Death and Resurrection for the People of Prophet Musa (Moses), peace be upon him

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

 Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Death and Resurrection for the People of Prophet Musa (Moses) Alaihi Salaam.

 وَاخْتَارَ مُوسَى قَوْمَهُ سَبْعِينَ رَجُلاً لِّمِيقَـتِنَا فَلَمَّا أَخَذَتْهُمُ الرَّجْفَةُ قَالَ رَبِّ لَوْ شِئْتَ أَهْلَكْتَهُم مِّن قَبْلُ وَإِيَّـىَ أَتُهْلِكُنَا بِمَا فَعَلَ السُّفَهَآءُ مِنَّآ إِنْ هِىَ إِلاَّ فِتْنَتُكَ تُضِلُّ بِهَا مَن تَشَآءُ وَتَهْدِى مَن تَشَآءُ أَنتَ وَلِيُّنَا فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الْغَـفِرِينَ

(155. And Musa chose out of his people seventy (of the best) men for Our appointed time and place of meeting, and when they were seized with a violent earthquake, he said: “O my Lord, if it had been Your Will, You could have destroyed them and me before; would You destroy us for the deeds of the foolish among us It is only Your trial by which You lead astray whom You will, and keep guided whom You will. You are our protector, so forgive us and have mercy on us: for You are the best of those who forgive.)

 وَاكْتُبْ لَنَا فِى هَـذِهِ الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الاٌّخِرَةِ إِنَّا هُدْنَـآ إِلَيْكَ قَالَ عَذَابِى أُصِيبُ بِهِ مَنْ أَشَآءُ وَرَحْمَتِى وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ فَسَأَكْتُبُهَا لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَـوةَ وَالَّذِينَ هُم بِـَايَـتِنَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

(156. “And ordain for us good in this world, and in the Hereafter. Certainly we have Hudna unto You.” He said: (As to) My punishment I afflict therewith whom I will and My mercy embraces all things. That (mercy) I shall ordain for those who have Taqwa, and give Zakah; and those who believe in Our Ayat.)

Surah 7 Al Araf Verse 155-156

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas commented; “Allah commanded Musa to choose seventy men. So he chose them and proceeded with them in order that they supplicate to their Lord. Their supplication included asking Allah, `O Allah! Give us what you have never given anyone before us and will never give anyone after us!’ Allah disliked this supplication and they were seized with a violent earthquake, Musa said:

(“O my Lord, if it had been Your will, You could have destroyed them and me before.)”’ As-Suddi said, “Allah commanded Musa to come with thirty men from the Children of Israel, apologizing for worshipping the calf; and He gave them an appointed time and place.

(And Musa chose out of his people seventy (of the best) men.) He chose these men and went along with them so that they could apologize. When they reached the appointed place, they said,

(We shall never believe in you), [2:55] `O Musa,

(until we see Allah plainly, ) for you spoke to Him,’ they said, `therefore, show Him to us,’

(but they were struck with a bolt of lightning) [4:153] and they died. Musa stood up crying, invoking Allah, `O Lord! What should I tell the Children of Israel, when I go back to them after You destroyed their best men’

(“O my Lord, if it had been Your will, You could have destroyed them and me before”).”’ Muhammad bin Ishaq said, “Musa chose seventy of the best men from the Children of Israel. He said to them, `Go to the meeting with Allah and repent for what you committed. Beg His forgiveness for those of your people whom you left behind. Fast, purify yourselves and clean your clothes.’ So, he went with them to Mount Tur in Sinai for the meeting place and time designated by his Lord. He went there only with the leave and knowledge of Allah. According to what has been mentioned to me, when the seventy did what he ordered them to do, and went with him to the meeting of Musa with his Lord, they said, `Request that we may also hear the words of our Lord.’ So he replied, `I shall.’ When Musa approached the mountain it became completely covered with columns of clouds, Musa approached it and entered in them. He said to the people, `Approach.’ But when Allah spoke to Musa, his cloak was surrounded by a brilliant light which no human could bear to look at, so below him a barrier was placed and the people approached. When they entered the cloud they fell prostrate and they heard Him while he was speaking to Musa, commanding him and forbidding him, saying what to do and what not to do. When He completed commanding him, and removed the cloud from Musa, he faced the people and they said, `O Musa! We will not believe in you unless we see Allah directly.’ So the thunder shook them, their souls were captured and they all died. Musa stood up invoking, begging and supplicating to his Lord,

(“O my Lord, if it had been Your will, You could have destroyed them and me before.”)’ meaning, `They were foolish. Would You destroy anyone who comes after me from the Children of Israel’ Ibn `Abbas, Qatadah, Mujahid and Ibn Jarir At-Tabari said, “They were seized by the tremor or lightning, because they neither shunned nor forbade their people who worshipped the calf.” This is supported by Musa’s statement,

(“would You destroy us for the deeds of the fools among us”) He said next,

(“It is only Your Fitnah”) affliction, test and trial, according to Ibn `Abbas, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu Al-`Aliyah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and several among the Salaf and latter scholars. This is the only plausible meaning, in which Musa says, “The decision is Yours (O Allah), and the judgment, and whatever You will occurs. You misguide whom You will, guide whom You will, and none can guide whom You misguide or misguide whom You guide. There is none who can give what You deprive or avert what You give. The sovereignty is all Yours, and Yours is the judgment, the creation and the decision.” The Ayah,

(“You are our protector, so forgive us and have mercy on us: for You are the best of those who forgive.”), pertains to (Allah’s) covering the mistake and not punishing for the sin. Whenever mercy is mentioned along with forgiveness [such as in Musa’s supplication to Allah], it includes the hope that Allah does not permit one to fall into that act again.

