I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.
Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .
May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.
Allah, the Exalted and the Praised, rewards those who strive in His cause.
مَا كَانَ لأَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهُمْ مِّنَ الاٌّعْرَابِ أَن يَتَخَلَّفُواْ عَن رَّسُولِ اللَّهِ وَلاَ يَرْغَبُواْ بِأَنفُسِهِمْ عَن نَّفْسِهِ ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ لاَ يُصِيبُهُمْ ظَمَأٌ وَلاَ نَصَبٌ وَلاَ مَخْمَصَةٌ فِى سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلاَ يَطَأُونَ مَوْطِئًا يَغِيظُ الْكُفَّارَ وَلاَ يَنَالُونَ مِنْ عَدُوٍّ نَّيْلاً إِلاَّ كُتِبَ لَهُمْ بِهِ عَمَلٌ صَالِحٌ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ
(120. It was neither befitting for the people of Al-Madinah and the bedouins of the neighborhood to remain behind Allah’s Messenger nor to prefer their own lives to his life. That is because they suffer neither Zama’ nor Nasab, nor Makhmasah in the cause of Allah, nor did they take any step to raise the anger of disbelievers nor inflict any injury upon an enemy, but is written to their credit as a deed of righteousness. Surely, Allah wastes not the reward of the doers of good.)
Surah 9 At Tawba Verse 120
Tafsir Ibn Kathir
Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored, criticizes the people of Al-Madinah and the bedouins around it, who did not participate in the battle of Tabuk with the Messenger of Allah . They sought to preserve themselves rather than comfort the Messenger during the hardship that he suffered in that battle. They incurred a loss in their share of the reward, since,
(they suffer neither Zama’), thirst,
(nor Nasab), fatigue,
(nor Makhmasah), hunger,
(nor they take any step to raise the anger of disbelievers), by strategies of war that would terrify their enemy,
(nor inflict), a defeat on the enemy,
(but is written to their credit) as compensation for these steps that are not under their control, but a consequence of performing good deeds that earn them tremendous rewards,
(Surely, Allah wastes not the reward of the doers of good.) Allah said in a similar Ayah,
(Certainly We shall not make the reward of anyone who does his (righteous) deeds in the most perfect manner to be lost)
وَلاَ يُنفِقُونَ نَفَقَةً صَغِيرَةً وَلاَ كَبِيرَةً وَلاَ يَقْطَعُونَ وَادِيًا إِلاَّ كُتِبَ لَهُمْ لِيَجْزِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنَ مَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ
(121. Neither do they spend any contribution — small or great — nor cross a valley, but is written to their credit that Allah may recompense them with the best of what they used to do.)
Surah 9 At Tawba Verse 121
Tafsir Ibn Kathir
Allah said next,
(Neither do they spend), in reference to the fighters in Allah’s cause,
(any contribution — small or great –), with regards to its amount,
(nor cross a valley), while marching towards the enemy,
(but is written to their credit), for these actions that they take (and which are under their control),
(that Allah may recompense them with the best of what they used to do.) Certainly, the Leader of the faithful, `Uthman bin `Affan, may Allah be pleased with him, acquired a tremendous share of the virtues mentioned in this honorable Ayah. He spent large amounts and tremendous wealth on this battle (Tabuk). Abdullah, the son of Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdur-Rahman bin Khabbab As-Sulami said; “The Messenger of Allah gave a speech in which he encouraged spending on the army of distress (for Tabuk). I`Uthman bin `Affan, may Allah be pleased with him said; `I will give one hundred camels with their saddles and supplies.’ Then he exhorted them some more. So `Uthman said; `I will give one hundred more camels with their saddles and supplies.’ Then he descended one step of the Minbar and exhorted them some more. So `Uthman bin `Affan said; `I will give one hundred more camels with their saddles and supplies.’ Then I saw Allah’s Messenger with his hand moving like this – and `Abdus-Samad’s (one of the narrators) hand went out like one in amazement – he said,
(It does not matter what `Uthman does after. ) It is also recorded in the Musnad that `Abdur-Rahman bin Samurah said, “`Uthman brought a thousand Dinars in his garment so that the Prophet could prepare supplies for the army of distress. `Uthman poured the money on the Prophet’s lap, and the Prophet started turning it around with his hand and declaring repeatedly,
(The son of `Affan (i.e., `Uthman) will never be harmed by anything he does after today.)” Qatadah commented on Allah’s statement,
(nor cross a valley, but is written to their credit), “The farther any people march forth away from their families in the cause of Allah, the nearer they will be to Allah.”