Prophet Yaqub(Jacob) and Prophet Yusuf (Joseph), peace be upon them: The Best of Narrations: The Dream

 I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed devil.  

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ 

  Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.  

 Welcome to my blog and praise the Magnificent Lord as you enter: Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest .

  May the Peace and Blessing of Allah Azza wa Jal, our Lord Glorified and Praised be He, be upon our beloved Prophet, his Family, and Companions.

Prophet Yaqub (Jacob) and Prophet Yusuf (Joseph), peace be upon them: The Best of Narrations: The Dream.

الر تِلْكَ ءايَاتُ الْكِتَـبِ الْمُبِينِ

(1. Alif-Lam-Ra. These are the verses of the Book that is clear.)

إِنَّآ أَنْزَلْنَاهُ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا لَّعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ

(2. Verily, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an in order that you may understand.)

 نَحْنُ نَقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ أَحْسَنَ الْقَصَصِ بِمَآ أَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَيْكَ هَـذَا الْقُرْءَانَ وَإِن كُنتَ مِن قَبْلِهِ لَمِنَ الْغَـفِلِينَ

(3. We relate unto you the best of stories through Our revelations unto you, of this Qur’an. And before this, you were among those who knew nothing about it.)

Surah 12 Ysusf Verse 1-3

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

In the beginning of Surat Al-Baqarah we talked about the separate letters, Allah said,

(These are the verses of the Book) in reference to the Clear Qur’an that is plain and apparent, and explains, clarifies and makes known the unclear matters. Allah said next,

(Verily, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an in order that you may understand.) The Arabic language is the most eloquent, plain, deep and expressive of the meanings that might arise in one’s mind. Therefore, the most honorable Book, was revealed in the most honorable language, to the most honorable Prophet and Messenger , delivered by the most honorable angel, in the most honorable land on earth, and its revelation started during the most honorable month of the year, Ramadan. Therefore, the Qur’an is perfect in every respect. So Allah said,

(We relate unto you the best of stories through Our revelations unto you, of this Qur’an.)

On the reason behind revealing Ayah (12:3), Ibn Jarir At-Tabari recorded that `Abdullah bin `Abbas said, “They said, `O, Allah’s Messenger! Why not narrate to us stories’ Later on, this Ayah was revealed,

(We relate unto you the best of stories…)” There is a Hadith that is relevant upon mentioning this honorable Ayah, which praises the Qur’an and demonstrates that it is sufficient from needing all books besides it. Imam Ahmad recorded a narration from Jabir bin `Abdullah that `Umar bin Al-Khattab came to the Prophet with a book that he took from some of the People of the Book. `Umar began reading it to the Prophet who became angry. He said,

(Are you uncertain about it Ibn Al-Khattab By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! I have come to you with it white and pure. Do not ask them about anything, for they might tell you something true and you reject it, or they might tell you something false and you believe it. By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! If Musa were living, he would have no choice but to follow me.) Imam Ahmad also recorded a narration from `Abdullah bin Thabit who said, “`Umar came to Allah’s Messenger and said; `O Messenger of Allah! I passed by a brother of mine from [the tribe of] Qurayzah, so he wrote some comprehensive statements from the Tawrah for me, should I read them to you’ The face of Allah’s Messenger changed [with anger]. So I said to him, `Don’t you see the face of Allah’s Messenger” `Umar said, `We are pleased with Allah as our Lord, Islam as our religion, and Muhammad as our Messenger.’ So the anger of the Prophet subsided, and he said,

(By the One in Whose Hand is Muhammad’s soul, if Musa appeared among you and you were to follow him, abandoning me, then you would have strayed. Indeed you are my share of the nations, and I am your share of the Prophets.)”

إِذْ قَالَ يُوسُفُ لاًّبِيهِ يأَبتِ إِنِّى رَأَيْتُ أَحَدَ عَشَرَ كَوْكَبًا وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ رَأَيْتُهُمْ لِى سَاجِدِينَ

(4. (Remember) when Yusuf said to his father: “O my father! Verily, I saw (in a dream) eleven stars and the sun and the moon – I saw them prostrating themselves to me.”)