(for You are the best of those who forgive,”) for none except You can forgive the sin.

(“And ordain for us good in this world, and in the Hereafter.”) The first part of Musa’s supplication was to fend off what should be avoided, while this part is a request for what is sought. The meaning of,

(“And ordain for us good in this world, and in the Hereafter. ”) is, `ordain for us and grant us all that is good in both lives. We mentioned the meaning of `good’ before in Surat Al-Baqarah.

(“We have Hudna unto You”) `we repent, go back and return unto You,’ according to the meaning of, `Hudna’, given by Ibn `Abbas, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Mujahid, Abu Al-`Aliyah, Ad-Dahhak, Ibrahim At-Taymi, As-Suddi, Qatadah and several others.

(He said: (As to) My punishment I afflict therewith whom I will and My mercy embraces all things. That (mercy) I shall ordain for those who have Taqwa, and give Zakah; and those who believe in Our Ayat.) [7:156]

Allah answers the statement,

(“It is only Your trial…”) [7:155], by saying,

((As to) My punishment I afflict therewith whom I will and My mercy embraces all things.) Allah says here, `I do what I will, decide what I will and I have wisdom and justice in all matters.’ Certainly, there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. Allah’s statement,

(and My mercy embraces all things) testifies to His encompassing mercy. Allah said that the angels who carry His Throne and those around the Throne supplicate,

(“Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge.”) [40:7] Imam Ahmad recorded that Jundub bin `Abdullah Al-Bajali said, “A bedouin man came, he made his camel kneel and he tied it. Then he prayed behind the Messenger of Allah . When the Messenger of Allah finished the prayer, that man untied his camel mounted it and supplicated aloud, `O Allah! Grant Your mercy to me and to Muhammad, and do not give a share in it to anyone else.’ The Messenger of Allah commented (to his Companions),

(Do you think that this man is more misguided or his camel Did you not hear what this man has said) They said, `Yes.’ He said,

(You (the bedouin man) have restricted a vast mercy! Allah, the Exalted, the most Honored has created a hundred mercies and sent down one of them by which the creation, men, Jinn and animals, show mercy to each other. He left with Him ninety-nine mercies, so do you say that this man is more misguided or his camel) Ahmad and Abu Dawud collected this Hadith. Imam Ahmad recorded that Salman narrated that the Prophet said,

(Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored, has a hundred mercies. With one of them, the creations show mercy to each other, and even the beasts show kindness to their offspring. He has kept ninety-nine mercies with Him for the Day of Resurrection.) Muslim recorded it. Allah said next,

(That (mercy) I shall ordain for those who have Taqwa, ) meaning, I will ordain My mercy for them, as a favor and kindness from Me to them. Allah said in a similar Ayah,

(He has prescribed mercy for Himself) [6:12] Allah’s statement,

(for those who have Taqwa), means, `I will ordain My mercy for those who possess these qualities, and they are the Ummah of Muhammad,’

(for those who have Taqwa), who avoid Shirk and major sins,

(and give the Zakah), purify themselves, according to one opinion. It was also said that, `the Zakah’, here pertains to wealth. It is possible that both meanings are included here, for this Ayah was revealed in Makkah [before Zakah in fixed shares was ordained],

(and those who believe in Our Ayat.), those who have faith in them.

وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِقَوْمِهِ يَـقَوْمِ إِنَّكُمْ ظَلَمْتُمْ أَنفُسَكُمْ بِاتِّخَاذِكُمُ الْعِجْلَفَتُوبُواْ إِلَى بَارِئِكُمْ فَاقْتُلُواْ أَنفُسَكُمْ ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ عِندَ بَارِئِكُمْ فَتَابَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِنَّهُ هُوَ التَّوَّابُ

(54. And (remember) when Musa said to his people: “O my people! Verily, you have wronged yourselves by worshipping the calf. So turn in repentance to your Creator and kill yourselves (the innocent kill the wrongdoers among you), that will be better for you with your Creator.” Then He accepted your repentance. Truly, He is the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.)

Surah 2 Al Baqarah Verse 54

Tafsir ibn Kathir

This was the repentance required from the Children of Israel for worshipping the calf. Commenting on Allah’s statement;

(And (remember) when Musa said to his people: “O my people! Verily, you have wronged yourselves by worshipping the calf…), Al-Hasan Al-Basri said, “When their hearts thought of worshipping the calf,

(And when they regretted and saw that they had gone astray, they (repented and) said: “If our Lord does not have mercy upon us and forgive us”) (7:149). This is when Musa said to them,

(O my people! Verily, you have wronged yourselves by worshipping the calf…).” Abu `Al-`Aliyah, Sa`id bin Jubayr and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas commented on,

(So turn in repentance to your Bari’) that it means, “To your Creator.” Allah’s statement,

(to your Bari’ (Creator)) alerts the Children of Israel to the enormity of their error and means, “Repent to He Who created you after you associated others with Him in worship.”

