The Day of Sorting

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Day of Sorting.

انطَلِقُواْ إِلَى مَا كُنتُمْ بِهِ تُكَذِّبُونَ

(29. (It will be said to the disbelievers): “Depart you to that which you used to deny!”)

انطَلِقُواْ إِلَى ظِلٍّ ذِى ثَلَـثِ شُعَبٍ

(30. “Depart you to a shadow in three columns,”)

لاَّ ظَلِيلٍ وَلاَ يُغْنِى مِنَ اللَّهَبِ

(31. “Neither shady nor of any use against the fierce flame of the Fire.”)

إِنَّهَا تَرْمِى بِشَرَرٍ كَالْقَصْرِ

(32. Verily, it (Hell) throws sparks (huge) as Al-Qasr,)

كَأَنَّهُ جِمَـلَةٌ صُفْرٌ

(33. As if they were Sufr camels.)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(34. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)!)

هَـذَا يَوْمُ لاَ يَنطِقُونَ

(35. That will be a Day when they shall not speak (during some part of it),)

وَلاَ يُؤْذَنُ لَهُمْ فَيَعْتَذِرُونَ

(36. And they will not be permitted to put forth any excuse.)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(37. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)!)

هَـذَا يَوْمُ الْفَصْلِ جَمَعْنَـكُمْ وَالاٌّوَّلِينَ

(38. That will be a Day of Decision! We have brought you and the men of old together!)

فَإِن كَانَ لَكمُ كَيْدٌ فَكِيدُونِ

(39. So, if you have a plot, use it against Me (Allah)!)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(40. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)!)

Surah 77 Al-Mursalat Verse  29-40

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah informs about the disbelievers who deny the final abode, the recompense, Paradise, and the Hellfire. On the Day of Judgement it will be said to them:

(Depart you to that which you used to deny! Depart you to a shadow in three columns,) meaning, a flame of fire when it rises and ascends with smoke. So due to its severity and strength, it will have three columns.

(Neither shady nor of any use against the fierce flame of the Fire.) meaning, shade of the smoke that comes from the flame — which itself will not have a shade, nor will it benefit against the flame. This means it will not protect them from the heat of the flame. Allah said,

(Verily, it throws sparks as Al-Qasr,) meaning, its sparks will shoot out from its flame like huge castles. Ibn Mas`ud said, “Like forts.” Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah and Malik who reported from Zayd bin Aslam and others said, “This means the trunk of trees.”

(As if they were Sufr camels.) means, black camels. This is the view of Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, and Ad-Dahhak, and Ibn Jarir favored this view. Ibn `Abbas Mujahid, and Sa`id bin Jubayr said about,

(Sufr camels.) “Meaning ropes of ships.”

(Verily, it (Hell) throws sparks as Al-Qasr.) Imam Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn `Abbas that he said: “We were directed to the timber a length of three cubits or more in order to use it for construction of buildings. We used to call it Al-Qasr.

(As if they were Sufr camels.) These (Jimalat) are ropes of ships that are bundled until they resemble the intestines of men.”

(Woe that Day to the deniers!)

The inability of the criminals to speak, make excuses, or step forward on the Day of Judgement.

(That will be a Day when they shall not speak,) meaning, they will not speak.

(And they will not be permitted to put forth any excuse.) meaning, they will not be able to speak, nor will they be granted permission to speak so that they can make excuses. Rather, the proof will be established against them, and they will be called upon to speak about the wrong that they did, but they will not be able to say anything. The courts of the Day of Judgement will occur in stages. Sometimes the Lord informs of this stage and sometimes He informs of that stage. This is to show the terrors and calamities of that Day. Thus, after all the details of this discussion, He says:

(Woe that Day to the deniers!) Then Allah says,

(That will be a Day of Decision! We have brought you and the men of old together! So if you have a plot, use it against Me!) This is an address from the Creator to His servants. He says to them,

(That will be a Day of Decision! We have brought you and the men of old together!) meaning, He will gather all of them by His power on one common plane, He will make them hear the caller and He will cause them to see. Then He says,

(So, if you have a plot, use it against Me!) This is a serious threat and a harsh warning. It means, `if you are able to save yourselves from being seized by Me, and rescue yourselves from My ruling, then do so. But you are certainly not able to do so.’ This is as Allah says,

(O assembly of Jinn and men! If you have power to pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, then pass beyond (them)! But you will never be able to pass them, except with authority (from Allah)!) (55:33) Allah also says,

(And you will not harm Him in the least.) (11:57) It is narrated in a Hadith (that Allah said),

(“O My servants! You all can never attain My benefit and thereby benefit Me, and you all can never attain My harm and thereby harm Me.”)

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The call to contemplate the Power of Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The call to contemplate the Power of Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He.

أَلَمْ نُهْلِكِ الاٌّوَّلِينَ

(16. Did We not destroy the ancients)

ثُمَّ نُتْبِعُهُمُ الاٌّخِرِينَ

(17. So shall We make later generations to follow them.)

كَذَلِكَ نَفْعَلُ بِالْمُجْرِمِينَ

(18. Thus do We deal with the criminals.)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(19. Woe that Day to the deniers!)

أَلَمْ نَخْلُقكُّم مِّن مَّآءٍ مَّهِينٍ

(20. Did We not create you from a despised water)

فَجَعَلْنَـهُ فِى قَرَارٍ مَّكِينٍ

(21. Then We placed it in a place of safety,)

إِلَى قَدَرٍ مَّعْلُومٍ

(22. For a known period)

فَقَدَرْنَا فَنِعْمَ الْقَـدِرُونَ

(23. So We did measure; and We are the best to measure.)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(24. Woe that Day to the deniers!)

أَلَمْ نَجْعَلِ الاٌّرْضَ كِفَاتاً

(25. Have We not made the earth Kifat (a receptacle))

أَحْيَآءً وَأَمْوتاً

(26. For the living and the dead)

وَجَعَلْنَا فِيهَا رَوَاسِىَ شَـمِخَـتٍ وَأَسْقَيْنَـكُم مَّآءً فُرَاتاً

(27. And have placed therein fixed towers, and have given you Furat water)

وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

(28. Woe that Day to the deniers!)

