The Fir`awn (Pharoah) and his chiefs devise a plot

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Fir`awn (Pharoah) and his chiefs devise a plot.

قَالَ الْمَلأ مِن قَوْمِ فِرْعَوْنَ إِنَّ هَـذَا لَسَـحِرٌ عَلِيمٌ

(109. The chiefs of the people of Fir`awn said: “This is indeed a well-versed sorcerer.”)

يُرِيدُ أَن يُخْرِجَكُم مِّنْ أَرْضِكُمْ فَمَاذَا تَأْمُرُونَ

(110. “He wants to get you out of your land, so what do you advise”)

Surah 7 Al Araf Verse 109-110

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

The chiefs and noblemen of the people of Fir`awn agreed with Fir`awn’s statement about Musa. After Fir`awn felt safe and returned to his throne, he said to the chiefs of his people,

(This is indeed a well-versed sorcerer) and they agreed. They held counsel to decide what they should do about Musa. They conspired to extinguish the light that he brought and bring down his word. They plotted to portray Musa as a liar and fake. They feared that he might lure people to his side by his magic, they claimed, and thus prevail over them and drive them away from their land. What they feared occured, just as Allah said,

(And We let Fir`awn and Haman and their hosts receive from them that which they feared.) (28:6) After they conferred about Musa, they agreed on a plot, as Allah said about them,

قَالُواْ أَرْجِهْ وَأَخَاهُ وَأَرْسِلْ فِى الْمَدَآئِنِ حَـشِرِينَ

(111. They said: “Put him and his brother off (for a time), and send callers to the cities to collect”)

يَأْتُوكَ بِكُلِّ سَـحِرٍ عَلِيمٍ

(112. “That they bring to you all well-versed sorcerers.”)

Surah 7 Al-Araf Verse 111-112

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Ibn `Abbas commented,

(“Put him off”), means, “delay him (for a time).”

(“and send to the cities”), areas and provinces of your kingdom — O Fir`awn,

(“to collect”) to gather magicians from various lands. At this time, magic was the trade of the day and it was widespread and popular. They had the idea that what Musa brought was a type of magic similar to the magic that the sorcerers of their time practiced. Because of this incorrect assumption, they brought all the magicians in order to defeat the miracles that he showed them. Allah said about Fir`awn,

(Then verily, we can produce magic the like thereof; so appoint a meeting between us and you, which neither we nor you shall fail to keep, in an open place where both shall have a just and equal chance.” (Musa) said: “Your appointed meeting is the day of the festival, and let the people assemble when the sun has risen (forenoon).” So Fir`awn withdrew, devised his plot and then came back.) (20:58-60). Allah said,

قَالَ أَجِئْتَنَا لِتُخْرِجَنَا مِنْ أَرْضِنَا بِسِحْرِكَ يمُوسَى

(57. He (Fir`awn) said: “Have you come to drive us out of our land with your magic, O Musa”)

فَلَنَأْتِيَنَّكَ بِسِحْرٍ مِّثْلِهِ فَاجْعَلْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكَ مَوْعِداً لاَّ نُخْلِفُهُ نَحْنُ وَلاَ أَنتَ مَكَاناً سُوًى

(58. “Then verily, we can produce magic the like thereof; so appoint a meeting between us and you, which neither we nor you shall fail to keep, in an open place where both shall have a just and equal chance.”)

قَالَ مَوْعِدُكُمْ يَوْمُ الزِّينَةِ وَأَن يُحْشَرَ النَّاسُ ضُحًى

(59. (Musa) said: “Your appointed meeting is the day of the festival, and let the people assemble when the sun has risen (forenoon).”)

Surah 20 TaHa Verse 57-59

Tafsir ibn Kathir

Allah, the Exalted, informs of what Fir`awn said to Musa when he showed him the great proof. This great sign to Fir`awn was Musa casting down his stick which became a huge snake, and his pulling his hand out from under his arm while it was glowing white without any illness. At this, Fir`awn said, “This is magic that you have brought to us to bewitch us and conquer the people, so that they will follow you. Then you will outnumber us.” Fir`awn then said, “Your plan will not work. We have magic just like yours, so do not let yourself be deceived by that what you are doing.”

(so appoint a meeting between us and you,) Meaning, `a day that we can come together to present some of our magic to confront yours. It will be at a specified place and time.’ With this, Musa said to them,

(Your appointed meeting is the day of festival,) That was the day of their celebration and their New Year’s festivity. It was a holiday for them when they took vacation from their work and came together for a large gathering. This day was selected so that all of the people could witness the power of Allah to do whatever He wills. They would see the miracles of the prophets and the futility of magic to contest the supernatural prophetic powers. This is why Musa said,

(and let the people assemble) meaning all of them.

(when the sun has risen (forenoon).) meaning in the morning, just before noon. In this way the contest will be most visible, well lit, apparent and obvious in plain view. This is the way of the Prophets. Their work is always clear and apparent. It is never something hidden, or something for sale. This is why he did not say that the meeting should be at night, but rather, it was to be held during the bright part of the day. Ibn `Abbas said, “The day of their festivity was the day of `Ashura’.” As-Suddi, Qatadah and Ibn Zayd said, “It was the day of their great celebration.” Sa`id bin Jubayr said, “It was the day of their great bazzar.” These statements are not contradictory. I say that Allah destroyed Fir`awn and his armies on a day similar to this, just as is confirmed in the Sahih. `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said, “It was a flat place where all of the people were on the same level, having an equal view of the event. There was nothing there that would obstruct the view so that some people could see what others did not.”

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