Surah 12 Yusuf Verse 4

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah says, `Mention to your people, O Muhammad, among the stories that you narrate to them, the story of Yusuf.’ Prophet Yusuf (Joseph) mentioned his dream to his father, Prophet Ya`qub (Jacob), son of Prophet Ishaq (Isaac), son of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham), peace be upon them all. `Abdullah bin `Abbas stated that the dreams of Prophets are revelations from Allah. Scholars of Tafsir explained that in Yusuf’s dream the eleven stars represent his brothers, who were eleven, and the sun and the moon represent his father and mother. This explanation was collected from Ibn `Abbas, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, Sufyan Ath-Thawri and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam. Yusuf’s vision became a reality forty years later, or as some say, eighty years, when Yusuf raised his parents to the throne while his brothers were before him,

(and they fell down before him prostrate. And he said: “O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream aforetime! My Lord has made it come true!”)

قَالَ يبُنَىَّ لاَ تَقْصُصْ رُءْيَاكَ عَلَى إِخْوَتِكَ فَيَكِيدُواْ لَكَ كَيْدًا إِنَّ الشَّيْطَـنَ لِلإِنْسَـنِ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

(5. He (the father) said: “O my son! Relate not your vision to your brothers, lest they should arrange a plot against you. Verily, Shaytan is to man an open enemy!”)

Surah 12 Yusuf Verse 5

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah narrates the reply Ya`qub gave his son Yusuf when he narrated to him the vision that he saw, which indicated that his brothers would be under his authority. They would be subjugated to Yusuf’s authority to such an extent that they would prostrate before him in respect, honor and appreciation. Ya`qub feared that if Yusuf narrated his vision to any of his brothers, they would envy him and conspire evil plots against him. This is why Ya`qub said to Yusuf,

(Relate not your vision to your brothers, lest they should arrange a plot against you.) This Ayah means, “They might arrange a plot against you that causes your demise.” In the Sunnah, there is a confirmed Hadith that states,

(If any of you saw a vision that he likes, let him narrate it. If he saw a dream that he dislikes, let him turn on his other side, blow to his left thrice, seek refuge with Allah from its evil and not tell it to anyone. Verily, it will not harm him in this case.) In another Hadith that Imam Ahmad and collectors of the Sunan collected, Mu`awiyah bin Haydah Al-Qushayri said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(The dream is tied to a bird’s leg, as long as it is not interpreted. If it is interpreted, it comes true.) Therefore, one should hide the prospects or the coming of a bounty until it comes into existence and becomes known. The Prophet said,

(Earn help for fulfilling needs by being discrete, for every owner of a blessing is envied.)

وَكَذلِكَ يَجْتَبِيكَ رَبُّكَ وَيُعَلِّمُكَ مِن تَأْوِيلِ الاٌّحَادِيثِ وَيُتِمُّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَى ءالِ يَعْقُوبَ كَمَآ أَتَمَّهَآ عَلَى أَبَوَيْكَ مِن قَبْلُ إِبْرَهِيمَ وَإِسْحَـقَ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ

(6. “Thus will your Lord choose you and teach you the interpretation of dreams (and other things) and perfect His favor on you and on the offspring of Ya`qub, as He perfected it on your fathers, Ibrahim and Ishaq aforetime! Verily, your Lord is All-Knowing, All-Wise.”)

Surah 12 Yusuf Verse 6

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allah says that Ya`qub said to his son Yusuf, `Just as Allah chose you to see the eleven stars, the sun and the moon prostrate before you in a vision,

(Thus will your Lord choose you) designate and assign you to be a Prophet from Him,

(and teach you the interpretation of Ahadith).’ Mujahid and several other scholars said that this part of the Ayah is in reference to the interpreting of dreams. He said next,

(and perfect His favor on you), `by His Message and revelation to you.’ This is why Ya`qub said afterwards,

(as He perfected it aforetime on your fathers, Ibrahim…), Allah’s intimate friend,

(and Ishaq), Ibrahim’s son,

(Verily, your Lord is All-Knowing, All-Wise.) Allah knows best whom to chose for His Messages.