Surah 77 Al Mursalat Verse 16-28

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah says,

(Did We not destroy the ancients) meaning, those who rejected the Messengers and opposed what they came to them with.

(So shall We make later generations to follow them.) meaning, from those who are similar to them. Thus, Allah says,

(Thus do We deal with the criminals. Woe that Day to the deniers!) Ibn Jarir said this. Then Allah reminding His creatures of His favor, and using the beginning of creation to support the idea of repeating it, He says:

(Did We not create you from a despised water) meaning, weak and despised in comparison to the power of the Creator. This is similar to what has been reported in the Hadith of Busr bin Jahhash (that Allah says),

(“(O) Son of Adam ! How can you think that I am unable, and yet I created you from something like this (i.e., semen)”)

(Then We placed it in a place of safety,) meaning, `We gathered him in the womb, where the fluid of the man and the woman settles. The womb has been prepared for this, as a protector of the fluid deposited in it. Allah said:

(For a known period) meaning, for a fixed period of time, which is from six months to nine months. Thus, Allah says,

(So We did measure; and We are the best to measure. Woe that Day to the deniers!) Then Allah says,

(Have We not made the earth Kifat for the living and the dead) Ibn `Abbas said, “Kifat means a place of shelter.” Mujahid said, “It holds the dead so that nothing is seen of it.” Ash-Sha`bi said, “Its interior is for your dead and its surface is for your living.” Mujahid and Qatadah also said this.

(And have placed therein fixed towers,) meaning, the mountains. The earth is held in place with them so that it does not shake and sway.

(and have given you Furat water) meaning, cold and delicious water from the clouds or from what He causes to gush forth from the springs of the earth.

(Woe that Day to the deniers!) meaning, woe to whoever reflects upon these created things which demonstrate the greatness of their Creator, then after that continues to reject Him and disbelieve in Him.

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Those on the left and their recompense

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Those on the left and their recompense.

وَأَصْحَـبُ الشِّمَالِ مَآ أَصْحَـبُ الشِّمَالِ

(41. And those on the left How will be those on the left)

فِى سَمُومٍ وَحَمِيمٍ

(42. In Samum, and Hamim.)

وَظِلٍّ مِّن يَحْمُومٍ

(43. And a shadow from Yahmum,)

لاَّ بَارِدٍ وَلاَ كَرِيمٍ

(44. Neither Barid nor Karim,)

إِنَّهُمْ كَانُواْ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ مُتْرَفِينَ

(45. Verily, before that, they indulged in luxury,)

وَكَانُواْ يُصِرُّونَ عَلَى الْحِنثِ الْعَظِيمِ

(46. And were persisting in great sin.)

وَكَانُواْ يِقُولُونَ أَءِذَا مِتْنَا وَكُنَّا تُرَاباً وَعِظَـماً أَءِنَّا لَمَبْعُوثُونَ

(47. And they used to say: “When we die and become dust and bones, shall we then indeed be resurrected”)

أَوَ ءَابَآؤُنَا الاٌّوَّلُونَ

(48. “And also our forefathers”)

قُلْ إِنَّ الاٌّوَّلِينَ وَالاٌّخِرِينَ

(49. Say: “(Yes) verily, those of old, and those of later times.”)

لَمَجْمُوعُونَ إِلَى مِيقَـتِ يَوْمٍ مَّعْلُومٍ

(50. “All will surely be gathered together for appointed meeting of a known Day.”)

ثُمَّ إِنَّكُمْ أَيُّهَا الضَّآلُّونَ الْمُكَذِّبُونَ

(51. “Then verily, — you the erring — ones, the deniers!”)

لاّكِلُونَ مِن شَجَرٍ مِّن زَقُّومٍ

(52. “You verily, will eat of the trees of Zaqqum.”)

فَمَالِـُونَ مِنْهَا الْبُطُونَ

(53. “Then you will fill your bellies therewith,”)

فَشَـرِبُونَ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْحَمِيمِ

(54. “And drink the Hamim on top of it.”)

فَشَـرِبُونَ شُرْبَ الْهِيمِ

(55. “And you will drink (that) like Al-Him!”)

هَـذَا نُزُلُهُمْ يَوْمَ الدِّينِ

(56. That will be their entertainment on the Day of Recompense!)

Surah 56 Al Waqiah Verse 41-56

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

After Allah mentioned the condition of those on the right hand, He then mentioned the condition of those on the left hand,

(And those on the left How will be those on the left) meaning, `What is the condition of those on the left,’ then explains His statement, by saying,

(in Samum,) means, a fierce hot wind,

(and Hamim.) i.e., boiling water,

(And a shadow from Yahmum,) the shadow of smoke, according to Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Abu Salih, Qatadah, As-Suddi and others. In a similar statement, Allah said,

(“Depart you to that which you used to deny! Depart you to a shadow in three columns, neither shady nor of any use against the fierce flame of the Fire. ” Verily, it throws sparks like fortresses, as if they were yellow camels or bundles of ropes. Woe that Day to the deniers.)(77:29-34). Allah said in this Ayah,

(And a shadow from Yahmum,) meaning, black smoke,

(Neither Barid nor Karim,) means, it neither brings soft, cool breeze nor appears clear. Al-Hasan and Qatadah commented on Allah’s statement

(Neither Barid nor Karim,) means, it neither brings soft, cool breeze nor appears clear. Al-Hasan and Qatadah commented on Allah’s statement,

(Verily, before that, they indulged in luxury,) meaning, in the life of the world, they were enjoying life’s pleasures and satisfying their lusts, all the while ignoring what the Messengers brought to them,