An-Nasa’i, Ibn Jarir and Ibn Abi Hatim recorded Ibn `Abbas saying, “Allah told the Children of Israel that their repentance would be to slay by the sword every person they meet, be he father or son. They should not care whom they kill. Those were guilty whom Musa and Harun were not aware of their guilt, they admitted their sin and did as they were ordered. So Allah forgave both the killer and the one killed.” This is part of the Hadith about the trials that we will mention in Surat Ta Ha, (20) Allah willing.

Ibn Jarir narrated that Ibn `Abbas said, “Musa said to his people,

(“So turn in repentance to your Creator and kill each other (the innocent kill the wrongdoers among you), that will be better for you with your Creator.” Then He accepted your repentance. Truly, He is the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.)

Allah ordered Musa to command his people to kill each other. He ordered those who worshipped the calf to sit down and those who did not worship the calf to stand holding knives in their hands. When they started killing them, a great darkness suddenly overcame them. After the darkness lifted, they had killed seventy thousand of them. Those who were killed among them were forgiven, and those who remained alive were also forgiven.”

وَإِذْ قُلْتُمْ يَـمُوسَى لَن نُّؤْمِنَ لَكَ حَتَّى نَرَى اللَّهَ جَهْرَةً فَأَخَذَتْكُمُ الصَّـعِقَةُ وَأَنتُمْ تَنظُرُونَ

(55. And (remember) when you said: “O Musa! We shall never believe in you until we see Allah plainly.” But you were seized with a bolt of lightning while you were looking).

 ثُمَّ بَعَثْنَـكُم مِّن بَعْدِ مَوْتِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

(56.Then We raised you up after your death, so that you might be grateful.)

Surah 2 Al Baqarah Verse 55-56

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah said, `Remember My favor on you for resurrecting you after you were seized with lightning when you asked to see Me directly, which neither you nor anyone else can bear or attain.’ This was said by Ibn Jurayj. Ibn `Abbas said that the Ayah

(And (remember) when you said: “O Musa ! We shall never believe in you until we see Allah plainly.”) means, “Publicly”, “So that we gaze at Allah.” Also, `Urwah bin Ruwaym said that Allah’s statement,

(While you were looking) means, “Some of them were struck with lightning while others were watching.” Allah resurrected those, and struck the others with lightning. As-Suddi commented on,

(But you were seized with a bolt of lightning) saying; “They died, and Musa stood up crying and supplicating to Allah, `O Lord! What should I say to the Children of Israel when I go back to them after You destroyed the best of them,

(If it had been Your will, You could have destroyed them and me before; would You destroy us for the deeds of the foolish ones among us)’ Allah revealed to Musa that these seventy men were among those who worshipped the calf. Afterwards, Allah brought them back to life one man at a time, while the rest of them were watching how Allah was bringing them back to life. That is why Allah’s said,

(Then We raised you up after your death, so that you might be grateful.)”

Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said, “Death was their punishment, and they were resurrected after they died so they could finish out their lives.” Qatadah said similarly.

`Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam commented on this Ayah, “Musa returned from meeting with his Lord carrying the Tablets on which He wrote the Tawrah. He found that they had worshipped the calf in his absence. Consequently, he commanded them to kill themselves, and they complied, and Allah forgave them. He said to them, `These Tablets have Allah’s Book, containing what He commanded you and what He forbade for you.’ They said, `Should we believe this statement because you said it By Allah, we will not believe until we see Allah in the open, until He shows us Himself and says: This is My Book, therefore, adhere to it. Why does He not talk to us as He talked to you, O, Musa”’ Then he (`Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd) recited Allah’s statement,

(We shall never believe in you until we see Allah plainly) and said, “So Allah’s wrath fell upon them, a thunderbolt struck them, and they all died. Then Allah brought them back to life after He killed them.” Then he (`Abdur-Rahman) recited Allah’s statement,

(Then We raised you up after your death, so that you might be grateful), and said, “Musa said to them, `Take the Book of Allah.’ They said, `No.’ He said, `What is the matter with you’ They said, `The problem is that we died and came back to life.’ He said, `Take the Book of Allah.’ They said, `No.’ So Allah sent some angels who made the mountain topple over them.”

This shows that the Children of Israel were required to fulfill the commandments after they were brought back to life. However, Al-Mawardy said that there are two opinions about this matter. The first opinion is that since the Children of Israel witnessed these miracles, they were compelled to believe, so they did not have to fulfill the commandments. The second opinion states that they were required to adhere to the commandments, so that no responsible adult is free of such responsibilities. Al-Qurtubi said that this is what is correct, because, he said, although the Children of Israel witnessed these tremendous calamities and incidents, that did not mean that they were not responsible for fulfilling the commandments any more. Rather they are responsible for that, and this is clear. Allah knows best.

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