَّا يَلْفِظُ مِن قَوْلٍ إِلاَّ لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ

(18. Not a word does he (or she) utter but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it).)

 وَجَاءَتْ سَكْرَةُ الْمَوْتِ بِالْحَقِّ ذَلِكَ مَا كُنتَ مِنْهُ تَحِيدُ

 (19. And the stupor of death will come in truth: “This is what you have been avoiding!”)

وَنُفِخَ فِى الصُّورِ ذَلِكَ يَوْمَ الْوَعِيدِ

 (20. And the Trumpet will be blown — that will be the Day of the threat.)

وَجَآءَتْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَّعَهَا سَآئِقٌ وَشَهِيدٌ

(21. And every person will come forth along with a Sa’iq and a Shahid.)

لَّقَدْ كُنتَ فِى غَفْلَةٍ مِّنْ هَـذَا فَكَشَفْنَا عَنكَ غِطَآءَكَ فَبَصَرُكَ الْيَوْمَ حَ

(22. (It will be said to the sinners): “Indeed you were heedless of this. Now We have removed from you, your covering, and sharp is your sight this Day!”)

Surah 50 Qaf Verse 16-22

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah the Exalted affirms His absolute dominance over mankind, being their Creator and the Knower of everything about them. Allah the Exalted has complete knowledge of all thoughts that cross the mind of man, be they good or evil. In the Sahih, the Messenger of Allah said,

(Verily, Allah the Exalted has forgiven my Ummah (Muslims) for what they talk (think) to themselves about, as long as they do not utter or implement it.) The statement of Allah the Exalted,

(And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein.) means, His angels are nearer to man than his jugular vein. Those who explained `We’ in the Ayah to mean `Our knowledge,’ have done so to avoid falling into the idea of incarnation or indwelling; but these two creeds are false according to the consensus of Muslims. Allah is praised and glorified, He is far hallowed beyond what they ascribe to Him. The words of this Ayah do not need this explanation (that `We’ refers to `Allah’s knowledge’), for Allah did not say, `and I am closer to him than his jugular vein.’ Rather, He said,

(And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein. ) just as He said in the case of dying persons,

(But We are nearer to him than you, but you see not.) (56:85), in reference to His angels (who take the souls). Allah the Exalted the Blessed said,

(Verily, We, it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr and surely, We will guard it.) (15:9) Therefore, the angels brought down the revelation, the Qur’an, by the leave of Allah, the Exalted, the Most Honored. Thus, the angels are closer to man than his own jugular vein, by the power and leave of Allah. Consequently, the angel touches mankind, just as the devil touches them, for the devil is as close to them as the blood that runs in their veins; just as Allah’s Prophet , who is truthful and was told the truth, told us. Allah’s statement here,

(Remember) that the two receivers receive,) in reference to the two angels who receive and record the deeds of mankind.

(one sitting on the right and one on the left.) means ready to note,

(whatever he utters), in reference to the human,

(of a word), means any word that he or she speaks,

(but there is a watcher by him ready.) means, but there is a scribe whose job is to record it, leaving no word or movement unrecorded. Allah the Exalted said,

(But verily, over you (are appointed angels) to watch you, Kiraman (honorable) Katibin writing down (your deeds), they know all that you do.) (82:10-12) Therefore, the scribe records every word that is spoken, according to the explanation of Al-Hasan and Qatadah. This is also the apparent meaning of this Ayah. Imam Ahmad recorded that Bilal bin Al-Harith Al-Muzani said, “The Messenger of Allah said,

(Verily, a man might utter a word that pleases Allah the Exalted, unaware of how highly it will be regarded, and on its account Allah the Exalted and Most Honored decrees His pleasure of him until the Day he meets Him. A man might indeed utter a word that angers Allah the Exalted, unaware of how dreadful it will be and on its account Allah the Exalted decrees for him His anger until the Day he meets Him.)” `Alqamah used to say, “How many words did I not utter because of the Hadith that Bilal bin Al-Harith narrated.” At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah collected this Hadith. At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.” There is a Hadith similar to this in the Sahih

Allah the Exalted and Most High said,

(And the stupor of death will come in truth: “This is what you have been avoiding!”) Allah the Exalted and Most Honored says, `O mankind! This is the stupor of death that has come in truth; now, I have brought forth to you the certainty that you were disputing,’