(And were persisting), means, they persisted and did not intend to repent,

(in great sin.) in disbelief in Allah and claiming that the idols and rivals were gods besides Allah. It means idolatry, according to Ibn `Abbas. This is also the meaning reported from Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, As-Suddi and others. Allah said,

(And they used to say: “When we die and become dust and bones, shall we then indeed be resurrected And also our forefathers”) They said this while denying and rejecting the idea that resurrection will ever occur. Allah the Exalted said,

(Say: “(Yes) verily, those of old, and those of later times. All will surely be gathered together for appointed meeting of a known Day.”) meaning, `Say, O Muhammad, that the earlier and latter generations of the Children of Adam will be gathered for the Day of Resurrection and none of them will be left out. Allah the Exalted said:

(That is a Day whereon mankind will be gathered together, and that is a Day when all will be present. And We delay it only for a term fixed. On the Day when it comes, no person shall speak except by His leave. Some among them will be wretched and (others) blessed.)(11:103-105) He also said here,

(All will surely be gathered together for appointed meeting of a known Day.) because that time is precisely designated and will not come late, early, nor increase or decrease. Allah said,

(Then verily, — you the erring-ones, the deniers! You verily, will eat of the trees of Zaqqum. Then you will fill your bellies therewith.) indicating that they will be seized and made to eat from the Zaqqum tree until their stomachs become full,

(And drink the Hamim on top of it. And you will drink (that) like Al-Him!) Hamim is boiling water, while Al-Him means thirsty camels, according to Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr and `Ikrimah. As-Suddi said “Al-Him is a disease that strikes camels, causing them to feel thirst, and they drink until they die.” Therefore, he said, the people of Hell, will never quench their thirst from drinking Hamim. Allah, the Exalted, said,

(That will be their entertainment on the Day of Recompense!) `this, what We have described, is their entertainment with their Lord on the Day of their Reckoning.’ Allah the Exalted said in the case of the believers,

(Verily, those who believe and do righteous good deeds, shall have the Gardens of Al-Firdaws (Paradise) for their entertainment.)(18:107), i.e., hospitality and honor.

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The Vision of the Unseen is a Trial for Mankind

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Vision of the Unseen is a Trial for Mankind.

وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لَكَ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ أَحَاطَ بِالنَّاسِ وَمَا جَعَلْنَا الرُّءْيَا الَّتِى أَرَيْنَـكَ إِلاَّ فِتْنَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَالشَّجَرَةَ الْمَلْعُونَةَ فِى القُرْءَانِ وَنُخَوِّفُهُمْ فَمَا يَزِيدُهُمْ إِلاَّ طُغْيَانًا كَبِيرًا

(60. And (remember) when We told you: “Verily, your Lord has encompassed mankind.” And We made not the vision which We showed you but a trial for mankind, and (likewise) the accursed tree in the Qur’an. We warn and make them afraid but it only increases them in naught save great disbelief, oppression and disobedience to Allah.)

Surah 17 Al-Isra Verse 60

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah says to His Messenger , encouraging him to convey the Message and informing him that He is protecting him from the people, that He is able to deal with them and that they are in His grasp and under His domination and control.

(And (remember) when We told you: “Verily, your Lord has encompassed mankind..”) Mujahid, `Urwah bin Az-Az-Zubayr, Al-Hasan, Qatadah and others said, “This means, He protected you from them.”

(And We made not the vision which We showed you but a trial for mankind,) Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn `Abbas said:

(And We made not the vision which We showed you but a trial for mankind,) “This is the vision which the Messenger of Allah saw with his own eyes on the night when he was taken on the Night Journey (Al-Isra’).

and (likewise) the accursed tree in the Qur an. refers to the Tree of Zaqqum.” This was also recorded by Ahmad, `Abdur-Razzaq and others. It was also reported by Al-`Awfi from Ibn `Abbas. It was also interpreted as referring to the Night of the Isra’ by Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Al-Hasan, Masruq, Ibrahim, Qatadah, `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd and several others. We have already quoted at length a comprehensive collection of Hadith about the Isra’ at the beginning of this Surah, praise be to Allah. We have also already stated that some people gave up their Islam after they had been following the truth, because their hearts and minds could not comprehend that, and they denied what their knowledge could not grasp, but Allah caused it to increase and strengthen the faith of others, and so He says:

(but a trial), meaning a test. As for the cursed tree, this is the Tree of Zaqqum. When the Messenger of Allah told them that he had seen Paradise and Hell, and seen the Tree of Zaqqum, they did not believe that, and Abu Jahl, upon whom be the curses of Allah, even said, “Bring us some dates and butter,” and he started eating them and saying, “Let us have some Zaqqum, we don’t know any other Zaqqum but this.” This was narrated by Ibn `Abbas, Masruq, Abu Malik, Al-Hasan Al-Basri and others. Everyone who interpreted the Ayah to refer to the Night of the Isra’, also interpreted it to refer to the Tree of Zaqqum.

((We) make them afraid) meaning, `We make the disbelievers afraid with Our warnings and punishments and torment.’

(but it only increases them in naught save great disbelief, oppression and disobedience to Allah.) means, it only pushes them further into their disbelief and misguidance, and this is because Allah has forsaken them.

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The Better Entertainment

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Better Entertainment.

أَذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ نُّزُلاً أَمْ شَجَرَةُ الزَّقُّومِ

(62. Is that (Paradise) better entertainment or the tree of Zaqqum)

إِنَّا جَعَلْنَـهَا فِتْنَةً لِّلظَّـلِمِينَ

(63. Truly, We have made it (as) a trial for the wrongdoers.)

إِنَّهَا شَجَرَةٌ تَخْرُجُ فِى أَصْلِ الْجَحِيمِ

(64. Verily, it is a tree that springs out of the bottom of Hell-fire,)

طَلْعُهَا كَأَنَّهُ رُءُوسُ الشَّيَـطِينِ

(65. The shoots of its fruit stalks are like the heads of Shayatin.)

