Prophet Musa (Moses), peace be upon him, talks to the Firawn (Pharoah)

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

 Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

  May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Prophet Musa (Moses), peace be upon him, talks to the Firawn (Pharoah).

وَإِذْ نَادَى رَبُّكَ مُوسَى أَنِ ائْتَ الْقَوْمَ الظَّـلِمِينَ

(10. And (remember) when your Lord called Musa (saying): “Go to the people who are wrongdoers.”)

 قَوْمَ فِرْعَوْنَ أَلا يَتَّقُونَ

 (11. “The people of Fira`wn. Will they not have Taqwa”)

 قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّى أَخَافُ أَن يُكَذِّبُونِ

(12. He said: “My Lord! Verily, I fear that they will deny me,”)

 وَيَضِيقُ صَدْرِى وَلاَ يَنطَلِقُ لِسَانِى فَأَرْسِلْ إِلَى هَـرُونَ

(13. “And my breast straitens, and my tongue expresses not well. So send for Harun.”)

 وَلَهُمْ عَلَىَّ ذَنبٌ فَأَخَافُ أَن يَقْتُلُونِ

(14. “And they have a charge of crime against me, and I fear they will kill me. ”)

قَالَ كَلاَّ فَاذْهَبَا بِـَايَـتِنَآ إِنَّا مَعَكُمْ مُّسْتَمِعُونَ

(15. (Allah) said: “Nay! Go you both with Our signs. Verily, We shall be with you, listening.”)

فَأْتِيَا فِرْعَوْنَ فَقُولا إِنَّا رَسُولُ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ

 (16. “And go both of you to Fira`wn, and say: `We are the Messengers of the Lord of Al-`Alamin,’)

أَنْ أَرْسِلْ مَعَنَا بَنِى إِسْرَءِيلَ

(17. `So allow the Children of Israel to go with us.”’)

قَالَ أَلَمْ نُرَبِّكَ فِينَا وَلِيداً وَلَبِثْتَ فِينَا مِنْ عُمُرِكَ سِنِينَ

(18. (Fir`awn) said (to Musa): “Did we not bring you up among us as a child And you did dwell many years of your life with us.”)

وَفَعَلْتَ فَعْلَتَكَ الَّتِى فَعَلْتَ وَأَنتَ مِنَ الْكَـفِرِينَ

(19. “And you did your deed, which you did. While you were one of the ingrates.”)

 قَالَ فَعَلْتُهَآ إِذاً وَأَنَاْ مِنَ الضَّآلِّينَ

(20. Musa said: “I did it then, when I was in error.”)

 فَفَرَرْتُ مِنكُمْ لَمَّا خِفْتُكُمْ فَوَهَبَ لِى رَبِّى حُكْماً وَجَعَلَنِى مِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

(21. “So, I fled from you when I feared you. But my Lord has granted me Hukm, and made me one of the Messengers.”)

 وَتِلْكَ نِعْمَةٌ تَمُنُّهَا عَلَىَّ أَنْ عَبَّدتَّ بَنِى إِسْرَءِيلَ

(22. “And this is the past favor with which you reproach me, — that you have enslaved the Children of Israel.”)

Surah 26 As Shuara Verse 10-22

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah tells us what He commanded His servant, son of `Imran and Messenger Musa, peace be upon him, who spoke with Him, to do, when He called him from the right side of the mountain, and conversed with him, and chose him, sent him, and commanded him to go to Fir`awn and his people. Allah says:

(And when your Lord called Musa: “Go to the people who are wrongdoers. The people of Fir`awn. Will they not have Taqwa” He said: “My Lord! Verily, I fear that they will deny me, And my breast straitens, and my tongue expresses not well. So send for Harun. And they have a charge of crime against me, and I fear they will kill me.”) So, Musa asked Allah to remove these difficulties for him, as he said in Surah Ta Ha:

(Musa said: “O my Lord! Open for me my chest. And ease my task for me.”) (20:25-26) until:

(You are granted your request, O Musa!) (20:36)

(And they have a charge of crime against me, and I fear they will kill me.) because he had killed that Egyptian, which was the reason that he left the land of Egypt.

((Allah) said: “Nay!…”) Allah told him: do not be afraid of anything like that. This is like the Ayah,

(Allah said: “We will strengthen your arm through your brother, and give you both power) meaning, proof;

(so they shall not be able to harm you, with Our signs, you two as well as those who follow you will be the victors) (28:35),

(Go you both with Our signs. Verily, We shall be with you, listening.) This is like the Ayah,

(I am with you both, hearing and seeing) (20:46). Meaning, `I will be with you by My protection, care, support and help.’

