Honor belongs to Allah, the Exalted, His Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, and the believers.

I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessings of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved  Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Honor belongs to Allah, the Exalted, His Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, and the believers.

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَعَالَوْاْ يَسْتَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ لَوَّوْاْ رُءُوسَهُمْ وَرَأَيْتَهُمْ يَصُدُّونَ وَهُم مُّسْتَكْبِرُونَ

(5. And when it is said to them: “Come, so that the Messenger of Allah may ask forgiveness from Allah for you,” they twist their heads, and you would see them turning away their faces in pride.)

سَوَآءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَسْتَغْفَرْتَ لَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ لَن يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَهْدِى الْقَوْمَ الْفَـسِقِينَ

 (6. It is equal to them whether you ask forgiveness or ask not forgiveness for them, Allah will never forgive them. Verily, Allah guides not the people who are the rebellious.)

هُمُ الَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ لاَ تُنفِقُواْ عَلَى مَنْ عِندَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ حَتَّى يَنفَضُّواْ وَلِلَّهِ خَزَآئِنُ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ وَلَـكِنَّ الْمُنَـفِقِينَ لاَ يَفْقَهُونَ

 (7. They are the ones who say: “Spend not on those who are with Allah’s Messenger, until they desert him.” And to Allah belong the treasures of the heavens and the earth, but the hypocrites comprehend not.)

يَقُولُونَ لَئِن رَّجَعْنَآ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ لَيُخْرِجَنَّ الاٌّعَزُّ مِنْهَا الاٌّذَلَّ وَلِلَّهِ الْعِزَّةُ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلَـكِنَّ الْمُنَـفِقِينَ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

(8. They say: “If we return to Al-Madinah, indeed the more honorable will expel therefrom the weaker.” But Al-`Izzah belongs to Allah, and to His Messenger, and to the believers, but the hypocrites know not.)

Surah 63 Al Munafiqoon Verse 5-8

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Hypocrites are not interested in asking the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him,  to ask Allah to forgive them.

Allah the Exalted states about the hypocrites, may Allah curse them,

(And when it is said to them: “Come, so that the Messenger of Allah may ask forgiveness from Allah for you,” they twist their heads,) meaning, they turn away, ignoring this call in arrogance, belitt ling what they are invited to. This is why Allah the Exalted said,

(and you would see them turning away their faces in pride.) Allah punished them for this behavior, saying,

(It is equal to them whether you ask forgiveness or ask not forgiveness for them, Allah will never forgive them. Verily, Allah guides not the people who are the rebellious.)

 As Allah said in Surat Bara’ah, and a discussion preceded there, and here we will present some of the Hadiths reported that are related to it. Several of the Salaf mentioned that this entire passage was revealed in the case of `Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul, as we will soon mention, Allah willing and our trust and reliance are on Him.

 In his book, As-Sirah, Muhammad bin Ishaq said, “After the battle of Uhud ended, the Prophet returned to Al-Madinah. `Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul — as Ibn Shihab narrated to me — would stand up every Friday, without objection from anyone because he was a chief of his people, when the Prophet would sit on the Minbar, just before he delivered the Jumu`ah Khutbah to the people. `Abdullah bin Ubay would say, `O people! This is the Messenger of Allah with you. Allah has honored us by sending him and gave you might through him. Support him, honor him and listen to and obey him.’ He would then sit down. So after the battle of Uhud, even after he did what he did, that is, returning to Al-Madinah with a third of the army, he stood up to say the same words. But the Muslims held on to his clothes and said to him, `Sit down, O enemy of Allah! You are not worthy to stand after you did what you did.’ `Abdullah went out of the Masjid crossing people’s lines and saying, `By Allah, it is as if I said something awful when I wanted to support him.’ Some men from Al-Ansar met him at the gate of the Masjid and asked him what happened. He said, `I just stood up to support him and some men, his Companions, jumped at me, pulled me back and admonished me, as if what I said was an awful thing; I merely wanted to support him.’ They said to him, `Woe to you! Go back so that Allah’s Messenger asks Allah to forgive you.’ He said, `By Allah, I do not wish that he ask Allah to forgive me.”’ Qatadah and As-Suddi said, “This Ayah was revealed about `Abdullah bin Ubay.