فَإِنَّهُمْ لاّكِلُونَ مِنْهَا فَمَالِئُونَ مِنْهَا الْبُطُونَ

(66. Truly, they will eat thereof and fill their bellies therewith.)

ثُمَّ إِنَّ لَهُمْ عَلَيْهَا لَشَوْباً مِنْ حَمِيمٍ

(67. Then on the top of that they will be given boiling Hamim.)

ثُمَّ إِنَّ مَرْجِعَهُمْ لإِلَى الْجَحِيمِ

(68. Then thereafter, verily, their return is to the flaming fire of Hell.)

إِنَّهُمْ أَلْفَوْاْ ءَابَآءَهُمْ ضَآلِّينَ

(69. Verily, they found their fathers on the wrong path;)

فَهُمْ عَلَى ءَاثَارِهِمْ يُهْرَعُونَ

(70. So they (too) hastened in their footsteps!)

Surah 37 As Saaffat Verse 62-70

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Here Allah asks: `Is that which He has mentioned of the delights of Paradise with its food, drink, companions and other joys better entertainment, or

(or the tree of Zaqqum) which is in Hell’ The meaning here is a specific kind of tree which is called Zaqqum. This is like the Ayah:

(And a tree that springs forth from Mount Sinai, that grows (produces) oil, and (it is a) relish for the eaters.) (23:20) — which is the olive tree. This is supported by the Ayah:

(Then moreover, verily, — you the erring-ones, the deniers! You, verily, will eat of the trees of Zaqqum.) (56:51-52).

(Truly, We have made it (as) a trial for the wrongdoers.) Qatadah said, “The tree of Zaqqum is mentioned as a test for those who are misguided. They said, `Your companion tells you that in the Fire there is a tree, but fire consumes trees.’ Then Allah revealed the words:

(Verily, it is a tree that springs out of the bottom of Hell-fire.) meaning, it is nourished by the fire, for it was created from fire.” Mujahid said:

(Truly, We have made it (as) a trial for the wrongdoers.) Abu Jahl, may Allah curse him, said, “Zaqqum means dates and butter which I eat ﴿Atazaqqamuhu﴾.” I say that the meaning of the Ayah is, “We have told you, O Muhammad, of the tree of Zaqqum as a trial with which We test the people to see who will believe and who will disbelieve.” This is like the Ayah:

(And We made not the vision which we showed you but a trial for mankind, and the accursed tree in the Qur’an. We warn and make them afraid but it only increases them in naught save great disbelief, oppression and disobedience to Allah) (17:60).

(Verily, it is a tree that springs out of the bottom of Hell-fire.) means, its roots grow at the bottom of Hell.

(The shoots of its fruit stalks are like the heads of Shayatin. ) this is a description of how ugly and repulsive it is. It is likened to

(the heads of Shayatin ), even though they have never seen them, because it is a well-established idea in people’s minds that devils are ugly in appearance.

(Truly, they will eat thereof and fill their bellies therewith.) Allah mentions that they will eat of this extremely ugly tree even though its fruit tastes and smells so bad; they will be forced to eat from it because they will not find anything else to eat except this tree and similar things, as Allah says:

(No food will there be for them but a poisonous thorny plant, Which will neither nourish nor avail against hunger.) (88:6 -7).

(Then on the top of that they will be boiling Hamim) Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “This means they will be given boiling Hamim to drink after they have eaten from Zaqqum.” According to another report, he said that this means a mixture made from boiling water. Someone else said that it means boiling water will be mixed with pus and offensive discharges that leak from their private parts and eyes. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Sa`id bin Jubayr said, “When the people of Hell get hungry, they will ask for food from the tree of Zaqqum. They will eat from it, then the skin of their faces will fall off, If someone were to pass by, he would recognize them from their faces. Then thirst will be sent upon them, so they will ask to be given something to drink, and they will be given water like boiling oil that has been heated to the ultimate degree. When it is brought near to their mouths, the flesh of their faces from which the skin has fallen off will be baked by its heat, and whatever is in their stomachs will melt. They will walk with their guts falling out and with their skin falling off, then they will be beaten with hooked rods of iron. Then every part of their bodies will burst into loud lamentations.

(Then thereafter, verily, their return is to the flaming fire of Hell.) means, after that interval, they will be sent back to the burning fire, searing heat and scorching flames, and they will rotate between the one and the other. This is like the Ayah,

(They will go between it (Hell) and the fierce boiling water!) (55:44). Qatadah recited this Ayah when discussing this Ayah. This is a good interpretation. `Abdullah bin Mas`ud recited it differently, with the meaning “Their return in the afternoon.” `Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him, used to say: “By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, midday on the Day of Resurrection will not come until the people of Paradise will be in Paradise and the people of Hell will be in Hell.” Then he recited:

(The dwellers of Paradise will, on that Day, have the best abode, and have the fairest of places for repose) (25:24). Allah’s saying;

(Verily, they found their fathers on the wrong path;) means, `We will punish them for that because they found their fathers following misguidance and they followed them with no evidence or proof.’ Allah says:

(So they (too) hastened in their footsteps!) Mujahid said, “This is like running.” Sa`id bin Jubayr said, “They followed ignorance and foolishness.”

وَلَقَدْ ضَلَّ قَبْلَهُمْ أَكْثَرُ الاٌّوَّلِينَ

(71. And indeed most of the earlier ones went astray before them;)

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا فِيهِمْ مُّنذِرِينَ

(72. And indeed We sent among them warners;)

فَانظُرْ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَـقِبَةُ الْمُنذَرِينَ

(73. Then see what was the end of those who were warned.)

إِلاَّ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ الْمُخْلَصِينَ

(74. Except the chosen servants of Allah.)

Surah 37 As Saaffaat Verse 71-74

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah tells us that most of the previous nations went astray, worshipping other gods alongside Allah. He states that He sent among them warners to alert them to the anger, wrath and vengeance of Allah towards those who disbelieve in Him and worship others besides Him. He tells us that they persisted in their opposition to their Messengers and their disbelief in them, so He destroyed those who disbelieved in Him and saved the believers and caused them to prevail. Allah says:

(Then see what was the end of those who were warned. Except the chosen servants of Allah).

