The Conception of Isa (Jesus), peace be upon him

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

 Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

The Conception of Isa (Jesus), Alaihi Salaam.

وَاذْكُرْ فِى الْكِتَـبِ مَرْيَمَ إِذِ انتَبَذَتْ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا مَكَاناً شَرْقِياً

(16. And mention in the Book, Maryam, when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to place facing east.)

 فَاتَّخَذَتْ مِن دُونِهِم حِجَاباً فَأَرْسَلْنَآ إِلَيْهَآ رُوحَنَا فَتَمَثَّلَ لَهَا بَشَراً سَوِيّاً

 (17. She placed a screen before them; then We sent to her Our Ruh, and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects.)

قَالَتْ إِنِّى أَعُوذُ بِالرَّحْمَـنِ مِنكَ إِن كُنتَ تَقِيّاً

(18. She said: “Verily, I seek refuge with the Most Gracious (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah.”)

 قَالَ إِنَّمَآ أَنَاْ رَسُولُ رَبِّكِ لاًّهَبَ لَكِ غُلَـماً زَكِيّاً

 (19. (The angel) said: “I am only a messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.”)

قَالَتْ أَنَّى يَكُونُ لِى غُلَـمٌ وَلَمْ يَمْسَسْنِى بَشَرٌ وَلَمْ أَكُ بَغِيّاً

(20. She said: “How can I have a son when no man has touched me, nor am I Baghiyya”)

قَالَ كَذلِكَ قَالَ رَبُّكَ هُوَ عَلَىَّ هَيِّنٌ وَلِنَجْعَلَهُ ءَايَةً لِّلْنَّاسِ وَرَحْمَةً مِّنَّا وَكَانَ أَمْراً مَّقْضِيّاً

 (21. He said: “Thus says your Lord: `That is easy for Me (Allah). And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed (by Allah).”’)

Surah 19 Maryam Verse 16-21

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

After Allah, the Exalted, mentioned the story of Zakariyya, and that He blessed him with a righteous, purified and blessed child even in his old age while his wife was barren, He then mentions the story of Maryam. Allah informs of His granting her a child named `Isa without a father being involved (in her pregnancy). Between these two stories there is an appropriate and similar relationship. Due to their closeness in meaning, Allah mentioned them here together, as well as in Surahs Al `Imran and Al-Anbiya’. Allah has mentioned these stories to show His servants His ability, the might of His authority and that He has power over all things. Allah says,

(And mention in the Book, Maryam,) She was Maryam bint `Imran from the family lineage of Dawud. She was from a good and wholesome family of the Children of Israel. Allah mentioned the story of her mother’s pregnancy with her in Surah Al `Imran, and that she (Maryam’s mother) dedicated her freely for the service of Allah. This meant that she dedicated the child (Maryam) to the service of the Masjid of the Sacred House (in Jerusalem). Thus, they (Zakariyya, Maryam’s mother and Maryam) were similar in that aspect.

(So her Lord (Allah) accepted her with goodly acceptance. He made her grow in a good manner.)[3:37] Thus, Maryam was raised among the Children of Israel in an honorable way. She was one of the female worshippers, well-known for her remarkable acts of worship, devotion and perseverance. She lived under the care of her brother-in-law, Zakariyya, who was a Prophet of the Children of Israel at that time. He was a great man among them, whom they would refer to in their religious matters. Zakariyya saw astonishing miracles occur from her that amazed him.

(Every time Zakaiyya entered the Mihrab to (visit) her, he found her supplied with sustenance. He said: “O Maryam! From where have you got this” She said, “This is from Allah.” Verily, Allah provides to whom He wills, without limit.) [3:37] It has been mentioned that he would find her with winter fruit during the summer and summer fruit during the winter. This has already been explained in Surah Al `Imran. Then, when Allah wanted to grant her His servant and Messenger, `Isa, one of the five Great Messengers.