 A young relative of his went to Allah’s Messenger and conveyed to him an awful statement that `Abdullah said. The Messenger called `Abdullah, who swore by Allah that he did not say anything. The Ansar went to that boy and admonished him. However, Allah sent down what you hear about `Abdullah’s case and Allah’s enemy was told, `Go to Allah’s Messenger,’ but he turned his head away, saying that he will not do it.” Muhammad bin Ishaq said that Muhammad bin Yahya bin Hibban, `Abdullah bin Abi Bakr and `Asim bin `Umar bin Qatadah narrated to him the story of Bani Al-Mustaliq. They said that while the Messenger of Allah was in that area, Jahjah bin Sa`id Al-Ghifari, a hired hand for `Umar, and Sinan bin Wabr fought over the water source. Sinan called out, “O Ansar”, while Al-Jahjah called, “O Muhajirin!” Zayd bin Arqam and several Ansar men were sitting with `Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul at that time. When `Abdullah heard what happened, he said, “They are bothering us in our land. By Allah, the parable of us and these foolish Quraysh men, is the parable that goes, `Feed your dog until it becomes strong, and it will eat you.’ By Allah, when we go back to Al-Madinah, the most mighty will expel the weak from it.”

He then addressed his people who were sitting with him, saying to them, “What have you done to yourselves You let them settle in your land and shared your wealth with them. By Allah, if you abandon them, they will have to move to another area other than yours.” Zayd bin Arqam heard these words and conveyed them to Allah’s Messenger . Zayd was a young boy then. `Umar bin Al-Khattab was with the Messenger and he said, “O Allah’s Messenger! Order `Abbad bin Bishr to cut off his head at his neck.” The Prophet replied,

  (What if people started saying that Muhammad kills his companions, O `Umar No. However, order the people to start the journey (back to Al-Madinah).)

When `Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul was told that his statement reached Allah’s Prophet , he went to him and denied saying it. He swore by Allah that he did not utter the statement that Zayd bin Arqam conveyed. `Abdullah bin Ubay was a chief of his people and they said, “O Allah’s Messenger! May be the young boy merely guessed and did not hear what was said correctly.” Allah’s Messenger started the journey at an unusual hour of the day and was met by Usayd bin Al-Hudayr, who greeted him acknowledging his prophethood. Usayd said, “By Allah! You are about to begin the journey at an unusual time.” The Prophet said,

(Did not the statement of your friend, Ibn Ubay reach you He claimed that when he returns to Al-Madinah, the mighty one will expel the weak one out of it.)

 Usayd said, “Indeed, you are the mighty one, O Allah’s Messenger, and he is the disgraced one.” Usayd said, “Take it easy with him, O Allah’s Messenger! By Allah, when Allah brought you to us, we were about to gather the pearls (of a crown) so that we appoint him king over us. He thinks that you have rid him of his kingship.” The Messenger of Allah traveled with the people until the night fell, then the rest of the night until the beginning of the next day and then set camp with the people. He wanted to busy them from talking about what had happened. The minute people felt the ground under their feet, they went to sleep and Surat Al-Munafiqin was revealed. Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Bayhaqi recorded that Jabir bin `Abdullah said, “We were in a battle with Allah’s Messenger and a man from the Emigrants kicked an Ansari man. The Ansari man called out, `O Ansar!’ and the Emigrant called out, `O Emigrants!’ Allah’s Messenger heard that and said,

(What is this call of Jahiliyyah Abandon it because it is offensive.) `Abdullah bin Ubay heard that and said, `Have they (the Emigrants) done so By Allah, if we return to Al-Madinah, surely, the more honorable will expel therefrom the meaner.’ The Ansar at that time, were more numerous that the Emigrants when the Messenger of Allah came to Al-Madinah, but later on the Emigrants imcreased in number. When this statement reached the Prophet , `Umar got up and said, `O Allah’s Messenger! Let me chop off the head of this hypocrite!’ The Prophet said:

(Leave him, lest the people say that Muhammad kills his companions.)”

Imam Ahmad, Al-Bukhari and Muslim collected this Hadith. `Ikrimah and Ibn Zayd and others said that when the Prophet and his Companions went back to Al-Madinah,`Abdullah, the son of `Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul, remained by the gate of Al-Madinah holding his sword. People passed by him as they returned to Al-Madinah, and then his father came. `Abdullah, son of `Abdullah, said to his father, “Stay where you are,” and his father asked what the matter was His son said, “By Allah! You will enter through here until the Messenger of Allah allows you to do so, for he is the honorable one and you are the disgraced.”

When the Messenger of Allah came by, and he used to be in the last lines, `Abdullah bin Ubay complained to him about his son and his son said, “By Allah, O Allah’s Messenger! He will not enter it until you say so.” The Messenger gave his permission to `Abdullah bin Ubay and his son said, “Enter, now that the Messenger of Allah gave you his permission.” In his Musnad, Abu Bakr `Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr Al-Humaydi recorded from Abu Harun Al-Madani that `Abdullah, the son of `Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul, said to his father, “You will never enter Al-Madinah unless and until you say, `Allah’s Messenger is the honorable one and I am the disgraced.” When the Prophet came, `Abdullah, son of `Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul said to him, “O Allah’s Messenger! I was told that you have decided to have my father executed. By He Who has sent you with Truth, I never looked straight to his face out of respect for him. But if you wish, I will bring you his head, because I would hate to see the killer of my father.”

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