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Is the Fire better or is Paradise better?

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Is the Fire better or is Paradise better?

قُلْ أَذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ أَمْ جَنَّةُ الْخُلْدِ الَّتِى وَعِدَ الْمُتَّقُونَ كَانَتْ لَهُمْ جَزَآءً وَمَصِيراً

(15. Say: “Is that better or the Paradise of Eternity which is promised to those who have Taqwa” It will be theirs as a reward and final destination.)

لَّهُمْ فِيهَا مَا يَشَآءُونَ خَـلِدِينَ كَانَ عَلَى رَبِّكَ وَعْداً مَّسْئُولاً

(16. For them there will be therein all that they desire, and they will abide (therein forever). It is upon your Lord a Wa`dan Mas’ula.)

Surah 25 Furqan Verse 15-16

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Here Allah says: `O Muhammad, this that We have described to you about the state of those who are doomed, who will be dragged on their faces to Hell, which will receive them with a scowling face, with hatred and moans. There they will be thrown into their constricted spaces, tied up to their shoulders, unable to move or call for help, and unable to escape their plight — is this better, or the eternal Paradise which Allah has promised to the pious among His servants, which He has prepared for them as a reward and ultimate destiny in return for their obedience to Him in this world’

(For them there will be therein all that they desire,) of delights such as food, drink, clothing, dwellings, means of transportation and scenery, and other things that no eye has seen, no ear has heard, nor the heart of anyone can comprehend. They will abide therein forever; it will never cease or come to an end, and they will never leave it. This is what Allah has promised to those whom He has blessed and to whom He has shown His favor. He says:

(It is a upon your Lord a Wa`dan Mas’ula) meaning, it must inevitably come to pass. Abu Ja`far bin Jarir reported from some of the scholars of the Arabic language that the words

(Wa`dan Mas’ula) mean: a binding pledge. In this Surah Allah mentions Hell, then refers to the situation of the people of Paradise. This is similar to the passage in Surat As-Saffat where Allah mentions the status of the people of Paradise, with its beauty and joy, then He says:

(Is that better entertainment or the tree of Zaqqum Truly, We have made it a trial for the wrongdoers. Verily, it is a tree that springs out of the bottom of Hellfire, The shoots of its fruit stalks are like the heads of Shayatin. Truly, they will eat thereof and fill their bellies therewith. Then on the top of that they will be given boiling water to drink so that it becomes a mixture. Then thereafter, verily, their return is to the flaming fire of Hell. Verily, they found their fathers on the wrong path. So they hastened in their footsteps!) (37:62-70)

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A warning to those who set up rivals to Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

A warning to those who set up rivals to Allah, Exalted and Praised Be He.

أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ بَدَّلُواْ نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ كُفْرًا وَأَحَلُّواْ قَوْمَهُمْ دَارَ الْبَوَارِ

(28. Have you not seen those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief (by denying Prophet Muhammad and his Message of Islam), and caused their people to dwell in the house of destruction)

جَهَنَّمَ يَصْلَوْنَهَا وَبِئْسَ الْقَرَارُ

(29. Hell, in which they will burn, – and what an evil place to settle in!)

وَجَعَلُواْ للَّهِ أَندَادًا لِّيُضِلُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِهِ قُلْ تَمَتَّعُواْ فَإِنَّ مَصِيرَكُمْ إِلَى النَّارِ

(30. And they set up rivals to Allah, to mislead (men) from His path! Say: “Enjoy (your brief life)! But certainly, your destination is the (Hell) Fire!”)

Surah 14 Ibrahim Verse 28-30

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Al-Bukhari said, “Allah’s statement,

Have you not seen those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief…, means, do you have knowledge in. Allah said in other Ayat,

(Saw you not how.) and,

(Did you not think of those who went forth.)

(A lost people) (25:18) Ali bin `Abdullah narrated that Sufyan said that `Amr said that `Ata said that he heard Ibn `Abbas saying that,

“(Have you not seen those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief), is in reference to the people of Makkah.” Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Abu At-Tufayl said that Ibn Al-Kawwa’ asked `Ali about Allah’s statement,

(those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief, and caused their people to dwell in the house of destruction) and `Ali said that it refers to the disbelievers of Quraysh on the day of Badr. He also said that the blessing of Allah was faith that came to the polytheists of Quraysh, and they changed this blessing into disbelief and led their people to utter destruction. This includes all disbelievers, for Allah sent Muhammad as a mercy and a blessing to all mankind. Those who accepted this blessing and were thankful for it, will enter Paradise, while those who denied it and disbelieved in it, will enter the Fire. Allah said next,

(And they set up rivals to Allah, to mislead from His path!) meaning, they set up partners to Allah whom they worship besides Him and called the people to worship them. Allah threatened them and warned them by the words of His Prophet ,

(Say: “Enjoy (your brief life)! But certainly, your destination is the (Hell) Fire!”) `Whatever you are able to do in this life, then do it, for no matter what will happen,

(But certainly, your destination is the (Hell) Fire!) for to Us will be your destination and end.’ Allah said in other Ayat,

(We let them enjoy for a little while, then in the end We shall force them to (enter) a great torment.)(31:24) and,

((A brief) enjoyment in this world! And then unto Us will be their return, then We shall make them taste the severest torment because they used to disbelieve.)(10:70)

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The Word that stands Firm in this World and the Hereafter

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Word that stands Firm in this World and the Hereafter.

يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِى الْحَيَوةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِى الاٌّخِرَةِ وَيُضِلُّ اللَّهُ الظَّـلِمِينَ وَيَفْعَلُ اللَّهُ مَا يَشَآءُ

(27. Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter. And Allah will cause the wrongdoers to go astray, and Allah does what He wills.)