(she withdrew in seclusion from her family to place facing east.) [19:16] This means that she withdrew from them and secluded herself from them. She went to the eastern side of the Sacred Masjid (in Jerusalem). It is reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said, “Verily, I am the most knowledgeable of Allah’s creation of why the Christians took the east as the direction of devotional worship. They did because of Allah’s statement,

(When she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing east.) Therefore, they took the birthplace of `Isa as their direction of worship.” Concerning Allah’s statement,

(She placed a screen before them;) This means that she hid herself from them and concealed herself. Then, Allah sent Jibril to her.

(and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects.) [19:17] This means that he came to her in the form of a perfect and complete man. Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, Ibn Jurayj, Wahb bin Munabbih and As-Suddi all commented on Allah’s statement,

(then We sent to her Our Ruh,) “It means Jibril.”

(She said: “Verily, I seek refuge with the Most Gracious from you, if you do fear Allah.”) This means that when the angel (Jibril) appeared to her in the form of a man, while she was in a place secluded by herself with a partition between her and her people, she was afraid of him and thought that he wanted to rape her. Therefore, she said,

(Verily, I seek refuge with the Most Gracious from you, if you do fear Allah.) She meant, “If you fear Allah,” as a means of reminding him of Allah. This is what is legislated in defense against (evil), so that it may be repulsed with ease. Therefore, the first thing she did was try to make him fear Allah, the Mighty and Sublime. Ibn Jarir reported from `Asim that Abu Wa’il said when mentioning the story of Maryam, “She knew that the pious person would refrain (from committing evil) when she said,

(“Verily, I seek refuge with the Most Gracious from you, if you do fear Allah.” He said: “I am only a messenger from your Lord…”) This means that the angel said to her in response, and in order to remove the fear that she felt within herself, “I am not what you think, but I am the messenger of your Lord.” By this he meant, “Allah has sent me to you.” It is said that when she mentioned the (Name of the) Most Beneficent (Ar-Rahman), Jibril fell apart and returned to his true form (as an angel). He responded, (إِنَّمَآ أَنَاْ رَسُولُ رَبِّكِ لِيَهَب لَكِ غُلَـمًا زَكِيًّا) `I am only a messenger from your Lord, to provide to you the gift of a righteous son.’

(She said: “How can I have a son…”) This means that Maryam was amazed at this. She said, “How can I have a son” She said this to mean, “In what way would a son be born to me when I do not have a husband and I do not commit any wicked acts (i.e. fornication)” For this reason she said,

(when no man has touched me, nor am I Baghiyya) The Baghiyy is a female fornicator. For this reason, a Hadith has been reported prohibiting the money earned from Baghiyy.

(He said: “Thus said your Lord: `That is easy for Me (Allah)…”) This means that the angel said to her in response to her question, “Verily, Allah has said that a boy will be born from you even though you do not have a husband and you have not committed any lewdness. Verily, He is Most Able to do whatever He wills.” Due to this, he (Jibril) conveyed Allah’s Words,

(And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind) This means a proof and a sign for mankind of the power of their Maker and Creator, Who diversified them in their creation. He created their father, Adam, without a male (father) or female (mother). Then, He created Hawwa’ (Adam’s spouse) from a male (father) without a female (mother). Then, He created the rest of their progeny from male and female, except `Isa. He caused `Isa to be born from a female without a male. Thus, Allah completed the four types of creation (of the human being), which proves the perfection of His power and the magnificence of His authority. There is no god worthy of worship except Him and there is no true Lord other than Him. Concerning Allah’s statement,

(and a mercy from Us,) This means, “We will make this boy a mercy from Allah and a Prophet from among the Prophets. He will call to the worship of Allah and monotheistic belief in Him. This is as Allah, the Exalted, said in another Ayah,

((Remember) when the angels said: “O Maryam! Verily, Allah gives you the good news of a Word from Him, his name will be Al-Masih, `Isa, the son of Maryam, held in honor in this world and in the Hereafter, and will be one of those who are near to Allah. And he will speak to the people, in the cradle and in manhood, and he will be one of the righteous.) [3:45-46] This means that he will call to the worship of his Lord in his cradle and while and adult. Concerning His statement,

(and it is a matter (already) decreed (by Allah).) This is the completion of Jibril’s dialogue with Maryam. He informed her that this matter was preordained by Allah’s power and will. Muhammad bin Ishaq said,

(and it is a matter (already) decreed (by Allah).) “This means that Allah determined to do this, so there is no avoiding it.”