(This is what you have been avoiding!), means, `this is the end that you were trying to escape; it has come to you! Therefore, you will have neither a shelter nor a refuge nor a sanctuary nor an asylum from it.’ In the Sahih, the Prophet said, while wiping sweat from his face when the stupor of death overcame him,

(Glory be to Allah! Verily, death has its stupor.) The Ayah,

(This is what you have been avoiding!) has two possible meanings. One of them is this: `what you have been trying to avert, escape and flee from has come to you and resided in your home!’ The second meaning is, `you had no way of escaping or averting this end. ‘ At-Tabarani collected a Hadith in Al-Mu`jam Al-Kabir from Samurah who said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(The parable of whoever tries to avoid death is that of a fox that had a debt to pay to the earth. The fox went away and when he became tired and the time to sleep overtook him, he entered his den. The earth said to him, `O fox! Pay my debt!’ The fox went out howling and continued until his neck was cutoff, (i.e.,) he died.) This parable indicates that just as the fox had no way of escaping or avoiding the earth, likewise, man has no way of avoiding death. Allah the Exalted the Blessed said,

(And the Trumpet will be blown — that will be the Day of the threat.) Earlier we discussed the information about the blowing of the Trumpet, the fear that follows it, the death of everything and then resurrection, all this will occur on the Day of Resurrection. We also mentioned that the Messenger of Allah said in a Hadith,

(How can I feel comfort while the angel responsible for the Trumpet has placed the Trumpet to his mouth and lowered his forehead awaiting when he will be commanded (by Allah to blow in it)) They said, “O Allah’s Messenger, what should we say” He said,

(Say, “Allah is sufficient for us, and He is the best disposer of affairs.)” The Companions repeated this invocation, saying, “Allah is sufficient for us, and He is the best disposer of affairs (for us).” Allah said, 

(And every person will come forth along with a Sa’iq and a Shahid.) meaning, an angel to drive him to the gathering place and an angel to bear witness against him with regards to his deeds. This is the apparent meaning of this honorable Ayah and it is the meaning that Ibn Jarir preferred. It was narrated from Yahya bin Rafi`, the freed servant of Thaqif, that he heard `Uthman bin `Affan, may Allah be pleased with him, giving a speech in which he recited this Ayah,

(And every person will come forth along with a Sa’iq and a Shahid.) and then said, “A Sa’iq to drive every person to Allah the Exalted, and a Shahid to witness against him what he has done.” The statement of Allah the Exalted,

(Indeed you were heedless of this. Now We have removed from you, your covering, and sharp is your sight this Day!) is directed at humanity. Allah said,

(Indeed you were heedless of this.), of this Day,

(Now We have removed from you, your covering, and sharp is your sight this Day!) `your sight is now clear and strong.’ Everyone, including the disbelievers, will have clear sight on the Day of Resurrec- tion. However, having sight will not be helpful to the dis- believers on that Day, for Allah the Exalted said,

(How clearly will they (disbelievers) see and hear, the Day when they will appear before Us!) (19:38), and,

(And if you only could see when the criminals hang their heads before their Lord (saying): “Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back (to the world), that we will do righteous good deeds. Verily, we now believe with certainty.)(32:12)

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The Day of Reckoning: Let everyone lookout for himself/herself

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

 Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Day of Reckoning: Let everyone lookout for himself/herself.

إِذَا الشَّمْسُ كُوِّرَتْ

(1.When the sun is Kuwwirat.)

وَإِذَا النُّجُومُ انكَدَرَتْ

(2. And when the stars Inkadarat.)

 وَإِذَا الْجِبَالُ سُيِّرَتْ

 (3. And when the mountains are made to pass away;)

وَإِذَا الْعِشَارُ عُطِّلَتْ

 (4. And when the pregnant she-camels are neglected;)

 وَإِذَا الْوُحُوشُ حُشِرَتْ

(5. And when the wild beasts are gathered together.)

وَإِذَا الْبِحَارُ سُجِّرَتْ

 (6. And when the seas become as blazing fire.)

وَإِذَا النُّفُوسُ زُوِّجَتْ

(7. And when the souls are joined with their mates.)

وَإِذَا الْمَوْءُودَةُ سُئِلَتْ

(8. And when the female infant (Al-Maw’udah) buried alive is questioned (Su’ilat):)

 بِأَىِّ ذَنبٍ قُتِلَتْ

 (9. For what sin was she killed)

 وَإِذَا الصُّحُفُ نُشِرَتْ

(10. And when the pages are laid open.)

