I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.
Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .
May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.
Allah, Exalted and Praised be He, commands giving.
فَـَاتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَى حَقَّهُ وَالْمِسْكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ لِّلَّذِينَ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَ اللَّهِ وَأُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
(38. So, give to the kindred his due, and to Al-Miskin and to the wayfarer. That is best for those who seek Allah’s Face; and it is they who will be successful.)
وَمَآ ءَاتَيْتُمْ مِّن رِّباً لِّيَرْبُوَاْ فِى أَمْوَالِ النَّاسِ فَلاَ يَرْبُواْ عِندَ اللَّهِ وَمَآ ءاتَيْتُمْ مِّن زَكَوةٍ تُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَ اللَّهِ فَأُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْمُضْعِفُونَ
(39. And that which you give in Riba in order that it may increase from other people’s property, has no increase with Allah; but that which you give in Zakah seeking Allah’s Face, then those they shall have manifold increase. )
اللَّهُ الَّذِى خَلَقَكُمْ ثُمَّ رَزَقَكُمْ ثُمَّ يُمِيتُكُمْ ثُمَّ يُحْيِيكُمْ هَلْ مِن شُرَكَآئِكُمْ مَّن يَفْعَلُ مِن ذَلِكُمْ مِّن شَىْءٍ سُبْحَـنَهُ وَتَعَـلَى عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ
(40. Allah is He Who created you, then provided food for you, then will cause you to die, then He will give you life. Is there any of your partners that do anything of that Glory be to Him! And Exalted be He above all that they associate.)
Surah 30 Ar Rum Verse 38-40
Tafsir Ibn Kathir
(to the kindred his due) his due of respect and upholding the ties of kinship.
(and to Al-Miskin) the one who has nothing to spend on his needs, or he has something but it is not enough.
(and to the wayfarer.) the traveler who is in need of money and other things during his journey.
(That is best for those who seek Allah’s Face;) meaning; to look upon Him on the Day of Resurrection, which is the ultimate aim.
(and it is they who will be successful.) means, in this world and the Hereafter. Then Allah says:
(And that which you give in Riba, in order that it may increase from other people’s property, has no increase with Allah;) This means, that which is given as a gift to others in the hope that they will give back more than they were given. There is no reward for this with Allah. This is how this Ayah was interpreted by Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, `Ikrimah, Muhammad bin Ka`b and Ash-Sha`bi. Allah says:
(but that which you give in Zakah seeking Allah’s Face, then those they shall have manifold increase.) Those are the ones for whom Allah will multiply the reward. It was reported in the Sahih:
(No person gives in charity the equivalent of a date which was earned in a lawful manner, but the Most Merciful takes it in His Right Hand and takes care of it for its owner, just as any one of you takes care of his foal or young camel, until the date becomes the size of Mount Uhud.)
Creation, Provision, Life and Death are all in the Hand of Allah.
(Allah is He Who created you, then provided food for you,) means, He is the Creator and Provider. He brings man forth from his mother’s womb naked and knowing nothing, not able to see or hear, and having no strength. Then He provides him with all these things, giving him household effects, clothing, wealth, possessions and earnings.
(then will cause you to die,) means, after this life.
(then (again) He will give you life.) means, on the Day of Resurrection.
(Is there any of your partners) means, those whom you worship instead of Allah,
(that do anything of that) meaning, none of them are able to do any of that. But Allah is the One Who is Independent in His powers of creation, provision, and giving life and death. Then He will resurrect His creation on the Day of Resurrection. This is why, after all this He says:
(Glory be to Him! And Exalted be He above all that they associate. ) meaning, exalted and sanctified and glorified be He far above having any partner, peer, equal, son or father, for He is the One, the Unique, the Self-Sufficient Master, Who begets not nor was He begotten, and there is none comparable unto Him.