فَحَمَلَتْهُ فَانْتَبَذَتْ بِهِ مَكَاناً قَصِيّاً

(22. So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a remote place.)

فَأَجَآءَهَا الْمَخَاضُ إِلَى جِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ قَالَتْ يلَيْتَنِى مِتُّ قَبْلَ هَـذَا وَكُنتُ نَسْياً مَّنسِيّاً

 (23. And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a date palm. She said: “Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!”)

Surah 19 Maryam verse 22-23

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah, the Exalted, informs about Maryam that when Jibril had spoken to her about what Allah said, she accepted the decree of Allah. Many scholars of the predecessors (Salaf) have mentioned that at this point the angel (who was Jibril) blew into the opening of the garment that she was wearing. Then the breath descended until it entered into her vagina and she conceived the child by the leave of Allah. Muhammad bin Ishaq said, “When she conceived him and filled her water jug (at a well), she returned (to her people). After this, her menstrual bleeding ceased and she experienced what the pregnant woman experiences of sickness, hunger, change of color and there was even a change in the manner of her speech. After this, no people came to visit any house like they did the house of Zakariyya. The word spread among the Children of Israel and the people were saying, `Verily, her partner (in fornication) was Yusuf, because there was no one else in the temple with her except him.’ So she hid herself from the people and placed a veil between herself and them. No one saw her and she did not see anyone else.” Allah said;

(And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a date palm.) This means that her pains of labor compelled her to go to the trunk of a date-palm tree that was at the place where she had secluded herself. The scholars differed over its location. As-Suddi said, “Her place of seclusion was to the east and that was where she would pray at the Sacred House of Jerusalem.” Wahb bin Munabbih said, “She ran away and when she reached an area between Ash-Sham and Egypt, she was overcome by labor pains.” In another narration from Wahb, he said, “This took place eight miles from the Sacred House of Jerusalem in a village that was known as Bayt Al-Lahm (Bethlehem).” I say, there are Hadiths about the Isra’ (Night Journey of the Prophet ) that are reported by An-Nasa’i on the authority of Anas, and Al-Bayhaqi on the authority of Shadad bin Aws, that say that this took place at Bait Al-Lahm. Allah knows best. This is what is well known that the people all relate from each other. The Christians have no doubt held that the place of this occurrence was Bethlehem and this is what all the people relate. It has been related in a Hadith also, if the Hadith is authentic. Allah says, informing about her,

(She said: “Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!”) In this is an evidence of the permissibility to wish for death when a calamity strikes. She knew that she was going to be tested with the birth, the people would not assist her, and they would not believe her story. After she was known as a devout worshipper among them, they now thought that she had become a fornicating whore. She said,

(Would that I had died before this,) She said this to mean before this situation.

(and I had been forgotten and out of sight!) This means, “I wish I had not been created and I was nothing.” This was mentioned by Ibn `Abbas. Qatadah said,

(and I had been forgotten and out of sight!) “This means something unknown, forgotten and no one knew who I was.”

فَنَادَاهَا مِن تَحْتِهَآ أَلاَّ تَحْزَنِى قَدْ جَعَلَ رَبُّكِ تَحْتَكِ سَرِ

(24. Then he cried unto her from below her, saying: “Grieve not: your Lord has provided a Sariy under you.”)

وَهُزِّى إِلَيْكِ بِجِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ تُسَـقِطْ عَلَيْكِ رُطَباً جَنِيّاً

(25. “And shake the trunk of date palm towards you, it will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you.”)