Surah 14 Ibrahim Verse 27

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Al-Bukhari recorded that Al-Bara bin `Azib, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(When the Muslim is questioned in the grave, he will testify that, `La ilaha illallah’, and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger, hence Allah’s statement, (Allah will keep firm those who believe, with word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter.) Muslim and the rest of the Group recorded it. Imam Ahmad recorded that Al-Bara bin `Azib said, “We went with the Messenger of Allah to attend a funeral procession of an Ansari man. We reached the grave site when it had not yet been completed. The Messenger of Allah sat, and we sat all around him, as if there were birds hovering above our heads. The Prophet was holding a piece of wood in his hand, poking the ground with it. He next raised his head and said twice or thrice,

(Seek refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave.) He said next,

(When a believing slave is reaching the end of his term in the life of this world and the beginning of his term in the Hereafter, a group of angels, whose faces are white and as radiant as the sun, will descend onto him from heaven. They will carry with them white shroud from Paradise, and fragrance for enshrouding from Paradise. They will sit as far from him as the sight goes. Then, the angel of death, will come until he sits right next to his head, saying, “O, good and pure soul! Depart (your body) to Allah’s forgiveness and pleasure.” So the soul flows (out of its body), just as the drop flows out from the tip of the jug, and the angel of death captures it. When he captures the soul, they (the group of angels) will not leave it with him for more than an instance, and they will seize it and wrap it in that shroud, and in that fragrance. A most pleasant musk scent ever found on the earth, will flow out of the soul, and the angels will ascend it (to heaven). They will not pass by, but they will say, “Whose is this Tayyib (good) soul” They (the angels who are ascending the soul) will reply, “Such person, the son of such and such person,” — calling him by the best names that he used to be called in the world. They will reach the lower heaven and will ask that its door be opened for him, and it will be opened for them. The best residents of every heaven will then see him to the next heaven, until he is brought to the seventh heaven. Allah, the Exalted and Ever High, will say, “List my servants record in `Illiyyin and send him back to earth, for I have created them from it, and into it I shall return them, and from it I shall bring them out once again.” The soul will be joined with its body, and two angels will come to him, sit him up and ask him, “Who is your Lord” He will say, “Allah is my Lord.” They will ask him, “What is your religion” He will say, “My religion is Islam.” They will say to him, “What do you say about this man (Prophet Muhammad) who was sent to you” He will say, “He is the Messenger of Allah.” They will ask him, “And what proof do you have about it” He will say, “I read the Book of Allah (the Qur’an), and had faith and belief in him.” Then, a caller (Allah) will herald from heaven, “My servant has said the truth. Therefore, furnish him from Paradise, and let him wear from (the clothes of) Paradise, and open a door for him to Paradise.” So he is given from Paradise’s tranquillity and good scent, and his grave will be expanded for him as far as his sight can reach. Then, a man, with a handsome face and handsome clothes and whose scent is pleasant, will come to him, saying, “Receive the glad tidings with that which pleases you. This is the Day which you were promised.” He will ask him, “Who are you; for yours is the face that carries the good news” He will reply, “I am your good works.” He will say, “O Lord! Hurry up with the commencement of the Hour, hurry up with the commencement of the Hour, so I can return to my family and my wealth.”)

(And when the disbelieving person is reaching the end of his term in the world and the beginning of his term in the Hereafter, there will descend onto him from heaven angels with dark faces. They will bring with them Musuh, and will sit as far from him as the sight reaches. Then the angel of death will come forward and sit right next to his head, saying, “O impure, evil soul! Depart (your body) to the anger of Allah and a wrath from Him.” The soul will scatter throughout his body, and the angel of death will seize it as when the thorny branch is removed from wet wool. The angel of death will seize the soul, and when he does, they (the group of angels) will not let it stay in his hand for more than an instance, and they will wrap it in the Musuh. The most putrid smell a dead corpse can ever have on earth will emit from the soul, and the angels will ascend with it. Whenever they pass by a group of angels, they will ask, “Whose is this evil soul” The angels will respond, “He is such person son of such person,” — calling him by the worst names he was known by in the world. When they reach the lowest heaven, they will request that its door be opened for him, and their request will be denied. “For them the gates of heaven will not be opened, and they will not enter Paradise until the camel goes through the eye of the needle.” (7:40) Allah will declare, “List his record in Sijjin in the lowest earth.” The wicked soul will then be thrown (from heaven). “And whoever assigns partners to Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place.”(22:31) His soul will be returned to his body, and two angels will come to him, sit him up and ask him, “Who is your Lord” He will say, “Oh, oh! I do not know.” They will ask him, “What is your religion”, and he will say, “Oh, oh! I do not know.” They will ask him, “What do you say about this man (Prophet Muhammad) who was sent to you” He will say, “Oh, oh, I do not know!” A caller (Allah) will herald from heaven, “My servant has lied, so furnish him with the Fire and open a door for him to the Fire.” He will find its heat and fierce hot wind. And his grave will be reduced in size, until his bones crush each other. Then, a man with a dreadful face, wearing dreadful clothes and with a disgusting smell emitting from him will come to him, saying, “Receive the glad tidings with that which will displease you! This is the Day that you have been promised.” He will ask that man, “And who are you, for yours is the face that brings about evil” He will say, “I am your evil work.” He will therefore cry, “O, my Lord! Do not commence the Hour!”) Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah collected this Hadith. In his Musnad, Imam `Abd bin Humayd recorded that Anas bin Malik said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Verily, when the servant is placed in his grave and his friends (or family) depart, as he hears the sound of their shoes, two angels will come to him. They will sit him up and ask him, `What do you say about this man (Muhammad)’ As for the believer, he will say, `I bear witness that He is Allah’s servant and Messenger.’ He will be told, `Look at your seat in the Fire, Allah has replaced it for you with a seat in Paradise.’) The Prophet said next,

