A description of the Day of Resurrection

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

A description of the Day of Resurrection.

وَالطُّور

(1. By the Tur)

– وَكِتَـبٍ مُّسْطُورٍ

 (2. And the Book inscribed)

فِى رَقّ مَّنْشُورٍ

 (3. In parchment unrolled.)

وَالْبَيْتِ الْمَعْمُورِ

(4. And by Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur.)

وَالسَّقْفِ الْمَرْفُوعِ

 (5. And the roof raised high.)

وَالْبَحْرِ الْمَسْجُورِ

 (6. And by the sea that is Masjur.)

إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّكَ لَوَٲقِعٌ

(7. Verily, the torment of your Lord will surely come to pass.)

مَّا لَهُ مِن دَافِعٍ

 (8. There is none that can avert it.)

يَوْمَ تَمُورُ السَّمَآء مَوْراً

 (9. On the Day when Tamur the heaven Mawr,)

 وَتَسِيرُ الْجِبَالُ سَيْراً

 (10. And Tasir the mountains Sayr.)

فَوَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لّلْمُكَذّبِينَ

 (11. Then woe that Day to those who denied.)

الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِى خَوْضٍ يَلْعَبُونَ

 (12. Those who were, in their falsehood, playing.)

يَوْمَ يُدَعُّونَ إِلَى نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ دَعًّا

(13. The Day when they will be pushed down by force to the fire of Hell, with a horrible, forceful pushing.)

هَـذِهِ النَّارُ الَّتِى كُنتُم بِهَا تُكَذّبُونَ

 (14. This is the Fire which you used to deny.)

– أَفَسِحْرٌ هَـذَا أَمْ أَنتُمْ لاَ تُبْصِرُونَ

(15. Is this magic or do you not see)

– اصْلَوْهَا فَاصْبِرُواْ أَوْ لاَ تَصْبِرُواْ سَوَآء عَلَيْكُمْ إِنَّمَا تُجْزَوْنَ مَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

 (16. Enter therein and whether you are patient of it or impatient of it, it is all the same. You are only being requited for what you used to do.)

Surah 52 At Tur Verse 1-16

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah swears by His creation, a testimony to His great ability, that His torment will surely befall His enemies; they will have no way of escaping it. At-Tur is the mount that has trees, similar to the mount where Allah spoke to Musa, while Musa was on it, and the mount on which Allah started the prophethood of `Isa. A mount that does not have trees is called Jabal, not Tur. Allah said,

(And by the Book inscribed), it is said that it means Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz, (the Preserved Table). It is also said that is refers to the divinely revealed inscribed Books that people recite, and this is why Allah said,

(In parchment unrolled. And by Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur.) In the Two Sahihs it is confirmed that the Messenger of Allah said in the Hadith about Al-Isra’, after ascending to the seventh heaven:

(Then, I was taken to Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur. It is visited every day by seventy thousand angels who will not come back to visit it again.) The angels worship Allah in Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur and perform Tawaf around it just as the people of the earth perform Tawaf around the Ka`bah. Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur is the Ka`bah of those who reside in the seventh heaven. During the Isra’ journey, the Prophet saw Ibrahim Al-Khalil, who was reclining with his back on Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur. It was Ibrahim who built the Ka`bah on earth, and surely, the reward is compatible with the action. Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur is parallel to the Ka`bah; every heaven has its own house of worship, which is also the direction of prayer for its residents. The house that is located in the lower heaven, is called Bayt Al-`Izzah. And Allah knows best. The statement of Allah the Exalted,

(And by the roof raised high.) Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Shu`bah, and Abu Al-Ahwas, all narrated from Simak, from Khalid bin `Ar`arah, from `Ali bin Abi Talib:

(And by the roof raised high) “Meaning the heaven.” Sufyan added, “Then `Ali recited,

(And We have made the heaven a roof, safe and well-guarded. Yet they turn away from its signs.)(21:32)” Similar was said by Mujahid, Qatadah, As-Suddi, Ibn Jurayj, Ibn Zayd and preferred by Ibn Jarir. The statement of Allah the Exalted,

(And by the sea that is Masjur.) The majority say it refers to the oceans of the earth. Masjur, means, the sea will be kindled with fire on the Day of Resurrection just as Allah said in another Ayah,

(And when the seas become as blazing fire.)(81:6) i.e., it will be kindled with fire and become a raging fire that surrounds the people in the gathering area, this was reported by Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib from `Ali bin Abi Talib. It was also reported from Ibn `Abbas, and it is the view of Sa`id bin Jubayr, Mujahid, `Abdullah bin `Ubayd bin `Umayr and others. Qatadah said, “Masjur is the `filled sea.”’ Ibn Jarir preferred this explanation saying, “The sea is not lit with fire now, so it is filled.” Allah’s statement;

(Verily, the torment of your Lord will surely come to pass.) contains the subject of the vow, indicating that His torment will surely strike the disbelievers, as Allah stated in another Ayah;