فَكُلِى وَاشْرَبِى وَقَرِّى عَيْناً فَإِمَّا تَرَيِنَّ مِنَ البَشَرِ أَحَداً فَقُولِى إِنِّى نَذَرْتُ لِلرَّحْمَـنِ صَوْماً فَلَنْ أُكَلِّمَ الْيَوْمَ إِنسِيّاً

 (26. “So eat and drink and rejoice. And if you see any human being, say: `Verily, I have vowed a fast for the Most Gracious so I shall not speak to any human being today.,”)

Surah 19 Maryam Verse 24-26

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

(Who was below her) Meaning the one who was below her called to her. Others recited it as,

(from below her) With the meaning of a preposition (from) instead of a pronoun (who). The scholars of Tafsir have differed over the interpretation of who was calling out. Al-`Awfi and others reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said,

(Then cried unto her from below her,) “This is referring to Jibril because `Isa did not speak until she brought him to her people.” Similarly, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Ad-Dahhak, `Amr bin Maymun, As-Suddi and Qatadah all said, “Verily, this is referring to the angel Jibril.” This means that he (Jibril) called out to her from the bottom of the valley. Mujahid said,

(Then cried unto her from below her,) “This is referring to `Isa bin Maryam.” Likewise, `Abdur-Razzaq reported from Ma`mar that Qatadah said that Al-Hasan said, “This is referring to her son (`Isa).” This is also one of the two opinions reported from Sa`id bin Jubayr — that it was her son, `Isa, speaking. Sa`id said, “Have you not heard Allah saying,

(Then she pointed to him.) Ibn Zayd and Ibn Jarir preferred this opinion in his Tafsir. Allah said,

(Grieve not:) He called to her saying, “Do not grieve.”

(your Lord has provided a Sariy under you.) Sufyan Ath-Thawri and Shu`bah reported from Abu Ishaq that Al-Bara’ bin `Azib said

(your Lord has provided a Sariy under you.) “This means a small stream.” Likewise, `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “Sariy means a river.” `Amr bin Maymun held the same view, as he said, “It means a river for her to drink from.” Mujahid said, “It means river in the Syrian language.” Sa`id bin Jubayr said, “Sariy is a small flowing river.” Others said that Sariy refers to `Isa. This was said by Al-Hasan, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, Muhammad bin `Abbad bin Ja`far, and it is one of the two opinions reported from Qatadah. It is also the view of `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam. However, the first view seems to be the most obvious meaning. For this reason, Allah said after it,

(And shake the trunk of date palm towards you,) meaning, “Grab the trunk of the date-palm tree and shake it towards yourself.” Therefore, Allah blessed her by giving her food and drink. Then He said,

(It will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you. So eat and drink and rejoice.) Meaning to be happy. This is why `Amr bin Maymun said, “Nothing is better for the woman confined in childbed than dried dates and fresh dates.” Then he recited this noble Ayah. Concerning Allah’s statement,

(And if you see any human being,) This means any person that you see,

(Say: `Verily, I have vowed a fast unto the Most Gracious (Allah) so I shall not speak to any human being today.’) Meaning, by signaling with gestures, not a statement by speech. This is so that she does not negate her oath itself,

(so I shall not speak to any human being today. ) Anas bin Malik commented on,

(I have vowed a fast unto the Most Gracious) He said; “A vow of silence.” Likewise said Ibn `Abbas and Ad-Dahhak. The meaning here is that in their Law, when fasting, it was forbidden for them to eat and speak. As-Suddi, Qatadah and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd have all stated this view. `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd said, “When `Isa said to Maryam,

(Grieve not) She said, `How can I not grieve when you are with me and I have no husband nor am I an owned slave woman What excuse do I have with the people Woe unto me, if I had only died before this, and had been a thing forgotten and unknown.’ Then, `Isa said to her, `I will suffice you with a statement,

(And if you see any human being, say: `Verily, I have vowed a fast unto the Most Gracious so I shall not speak to any human being this day.’)’ All of this is from the speech of `Isa to his mother.” Wahb said the same as well.

www.tafsir.com

Advertisements