وَإِذَا السَّمَآءُ كُشِطَتْ

 (11. And when the heaven is Kushitat;)

وَإِذَا الْجَحِيمُ سُعِّرَتْ

 (12. And when Hell is Su`irat.)

وَإِذَا الْجَنَّةُ أُزْلِفَتْ

(13. And when Paradise is brought near.)

عَلِمَتْ نَفْسٌ مَّآ أَحْضَرَتْ

(14. Every person will know what he has brought.)

Surah 81 Al Takwir Verse 1-14

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas:

(When the sun is Kuwwirat.) “This means it will be darkened.” Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas; “It will go away.” Qatadah said, “Its light will go away.” Sa`id bin Jubayr said, “Kuwwirat means it will sink in.” Abu Salih said, “Kuwwirat means it will be thrown down.” At-Takwir means to gather one part of something with another part of it (i.e., folding). From it comes the folding of the turban (`Imamah) and the folding of clothes together. Thus, the meaning of Allah’s statement,

(Kuwwirat) is that part of it will be folded up into another part of it. Then it will be rolled up and thrown away. When this is done to it, its light will go away. Al-Bukhari recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said,

(The sun and the moon will be rolled up on the Day of Judgement.) Al-Bukhari was alone in recording this Hadith and this is his wording of it.

(And when the stars Inkadarat.) meaning, when they are scattered. This is as Allah says,

(And when the stars have fallen and scattered.) (82:2) The basis of the word Inkidar is Insibab, which means to be poured out. Ar-Rabi` bin Anas reported from Abu Al-`Aliyah, who reported from Ubayy bin Ka`b that he said, “Six signs will take place before the Day of Judgement. The people will be in their marketplaces when the sun’s light will go away. When they are in that situation, the stars will be scattered. When they are in that situation, the mountains will fall down upon the face of the earth, and the earth will move, quake and be in a state of mixed up confusion. So the Jinns will then flee in fright to the humans and the humans will flee to the Jinns. The domestic beasts, birds and wild animals will mix together, and they will surge together in a wave (of chaos).

(And when the wild beasts are gathered together.) This means they will be mixed.

(And when the pregnant she camels are neglected;) This means their owners will neglect them.

(And when the seas become as blazing fire)” Then he (Ubayy) went on to say, “The Jinns will say, `We come to you with news.’ So they will all go to the sea, and it will be a blazing fire. While they are in that state, the earth will be split with one huge crack that will extend from the lowest, seventh earth to the highest, seventh heaven. So while they are in that state, a wind will come that will kill all of them.” Ibn Jarir recorded this narration with this wording.

Concerning Allah’s statement,

(And when the mountains are made to pass away;) meaning, they will not remain in their places and they will be destroyed. Then the earth will be left as a flat, level plain. Then Allah says,

(And when the pregnant she-camels (`Ishar) are neglected (`Uttilat);) `Ikrimah and Mujahid said, “`Ishar are (pregnant she-) camels.” Mujahid said, “`Uttilat means abandoned and left.” Ubayy bin Ka`b and Ad-Dahhak both said, “Their owners will neglect them.” Ar-Rabi` bin Khuthaym said, “They will not be milked or tied up. Their masters will leave them abandoned.” Ad-Dahhak said, “They will be left with no one to tend to them.” And the meaning of all of these statements is similar. What is intended is that the `Ishar is a type of camel. It is actually the best type of camel, and particularly the pregnant females of them when they have reached the tenth month of their pregnancies. One of them is singularly referred to as `Ushara’, and she keeps that name until she gives birth. So the people will be too busy to tend to her, take care of her or benefit from her, after she used to be the most important thing to them. This will be due to what will suddenly overtake them of the great, terrifying and horrible situation. This is the matter of the Day of Judgement, the coming together of its causes, and the occurrence of those things that will happen before it.

(And when the wild beasts are gathered together.) meaning, gathered. This is as Allah says,

(There is not a moving creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its two wings, but are communities like you. We have neglected nothing in the Book, then unto their Lord they shall be gathered.) (6:38) Ibn `Abbas said, “Everything will be gathered, even the flies.” This statement was recorded by Ibn Abi Hatim. Allah also says,

(And (so did) the birds assembled.) [38:19] meaning, gathered.