(There is none that can avert it.) indicating that when Allah decides to send the torment upon them, none can prevent it or stop it from striking them. Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Ad-Dunya recorded that Ja`far bin Zayd Al-`Abdi said, “One night, in Al-Madinah, `Umar went out investigating the welfare of Muslims and passed by the house of a man who was standing in voluntary prayer. `Umar stood quietly, listening to his recitation; the man was reciting,

(By At-Tur), until he reached the Ayah,

(Verily, the torment of your Lord will surely come to pass. There is none that can avert it.) `Umar said, `By the Lord of the Ka`bah, this is a true vow.’ `Umar dismounted his donkey and sat next to a wall for a while. He then went back to his house and fell ill for a month. During his illness, the people would visit him, not knowing what caused his illness.” May Allah be pleased with `Umar.

Allah said;

(On the Day when Tamur the heaven Mawr) Ibn `Abbas and Qatadah said: “Shaking violently.” Also from Ibn `Abbas, “Split.” Mujahid said: “Spin violently.” Ad-Dahhak commented on the Ayah, saying, “The earth will violently spin and move by the command of Allah, and its areas will violently move towards each other.” This was preferred by Ibn Jarir, because of the meaning of the word, Mawra, which denotes meanings of spinning and shaking. Allah said,

(And Tasir the mountains will Sayr.) will fade away and become scattered particles of dust blown away by the wind,

(Then woe that Day to those who denied), woe to them that Day as a result of Allah’s torment, punishment and affliction that He will direct at them,

(Those who were in their falsehood, playing.) meaning, they live in this life in falsehood and make the religion the subject of their mockery and jest,

(The Day when they will be pushed down by force) meaning, they will be violently driven and shoved,

(to the fire of Hell, with a horrible, forceful pushing.) Mujahid, Ash-Sha`bi, Muhammad bin Ka`b, Ad-Dahhak, As-Suddi and Ath-Thawri said that this Ayah means, “They will be violently shoved into the Fire.” Allah said,

(This is the Fire, which you used to deny.) meaning, the angels of punishment will say these words to them, while admonishing and chastising them,

(Is this magic or do you not see Enter therein) meaning, enter the Fire, `which will encircle you from every direction,’

(and whether you are patient of it or impatient of it, it is all the same.) `whether you endure its torment and afflictions or not, you will never avert it or be saved from it,’

(You are only being requited for what you used to do.) and surely, Allah is never unjust with anyone. Most certainly, Allah recompenses each according to their deeds.

إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ فِى جَنَّـتٍ وَنَعِيمٍ

(17. Verily, those who have Taqwa will be in Gardens and Delight.)

– فَـكِهِينَ بِمَآ ءَاتَـهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ وَوَقَـهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ عَذَابَ الْجَحِيمِ

 (18. Enjoying in that which their Lord has bestowed on them, and (the fact that) their Lord saved them from the torment of the blazing Fire.)

كُلُواْ وَاشْرَبُواْ هَنِيئَاً بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

 (19. “Eat and drink with happiness because of what you used to do.”)

– مُتَّكِئِينَ عَلَى سُرُرٍ مَّصْفُوفَةٍ وَزَوَّجْنَـهُم بِحُورٍ عِينٍ

 (20. They will recline on thrones Masfufah. And We shall marry them to Hur (fair females) with wide lovely eyes.)

Surah 52 At Tur Verse 17-20

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah the Exalted described the destination of the happy ones,

(Verily, those who have Taqwa will be in Gardens and Delight.) in contrast to the torment and punishment of the miserable;

(Enjoying in that which their Lord has bestowed on them,) meaning, enjoying the various types of delight that Allah has granted them therein, such as various types of foods, drinks, clothes, dwelling places, mounts, and so forth,

(and (the fact that) their Lord saved them from the torment of the blazing Fire.) He saved them from the torment of the Fire, which is a bounty itself. Added to this blessing is the fact that they were entered into Paradise, which has delights that no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard, nor has a heart ever imagined. The statement of Allah the Exalted,

(“Eat and drink with happiness because of what you used to do”) is similar to another of His statements,

(Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent on before you in days past!)(69:24) meaning this is the just reward for your deeds; surely, all this is a favor from Allah and a reward from Him. Allah the Exalted said,

(They will recline (with ease) on thrones Masfufah.) Ath-Thawri reported from Husayn, from Mujahid, from Ibn `Abbas: “Thrones in howdahs.” And the meaning of, (Masfufah) is they will be facing each other,

(Facing one another on thrones.)(37:44) Allah said next,

(And We shall marry them to Hur (fair females) with wide lovely eyes.) We made for them righteous spouses, beautiful wives from Al-Hur Al-`Ayn. We mentioned the description of Al-Hur Al-`Ayn in several other places in this Tafsir, and therefore, it is not necessary to repeat their description here.

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