(So he will see both seats. ) Qatadah added, “We were told that his grave will be enlarged up to seventy forearms length and will be filled with greenery for him until the Day of Judgement.” Muslim collected this Hadith also from `Abd bin Humayd, while An-Nasa’i collected it from Yunus bin Muhammad bin Al-Mu’addah. Al-Hafiz Abu `Isa At-Tirmidhi, may Allah grant him mercy, recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(When the dead – or one of you – is buried, two dark and blue angels will come to him; one is called `Munkir’ and the other is called `Nakir’. They will ask him, `What did you say about this man (Muhammad)’ He will reply, `What he used to say, that he is Allah’s servant and Messenger. I bear witness that there is no true deity except Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.’ They will say, `We know that you used to say that,’ and his grave will be made larger for him to seventy forearms length by seventy forearms length and will be filled with light for him. He will be told, `Sleep,’ but he will reply, `Let me go back to my family in order that I tell them.’ They will say, `Sleep, just like the bridegroom who is awakened by the dearest of his family, until Allah resurrects him from that sleep.’ If he was a hypocrite, his answer will be, `I do not know! I heard people say something, so I used to repeat what they were saying.’ They will say, `We know that you used to say that.’ The earth will be commanded, `Come closer all around him,’ and it will come closer to him until his ribs cross each other. He will remain in this torment, until Allah resurrects him from his sleep.) At-Tirmidhi said, “This Hadith is Hasan, Gharib.” Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter.)

(When he will be asked in the grave, `Who is your Lord What is your religion Who is your Prophet’ He will reply, `Allah is my Lord, Islam is my religion and Muhammad is my Prophet who brought the clear proofs from Allah. I believed in him and had faith in him.’ He will be told, `You have said the truth; you have lived on this, died on it and will be resurrected on it.’) Ibn Jarir At-Tabari recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet said,

(By He Who owns my life! The dead person hears the sound of your slippers (or shoes) when you depart and leave him. If he is a believer, the prayer will stand by his head, Zakah to his right and the fast by his left; the righteous deeds, such as charity, keeping relations with kith and kin and acts of kindness to people will stand by his feet. He will be approached from his head, and the prayer will declare, `No entrance from my side.’ He will be approached from his right, and Zakah will declare, `There is no entrance from my side.’ He will be approached from his left, and the fast will declare, `There is no entrance from my side.’ He will be approached from his feet, and the acts of righteousness will declare, `There is no entrance from our side.’ He will be commanded to sit up, and he will sit up while the sun appears to him just like when it is about to set. He will be told, `Tell us about what we are going to ask you.’ He will say, `Leave me until I pray.’ He will be told, `You will pray, but first tell us what we want to know.’ He will ask, `What are your questions’ He will be told, `This man who was sent among you, what do you say about him and what is your testimony about him’ He will ask, `Muhammad’ He will be answered in the positive and he will reply, `I bear witness that he is the Messenger of Allah and that he has brought us the proofs from our Lord. We believed in him.’ He will be told, `This is the way you lived and died and Allah willing, you will be resurrected on it.’ His grave will be made wider for him seventy forearms length, and it will be filled with light. A door will also be opened for him to Paradise. He will be told, `Look at what Allah has prepared for you in it.’ He will increase in joy and delight and then his soul will be placed with the pure souls, inside green birds eating from the trees of Paradise. The body will be returned to its origin, dust. So Allah said,

(Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter.) Ibn Hibban collected this Hadith, and his narration added the disbeliever’s answer and his torment. `Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Tawus said,

(Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world,) is in reference to La ilaha ilallah, while,

(and in the Hereafter) is in reference to the questioning in the grave. Qatadah commented, “As for this life, Allah will make them firm on the way of righteousness and good deeds,

(and in the Hereafter.) in the grave.” Several others among the Salaf said the same.

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The parable of a goodly word and an evil word

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The parable of a goodly word and an evil word.

أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلاً كَلِمَةً طَيِّبَةً كَشَجَرةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ وَفَرْعُهَا فِى السَّمَآءِ

(24. See you not how Allah sets forth a parable A goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the sky.)

تُؤْتِى أُكُلَهَا كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهَا وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ

(25. Giving its fruit at all times, by the leave of its Lord, and Allah sets forth parables for mankind in order that they may remember.)

وَمَثلُ كَلِمَةٍ خَبِيثَةٍ كَشَجَرَةٍ خَبِيثَةٍ اجْتُثَّتْ مِن فَوْقِ الاٌّرْضِ مَا لَهَا مِن قَرَارٍ

(26. And the parable of an evil word is that of an evil tree uprooted from the surface of earth, having no stability.)

Surah 14 Ibrahim Verse 24-26

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that `Abdullah bin `Abbas commented that Allah’s statement,

(a parable: a goodly word), refers to testifying to La ilaha illallah, (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) while,

(as a goodly tree), refers to the believer, and that,

(whose root is firmly fixed), indicates that La ilaha illallah, (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) is firm in the believers’ heart,

(and its branches (reach) to the sky.) with which the believer’s works are ascended to heaven. Similar is said by Ad-Dahhak, Sa’id bin Jubayr, `Ikrimah, Mujahid and several others. They stated that this parable describes the believer’s deeds, good statements and good actions. The believer is just like the beneficial date tree, always having good actions ascending at all times, by day and by night. Al-Bukhari recorded that `Abdullah bin `Umar said, “We were with the Messenger of Allah when he asked,

(Tell me about a tree that resembles the Muslim, the leaves of which do not fall in summer or winter and gives its fruit at all times by the leave of its Lord.)” Ibn `Umar said, “I thought of the date palm tree, but felt shy to answer when I saw that Abu Bakr and `Umar did not talk. When they did not give an answer, the Messenger of Allah said,

(It is the date palm tree.) When we departed, I said to `Umar, `My father, by Allah! I thought that it was the date tree.’ He said, `Why did you not speak then’ I said, `I saw you were silent and I felt shy to say anything.’ `Umar said, `Had you said it, it would have been more precious to me than such things (i.e., would have been very precious to me).”’ `Abdullah bin `Abbas said that,

