Allah, the Exalted, is the All-Knower of the seen and the unseen

I take refuge with Allaah, the Exalted, from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Allah, the Exalted, is the All-Knower of the seen and the unseen.

وَيَقُولُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لَوْلا أُنزِلَ عَلَيْهِ آيَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِ إِنَّمَآ أَنتَ مُنذِرٌ وَلِكُلِّ قَوْمٍ هَادٍ

(7. And the disbelievers say: “Why is not a sign sent down to him from his Lord” You are only a warner, and to every people there is a guide.)

Surah 13 Ar Rad Verse 7

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah states that out of their disbelief and stubbornness, the idolators asked why is not a miracle sent down to the Messenger from his Lord, just like the earlier Messengers For instance, the disbelievers were being stubborn when they asked the Prophet to turn As-Safa into gold, to remove the mountains from around them, and to replace them with green fields and rivers. Allah said,

(And nothing stops Us from sending the Ayat but that the people of old denied them.)(17:59) Allah said here,

(You are only a warner), and your duty is only to convey Allah’s Message which He has ordered you,

(Not upon you is their guidance, but Allah guides whom He wills.)(2:272) Allah said;

(And to every people there is a guide.) meaning that for every people there has been a caller, according to Ibn `Abbas and as narrated from him by Ali bin Abi Talhah. Allah said in a similar Ayah,

(And there never was a nation but a warner had passed among them.)(35:24) Similar has reported from Qatadah and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd.

اللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَحْمِلُ كُلُّ أُنثَى وَمَا تَغِيضُ الاٌّرْحَامُ وَمَا تَزْدَادُ وَكُلُّ شَىْءٍ عِندَهُ بِمِقْدَارٍ

(8. Allah knows what every female bears, and by how much the wombs fall short (of their time or number) or exceed. Everything with Him is in (due) proportion.)

عَـلِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَـدَةِ الْكَبِيرُ الْمُتَعَالِ

 (9. All-Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Most Great, the Most High.)

Surah 13 Ar Rad Verse 8-9

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah affirms His perfect knowledge, from which nothing is hidden, and that He has complete knowledge of whatever every female creature is carrying,

(And He knows that which is in the wombs.)(31:34), whether male or female, fair or ugly, miserable or happy, whether it will have a long or a short life. Allah said in other Ayat,

(He knows you well when He created you from the earth, and when you were fetuses.)(53:32), and,

(He creates you in the wombs of your mother: creation after creation in three veils of darkness.)(39:6)meaning stage after stage. Allah also said,

(And indeed We created man out of an extract of clay. Thereafter We made him as a Nutfah in a safe lodging. Then We made the Nutfah into a clot, then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We brought it forth as another creation. So Blessed is Allah, the Best of creators.)(23:12-14) In the two Sahihs it is recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(The matter of the creation of one of you is put together in the womb of the mother in forty days, and then he becomes a clot of thick blood for a similar period, and then a piece of flesh for a similar period. Then Allah sends an angel who is ordered to write four things. He is ordered to write down his provisions, his life span, his deeds, and whether he will be blessed or wretched.”) In another Hadith, the Prophet said,

(Then the angel asks, “O my Lord! Is it a male or a female, miserable or happy, what is its provisions and life span” Allah then ordains and the angel records it.) Allah said next,

(and by how much the wombs fall short or exceed.) Al-Bukhari recorded that `Abdullah bin `Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(The Keys of the Ghayb (unseen knowledge) are five, nobody knows them but Allah. Nobody knows what will happen tomorrow except Allah; nobody knows what is in the womb except Allah; nobody knows when it will rain except Allah; no soul knows at what place he will die except Allah; and nobody knows when the (Final) Hour will begin except Allah.) Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said,

(and by how much the wombs fall short), this refers to miscarriages,

(or exceed), this refers to carrying her fetus in her womb for the full term. Some women carry their fetus for ten months, while others for nine months. Some terms are longer or shorter than others. This is the falling short or exceeding that Allah the Exalted mentioned, and all this occurs by His knowledge.” Qatadah commented on Allah’s statement,

(Everything with Him is in proportion.) “For a term appointed. Allah has the records of the provisions and terms of His creation and made an appointed term for everything.” An authentic Hadith mentioned that one of the Prophet’s daughters sent (a messenger) to him requesting him to come as her child was dying, but the Prophet returned the messenger and told him to say to her,

(Verily, whatever Allah takes is for Him and whatever He gives is for Him, and everything with Him has a limited fixed term (in this world), and so she should be patient and hope for Allah’s reward.) Allah said next,

(All-Knower of the Ghayb (the unseen) and the Shahadah (the witnessable),) Who knows everything that the servants see and all what they cannot see, and none of it ever escapes His knowledge,

(the Most Great), greater than everything,

(the Most High.) above everything,

((Allah) surrounds all things in (His) knowledge.)(65:12), and has full power over all things, the necks are under His control and the servants are subservient to Him, willingly or unwillingly.

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