(And go both of you to Fir`awn, and say: `We are the Messengers of the Lord of the all that exists.’) This is like the Ayah,

(Verily, we are both Messengers of your Lord) (20:47). which means, `both of us have been sent to you,’

(So allow the Children of Israel to go with us.) Meaning, `let them go, free them from your captivity, subjugation and torture, for they are the believing servants of Allah, devoted to Him, and with you they are in a position of humiliating torture.’ When Musa said that to him, Fir`awn turned away and ignored him completely, regarding him with scorn and thinking little of him. Saying:

(Did we not bring you up among us as a child) meaning, we brought you up among us, in our home and on our bed, we nourished you and did favors for you for many years, and after all that you responded to our kindness in this manner: you killed one of our men and denied our favors to you.’ So he said to him:

(While you were one of the ingrates.) meaning, one of those who deny favors. This was the view of Ibn `Abbas and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam, and was the view favored by Ibn Jarir.

((Musa) said: “I did it then…”) meaning, at that time,

(when I was in error.) meaning, `before revelation was sent to me and before Allah made me a Prophet and sent me with this Message.’

(So, I fled from you when I feared you. But my Lord has granted me Hukm, and made me one of the Messengers.) means, `the first situation came to an end and another took its place. Now Allah has sent me to you, and if you obey Him, you will be safe, but if you oppose Him, you will be destroyed.’ Then Musa said:

(And this is the past favor with which you reproach me, — that you have enslaved the Children of Israel.) meaning, `whatever favors you did in bringing me up are offset by the evil you did by enslaving the Children of Israel and using them to do your hard labor. Is there any comparison between your favors to one man among them and the evil you have done to all of them What you have mentioned about me is nothing compared to what you have done to them.’

قَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ وَمَا رَبُّ الْعَـلَمِينَ

(23. Fir`awn said: “And what is the Lord of Al-`Alamin”)

قَالَ رَبُّ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَآ إِن كُنتُمْ مُّوقِنِينَ

(24. (Musa) said: “The Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, if you seek to be convinced with certainty.”)

 قَالَ لِمَنْ حَوْلَهُ أَلاَ تَسْتَمِعُونَ

(25. (Fir`awn) said to those around: “Do you not hear (what he says)”)

 قَالَ رَبُّكُمْ وَرَبُّ ءَابَآئِكُمُ الاٌّوَّلِينَ

 (26. (Musa) said: “Your Lord and the Lord of your ancient fathers!”)

قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَكُمُ الَّذِى أُرْسِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ لَمَجْنُونٌ

 (27. (Fir`awn) said: “Verily, your Messenger who has been sent to you is a madman!”)

قَالَ رَبُّ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَآ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ

(28. (Musa) said: “Lord of the east and the west, and all that is between them, if you did but understand!”)

Surah 26 Ash Shuara Verse 23-28

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

((Fir`awn said:) “And what is the Lord of the `Alamin”) This is because he used to say to his people: 

(I know not that you have a god other than me.) (28:28)

(Thus he fooled his people, and they obeyed him.) (43:54) They used to deny the Creator, may He be glorified, and they believed that they had no other lord than Fir`awn. When Musa said to them: “I am the Messenger of the Lord of the worlds,” Fir`awn said to him, “Who is this who you are claiming is the Lord of Al-`Alamin other than me” This is how it was interpreted by the scholars of the Salaf and the Imams of later generations. As-Suddi said, “This Ayah is like the Ayah,

((Fir`awn) said: “Who then, O Musa, is the Lord of you two” He said: “Our Lord is He Who gave to each thing its form and nature, then guided it aright.”) (20:49-50) Those among the philosophers and others who claimed that this was a question about the nature or substance [of Allah] are mistaken. Fir`awn did not believe in the Creator in the first place, so he was in no position to ask about the nature of the Creator; he denied that the Creator existed at all, as is apparent from the meaning, even though proof and evidence had been established against him. When Fir`awn asked him about the Lord of Al-`Alamin, Musa said:

((Musa) said: “The Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them…”) meaning, the Creator, Sovereign and Controller of all that, their God Who has no partner or associate. He is the One Who has created all things. He knows the higher realms and the heavenly bodies that are in them, both those that are stationary and those that move and shine brightly. He knows the lower realms and what is in them; the oceans, continents, mountains, trees, animals, plants and fruits. He knows what is in between the two realms; the winds, birds, and whatever is in the air. All of them are servants to Him, submitting and humbling themselves before Him.

(if you seek to be convinced with certainty. ) means, if you have believing hearts and clear insight. At this, Fir`awn turned to the chiefs and leaders of his state around him, and said to them — mockingly expressing his disbelief in Musa:

(“Do you not hear”) meaning, `are you not amazed by what this man is claiming — that you have another god other than me’ Musa said to them:

(Your Lord and the Lord of your ancient fathers!) meaning, the One Who created you and your forefathers, those who came before Fir`awn and his time.