Allah says,

(And when the seas become as blazing fire.) Ibn Jarir recorded from Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib that `Ali said to a Jewish man, “Where is the Hell” The man said, “The sea.” `Ali then said, “I think he is truthful, as Allah says

(And by the seas kindled (Masjur).) (52:6) and;

(And when the seas become as blazing fire.)” This has already been discussed previously with the explanation of Allah’s statement,

(And by the seas kindled (Masjur).) (52:6) 

Concerning Allah’s statement,

(And when the souls are joined with their mates.) meaning, every type (of soul) will be gathered with its peer (or mate). This is as Allah says,

(It will be said to the angels): “Assemble those who did wrong, together with their companions (from the devils).) (37:22) Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from An-Nu`man bin Bashir that the Messenger of Allah said,

((And When the souls are joined with their mates.)( Those who are alike. Every man will be with every group of people who performed the same deeds that he did. (This is because Allah says, (And you (all) will be in three groups. So those on the Right Hand – how (fortunate) will be those on Right Hand! And those on the Left Hand – how (unfortunate) will be those on the Left Hand!) (56: 7-10) (They are those who are alike.)

Allah says,

(And when the female infant (Al-Maw’udah) buried alive is questioned: For what sin was she killed) The majority have recited it as Su’ilat (she is questioned), as it is here. Al-Maw’udah is the female infant that the people of the pre-Islamic time of ignorance would bury in the dirt due to their hatred of girls. Therefore, on the Day of Judgement, the female infant will be asked what sin she committed that caused here to be murdered. This will be a means of frightening her murderer. For verily, if the one who was wronged is questioned, what does the wrongdoer (the one who is guilty of the oppression) think then `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said,

(And when the female infant (Al-Maw’udah) buried alive Su’ilat:) “This means that she will ask.” Abu Ad-Duha made a similar statement when he said, “She will ask, meaning she will demand restitution for her blood.” The same has been reported from As-Suddi and Qatadah. Hadiths have been reported concerning the Maw’udah. Imam Ahmad recorded from `A’ishah, who reported from Judamah bint Wahb, the sister of `Ukkashah, that she said, “I was in the presence of the Messenger of Allah when he was with some people, and he said,

(I was about to prohibit sexual relations with breast feeding women, but then I saw that the Romans and the Persians have sexual relations with their women who breast feed their children and it does not harm the children at all.) Then they asked him about interruption of sexual intercourse to prevent the male discharge from entering the womb of the woman, and he said,

(That is the minor infanticide and it is the female infant buried alive (Maw’udah) that will be questioned.)” Muslim, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i, all recorded this Hadith as well.

Abdur-Razzaq said that Isra’il informed them from Simak bin Harb, from An-Nu`man bin Bashir, who reported from `Umar bin Al-Khattab that he said concerning Allah’s statement,

(And when the female infant buried alive is questioned.) “Qays bin `Asim came to the Messenger of Allah and said, `O Messenger of Allah! Verily, I buried some daughters of mine alive in the period of pre-Islamic ignorance.’ The Messenger of Allah said,

(Free a slave for each one of them.) Then Qays said, `O Messenger of Allah! Verily, I am an owner of camels.’ The Prophet said,

(Then sacrifice a camel for each one of them.)”

Allah says,

(And when the pages are laid open.) Ad-Dahhak said, “Every person will be given his paper in his right hand or in his left hand.” Qatadah said, “O Son of Adam ! It (your paper) is written in, then it is rolled up, then it will be distributed to you on the Day of Judgement. So let each man look at what he himself dictated to be written in his paper.”

Allah says,

(And when the heaven is Kushitat;) Mujahid said, “It drawns away.” As-Suddi said, “Stripped off.” Concerning Allah’s statement,

(And when Hell is Su`irat.) As-Suddi said, “It is heated.” In reference to Allah’s statement,

(And when Paradise is brought near.) Ad-Dahhak, Abu Malik, Qatadah, and Ar-Rabi` bin Khuthaym, all said, “This means it will be brought near to its inhabitants.”

Allah’s statement,

(Every person will know what he has brought.) This is the conclusive response of the previous statements, meaning at the time these matters occur, every soul will know what it has done, and that will be brought forth for it, as Allah says,

(On the Day when every person will be confronted with all the good he has done, and all the evil he has done, he will wish that there were a great distance between him and his evil.) (3:30) Allah also says,

(On that Day man will be informed of what he sent forward, and what he left behind.) (75:13)

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