(as a goodly tree), is a tree in Paradise. Allah said next,

(Giving its fruit at all times,) It is said that it means by day and by night. And they say that describes the believer as a tree that always has fruits during summer and winter, by night and by day. This is the parable of the believer whose good works ascend to heaven by day and by night and at all times,

(by the leave of its Lord, ) thus earning perfection and becoming beneficial, plentiful, pure and blessed,

(and Allah sets forth parables for mankind in order that they may remember.) Allah said next,

(And the parable of an evil word is that of an evil tree) describing the disbelief of the disbeliever, for it has no basis or stability. It is similar to the colocynth tree (a very bitter, unscented plant) which is also called, `Ash-Shiryan’. Shu`bah narrated that Mu`awiyah bin Abi Qurrah narrated that Anas bin Malik said that it is the colocynth tree. Allah said,

(uprooted), meaning, was cutoff from the root,

(from the surface of earth, having no stability.) therefore, existing without basis or stabililty, just like Kufr (disbelief), for it does not have a basis or roots. Surely, the works of the disbelievers will never ascend nor will any of them be accepted.

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The Lies of Shaythan, the Devil, Exposed

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Lies of Shaythan, the Devil, Exposed.

وَقَالَ الشَّيْطَـنُ لَمَّا قُضِىَ الاٌّمْرُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَعَدَكُمْ وَعْدَ الْحَقِّ وَوَعَدتُّكُمْ فَأَخْلَفْتُكُمْ وَمَا كَانَ لِىَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِّن سُلْطَـنٍ إِلاَّ أَن دَعَوْتُكُمْ فَاسْتَجَبْتُمْ لِى فَلاَ تَلُومُونِى وَلُومُواْ أَنفُسَكُمْ مَّآ أَنَاْ بِمُصْرِخِكُمْ وَمَآ أَنتُمْ بِمُصْرِخِىَّ إِنِّى كَفَرْتُ بِمَآ أَشْرَكْتُمُونِ مِن قَبْلُ إِنَّ الظَّـلِمِينَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

(22. And Shaytan will say when the matter has been decided: “Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, and you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Shaytan) as a partner with Allah (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the wrongdoers.”)

وَأُدْخِلَ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَاتِ جَنَّـتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الأَنْهَـرُ خَـلِدِينَ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ تَحِيَّتُهُمْ فِيهَا سَلَـمٌ

(23. And those who believed and did righteous deeds, will be made to enter Gardens under which rivers flow, – to dwell therein for ever (i.e. in Paradise), with the permission of their Lord. Their greeting therein will be: “Salam (peace!).”)

Surah 14 Ibrahim, Verse 22-23

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah narrates to us what Iblis will say to his followers after Allah finishes with the judgement between His servants, sending the believers to the gardens of Paradise and the disbelievers to the lows (of the Fire). Iblis, may Allah curse him, will stand and address the latter, in order to add depression to their depression, sorrow to their sorrow and grief to their grief. He will declare,

`(Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth.) by the words of His Messengers that if you follow them, you will gain safety and deliverance. Truly, Allah’s promise was true and correct news, while I promised you then betrayed you.’ Allah said in another Ayah,

(He (Shaytan) makes promises to them, and arouses in them false desires; and Shaytan’s promises are nothing but deceptions.) [4:120]

(I had no authority over you) Shaytan will say, `I had no proof for what I called you to, nor evidence for what I promised you,

(except that I called you, and you responded to me.) even though the Messengers establish the proof and unequivocal evidences against you and affirmed the truth of what they were sent to you with. But you disobeyed the Messengers and ended up earning this fate,

(So blame me not,) today,

(but blame yourselves.), because it is your fault for defying the proofs and following me in the falsehood that I called you to.’ Shaytan will say next,

(I cannot help you), I cannot benefit, save, or deliver you from what you are suffering,

(nor can you help me.), nor can you save me and deliver me from the torment and punishment I am suffering,

(I deny your former act of associating me (Shaytan) as a partner with Allah.) or because you associated me with Allah before,’ according to Qatadah. Ibn Jarir commented; “I deny being a partner with Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored.”

(Verily, the wrongdoers), who deviate from truth and follow falsehood, will earn a painful torment. It appears that this part of the Ayah narrates the speech that Shaytan will deliver to the people of the Fire after they enter it, as we stated. `Amir Ash-Sha`bi said, “On the Day of Resurrection, two speakers will address the people. Allah the Exalted will say to `Isa, son of Maryam,

(Did you say unto men: “Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah”) [5:116] until,

(Allah will say: “This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth.”)[5:119] Shaytan, may Allah curse him, will stand and address the people,

(I had no authority over you except that I called you, and you responded to me.) Allah next mentioned the final destination of the miserable ones, who earned the disgrace and torment and having to listen to Shaytan address them, then He mentioned the final destination of the happy ones,

(And those who believed and did righteous deeds, will be made to enter Gardens under which rivers flow,) wherever they wish them to flow and wherever they may be,

(to dwell therein for ever,) and will never transfer or be transferred from it,

(with the permission of their Lord. Their greeting therein will be: “Salam (peace!). ”) Allah said in other Ayat,

(Till, when they reach it, and its gates will be opened and its keepers will say: “Salamun `Alaykum (peace be upon you!)”) [39:73]

(And angels shall enter unto them from every gate (saying): “Salamun `Alaykum (peace be upon you!).”) [13:23-24]

(Therein they shall be met with greetings and the word of peace and respect.) [25:75]

(Their way of request therein will be Subhanaka Allahumma (glory to you, O Allah) and Salam (peace!) will be their greetings therein (Paradise)! And the close of their request will be: Al-Hamdu Lillahi Rabbil-‘Alamin [all praise to Allah the Lord of that exists].)[10:10]

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