(He said) that is, Fir`awn said:

(Verily, your Messenger who has been sent to you is a madman!) meaning, there is no sense in his claim that there is any god other than me!’

((Musa) said) — to those in whose hearts Fir`awn had planted doubts:

(Lord of the east and the west, and all that is between them, if you did but understand!) `He is the One Who made the east the place where the heavenly bodies rise, and made the west the place where they set; this is the system to which He has subjugated all the heavenly bodies, stationary and moving. If what Fir`awn claims is true, that he is your lord and your god, then let him turn things around so that the heavenly bodies set in the east and rise in the west.’ This is similar to the Ayah,

(who disputed with Ibrahim about his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom When Ibrahim said: “My Lord is He Who gives life and causes death.” He said, “I give life and cause death.” Ibrahim said, “Verily, Allah brings the sun from the east. So cause it to rise from the west.”) (2:258) So when Fir`awn was defeated in debate, he resorted to the use of his force and power, believing that this would be effective in dealing with Musa, peace be upon him, so he said, as Allah tells us:

قَالَ لَئِنِ اتَّخَذْتَ إِلَـهَاً غَيْرِى لأَجْعَلَنَّكَ مِنَ الْمَسْجُونِينَ

(29. He said: “If you choose a god other than me, I will certainly put you among the prisoners.”)

 قَالَ أَوَلَوْ جِئْتُكَ بِشَىءٍ مُّبِينٍ

(30. He said: “Even if I bring you something manifest”)

قَالَ فَأْتِ بِهِ إِن كُنتَ مِنَ الصَّـدِقِينَ

(31. He said: “Bring it forth then, if you are of the truthful!”)

 فَأَلْقَى عَصَـهُ فَإِذَا هِىَ ثُعْبَانٌ مُّبِينٌ

(32. So he threw his stick, and behold, it was a serpent, manifest.)

وَنَزَعَ يَدَهُ فَإِذَا هِىَ بَيْضَآءُ لِلنَّـظِرِينَ

 (33. And he drew out his hand, and behold, it was white to all beholders!)

قَالَ لِلْمَلإِ حَوْلَهُ إِنَّ هَـذَا لَسَـحِرٌ عَلِيمٌ

(34. He said to the chiefs around him: “Verily, this is indeed a well-versed sorcerer.”)

يُرِيدُ أَن يُخْرِجَكُمْ مِّنْ أَرْضِكُمْ بِسِحْرِهِ فَمَاذَا تَأْمُرُونَ

 (35. “He wants to drive you out of your land by his sorcery: what is it then that you command”)

قَالُواْ أَرْجِهْ وَأَخَاهُ وَابْعَثْ فِى الْمَدَآئِنِ حَـشِرِينَ

 (36. They said: “Put him off and his brother (for a while), and send callers to the cities;”)

يَأْتُوكَ بِكُلِّ سَحَّارٍ عَلِيمٍ

 (37. “To bring up to you every well-versed sorcerer.”)

Surah 26 Ash Shuara Verse  29-37

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

When proof had been established against Fir`awn, clearly and rationally, he resorted to using force against Musa, thinking that after this there would no further room for discussion. So he said:

(If you choose a god other than me, I will certainly put you among the prisoners.) To this, Musa responded:

(Even if I bring you something manifest) meaning, clear and definitive proof.

(Fir`awn said: “Bring it forth then, if you are of the truthful!” So he threw his stick, and behold, it was a serpent, manifest.) meanig, it was very clear and obvious, with a huge body and a big mouth, terrifying in appearance.

(And he drew out his hand,) meaning, from his sleeve,

(and behold, it was white to all beholders!) It was shining like a piece of the moon. Since Fir`awn was already doomed, he hastened to stubborn denial, and said to the chiefs around him:

(Verily, this is indeed a well-versed sorcerer.) One who knows a great deal of magic or witchcraft. Fir`awn was trying to convince them that this was sorcery, not a miracle. Then he provoked them against Musa, trying to make them oppose him and disbelieve in him, and said:

(He wants to drive you out of your land by his sorcery…) meaning, `he wants to capture the people’s hearts and win them over by doing this, so that they will support him, and help him and follow him, and he will defeat you in your own land and take the land from you. So advise me, what should I do with him’

(They said: “Put him off and his brother, and send callers to the cities; to bring up to you every well-versed sorcerer.”) meaning, `delay him and his brother until you gather together all the sorcerers from every city and region of your kingdom so that they may confront him and produce something like he produces, then you will defeat him and have the victory.’ So Fir`awn did as they suggested, which is what Allah decreed would happen to them, so that all the people would gather in one place and the signs and proof of Allah would be made manifest before them all in one day.

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